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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 4-2019

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 

 

PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION

 

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ONLINE AND OFFLINE EDUCATION: METHODOLOGY AND DECISION MAKING
Round table materials

V. V. Mironov, etc.

Abstract. 

The article presents the results of the round table “Online and offline education: methodology and decision-making”. The round table discussed various aspects of the relationship between online and offline education. The round table was attended by the faculty and students of the Faculty of Philosophy of Lomonosov Moscow State University, colleagues from the Institute for Strategy of Education Development of the Russian Academy of Education, as well as representatives of Novosibirsk, Astrakhan, Kaliningrad, and Ulyanovsk universities. The round table not only addressed the issues of online and offline education in accordance with its name, but its own work was also organized both online and offline. The participants of the round table were unanimous in their understanding of the current situation in the education, within which not the replacement of offline education with online education is important, but a reasonable balance between the traditional speech dialogue and the possibilities of modern digital technologies. Specific examples of the existing interaction between these two forms of education were analyzed. It was shown that at the stage of familiarization of the respective subject areas’ languages, for example, in the case of the philosophical language, the direct dialogue with the lecturer cannot be replaced by watching the online courses. Online feedback is mechanistic and suffers from the lack of empathy. Participants of the round table addressed also research experience of the foreign economists, psychologists, and philosophers who concluded that there are no reliable studies that would show that switching to online education does indeed reduce costs, crucially increases intellectual ability or knowledge and students’ competencies. Roundtable participants supported the idea of online education as a set of additional learning tools for the traditional educational system. At the same time, the discussion represented below is also of crucial importance, because it can be considered as an example of the philosophy and philosophers’ implementation in their most important modern function – the humanitarian expertise of new social projects and technologies. 

Keywords:

online education, offline education, modern education, classical education, communication, educational process, methodology, decision making.

P. 9-49

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

     

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
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SOCIAL NETWORKS: BASIC CONCEPTS, CHARACTERISTICS AND MODERN RESEARCH

Levin Leonid M.

Abstract.

During the recent years, social networks have rapidly and firmly entered the lives of most modern people. Involvement and immersion in the virtual space affect many aspects of human life: their physical and mental health, relationships with other people, self-perception, self-attitude, self-esteem and many others. Of course, these changes could not get unnoticed by many national and foreign scientists, who consider the phenomenon of social networks and the Internet very popular for study. In this article, the author provides an overview of studies of social networks, the Internet and their users.

Keywords:

social networks, Internet, accounts, Internet addiction. 

P. 50-57

  

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
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EDUCATION THROUGH RECOLLECTION: DIALOGUE BETWEEN GENERATIONS

Adamyan Elena I.

Abstract.

The article shows how specially organized activity promotes solving pedagogic and educational tasks on the basis of the material of the autobiographical interviews held by first-year students of the Institute of childhood of Moscow Pedagogical State University (MPGU) to the elderly people while accomplishing the through “Memories of childhood” educational task which is part of the bridging program – “Immersion into Pedagogy”. The autobiographical interview with seniors is viewed as a tool of intergenerational knowledge transfer as well as an effective education method. The feedback analysis is based upon the autobiographical interviews and the students’ reflective reports.

Keywords:

autobiographical interviews, recollection, integration into professional training, upbringing, intergenerational knowledge transfer. 

P. 58-71

 

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PREVENTING THE VIOLENT CHILDREN UPBRINGING WITHIN THE FAMILY

Arnautova Elena P., Vorobeyva Irina N., Kondratyeva Nina L., Rychagova Elena S.

Abstract.

The article depicts the issues of violent upbringing of children within the modern family. Emphasis is put on the typology of diverse forms of violence along with the ground for different types of its manifestation, namely the psychological pressure experienced by a child from an adult who interferes with the child’s self-esteem. The paper also provides the analysis of the findings of the survey conducted among the preschool teachers and parents that examined the given issue. The verbal aggression regarding the communication with children is characterized as the widespread form of violent upbringing practice inside the family. Important aspects of the activity of the supervisor and the teaching staff in terms of warning and prevention of violent methods of children upbringing within the family are highlighted inthe work. Experimentally tested facilities of  psychologically-pedagogical parental supportregarding the awareness of violent children  upbringing are suggested along with the humane methods of communication. A special emphasis is made therewith on the development of valuable skills of open communication, on mastering the methods of flexible communication in highly emotional situations etc. The article underlines the worth of the art-therapy techniques and artmethods which are not supposed to be identical,
and are applied to harmonize the mental aspect and to release from destructive emotions. Besides, the work accentuates the use of notices counselling how to solve family conflicts with stepby-step instructions for adults. 

Keywords:

domestic abuse forms, prevention of violent upbringing, adults’ verbal aggression, preventive model of violence prophylaxis, children rights within the family, skills of open communication, art-methods, methods of arttherapy. 

P. 72-83

 

GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY, PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY, HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY

  

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TEMPORAL MARKERS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL SAFETY OF THE ELDERLY PEOPLE

Tylets Valery G., Krasnyanskaya Tatyana M., Iokhvidov Vladimir V.

Abstract.

The practice of improving the general well-being of elderly people is associated with the deepening of understanding of such age phenomena as a sense of youth and a sense of old in their connection with the psychological security of an individual. The authors suggested that the sense of youth and sense of old are  temporal phenomena that determine the poles of psychological security of an individual in the late phases of human life. The search study was performed on the basis of three samples of subjects within the age range of 40–43 years, 55–58 years and 70–73 years. Thefour-component structure of the considered phenomena including «inner Self», «external Self», «motivators I» and «time I» is revealed. It is found that the connection with the psychological security of the sense of youth is provided by the inner freedom, mental stability, optimism, positivity, spiritual harmony, interest in life, passion for work, self-confidence, desire for self-realization, enjoyment of the present; sense of old – by the anxiety, vulnerability, depression, stigmatization, preservation of the usual, dissatisfaction with the present, denial and fear of the future. Invariant markers of psychological security of the person for the sense of youth are marked by the inner freedom and optimism, for the sense of old – depression of the subject. On the empirical material the existence of the relation between the psychological security of the individual and the experience of the sense of youth has been proved.

Keywords:

subjective time, psychological security, sense of youth, sense of old, period of life.

P. 84-97 

 

 

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EMOTIONAL AND EVALUATIVE FEATURES OF THE PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL OBJECTS ACCORDING TO THE “NONEXISTENT ANIMAL” AND THE SEMANTIC DIFFERENTIAL TESTS

Khekalo Tatyana V.

Abstract.

A new test is proposed on the basis of the famous drawing test “nonexistent animal”. The scheme of the new test is direct test – reverse test. To prove that the image is a stimulus (physical and chemical object), not a projection (self-portrait), it is proposed to determine the gender of the animal depicted. The paper gives a brief overview of two alternative points of view on the picture: projection and prosopopeia. The data on the nature, origin and meaning of the category of gender in a human language and thinking are also given. The evidence of good validity
of the new test is given. The results of the nonexistent animal test are compared with the semantic differential test. It has turned out that the nonexistent animal test characterizes the gender of the figure, while the semantic differential test characterizes the gender of the grammatical form of the word – stimulus. It is proved that in this test, artists-informants depict not their self-portrait (projection), but a “portrait” of an incentive (prosopopeia). The results of the two reverse tests correspond well with each other. The experimental data will be used for the study of the emotional attitude of students to physical and chemical objects (jelly, crystal-dendrite, Liesegang rings, fractal).

Keywords:

A direct test “Nonexistent animal”, the reverse tests, physico-chemical objects, jelly, crystal-dendrite, Liesegang rings, fractal, prosopopoeia (impersonation), gender as a language category, gender of the animal pattern, the semantic differential test.

P. 98-116 

 

PSYCHOLOGY OF LABOR, ENGINEERING PSYCHOLOGY, ERGONOMICS
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APPROACHES TO RESEARCHING PSYCHOLOGICAL COMPETENCE OF THE HEAD OF A MEDICAL INSTITUTION

Katahova Svetlana S., Semchuk Irina V.

Abstract.

This article discusses the idea of studying the psychological competence of the head of a medical institution as an integral system of personal education which includes psychological expertise, knowledge and skills, as well as individual and personal qualities that allow one not only to effectively manage their internal state, behavior and activities, but also to carry out planning and management, psychological impact on the behavior and activities of other people, constructively solve problems of the personal, professional and social character at a qualitatively high level. 

Keywords:

research, psychological competence, head of a medical institution, individual and personal qualities, purposefulness, efficiency, responsibility.

P. 117-127

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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EDUCATION OF THE XXI CENTURY: GOODBYE HUMANISM, HELLO TECHNOLOGY?

Deryuga Vardan E.

Abstract.

The article deals with the phenomenon of education from the point of view of two paradigmatic approaches: the traditional (technological) and the humanistic ones. The essence of technologization of the educational process is revealed and the pedagogical problems connected with this are substantiated.

Keywords:

humanism, education, paradigm, technologism, spirituality, values, cultural tradition.

P. 128-135

 

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PROBLEMATIC ISSUES OF PROJECT ACTIVITIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS

Polevoy Sergey A., Chalova Anastasiya V.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the actual problem of implementation of project management in the practice of universities. It provides an analysis of the current state of discussion of the problems of implementation of project management techniques in the practice of universities of the Russian Federation; it also identifies the problematic issues that prevent this. The analysis of the content of factors hindering the implementation of project management in the University is given. Proposals how to solve these problems have been developed. It is revealed that the problems are both objective and subjective. The solution of the first ones lies in the development of normative documents, practices, etc. The solution to the second group of problems can be implemented by the wide promotion of the ideology of project management among the University personnel, their training in the basics of project management.

Keywords:

project management implementation, higher educational institution, project management certification, University strategic goals, project management.

P. 136-143

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION
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REQUIREMENTS TO ETHICS OF EXPERTISE IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE NATIONAL EDUCATION AND PEDAGOGY

Shurilova Tatyana B., Bezborodova Ekaterina V.

Abstract.

This article presents the results of the analysis of the phenomenon of «expertise in education» in the context of the specifics of modern pedagogical science and practice of education. Basing on the results of this analysis, the authors offer arguments for the special need to comply with the principles and norms of ethics in the process of examination of pedagogical processes, objects and phenomena in the conditions of modern education and trends in the development of pedagogy. Special role of the requirements to comply with the principles and norms of ethics in the framework of the phenomenon of the social and professional expertise is proved. 

Keywords:

pedagogical science, pedagogical paradigm, norms and rules of ethics of expertise in education, social and professional expertise, expert of the social and professional expertise. 

P. 144-156

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

  

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JOENS JACOB BERZELIUS: THE SWEDISH LOMONOSOV (A COURSE OF LIFE OF THE SCIENTIST IN THE CONTEXT OF “PEDAGOGICS OF THE PERSONALITY”)

Bagashvili Inna R.

Abstact.

The given article studies the life journey of the outstanding Swedish chemist J. Berzelius in the context of “pedagogics of personality”. The research is concerned with those aspects of Berzelius’s biography which are especially important for the educational process at the high comprehensive and higher school. The author of the article considers in detail such aspects as the role of studying great scientists’ biographies in the educational process of the high and higher school, as well as the influence of the potential of the great personality on the increase of the students’ educational level. In particular, it is specified that the events which took place in the scientist’s life, the tops which he reached by means of his mind and talent, have to motivate students to succeed in their educational activity.  The research methodology is the pedagogy of personality – the direction created in the European pedagogical science at the end of the XIX century. This direction is based on training of children and young people in rational brainwork, ability to conduct a conversation, to retell and analyze the text they read. Pupils ought to overcome their indecisiveness, internal dissatisfaction and become active, outstanding personalities. The novelty of the research is that the biography of the great Swedish chemist Jens Jacob Berzelius is for the first time analyzed in the context of pedagogy of personality and influence of the main aspects of “the Swedish Lomonosov’s” life and creativity on increase of the high comprehensive and higher school students’ educational potential. It is emphasized that the name of Jens Jacob Berzelius’s is not less significant for the Russian educational tradition, than the glorified name of M. Lomonosov’s. Respectively, the conclusion was drawn that it is important to school students and students to know Jens Jacob Berzelius’s biography and the history of the discoveries made by him. 

Keywords: 

pedagogics of personality, high and higher school, educational potential, biography of the scientist, Berzelius, chemical elements.

P. 157-165

 

 

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LEADER OF EDUCATION IN THE SPHERE OF CULTURE (ON THE 100th ANNIVERSARY OF ST. PETERSBURG STATE INSTITUTE OF CULTURE AND ARTS)

Serebrjannikova Tatiana O., Stegaeva Maria V.

Abstact.

St. Petersburg State Institute of Culture and Arts, founded in 1918 as Petrograd Institute of Out-of-school Education, is one of the oldest Russian universities in the field of culture and arts. The purpose of its creation was to provide training for specialists capable of breeding a generation of educated people dedicated to the education and culture of their country. During its long history, the university has formed its own educational, scientific and cultural environment. Within the  framework of the events dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the university, St. Petersburg State Institute of Culture and Arts together with the Presidential Library initiated a project to create a digital collection on the history of the Institute. The collection includes more than 1.3 thousand units, reflecting the history of the formation and development of the institute, the main activities, unique scientific schools, as well as the main publications of the Institute. Special attention in the collection is paid to prominent figures in the field of culture and arts – the university managers, professors and alumni.

Keywords: 

St. Petersburg State Institute of Culture and Arts, SPbGIK, cultural environment, educational environment, scientific environment, Presidential Library, digital collections.

P. 166-171

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION
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HERMENEUTIC APPROACH IN THE PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF PRESCHOOL TEACHERS

Bykovskaya Tamara E.

Abstact.

The article deals with the problem of applying hermeneutic approach in the training of future educators for their professional activity, it presents the criteria and indicators of the levels of understanding of the child, and reveals the methods of verification of the reliability of knowledge about a preschool childin future educators in practical  classes in the disciplines of the psychological and pedagogical cycle.

Keywords:  

hermeneutic approach, understanding educator, standards of understanding of the child, the principle of naturalness, pedagogical situations, independence and initiative. 

P. 172-177

 

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ECOLOGICAL EDUCATION OF CHILDREN OF SENIOR PRESCHOOL AGE – A TOPICAL ISSUE OF THE MODERN PEDAGOGICAL SCIENCE

Tretyakov Andrei L.

Abstract.

In this article, the researcher draws the attention of theorists’ and practitioners’ in the field of preschool education to the problem of environmental education of children of senior preschool age. The historical milestones of the phenomenon of the environmental education are revealed. The mission of the preschool education in the construction of an innovative economy is indicated. The national regulatory legal documents aimed at forming the environmental education of preschool children are described. The «Foundations of the State policy in the field of environmental development of the Russian Federation for the period until 2030» in terms of the environmental education of the younger generation are briefly described. The analysis of the Federal state educational standard of preschool education on the subject of environmental education and environmental activities in pre-school organizations is provided. The author highlights the direction of the environmental education of children of senior preschool age in digital realities. 

Keywords:

environmental education, children of senior preschool age, pedagogical science, conditions, regulatory legal documents.

P. 178-186

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION
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DESIGN OF SUPPLEMENTARY TRAINING PROGRAMS IN DIGITAL LITERACY

Osipova Olga P., Danilova Tatyana N.

Abstract.

The article covers the issues connected with design of the supplementary training programs focused on forming and developing the professional competences of educators in the sphere of digital literacy. The process of forming educators’ digital literacy is considered in the social, ideological, organizational and technological aspects. An attempt of algorithmization of supplementary training programs design in the context of digital economy is made.

Keywords:

digital literacy, educational programs design, supplementary training program, educational program, education digitalization, supplementary professional education. 

P. 187-201

 

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THE MODEL OF LEARNING QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN AN ADAPTIVE NETWORK
EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Boyarinov Dmitry A.

Abstract.

The problem of managing the quality of education in an adaptive networked educational environment is dealt with in the article. The key elements of the author’s model of learning quality management in an adaptive networked educational environment are outlined in the article. The modern views on the conceptual apparatus associated with the management of the quality of education are analyzed. The objectives and quality management tools are considered in the article. A system of principles of quality management is being built. Six levels of quality (quality of design, quality of resources and information and methodological support, quality of implementation, quality of impact on students, quality of integration (quality of socialization) of students, quality of reflection of the needs of society) are considered in the article. For each level of quality, the corresponding quality criteria are determined. A complex of seven key parameters of the system evaluated as a conceptual basis for quality assessment methods is proposed. Key parameters include: the parameter of finale result; the parameter of design; the parameter of feedback; the parameter of normalization; the parameter of management; the parameter of synergy; the parameter of optimization. A quality assessment system is considered, which includes six levels of expression of the corresponding quality parameters (“absent”, “not adequate”, “partially adequate”, “medium”, “fairly well”, “completely adequate”).

Keywords: 

adaptive networked educational environment, quality of education, quality management, quality management model, the principles of quality management, quality criteria, levels of quality.

P. 202-211

 

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CONTENT OF TEACHING BUSINESS FOREIGN LANGUAGES TO NON-ECONOMIC MASTER STUDENTS

Tsvetkova Svetlana E., Mineeva Olga A.

Abstract.

Opportunities to participate in international educational projects, the expansion of international business contacts have caused the growth of the importance of mastering business foreign language for the future Master of Education. The article discusses the goals and objectives of teaching a business foreign language to students in non-economic Master’s programs. The features of the content of education are substantiated,  namely, the input foreign language information and educational technologies that determine shaping of intercultural communicative competence of Master students in the field of professional and business communication.

Keywords: 

business foreign language, foreign language input information, educational technology, goals, objectives, learning content.

P. 212-222

 

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HEURISTIC CONVERSATION WHILE STUDYING THE ADVANCED MATHEMATICS WITHIN THE COMPETENCY BUILDING APPROACH

Solovyeva Svetlana A.

Abstract.

The aim of the Higher School in this day is not only to give knowledge to students, but also to form competency in them. One of the development methods of super-subject competencies is a heuristic conversation. The possibility of forming by means of mathematics the skills of effective goal-setting, searching the ways of achieving goals, developing the operational thinking, communication skills is reflected in the article on the basis on the personal experience. The conclusions are illustrated by the examples of these competencies development during the study of one section. Further research is possible in the direction of analysis of heuristic conversation appliance to form other supersubject competencies, as well as to study the interconnections of heuristic conversation with  other innovative methods of learning with the aim of improving their effectiveness. 

Keywords:

competencies, heuristic conversation, Mathematics, integration, goal setting, organization of activity, system thinking, intellect map. 

P. 223-231

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DEVELOPMENT OF NONLINEAR THINKING OF FUTURE FASHION DESIGNERS USING THE METHOD OF STYLIZATION OF FOLK COSTUME STRUCTURES

Eremina Natalia A.

Abstract. 

The article deals with the problem of application of the method of nonlinear thinking to form modern skills of design culture in future fashion designers. The development of the project process is best realized on the examples of studying the structure of the national costume. The method of searching for a rational design solution by holographic combination method is revealed on practical examples of costume modeling with the help of structural clichés or patterns of the folk dress complex. The logic and simplicity of the structural and compositional structure of the folk costume makes it possible to comprehend the principle of combining structural units in search of a rational solution to the design problem. The article provides practical examples of the development of tasks for the development of design principles on the basis of structural analysis of the structure of the national costume. 

Keywords:

innovative specialist, nonlinear thinking, holographic combination, engineering design, structure of a folk costume, patterns, professional competence.

P. 232-245

  

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THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES DEVELOPMENT IN THE SPHERE OF ADDITIONAL EDUCATION OF ADULTS AND CHILDREN

Vasilieva Lydia L.

Abstract. 

The aim of the given research is to ground the necessity of the integration of the advanced digital technologies into the Russian educational environment along with the sphere of additional education. General scientific and empiric methods of research are applied. The author comes to the conclusion of the digitalization in education having its great opportunities due to its being an alternative form of the learning process organization whose flexibility and up-to-date methods of data processing and submission draw greater public. 

Keywords:

additional education, digitalization, online learning, educational process, online platforms, digital systems.

P. 246-250