Скачать номер полностью

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 2-2019

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 

 

History of Philosophy

 

открыть

THE AESTHETICS OF AKMEISM: THE ISSUE OF NATURE OF THE ART IMAGE

Zanegina Anastasiya A..

Abstract. 

The article is devoted to the analysis of the category of the image in eidolology – an akmeistic image-making sphere. This text proves that eidolology is the basis of the aesthetic system of Akmeism. Eidolology generates in itself specific images – eidolons. These images were the only correct ones, suitable for creating the ideal artistic work by akmeist-poets. Particular attention is paid to the specifics of the eidolon and the nature of their functioning in a poetic text. The article also explores the communicative, aestheticperceptive aspect of poetry in Akmeism. 

Keywords:

Akmeism, symbolism, the philosophy of creativity, the artistic image, eidolology, eidolon.

P. 9-17

      

Philosophy of science and technology
открыть

THEOLOGY AND PEDAGOGY IN THE MODERN UNIVERSITY: THE BASICS OF SYNERGY

Divnogortseva Svetlana Yu.

Abstract.

The author argues in favour of two ways of theological knowledge with the content of modern pedagogical education interaction. The first path is associated with the training of teachers of religious faith and culture. It must be variable-based, take into account the ideological orientation of students and therefor include studying theological courses as a General theoretical preparation and methodologically oriented disciplines in the content of their training. At the same time, the author offers ways of improving pedagogical training of students of theological seminaries and academies, departments of theology, aimed at the future teaching of religious faith and culture. The second way is connected with the study of history and theory of the Orthodox pedagogical culture in a pedagogical university. The Orthodox pedagogical culture has historically dominated in the domestic educational environment for a millennium. It is based on the theological doctrine that includes the Orthodox anthropology. The author gives her own experience of building the content of teacher education in the faith-based University as an example of the implementation of the theology and pedagogy interaction. This experience can be adapted for use in other higher education institutions.

Keywords:

theology, pedagogy, the Orthodox pedagogical culture, pedagogical education.

P. 18-27

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
General psychology, personality psychology, history of psychology 
открыть

EXISTENTIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF “NOSTALGIA WITHOUT MEMORY” EXPERIENCE

Sapogova Elena E.

Abstract.

The author’s analysis of the experience of “nostalgia without memory” recorded in modern generations of young and adult people is performed in the paradigm of existential psychology. It is described as a phenomenon of the subject’s life world which appears in the context of the changing reality of human existence, characterized by the need to adapt to the increasing difficulty of choosing a development trajectory and overcoming uncertainty/indeterminacy. The relations of the experience of “nostalgia without memory” with the existential expectations of the individual and self-perception are considered. The factors that stimulate the experience of “nostalgia without memory” in the “Me-Me-Me generation” are described: the inclination to prolong the status of a psychological consumer; the long-term parent overprotection; the tendency to avoid taking responsibility for the course and psychological content of one’s own life; the acceptance of the carpe diem strategy, etc.

Keywords:

nostalgia, “nostalgia withoutmemory”, uncertainty/indeterminacy, existential expectations, identity, personality, life world.

P. 28-45

 

 

Educational psychology
открыть

REPRESENTATIONS OF SIGNIFICANT ABSTRACT CONCEPTS IN ADOLESCENCE

Dikova Mariya V., Zhuravleva Inna A.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the study of the features of ideas about abstract concepts in adolescence. The phenomena of “representations” and “abstract concepts”, features of personality development in adolescence are explored. The results of an empirical study of the features of significant abstract concepts in adolescence are presented. The hierarchy of significant abstract concepts in the modern world among young men and girls is formed; the content and essence of the notion of abstract concepts are studied.

Keywords:

abstract concept, representation, personality, adolescence.

P. 46-54

 

Psychology of labor, engineering psychology, ergonomics

 

открыть

COLOR SYMBOLISM AND MARKETING COMMUNICATIONS

Malsagova Madina I.

Abstract.

The article deals with the issues of color symbolism in realizing marketing communications as well as the factors causing comprehension of color space. Visual perception, as the researches suggest, in many respects defines the color: stimulating the photoreceptors it is capable to trigger various psychological spirit. This trait has found a broad application in marketing and in design decisions to draw attention of wide audience. The given research analyzes significant features of the color system of symbolic names, emblems, and adverts of large companies.

Keywords:

color, psychology of color, color theory, color influence, color perception, color scheme, color symbolism, branding, logos, emblems, advertising.

P. 55-60

 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
Modernization of education

 

открыть

MEASUREMENT PROCEDURES AND RATING WITHIN THE ALL-RUSSIAN AND REGIONAL SYSTEMS OF EDUCATION QUALITY ASSESSMENT 

Belousov Konstantin Yu.

Abstract.

The article describes the variety of measurement procedures implemented within the framework of the unified system of education quality assessment in Russia. The author raises the issue of perception of evaluation procedures as tools to control the activities of teachers by a number of Saint Petersburg schools’ teachers’. The emphasis is placed on the need to change the pedagogical community’s attitude towards the measurement procedures implemented within the quality assessment system. With regard to the rating, it is proposed to hold a broad public discussion in order to develop common approaches and criteria for the preparation of school ratings both in the country as a whole and in regions in particular.

Keywords:

measuring procedures in education, rating, quality assessment system, schools, teachers.

P. 61-71

 

открыть

PATENT SEARCH IN THE SYSTEM OF HIGHER EDUCATION

Shlekova Inna Yu., Knysh Andrei I., Korchevskaya Yulia V.

Abstract.

The article presents a pedagogical project and the results of its implementation. A plan of practical exercises based on the patent sector of the regional scientific library is proposed. The high efficiency of holding such classes in the course of training of engineers is shown.

Keywords:

patent search, pedagogical design, patent, intellectual property, training of engineers, invention.

P. 72-79 

 

открыть

RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT: WORLD EXPERIENCE

Maltceva Ekaterina Yu.

Abstract.

Modern society in the context of social and economic changes faces a variety of open questions, one of which is humanization of the civic and societal life of the society. The process of humanization is traced through all the spheres of the societal functioning, especially in education. The education sector of the recent years tends to design a comfortable learning environment for all members of the society despite their ethnicity, race and gender, social status or health problems. This tendency brings about a new learning model – inclusive education, which is aimed at the integration of people with health limitations into the process of education. The author of the article examines the issue of inclusive education, period of its development in Russia and abroad, and main principles which form the basis for the inclusive education and which should be observed while teaching people with health limitations. Stages of development of the inclusive education in some foreign countries (European countries, USA and Japan) as well as in Russia have been analyzed. The conducted historical research on the education development shows that the foreign countries have been carrying out this work for a long period and have had successful results of its implementation and realization, while the Russian practice reveals the entry level of realization of the inclusive approach to educating people with health limitations.

Keywords:

inclusive education, principles, disabled people, mainstreaming, humanization.

P. 80-88 

      

Theory of education
открыть

THE IMPACT OF IMMIGRATION PROCESSES ON THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SUBJECTS OF THE EDUCATIONAL SPACE OF THE UNITED STATES: AN ANALYSIS OF MODERN DETERMINANTS 

Danilova Marina V.

Abstract.

The article analyzes the dynamics of migration processes in the United States. The resources of the Institute for Migration Policy (MPI), the American Community Survey (ACS) data were used. The situation is presented in the ethnic, age, educational aspects. We consider the issues of illegal immigration, the facts of the unaccompanied children’s arrival into the country. Attention is focused on educational problems related to the intensity of the load on public schools, overcrowding, and limited English proficiency of immigrant students.

Keywords:

immigration, poverty, limited English proficiency, academic success.

P. 80-96 

 

History of pedagogy and education
открыть

CULTURAL, PEDAGOGIC AND EDUCATIONAL INFLUENCE OF THE RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH ON THE PROCESS OF FORMING THE SYSTEM OF PRIMARY PUBLIC EDUCATION OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX CENTURY

Konstantinova Natalia D.

Abstract.

This article is based on a brief analysis regarding the role of the Russian Orthodox Church in the primary education of Russia of the second half of the 19th century and the 21st century. The text contains information on the status of the issue of introducing the subject of the “Basics of religious cultures and secular ethics” in the course of 4th grade of primary school, as well as the historical foundations, which in many respects became key to the “Basics of Orthodox Culture” module.

Keywords:

Basics of religious cultures and secular ethics, primary education, Russian Orthodox Church, parochial school, K. P. Pobedonostsev.

P. 97-105

 

открыть

MAIN DIRECTIONS OF DEVELOPMENT OF DOMESTIC EDUCATION AND PEDAGOGY OF THE FIRST HALF OF THE XX CENTURY

Boguslavskiy Mikhail V., etc.

Abstract.

This article reviews the research and interpretation of the national education and the pedagogy development process of the first half of the 20th century. The study showed that in 1920s – 40s, the Soviet Pedagogy developed mostly in the social pedagogical and cognitive directions, while the immigrant pedagogy followed the cultural anthropological path, which later on, gave way to the Christian anthropological, Orthodox pedagogical, and individual humanistic, and cognitive schools. Thus, we can state that despite global social and political disasters of the first half of the 20th century, all the basic schools of the national pedagogy developed continuously throughout 1920s – 40s.

Keywords:

history of Pedagogy, history of education, first half of the 20th century, Soviet school.

P. 106-116

 

 

открыть

AMERICAN UNIVERSITIES AS THE SOURCES OF JOHN DEWEY’S PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND SCIENTIFIC OUTLOOK

Rogacheva Elena Yu.

Abstract.

The paper is devoted to an American scientist, philosopher and educator, John Dewey (1859–1952), who could turn 160 years old in 2019. A special attention is paid to Dewey’s professional and scientific work in Michigan, Chicago and Columbia University.

Keywords:

John Dewey’s professional development, scientific outlook, Michigan University, Chicago and Columbian periods.

P. 117-127

 

New research in education
открыть

INTEGRATION OF UNIVERSITIES AND SCHOOLS AS A CONDITION FOR STRENGTHENING PRACTICE-ORIENTED TRAINING OF A FUTURE SUBJECT TEACHER

Altukhova Svetlana O.

Abstact.

The article discusses the issue of creation and functioning of a specialized department of a pedagogical university, special aspects of its interaction with educational partner institutions, development of the educational process and the involvement of professionals with practical experience in professional activities.

Keywords:

Lipetsk State Pedagogical University named after P. P. Semenov-Tyan Shansky, specialized department, practice-orientation, teaching practice.

P. 128-135

 

открыть

THE CONCEPT OF “ORGANIZATIONAL AND MANAGEREAL TASKS”: THE OPINIONS OF THE AUTHORS OF THE EDUCATIONAL STANDARDS OF PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION AND SCIENTISTS

Stroykina Lyubov V.

Abstract.

The article deals with the concept of “organizational and managerial tasks of professional activity” in two aspects: from the point of view of the developers of the FSES HE in pedagogical education and from the position of the scientists involved in the problems of pedagogical management. The analysis of scientific statements showed the ambiguity of interpretations of the concept. In this paper we suggest considering the organizational and management tasks, basing on the general functions described in the professional standard “Teacher”.

Keywords:

organizational and management tasks, organizational and management activity, professional standard, job description.

P. 136-144

 

открыть

TRAINING OF BACHELORS OF EDUCATION FOR HEALTH-CREATIVE ACTIVITY IN THE CONTEXT OF THE MODERNIZATION OF RUSSIAN EDUCATION

Novikov Denis S.

Abstract.

The article deals with the requirements which the modernization of Russian education makes to the preparation of Bachelors in pedagogical universities in the field of preserving and strengthening the student’s health. The author believes that this training should not be focused on the procedural and technological elements of health-creative activity as much as on the students’ mastering the ideal of health-creative activity. It is this ideal that makes the healthcreative activity meaningful, orients the person towards the use of health as a natural basis for self-realization and implementation of the chosen life strategy.

Keywords:

Bachelor of Education, modernization of education, health-creative activity, ideal of health-creative activity, readiness for health-creative activity, subject of post-industrial modernization.

P. 145-155

 

открыть

FORMING STUDENTS’ ABILITY TO DEBATE AT PRACTICAL LESSONS ON HISTORY IN HIGHER SCHOOL

Demina Svetlana S.

Abstract.

Shaping students’ ability to debate is connected with some difficulties. The author notes a gradual character of this process. The regular use of this teaching method (from its simple forms to more complex ones) at practical lessons will permit to form effectively students’ability to debate.

Keywords:

teaching in higher school, history teaching, teaching methods, ability to debate, group discussion, argumentation.

P. 156-161

 

открыть

MONITORING THE COMPETENCE QUALITY OF THE GRADUATES’ OF DEPARTMENTAL EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS OF EMERCOM OF RUSSIA

Bulgakov Vladislav V., Samoilov Dmitry B., Maslov Alexey V.

Abstract.

Monitoring the quality of graduates’competence is an urgent task for educational organizations of the State Firefighting Service of the Ministry of Emergencies of Russia. The heads of practical units of the State Firefighting Service, into which young specialists are distributed to perform functions in the field of state fire supervision, investigation and examination of fires and firefighting, developed questionnaires to assess graduates in order to identify gaps in training. The results of the questionnaire survey carried out by the heads of practical units presented in the article reflect the level of forming professional competencies and business qualities of graduates’; the analysis of those results contributes to the development of activities in the field of the organization of the educational process and its methodological support aimed at improving the quality of training in Ivanovo Fire Rescue Academy of State Firefighting Service of EMERCOM of Russia.

Keywords:

monitoring, questionnaire, professional competence, business qualities, cadets, State Fire-Fighting Service.

P. 162-174

 

открыть

SOCIAL SUPPORT FOR THE FORMER PRISONERS UNDER THE CONDITIONS
OF THE POSTPENITENTIARY SYSTEM

Kolesov Vladimir I., Smolonskaya Anna N., Smolonskii Sergei I.

Abstract.

In the article the main social support for the former prisoners in the conditions of the post-penitentiary system is revealed and analyzed. The process of the socialization of people of this category is considered, which is based on the moral culture, the system of social relations and labor activity. The paper describes the importance of labor and the collective in rethinking the life position and outlook.

Keywords:

post-penitentiary system, social support, labor activity, labor relations.

P. 175-179

 

Innovative technologies in education
открыть

THE ROLE OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN AN ADAPTIVE NETWORK EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Boyarinov Dmitry A.

Abstract.

The article discusses the role of the social media in an adaptive network educational environment. It also considers the modern domestic and foreign approaches to the definition of the “social media” concept and the description of their role in the educational process. There are some constructive conclusions made in the article that one should take into account while designing an adaptive network educational environment and which can be used as the basis for a model of usage of the social media in this educational environment. These conclusions are: the expediency of using specially created networks, the crucial importance of quick access to information (“one click” access); usage of the search by full-text query as the main search tool. The main components of a social network within the framework of an adaptive network educational environment are identified. These components are: “groups”, “blog” and “my page”. The factors that determine the effectiveness of these components as tools for organizing the work of students are analyzed in the article. The essential role of the means of motivation and providing feedback is noted. The creation of special groups is proposed as a form of such means. The minimum required set of elements in such groups is highlighted in the article. That set includes: title; main text field; a set of discussion forums; wall comments. A model of the use of the social media in an adaptive network educational environment contributing to the implementation of the property of intermodality is proposed. The fact that the individualization of the learning environment will give learners the opportunity for creative expression in learning activities is emphasized in the article. The fact that social networks naturally and effectively reflect the contours of the existing social relationships is noted. This fact is crucial in terms of giving a key feature (which is adaptability) to the designed educational environment.

Keywords:

adaptive network educational environment, social media, social networks, social software, intermodality.

P. 180-187

 

открыть

ELECTRONIC LEARNING RESOURCES IN THE PRACTICE-ORIENTED EDUCATION

Yakhtanigova Zhanna M.

Abstract.

The mission of the practiceoriented education is training of wellgrounded professionals in the light of modern requirements for quality of education as well as shaping both professional and personal traits in future graduates. The extremely valuable educational resources are electronic learning ones. The need for them is, first of all, put down to the poor interactive teachware, especially in in the segment of practice of all kinds. The Department of practical and project education of Belgorod State Agricultural University (Russian Federation) has designed some special computer programs that operate as electronic learning resources of the practiceoriented education. The programs under analysis conduce to a wide application of the project teaching method as well as the method of cooperation technology. The software designed tackles a problem of the students’self-control in the field of their theory learning and provides them with the information on the state of the agricultural sector of the region. It also can allow one to choose a company for an on-the-job training independently and covers other issues.

Keywords: 

the practice-oriented education, electronic learning resource, higher education, vocational secondary education, competence, university, qualification, specialist, production, scientific research.

P. 188-197

 

открыть

MODELING AND DIAGNOSTICS OF EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT RISKS BASED ON MATHEMATICAL METHODS

Lyaluk Alexander V.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the development of primary mathematical models and the diagnosis of risk factors of the educational environment. The functioning of the educational environment is a multifactor process, the results of which are multidimensional. Factors and results of the educational environment should be characterized by a certain numerical value, without which it is impossible to carry out risk management. It is substantiated that mathematical methods should be used in modeling and diagnosing the risks of the educational environment: methods of the theory of sets and relations, methods of linear algebra, and methods of the theory of limits. Various formulas for assessing the riskiness (danger) of participants in social and pedagogical interaction and the teaching staff are presented, which allow one to create a basis for identifying potential and real sources of risks in the educational environment, to predict ways to overcome them.

Keywords:

risk, danger, educational environment, forecast, matrix, mathematical methods, modeling.

P. 198-204

 

открыть

MODERN METHODS OF TEACHING DISCIPLINES RELATED TO THE STUDY
OF CONFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Balabeykina Olga A.

Abstract.

This article reflects non-standard approaches to the study of disciplines related to the study of the confessional environment – both, Russian and foreign. It proposes to use the pieces of literature and feature movies to consolidate the basic concepts of the course and to expand the information on the key didactic units. It also draws some examples of organizational forms of practical sessions aimed at practical application of knowledge gained during the lectures. The purpose of applying the described methods is to develop students’ creative thinking, as well as the ability to make independent conclusions concerning the confessional processes. The methods are illustrated by examples of the seminars held in St. Petersburg State University of Economics. The main modern non-standard methods of studying confessional environment being considered in the article are the following: application of works of literature and cinematography to state the basic concepts of the educational discipline; development and provision of excursions for confessional subjects by students in real conditions of the confessional environment; comparative analysis of questionnaire surveys and interviews of those of the traditional confessions of the studied region. There is also a reference to the experience of implementing foreign educational practices regarding confessional issues. The result of applying these methods is an increased interest in the subject, as well as scientific and analytical activities in the research area.

Keywords:

methods of study of religious environment, conceptual framework, organizational form of seminar classes, modern methods of teaching, religious environment, literature as a training aid, religious knowledge.

P. 205-214

открыть

THE BENEFITS OF PROFESSIONALLY ORIENTED TEXT-BOOKS FOR TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN A TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY (THE EXPERIENCE OF TEACHING THE STUDENTS OF TECHNICAL SPECIALTIES IN MOSCOW AVIATION INSTITUTE)

Korotaeva Irina E., Chuksina Oksana V.

Abstract. 

The article sums up the experience of using professionally oriented text-books at the Foreign Language for Aerospace Specialities Department of Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University). The choice of popular scientific technical texts about aerospace industry for studying English by future bachelors, specialists and masters of science is explained. The types of aerospace terms the students study are characterized, and the examples of exercises used to form language skills are given in the article. The difficulties of teaching oral speech in technical university are analyzed. The content of the “English grammar in Aviation context” text-book is described. 

Keywords:

lexical text-book, grammatical textbook, professionally directed foreign language teaching, foreign language for aerospace specialties, aviation terms.

P. 215-224

  

Young scientists' vision
открыть

CONVERGENT APPROACH TO THE DESIGN OF ADDITIONAL GENERAL EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS

Gradov Mikhail V.

Abstract.

The article deals with one of the newapproaches that is carried out in education in modern school. This approach makes it possible to level the boundaries between academic disciplines and to form students’ competencies necessary for a holistic perception of the world around them. The article provides an example of an additional General educational program, technology-oriented, developed on the basis of a convergent approach. This program allows us to provide students with significant assistance in their pre-training in the framework of preprofile and specialized training, as well as to reveal the talents of students’ in a completely different, but very interesting and modern areas of educational activity. The proposed methods will be of interest to the Deputy Director for educational work and the content of education, subject teachers, teachers of additional education, organizers of additional education at school.

Keywords:

unmanned aerial vehicles, additional education, convergence, convergent approach, education, design of additional general education program, technical orientation.

P. 225-234

 

открыть

MODERN WAYS OF TEACHING STUDENTS THE ACADEMIC DISCIPLINE “CIVIL LAW”
(on the example of civil law obligations)

Sayapin Sergey P., Seregina Tatiyana S.

Abstract.

The article examines the advantagesand disadvantages of using modern learning methods (business game, brainstorming, group discussion, situation analysis, etc.) while teaching students the basics of civil law obligations. The possibility of applying the concept of “Work based learning” to contractual obligations in Russia is studied. It is proposed to introduce a professional-oriented method of “Alliance: University and employer” in the “Civil law” course. It is concluded that in order to achieve the maximum educational effect due to the involvement of all students in the learning process, it is necessary to combine and alternate modern methods of education depending on the performance of students, acting within the educational program in the specialty 030501.65 “Jurisprudence”.

Keywords:

higher education, legal pedagogy, learning process, students, civil law, right of obligations.

P. 235-245