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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 1-2017

CONTENTS

 

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00
History of philosophy
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BASIC WORLDVIEW CONCEPTS OF THE RUSSIAN RELIGIOUS PHILOSOPHY AS A RESULT OF INCULTURATION

Frolova Natalia A.


Abstract.  

The article attempts to analyze the process of formation and development of the Russian religious philosophical thought through the prism of the cultural “codes” that shape the uniqueness of the Russian spiritual culture. The results of the study of such significant concepts of the Russian philosophy as “theocracy” and “God-manhood” are pointed out in the article. 

Keywords: 

Russian religious philosophy, Russian culture, theocracy, God-manhood. 

P. 9-14 

 

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ON THE ISSUE OF SOME PHILOSOPHICAL AND HISTORICAL ASPECTS OF A. S. KHOMYAKOV’s AND Yu . F. SAMARIN’s CONCEPTIONS

Skorokhodova Svetlana I.


Abstract. 

The article discusses and compares certain philosophical and historical ideas of A. S. Khomyakov’s and Yu. F. Samarin’s which influenced the entire Russian philosophical and social thought of the XIX – early XX centuries. It is stated that Samarin’s philosophy of the history is based on the political philosophy, which he associated with the deep questions of human existence and the personal revelation doctrine. The article shows that if Khomyakov indeed was a supporter of the “universality” and saw Russia still in the family of European countries, it is Samarin whom the Russian philosophical thought owes the idea that coexisting but distinct “worlds” can develop in different ways. The article discusses the views of Samarin’s and Khomyakov’s on  the Slavic question. It demonstrates that in Khomyakov’s works the Slavic world led by Russia is intended to unite the East and the West, while according to Samarin, Russia and the Slavdom are a peculiar world of value in itself. The article substantiates that the semantic center of the Slavic idea, in the Moscow School’s representative understanding, is not the pan-Slavism but the idea of the “Slavic brotherhood”, which is not opposed to the rest of humanity and is not offensive but defensive in nature. It is emphasized that the idea of the “Slavic brotherhood” most accurately expresses Samarin’s and Khomyakov’s desire to embody the principle of “sobornost” in the Slavs’ social life. The article discusses the questions on the meaning of history, the “Russian idea”, the importance of faith in the peoples’ destiny, and the Polish question. It is concluded that the philosophical and historical ideas by Khomyakov and Samarin are objectively meaningful in modern times; that the concept of “sobornost”, in its essence, is one of the strongest centers of their organic, holistic creativity. 

Keywords: 

global query, nationality of the spirit, theoanthropocentrism, teleologism, political philosophy, personal revelation, Slavic brotherhood, supranationalism, the Russian idea, civilization.

P. 15-23

 

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
Psychological Anthropology
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IN A STANDARD WAY ON THE NON-STANDARD THINGS

Bogoyavlenskaya Diana B.

Abstract. 

The article quotes the President Vladimir Putin’s speech to the Federal Assembly on creativity training in school. Mass media distorted his words and that can badly affect the practical realization of the President’s instructions. In this regard, the article analyzes the theory of the creativity by a famous American scientist J. P. Guildford, popular in our country. Its implementation in school practice has a negative result. 

Keywords: 

creative work, creativity, divergent thinking, lateral thinking, originality, tests.

P. 24-36

 

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THE CHILDREN’S DRAWING ACTIVITY AS A PLAY FORM

Trifonova Ekaterina V.

Abstract. 

The article examines the children’s “story-drawing” as a manifestation of the play activities of a child. Its genesis, structural components, specific character in relation to the artistic and other activities of a child’s are revealed; its importance for the development of a child of preschool age is noted.

Keywords: 

amateur performance, directed acting backed by a picture, the genesis of children’s drawing, the “story-drawing”.

P. 37-45

 

Educational Psychology
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PSYCHOLOGICAL CHARACTERISTICS OF JUVENILE CONVICTS WHO HAVE COMMITTED GANG OFFENCES AND ARE REGISTERED IN THE CORRECTIVE SERVICES 

Bokova Natalia V.

Abstract. 

The article presents the results of a study of juveniles who have committed gang offences and are registered in the Corrective Services. Being based on the content analysis of the individual cases of 80 juvenile offenders’ the social, demographic, criminal characteristics as well as peculiarities of teenagers’ interaction in the course of committing a gang crime have been studied. There has been conducted a diagnostic study of teenagers to identify their inclination for deviant behavior with the help of the “Techniques of diagnosing propensity for overcoming the social norms and rules” (Y. A. Clayburgh). On the basis of the study the measures to improve the psycho-prevential work with this category of convicted people are suggested. 

Keywords: 

juveniles, gang crime, one who is given a suspended sentence, socialization, prevention, offence repetition.

P. 46-57

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00
Modernization of education

 

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THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF EDUCATIONAL LEGISLATION FORMATION IN THE POST-SOVIET SPACE 

Ovchinnikov Anatoly V.

Abstract. 

Some theoretical problems arising in the course of the scientific and pedagogical analysis of the legislation in the field of education in the Post-Soviet space are considered in article. The cultural and historical conditionality of the educational legislation formation as an important factor of ensuring the balance of national traditions and tendencies of the world development in the conditions of globalization is shown. 

Keywords: 

Post-Soviet educational space, educational legislation and educational law, national and supranational tendencies in
education, regional features of the educational legislation formation in the Post-Soviet educational space.

P. 58-65

 

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TECHNOLOGICAL DEVELOPMENT OF RUSSIAN DOMESTIC DIDACTICS

Uman Arkady I.

Abstract. 

The article considers the process of development of the concept of the pedagogical technology in didactics. Fundamental stages of the technological knowledge development starting with 1950-s till the present day and long-term stages – till 2020-s – are singled out. The formation of the categorical framework of didactics, as well as of the technological stage of didactics as science, is being completed.

Keywords: 

programmed course of education, process approach to learning, structuring activity of a teacher, categorical framework of didactics, theory of learning goals, an assignment, training results.

P. 66-72

 

 

History of Pedagogy and Education
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REFORMING THE PUBLIC SCHOOL IN THE WORKS OF THE GERMAN TEACHER GEORG KERSCHENSTEINER 

Belentsov Sergey I.

Abstract. 

The purpose of this article is to characterize the humanistic system offered by a well-known teacher of the second half of the XIX – early XX centuries Germany – Georg Kerschensteiner – from the presentday viewpoint. The leading approaches of the research are systematic, historical and cultural ones that allow to identify the essential characteristics, peculiarities of the reform of the elementary public school in Germany of the viewed period. The text of the article may be useful for teachers and those who organize educational work with young students to explore the life and work of the famous German educator and social activist Georg Kerschensteiner. 

Keywords: 

Georg Kerschensteiner, a civic education, a labor school, an elementary public school.

P. 73-79

 

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FORMATION OF ORGANIZATIONAL AND CULTURAL POLYTECHNIC EDUCATIONAL AREA IN THE USSR IN 1920–1930-s

Boguslavsky Michail V.

Abstract. 

The authors of the article consider the organizational and cultural aspects of the general polytechnic education background in the USSR in 1920–1930-s, that represent  a strategically important direction of modernization of education in the contemporary information era. 

Keywords: 

organizational culture of general polytechnic education, scientific work management, general polytechnic education.

P. 80-89

 

New Research in Education
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THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE RESEARCH COMPETENCE BASICS IN PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS

Niyazova Guliyash B.

Abstract. 

The article proposes the essential characteristics and the criteria of formation of research competence basics in elementary school students. Criteria and factors of research competence basics are viewed as the result of a holistic education process including research training and organization of research as a key method. Basics of the research competence of a student that are to be developed in primary school are of an integrative characteristic and consist of four components: motivational and value oriented, meaningful, cognitive, of the procedural evaluation. The students’ research activity is a mechanism of their introducing into the world of the intellectual community values. Its organization  requires from teachers a proper understanding of the structure of elementary school pupils’ research competence basics that is presented as a multi-dimensional manifestation of the individual abilities of students, development in the future for lifetime. 

Keywords: 

learning and research activities of students, research competence, elementary education, research activity, research abilities.

P. 90-98

 

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CONTENTS, FORMS AND METHODS OF PREPARATION OF VOCATIONAL COLLEGES STUDENTS FOR ENTERPRENEURSHIP 

Rakhmatullaeva Durdona R.

Abstract. 

The article provides practice-oriented contents and various forms and methods of training of vocational colleges students for entrepreneurship in total. The main stages of the entrepreneurship pursuit are touched upon. 

Keywords: 

contents, forms, methods, entrepreneur, integration, vocational education, activities.

P. 99-104 

 

Innovative Technologies in Education
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RAISING TEACHERS’ MOTIVATION FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF THEIR PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE IN THE PROCESS OF INNOVATION

Lokotko Elena G.

Abstract. 

The motivational basis for professional work of teachers is a key issue in the development of their professional competence, especially in the implementation of innovation in education. The paper presents an empirical example of effective motivating teachers aimed at improving the quality of education through the development of their professional competence. The dynamics of teachers’ motivation for five years period is given. 

Keywords: 

motivation, motivational impulses, professional competence, education, information- educational environment.

P. 105-113
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EXPERIENCE OF APPLICATION OF PROJECT-BASED LEARNING METHODS IN WORK WITH CHILDREN OF SENIOR PRESCHOOL AGE

Volynkin Valery I., Sorokina Zhanna I.

Abstract. 

The article presents the experience of application of project-based learning methods in work with children of senior preschool age in the municipal budget educational institution “Gymnasium No. 3” Astrakhan. The scheme of implementation of «the Family» project for children of a senior preschool age is proposed. In present-day Pedagogics a view over a pre-school child is intensively advocated as a “self-developing system”, while the adults’ efforts should be aimed at creating conditions for self-development of children. A means of ensuring cooperation of children and adults is the design technology. Participation in the design allows both, children and adults, to develop different conditions for themselves as well as for others, i.e. changing circumstances to change themselves. The design technology requires individual original solutions and at the same time – the collective creativity. Due to the group creativity, even being applied in a small-group setting, the ability to reflect, to choose adequate solutions, to build a whole out of parts are rapidly developing.

Keywords: 

preschool education, motivational readiness for learning, project activity, project method.

P. 114-118

  

Young Scientists ’ Vision
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THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION WHILE TRAINING OF CADETS OF NATIONAL GUARD TROOPS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Kozlov Oleg A.

Abstract. 

The article features the systemic use of the complex of information technologies of General and special purposes while integrating them into the contents of military specialists training in the educational process of the Military Institute of National Guard Troops of the Russian Federation. 

Keywords:

information technology, professional training, national guard troops, military education.

P. 119-128

 

Scientific Life
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V. Ya . STOYUNIN – OUTSTANDING RUSSIAN SCIENTIST AND EDUCATOR, ENLIGHTENER AND METHODOLOGIST-TEACHER OF LITERATURE (PAGES ON THE ANNIVERSARY OF THE CONFERENCE)

Milovanov Konstantin Yu., Nikitina Ekaterina E.

Abstract. 

This article provides the essential content of the speeches and reports presented at the Russian scientific and practical  conference with the international participation “V. Y a. Stoyunin – outstanding Russian scientist and educator, enlightener and methodologistteacher of literature” dedicated to the scientist’s 190 anniversary. 

Keywords: 

V. Y a. Stoyunin, history of pedagogy and education, society, school, education reform, modernization of education,
methodological legacy, methods of teaching literature, history of literature.

P. 129-140