Friday, 22 May 2020 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2020 №2

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 2-2020

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 
ONTOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY
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ANTI-PEDAGOGY IN THE MIRROR OF PHILOSOPHICAL REFLECTION

Sukhanova Natalia P.                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-9-14

Abstract. 

Technologization and digitalization have an impact on public life and culture in general, culture is becoming mainstream. The inevitability of the onset of the postmodern epoch with its basic principles, including pluralism, relativism, mosaicism and heterogeneity, is considered. Postmodern philosophy represents the world as a  ultitude of fragments, stable links between which are not observed. The influence of postmodernist principles on pedagogy and the formation of anti-pedagogy is analyzed. The concept of antipedagogy in a radical form rejects the value and significance of upbringing and education. Attention is focused on the critical attitude of anti-pedagogy not only to educatory and pedagogic methods, but also to the consumer society. The technocratic approach is being criticized, the trainee must have a correct idea  of a democratic society, and teachers must be broad-minded people who can step beyond the bounds of the subject being taught. The implementation of postmodernist principles leads to an increase and saturation of the educational environment, to the alignment of the subject-subject interaction of the teacher and student. It is concluded that particular ideas of anti-pedagogy organically exist in the modern education system, but the idea of anti-pedagogical theorists seems to be utopian that a reliable and sure way of changing the educational system is the destruction of this system.

Keywords:

education, pedagogy, antipedagogy, philosophy, postmodernism.

P. 9-14

 

 

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

 

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POETIC METAPHYSIC OF M. LERMONTOV

Pugachev Oleg S.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-15-21

Abstract. 

The article represents the experience on identifying poetic metaphysics in the work of M. Lermontov’s. In this regard, it contains an estimated characteristic of the great poet’s heritage in its ethical and pedagogical significance. In terms of the priority grounds for such an analysis the ideas, stated by Vl. Soloviev in his literary-critical articles, are presented. The analysis of Lermontov’s works “Dream”, “Demon”, “Duma” and others in the aspect of the clash of two worlds, nonexistential in relation to each other, is carried out. The article emphasizes the timeliness and modernity of M. Lermontov’s oeuvre.

Keywords:

metaphysic, ethics, imagination, other worlds, demon, 205th anniversary of M. Lermontov.

P. 15-21

        

PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 

 

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ECOLOGICAL PHILOSOPHY: MODERN APPROACHES AND ISSUES

Gorokhov Sergey A.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-22-29

Abstract.

The article considers ecophilosophy as a new branch of philosophy, formed at the intersection of such Sciences as biology, genetics, sociology, ecology, etc. Different approaches of identifying the essential characteristics of the interaction of man and nature are analyzed. Particular attention is paid to the ideological approach when studying this problem. As the main conclusion, the author substantiates the thesis about the need to abandon the use of discrete approaches in the study of the interaction of society and the world around; a new paradigm of modern society development.

Keywords:

philosophy, ecology, ecophilosophy, biosphere, ecological worldview, interdisciplinary approach, coevolutionary approach.

P. 22-23

 

  

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY 

 

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PROSOCIAL BEHAVIOR OF HOMELESS WOMEN

Shvetsova Maya N., Lazarenko Karina A.        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-30-37

Abstract.

The article analyzes the results of the study of prosocial behavior of middle-aged women without a certain place of residence. The authors conclude that homeless women have a prosocial behavior; their altruism and empathy are higher than those of women who have a home. The most used strategies of prosocial behavior in homeless people are the compliant and altruistic type, and in women who have a home, the compliant  and emotional type. The statistical analysis revealed the correlation between altruism and empathy, and also showed the difference between the two categories of women participating in the study.

Keywords:

prosocial behavior, empathy, altruism, homeless women.

P. 30-37

 

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
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USING LEARNING STYLES IN EPP ACCORDING TO PSYCHOLOGICAL TYPES OF LEARNERS

Drobysheva Natalia N.                                         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-38-46

Abstract.

The article concerns the use of learning styles in professionally oriented foreign language training, depending on the characteristics connected with the perception of educational information by students (visual, auditory, kinesthetic, etc.). Based on the analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature and empirical data, it is proposed to use the project methods in teaching a foreign language with senior students of non-linguistic universities, taking into account learning styles both in group and individual student work. The purpose of the article is to show one of the teaching techniques that can solve several problems: the development of foreign-language communicative competencies, information and technical skills, presentation skills and team  building. In addition, practical recommendations on the use of learning styles in the process of mastering a language for professional purposes (LPP) at a non-linguistic university can facilitate in creating the conditions for forming, development and improvement of the system involving stylistic characteristics of students’ intellectual behavior, which will ultimately affect the results of their educational activities.

Keywords:

learning styles, psychological type of trainees, project methodology, foreign language training, students of a non-linguistic university.

P. 38-46

 

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THE STUDY ON FAMILY MICROCULTURE

Gorelkina Maria A.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-47-53

Abstract.

In this article, the family, and its microculture, is considered as a translator of norms, rules of behavior, family life, under the influence of which a person obtains a system of relations to their own life, to society, to the universe, in other words, life-meaning human values. The main attention is paid to the structure of the microculture. The main blocks that make up the microculture are highlighted. The author’s proprietary questionnaire for the study of family microculture is developed.

Keywords:

family microculture, a family’s way of life, structure of a family’s life, proprietary questionnaire, family traditions.

P. 47-53

 

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PECULIARITIES OF MANAGEMENT OF COGNITIVE BARRIERS IN EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY OF STUDENTS WITH FIELD-INDEPENDENT AND FIELD-DEPENDENT STYLES 

Ngo Thi Nga (Republic of Vietnam)                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-54-65

Abstract.

The survey is dedicated to the identification of cognitive barriers in educational and professional activities among students with field-dependent and fieldindependent styles of cognitive activity. For these purposes, we used the principle of taxonomy proposed by B. Bloom (“the taxonomy of the levels of knowledge of Benjamin Blum”), as well as the “Gottschaldt figures” technique. The results show that the cognitive style is a factor influencing the level of cognitive difficulties.

Keywords:

cognitive barrier, cognitive activity, cognitive style, educational activity, fielddependent style, field-independent style.

P. 54-65

 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00
75TH CELEBRATION OF THE GREAT VICTORY
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NAZISM, FASCISM, NATIONALISM: ANALYTICAL APPROACH TO CONCEPTUAL HISTORICAL CATEGORIES IN THE STUDY OF HUMANITARIAN DISCIPLINE 

Hutin Anatoly F., Bryantseva Marina V.               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-66-76

Abstract.

The article discusses some  theoretical aspects of the social policy of the state, conceptual categories from the perspective of teaching humanitarian historical disciplines at the university, shows the negativity of Nazism, fascism and nationalism as unacceptable socio-political phenomena for the development of a civilized society, social structure, which is relevant not only in a cognitive sense, from the point of view of the analytics of the problem, which is extremely important, but necessary in order to form a historical and genetic memory of the people, a correct assessment of the events of the historical past and present, analysis
and forecasting of the near future in terms of preventing social and political conflicts in society, as well as with the aim of increasing the general level of training of highly qualified personnel in the direction “Pedagogical Education”.

Keywords:

social policy of the state, history, Nazism, nationalism, fascism, teaching of humanities.

P. 66-76

 

 

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

  

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FEATURES OF INTERDISCIPLINARY INTERACTION OF GENERAL EDUCATIONAL DISCIPLINES THROUGH THE PRISM OF MONITORING IN RUSSIA AND FRANCE 

Korosteleva Alina A., Romanova Marina Yu.       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-77-85

Abstract.

The article reveals the peculiarities of the education system’s monitoring as a standardized observation; provides the data on the results of the questionnaire survey of high school students, allowing to determine which form of knowledge control they prefer. The authors explore the features of interdisciplinary interaction of general education subjects in the Russian and French systems of education in order to identify possibilities to influence the individualization of the education system as a whole.

Keywords:

individualization, integration, interdisciplinary interaction, interdisciplinarity, monitoring, social studies, economics.

P. 77-85

  

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FEATURES OF REALIZATION OF THE CONCEPT OF EDUCATIONAL WORK IN SCHOOLS FOR CHILDREN WITH DISABILITIES IN MOSCOW REGION

Gomzyakova Natalia Yu.                                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-86-92

Abstract.

The article deals with the analysis of the concept of educational work with children with disabilities. The article discusses approaches to developing the components of this concept taking into account the specifics of Moscow region. The article views the peculiarities of the organization of such areas of the educational work as cognitive information, historical and Patriotic, local history, labor, aesthetic, moral, sports, environmental education, as well as the
network interaction of establishments of different levels in order to implement the tasks of educational work with children in Moscow region.

Keywords:

educational work, children with health limitations, special education in Moscow region, the educational work concept.

P. 86-92

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION
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THREE FOUNDATIONS OF SELF-ORGANIZATION OR MONTESSORI IN THE POSTNONCLASSICAL AGE 

Modekin Alexander A., Prokofyeva Elena N.     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-93-102

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the study of self-organization in the Montessori Elementary school. The topic of self-organization was previously discussed within different areas of science by P.Kropotkin, H. Haken, E. Sheval and others. M. Montessori described conditions required for the big groups of children to study independently and productively. These conditions can be discussed through the lens of the modern science. The article  contains three groups of the self-organization foundations in the Elementary school: philosophical, psychological and pedagogical. The philosophical foundations are the elements of the self-organizing system, which are the following: an open system, a big amount of the elements and the energy coming to the system from the outside. Psychological foundations are the executive functions development, self-determination and flow. Pedagogical foundations of the self-organization are the key elements of the Montessori Method: a prepared environment, observation by the teacher and mixed age classroom. The theoretical analysis shows that a Montessori Elementary school creates all conditions for self-organized system in any classroom.

Keywords:

self-organization, Montessori, elementary school, synergetics, executive functions, flow, self-determination, prepared environment, educational environment, observation method, mixed age classroom.

P. 93-102

  

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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KEY VALUES OF DOMESTIC EDUCATION IN K. D. USHINSKY’S WORKS

Konstantinova Natalia D.                                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-103-107

Abstract.

The article is a content analysis of the main works of the prominent Russian teacher and public figure Konstantin Dmitrievich Ushinsky in order to determine the fundamental values that he transmitted to the domestic education system.

Keywords:

domestic education, upbringing, teacher training, K. D. Ushinsky, values, labor, pedagogical anthropology.

P. 103-107

 

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MODEL AND STRUCTURE OF THE CONTENT OF EDUCATION IN F. A. KHARTAKHAY’S CLASSICAL SECONDARY SCHOOLS

Mikhaylova Dzhuletta V.                                 DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-108-117

Abstract.

The article presents the analysis of the content of education in the early classical secondary schools in Mariupol, founded by the teacher and educator Feoktist Khartakhay. Normative documents on education, curricula and methods of teaching certain subjects in Alexandrovsky and Mariinsky classical secondary schools were studied. The question is investigated in the context of the reform of public education in the Russian Empire in the second half of the XIX century.

Keywords:

Mariupol Alexandrovsky classical secondary school, Mariupol Mariinsky classical secondary school, Feoktist Khartakhay, Charter of 1871, public education.

P. 108-117

 

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TEACHING OF THE LAW OF GOD IN THE ZEMSTVO PRIMARY SCHOOLS
IN GZHEL FOLK CRAFT IN THE 1880s

Nikonov Vadim V., Sidorov Ivan V.                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-118-126

Abstract.

The article presents the analysis of the content of education in the early classical secondary schools in Mariupol, founded by the teacher and educator Feoktist Khartakhay. Normative documents on education, curricula and methods of teaching certain subjects in Alexandrovsky and Mariinsky classical secondary schools were studied. The question is investigated in the context of the reform of public education in the Russian Empire in the second half of the XIX century.

Keywords:

Mariupol Alexandrovsky classical secondary school, Mariupol Mariinsky classical secondary school, Feoktist Khartakhay, Charter of 1871, public education.

P. 118-126

 

  

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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AESTHETIC EDUCATION OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IN THE NEW SOCIO-CULTURAL CONDITIONS

Komarova Tamara S., Moskvina Anna S.         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-127-134

Abstract.

In this article, the researchers draw the attention of the professional pedagogical community in the field of preschool education to the new meaning of the aesthetic education of preschool children in the sociocultural situation of the 21st century. The tasks of the education system as a social institution of society are revealed. The history of the concept of sustainable development as applied to the theory and practice of preschool education is presented briefly. The role of aesthetic education in the holistic development of the personality of a child of preschool age is defined. The analysis of the Federal state educational standard of preschool education in terms of the aesthetic education of preschool children is presented. The mission of an integrated approach in the aestheticization of preschool childhood is formed. The methods and scientific and pedagogical conditions of the aesthetic education of children of preschool age in a new socio-cultural reality are reflected.

Keywords:

aesthetic education, preschool children, new socio-cultural reality, sustainable development, conditions.

P. 127-134

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENT’S RESEARCH ACTIVITY IN THE FIELD OF MUSIC
AND CULTURE STUDY

Ovchinnikova Julia S.                                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-135-145 

Abstract.

The author concludes her 12 years’ experience of pedagogical support of research activity of university students (within a special course in Moscow State University (2007–2019)) and of high school students from Russia (during expeditions to Bashkiria, Khakassia and Altai (2012–2019)) and other countries (at XI International Research School in Yakutia (2018)). Through the case histories from practice the following aspects are examined: the specificity of culture study approach to traditional music of different peoples, thematic variety of regarded problematics, main steps of support of student’s research activity. In a teacher’s methodological accompaniment of students’ research work the following key elements are regarded: motivating students for research; creating conditions for discovering self-important meanings of music study; transformation of their cognition interests and hobbies into a research object; teacher’s independent study and problematization of research topic chosen by students; co-opperative development of the research algorithm; assistance in choosing methods for collecting and analyzing the material; orientation in work with theoretical sources after the student’s self-experience of an independent research activity; assistance in work with text of their research; correcting the work while a presentation preparation; psychological support of students on different stages of their research activity.  Theoretical understanding of individual and group research work (also in a multinational audience) is also developed.

Keywords:

development of research activity, music and culture studies, subject-activity approach in education, research model of education, culture study education, musical education.

P. 135-145

   

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MOST COMMON MISTAKES CHINESE STUDENTS MAKE WHILE LEARNING RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

Sokolova Galina E.                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-146-154

Abstact.

This article analyzes the various types of mistakes that Chinese students who come to study to Russia make. Since the improvement of the students’ speech culture and literacy is one of the main challenges that a teacher of Russian as a foreign language faces, it is necessary to carefully differentiate, distinguish and combat all possible sorts and kinds of errors Chinese students make while studying. Unfortunately, most students’ language competence is too low for a fullfledged academic activity. They find it difficult to communicate in the Russian language, to work with the educational material, to write,  listen to, perceive, and then to reproduce the lecture material. The Chinese language is fundamentally different from the Russian language, for example, Chinese nouns are not marked for gender, number, or case. And when learning Russian, students face rules and language norms, which they find very difficult not only to understand, but also to apply in practice. Observations and years of experience of teaching Chinese students prove that the mistakes, they make in the process of learning Russian, are quite similar. Therefore, the article attempts to consider, analyze and organize possible cases of violation of all language norms of the Russian language.

Keywords: 

language norms, speech culture, literacy, speech etiquette, linguistic errors, psychological errors, national mentality.

P. 146-154

  

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TRAINING OF LIBRARY AND INFORMATION PERSONNEL FOR THE SERVICE OF PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES: CURRENT STATUS AND DEVELOPMENT TRENDS

Bakhtina Elena V., Tretyakov Andrei L.           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-155-163

Abstact.

Abstract. This article raises one of the urgent issues of the modern international social sphere – creating a comfortable environment for people with disabilities. The international and domestic legal framework for the regulation of the life of persons with  disabilities is reflected. The organization of receiving cultural and educational services by people with disabilities is highlighted. Researchers focus on the need to train highly qualified professionals for library and information services to deal with people with disabilities. The organizational and pedagogical foundations of the innovative academic discipline “Dealing with Library Users with Special Needs“ developed by E. V. Bakhtina, are described and disclosed. Prospects for the development of the phenomenon under study in the context of the social development are indicated.

Keywords: 

people with disabilities, library and information personnel, legal framework, proprietary academic discipline, development vectors.

P. 155-163

 

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EVALUATION OF PRACTICAL ABILITIES AND SKILLS OF UNDERGRADUATES IN THE FIELD OF EMERGENCY RESCUE AND FIRE FIGHTING

Bulgakov Vladislav V.                                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-164-173

Abstact.

The technique of developing and assessing practical abilities and skills of cadets in the field of carrying out rescue works and fire extinguishing realized in the form of the practical fire test is described. The methodology of the practical fire test has a significant potential for motivating students to master practical skills, including through its use admission to the term exams and the Final state exam. Approbation of the practical fire test at the final year showed the need for its systematic application throughout the period of training of cadets in the Academy.

Keywords: 

practical skills, rescue operations, firefighting, graduates.

P. 164-173

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION
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DEVELOPING THE INFORMATION LITERACY OF SCHOOL STUDENTS WITH THE USE OF THE TECHNOLOGY OF BLENDED LEARNING IN BIOLOGY CLASSES 

Perelovich Natalia V., Smirnova Tatyana A., 

Godin Vladimir N., Chizhenkova Elizaveta O.  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-174-182

Abstract.

The article considers the ways of organizing lessons with the use of the technology of blended learning. Methods, forms and instruments needed for holding different classes with the 9th grade schoolchildren which ensure the development of information literacy of students within the framework of this technology are included. Lessons held according to the blended learning
technology are described: “inverted class”, “laboratory rotation”, “station rotation”, “flexible model”. The advantages of each form of the lesson concerning the goal achievement are highlighted – the development of information literacy of students. Conclusions are confirmed by the experiment carried out.

Keywords:

“Digital School”, technology of blended learning, information literacy. 

P. 174-182

 

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DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY IMPLEMENTATION OF EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS OF HIGHLY QUALIFIED PERSONNEL AT THE UNIVERSITY

Afanasyev Ilya V.                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-183-191

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the analysis of approaches to the design and implementation of postgraduate educational programs, which should, firstly, be competitive in the market of educational services, secondly, contribute to the development of the qualities of a researcher that the postgraduates need, and finally, imply a value component in relation to society and the students themselves. The level organization of the educational process in post-graduate school is presented, the conditions are formulated that must be satisfied by the basic
clusters of educational programs. The features  of integration of systemic and scenario approaches in the training of highly qualified personnel are considered. By way of example, a program of organizing independent work of students in the post-graduate school, its structure and content are presented.

Keywords: 

highly qualified personnel, highly qualified personnel training program, hierarchical continuum, system and scenario approaches.

P. 183-191

 

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ON THE COMMUNICATIVE SELF-EFFICACY OF STUDENTS IN THE CONTEXT
OF THEIR PROFESSIONAL TRAINING FOR MULTICHANNEL COMMUNICATION

Ignatova Valentina V., Pasechkina Tatyana N. 

                                                                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-192-200

Abstract.

The article draws attention to the relevant for higher education issue of forming students’ meta-qualities, or soft skills, including communicative self-efficacy. The authors present a view on the process of development of future specialists’ communicative self-efficacy, based on an analysis of the structure of this phenomenon. The main attention is paid to the characteristics of the criteria, indicators and levels of formation of communicative self-efficacy.

Keywords: 

communicative self-efficacy, forming communicative self-efficacy, criteria and levels of communicative selfefficacy, communication, multichannel communication.

P. 192-200

 

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THE VIRTUAL ENVIRONMENT OF MANAGING THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS

Vasilieva Natalia V., Grigoriev-Golubev Vladimir V., Evgrafova Irina V.  

                                                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-201-214

Abstract.

The article deals with the methodology of management of independent work of students in the blended learning framework  based on a virtual educational environment, which is a component of the electronic information and educational environment of the University. Particular attention is paid to the requirements for interactive software products that form the basis virtual of the learning environment: the requirements of convenience, accessibility, didactic efficiency, and tools for their development.

Keywords:

blended learning, virtual learning environment, e-learning course, educational process management, test control.

P. 201-214

 

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COACHING IN FOREIGN LANGUAGE TRAINING OF SOCIAL SCIENCES STUDENTS AS A FACILITATOR OF THEIR PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT

Azarova Ofeliia A.                                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-215-221

Abstract. 

The coaching model of training in the field of Arts is an element of the psychological support in a pedagogical activity. Such a support is primarily aimed at creating personal and value guidelines, evolving students’ potential in the field of self-determination and self-development, including, while studying a foreign language, in the content, goals and objectives such components as psychological assistance to students in solving their educational and daily problems, overcoming barriers and demotivators for learning a non-native language. The coaching model allows to teach more effectively and develop students’ ability to study on their own and think critically, to find a way out in difficulties or dangerous life situations. The specifics of the activity oblige a coach to plan classes in a life-affirming manner, to introduce innovations competently and warily, to resist stereotyping, to mitigate negative feelings, self-doubt. At the end of the article, a number of psychological and pedagogical conditions are proposed for putting into practice the coaching model of foreign language training.

Keywords:

coaching model, foreign language training, university students, coach, personal and professional development.

P. 215-221

   

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION
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FOREIGN LANGUAGE PHONOLOGICAL ABILITY OF A PRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENT AS AN OBJECT OF ACQUISITION IN PRIMARY FOREIGN LANGUAGE EDUCATION

Romanovskaya Ekaterina I.                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-2-222-226

Abstract. 

The article deals with the foreign language phonological ability as a methodological phenomenon in teaching a foreign language in primary school age. The concepts of «phonemic hearing», «phonetic hearing», «phonological ability» are analyzed. The article describes the
structural components of a foreign language phonological ability and its importance for developing foreign language speech abilities in primary school children.

Keywords:

phonetics, phonology, ability, primary foreign language education, second language mastering.

P. 222-226

 

 

 

Wednesday, 01 April 2020 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2020 №1

Written by

Скачать номер полностью

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 1-2020

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

 

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY

 

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GENESIS OF THE IDEAS OF SOCIAL PROGRESS IN HISTORICAL-PHILOSOPHICAL THOUGHT

Rodicheva Irina S., Sukhanova Natalia P.            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-9-15

Abstract. 

Development and social changes are realized in the culture and fixed by the public consciousness, beginning with the ancient civilizations. The concept of progress is viewed through the prism of the history of philosophy. Attention is focused on the creation of the first cyclical theories of the development of society by Plato and Aristotle, the spread of social change to various spheres of social structure. The perception of the idea of social progress as the flourishing and movement for a better future in the philosophical theories of the New time is shown, reflecting political optimism and faith in the abilities and intelligence of human. We analyze the genesis of social progress during the 19th century, the belief in the continuous progressive development of humanity, human values, to the aid of which science and technology come. The weakening of people’s faith in absolute and endless progress is taking place against the background of the historical events of the 20th century, including wars, revolutions, environmental disasters and economic crises, resulting in the flowering of historical pessimism, disappointment and doubt in the progressive movement. Under the conditions of the modern civilizational crisis, the idea of progress is replaced by ideas about the regressive nature of social and societal changes. The evolutionary nature of philosophical concepts, the acquisition of the status of philosophy of not being an abstract theoretical concept, but a fundamentally important tool for understanding modern society and predicting historical and social perspectives, is given. The article provides the conclusion that the concepts of zero growth and restrained, gradual development are replacing the idea of progress and regress, while positivist philosophy gives way to syncretic directions and a tolerant attitude towards the world as a whole. 

Keywords:

philosophy, history of philosophy, society, science, progress, regress, values.

P. 9-15

       

SOCIAL PHILOSOPHY 

 

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FEAR AS AN OBJECT OF SOCIAL PRODUCTION

Polianski Dmitri V.                                               DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-16-23

Abstract.

The article analyzes the socio-cultural trends associated with the experience of the emotion of fear. Social institutions and factors that contribute to the spread of new fears in society are identified. Special attention is paid to the role of the media. Fear is considered not only as an existential fate, but also as a person’s need. The industry and the social practices related to meeting this need are described. The article aims to explain the paradoxical situation of modern human: a combination of a high level of safety with a high level of anxiety in their social life.

Keywords:

emotion, fear, anxiety, media, society, the culture of fear.

P. 16-23

   

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

 

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
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METAPHORICAL REPRESENTATIONS OF THE LIFE PATH OF THE STUDENTS

Vachkov Igor V., Salikova Evelina Mariia V.        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-24-38

Abstract.

The article discusses theoretical approaches to understanding the life path; basing on the analysis objective and subjective ideas about the life path are revealed, practical methods for studying metaphorical representations about the life path in the framework of the psychological research are described, a theoretical base for this method use is proposed. The
data of the first stage of the research of metaphorical ideas about the life path of students’ is considered. The study engaged 50 interviewees. Based on the conducted research, the types of metaphors of life paths are highlighted.

Keywords:

representations, metaphor of students’ life path, psychological time.

P. 24-38

 

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THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL NETWORKS ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL DEPENDENCE OF STUDENTS OF THE PEDAGOGICAL HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION: PRACTICAL ASPECT

Dolganina Vera V., Shirvanyan Arevik E.             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-39-48

Abstract.

The article presents a theoretical analysis of the issue of psychological dependence of modern youth on social networks, emphasizing the scale at the present stage of social development. The authors describe both the positive and negative effects of social networks on an individual, considering the main reasons of forming this type of dependence. The article also contains the data of a questionnaire study diagnosing psychological dependence on social networks among students of a pedagogical higher education institution. The results of the survey presented by the authors confirm the need for preventive and corrective measures, which are a complex process of development of the psychological characteristics of the individual, ensuring one’s resistance to addictive behaviour and the formation of skills for a healthy lifestyle. The article describes some practical recommendations for reducing the level of Internet addiction, as well as enhancing the adaptation and socialization of the individual in the modern world.

Keywords:

social networks, youth Internet addiction, psychological dependence, the Internet, Internet account, students of a pedagogical higher education institution.

P. 39-48

 

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GROUP TRAINING AS A PSYCHOLOGICAL TOOL FOR CORRECTING SCHOOL ANXIETY IN CHILDREN OF PRIMARY SCHOOL AGE

Bochantseva Lyudmila I., Zavyalova Angelica N.    

                                                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-49-60

Abstract.

The article deals with the study of the effect of group training on reducing the level of school anxiety among young school students. The article reveals the concept of anxiety and school anxiety in domestic and foreign psychology. The authors reveal the causes of school anxiety, as well as their impact on the mental development of the child. Special attention is paid to the
description of the psychological means of correcting school anxiety. The experimental study proves that group training is an effective psychological tool to reduce school anxiety, social stress experience, fear of self-expression, test of knowledge, inconsistency with the expectations of others and the fear of interacting with teachers.

Keywords:

anxiety, school anxiety, psychological means of correction, group training.

P. 49-60

 

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FORMING YOUNG CHILDREN’S AESTHETIC CULTURE: PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL GUIDELINES

Moskvina Anna S.                                                 DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-61-69

Abstract.

This article draws the attention of teachers and educators of preschool and general educational institutions, as well as theorists of modern education, to the problem of forming aesthetic culture in young children (0–8 years of age). The legal documents regulating the topic under analysis are given. The theoretical analysis of the problem in the historical and pedagogical retrospective is given. The basic pedagogical principles of forming the young children’s aesthetic culture are indicated. The article presents the analysis of visual arts programs for young children and reflects the points of growth of the aesthetic education in the digital conditions of the development of civil society.

Keywords:

aesthetic culture, young children, forming, principles, conditions, problems.

P. 61-69

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

 

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

  

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CONCEPTUAL IMPASSE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF MODERN RUSSIAN EDUCATION AND POSSIBLE WAYS OUT

Sedykh Tatiana N.                                                DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-70-83

Abstract.

The article analyzes the problems currently existing in the system of Russian education, the reasons for their occurrence and possible ways out of this situation. The author examines the foreign and Soviet experience in reforming the educational system, paying particular attention to the value and ideological orientations that have become the basis for the educational systems of different countries. Turning to the peculiarities of forming the Soviet system of education and upbringing, the author expresses the opinion about the need for a detailed study of the Soviet experience in the upbringing and training of the «new man», which can be used in modern Russia at the moment. Analyzing the influence of the concept of the “general idea” on the Russian educational system, the author concludes that it is vitally necessary to use it in the process of reforming the domestic educational system.

Keywords:

reforming education, the concept of a “common idea”, the upbringing of a “new man”, value-behavioral guidelines.

P. 70-83

  

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CHANGES IN THE PROFESSIONAL FUNCTIONS OF THE TEACHER IN MODERN SCHOOL

Tatarintseva Julia A.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-84-88

Abstract.

The enhancements of education place new demands on the professional functions of the teacher. As nowadays the teacher plays an important role in forming a new, informational type of society, they ought to know the variety of scientificmethodological approaches, to use efficiently advanced information technologies and to implement new pedagogical ideas into the
educational process. The article examines the changes that have occurred in the professional functions of the teacher under the influence of the social and educational environment. Innovation processes reveal the need to point out the academic function as the most important one for now.

Keywords:

the role of the teacher, the professional functions of the teacher.

P. 84-88

 

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BLENDED LEARNING IN THE EPOCH OF DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION

Krasnov Sergey V., Kalmykova Svetlana V., 

Krasnova Svetlana A.                                        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-89-101

Abstract.

Basic tendency of today – digital transformation – renders substantial influence on education. Introduction of mass open onlinecourses (MOOCs) in an educational process became the natural response of institutions of higher education to modern trends. The article suggests a short analysis of introduction of MOOCs driven in Russia and in the world. In Saint Petersburg polytechnic university active development of mass open on-line of courses is conducted that can be used in the educational process of any institution of higher education, and is actively used in the university itself. In Institute of industrial management, economy and trade of Saint Petersburg polytechnic university online-courses have been introduced into the educational process while realizing the disciplines from 2017. Today the experience achieved allowed to inculcate online-courses in all curricula of POLYTECH. The article also provides the results of change of progress, forms of communications and problems aroused due to MOOCs introduction. The ways to solve the given problems are suggested. The next step in development of education is passing to the construction of adaptive educational trajectories allowing not only operatively to react to the calls of labor-market, but also to prepare the “specialists of the future”.

Keywords:

Massive open online courses (MOOCs), blended learning, e-learning, digital learning.

P. 89-101

 

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STUDY ON THE EFFICIENCY OF SCHOOLS BY DIFFERENT CRITERIA
(UNIFIED STATE EXAMINATION RESULTS AND FUNCTIONAL LITERACY OF SCHOOL LEAVERS)

Matyushkina Marina D., Belousov Konstantin Yu.                                                                                                                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-102-118

Abstract.

The main goal of the article is to describe the social efficiency of St. Petersburg schools using such criteria as subject  effectiveness and functional literacy. The marker of social efficiency in the empirical studies carried out by the authors of the article is the frequency of school students turning to tutoring services. The methodological basis of the study is the use of the method of secondary data analysis, which was obtained from a series of surveys among schoolchildren, parents, teachers and St. Petersburg school leavers. In addition to the empirical data obtained, the Unified State Exam ratings of the schools that took part in the surveys were collected. The concepts of the effective school are presented. The generalized “portraits” of the effective (according to the Unified State Examination criterion) and socially effective in terms of the frequency of accessing the services of tutors are given. Authors also provide the characteristics of the functional literacy concept and highlight the signs of school effectiveness by the criterion of functional literacy. Characteristics that were most distinct for effective and inefficient schools by the criterion of functional literacy were visualized. The information obtained as the result of the study can be used by school principals and teachers to improve the quality of the educational institutions’ activities and their social efficiency.

Keywords:

functional literacy, USE results, effective school, tutoring, school leavers, secondary analysis.

P. 102-118

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION
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INTEGRATED PRAGMATIC MORAL EDUCATION OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS

Savchenkov Vladimir I.                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-119-125

Abstract.

In article the technique allowing high school students to form a priority of the internal moral principles and a tendency to the positive moral choice is described. Sharp discrepancy of unique individual characteristics of Russians (for example, “emigration from Russia is the most successful for all history of the United States, and the gap with other diasporas is huge”) with
the level of a such capacious indicator as the median salary is explained by a little simplifying “rules of the game” followed by society corresponding to “the golden rule of morality”. The authors, who claim that sharp “falling of morals” happened during the last  decades, in other works recognize that in days of “the Soviet power” “the double morals”, which are closer to “lack of morals” than to its “originality”, prevailed. Prominent scientists explain small efficiency of huge volume of educational actions in decades of “the Soviet power” with a priority of “pro-social altruism” though the position of “reasonable egoism”, or pragmatism, is more realistic. Progress in “awareness of usefulness and advantage of respect for ethical standards for successful activity, especially in the long term perspective” was made on the basis of complex use of practices of the leading Russian psychologists and teachers: the principle of unity of training and up-bringing, effectiveness of influence of big and small social groups (an analogue of a small group was the pedagogical team), a priority of the training technologies directed to updating of spiritual and moral qualities of the person. Introduction of the technique into “mass” school will demand not only careful development and optimization of methodical recommendations for teachers of each subject. To interest the teacher in this case often is a much more labor-consuming task, than the subsequent interest of students’.

Keywords:

golden rule of morality, prosocial altruism, postconventional thinking, morality index, pedagogical team, training technologies, rational egoism, pragmatism, interdisciplinary approach.

P. 119-125

 

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THEORETICAL ASPECTS OF THE PERSONALITY’S INCULTURATION OF FOREIGN STUDENTS: ITS ESSENCE AND STRUCTURE

Reutova Ludmila P., Solovyova Elena V.          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-126-132

Abstract.

This article deals with the theoretical aspects of the personality’s inculturation: its essence and structure are revealed; the “person” category which is the semantic concept of “personality inculturation” is analyzed; the structural components of the personality’s inculturation, which include personal, cultural, and educational fields, are described; the ideas of cultural versions of the Russian education aimed at developing the subjective and professional qualities of a person are substantiated; the analysis of the Russian literature on this subject, which identifies problematic issues in the further discussion of the personality’s inculturation as a new pedagogical phenomenon, is presented.

Keywords:

cultural versions, polyculturalism in education, Russian education, essence and structure of a personality’s inculturation, world-view.

P. 126-132

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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TEACHER-TRAINING INSTITUTIONS UNDER THE REIGN OF EMPEROR ALEXANDER II

Konstantinova Natalia D.                                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-133-138

Abstract.

This article is based on a brief historical analysis of the work of teachertraining institutes in the system of professional pedagogical education in Russia in the second half of the 19th century. The selected material contains information about the educational content of future teachers for city colleges and their value orientations.

Keywords:

teacher-training institute, education, city college, Alexander II, Ministry of Public Education.

P. 133-138

 

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CRITICISM OF THE SOVIET EDUCATIONAL POLICY BY THE RUSSIAN ÉMIGRÉ EDUCATORS

Milovanov Konstantin Yu.                                 DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-139-148

Abstract.

This article discusses the issue of criticizing the Soviet educational policy by prominent Russian émigré educators. The features of the emergence and existence of a special supranational cultural and educational space – the Russian pedagogical émigré society – are revealed. A select circle of scientists, thinkers, philosophers, and religious figures dealing with issues of education and upbringing has been identified. The views  of prominent representatives of the Russian emigrant world in relation to operating the school education policy by the Soviet government are described.

Keywords:

Russian pedagogical émigré society, Russian emigrant world, educational policy, Soviet regime, history of pedagogy, history of education.

P. 139-148

  

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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THE SCIENTIFIC BASIS FOR ORGANIZING ENVIRONMENTAL EDUCATION
OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN IN PEDAGOGICAL THEORY

Tretyakov Andrei L.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-149-156

Abstract.

This article highlights some results of the scientometric research on the issue of environmental education of preschool children in educational theory. The relevance of the research of environmental education of children in line with the modern state educational policy is reflected. It is noted that this direction is multi spherical in the context of the meta-subject development of the child’s personality in new conditions. A brief review of modern literature on the issue by national researchers is given. The methods of research are described – the method of bibliometrics and the method of webometric, with the help of which the scientometric analysis was carried out. The article discloses the study results and presents the conclusion that reflects the innovative vectors of the development of greening children in new socio-cultural informational conditions.

Keywords:

environmental education of preschool children, pedagogical research, theory, development vectors, sociocultural reality.

P. 149-156

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF LEADERSHIP SKILLS IN THE PROFESSIONAL FORMATION
OF TRAINEES AS EXEMPLIFIED BY “LEADER” CAREER RESERVE SCHOOL
OF MSU NAMED AFTER ADMIRAL G. I. NEVELSKOY

Pekar Elena V., Ivanitskaya Evgeniya A.        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-157-172 

Abstract.

The increased focus of the state, business and public both in Russia and abroad on the development of leadership skills in the young age motivates the educational  institutions to create programs which can help trainees to develop and realize their leadership potential. The purpose of the study is to analyze the development of leadership skills in the trainees’ professional forming. The psychologists selected the trainees of “Leader” Career Reserve School and analyzed the results of their training. The obtained results characterize the workforce capacity of the University. Some difficulties in the trainees’ understanding of the practical significance of training at the career reserve school were identified, and recommendations to overcome them were given. The authors consider the development of the trainees’ awareness of the significance of working on their leadership skills as the training result. In addition to applying the results of the work done within the University and other higher education institutions in the sphere of transportation, the article can be of use for those in charge of the development of the trainees’ leadership skills at various stages of their professional forming.

Keywords:

leadership skills, adolescence, trainees’ professional formation, leadership potential, interaction of business and education, “Leader” Career Reserve School, workforce capacity of the University.

P. 157-172

   

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SYSTEM APPROACH TO FORMING A SAFE LIFESTYLE OF STUDENTS

Shuaybova Mesedo O., Minbulatova Izachat S.   

                                                                        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-173-180

Abstact.

Preserving health and ensuring safe conditions in the process of studying at a university requires the adoption of effective decisions aimed at productive changes in the educational environment, the main purpose of which is the acquisition by students of knowledge, skills and abilities of a safe lifestyle. The aim of our work is to determine the relationship between the components of the system of forming a safe lifestyle for students, identifying its structure and functions, setting goals aimed at maintaining health and ensuring the safety of student life. The results of the study show that the integrated use of axiological, ontological, philosophicalsocial, biomedical, competency-based, personality-oriented, ethnopedagogical and other approaches, provides integration of knowledge and skills in the field of maintaining health and creating a safe lifestyle. 

Keywords: 

safe lifestyle, system approach, students, culture of safe behavior, preparedness for emergency situations, elements of the system, competence, ethnopedagogical approach, educational standards.

P. 173-180

  

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TERMINOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF INTERRELATION OF MAIN CATEGORIES OF FORMING THE ANTI-CORRUPTION CULTURE OF THE BACHELOR OF LAWS

Shtukarev Nikita A.                                           DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-181-197

Abstact.

In the article the author reveals the substantive link between the main categories of forming the future anti-corruption culture of the Bachelor of Laws: “culture”, “corruption culture”, “anti-corruption training”, “anticorruption education”, “anti-corruption competence”, “educational space of a law school”. It is noted that in modern Russian society there are trends of degradation of the traditional culture; anti-values are being actively formed and spread, moral ideals are being lost, practically the whole space of human life is being dehumanized. The analysis of the research space of professional training at a law school allows the author to insist on the need to create a discursive field of a new branch of pedagogical knowledge – anticorruption pedagogy.

Keywords: 

culture, corruption culture, education, anti-corruption training, anticorruption education, anti-corruption competence, anti-corruption enlightenment, educational space of a law school, anticorruption pedagogy.

P. 181-197

 

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SYSTEM ANALYSIS OF LIFE ACTIVITY OF A COMMUNITY OF STUDENTS INVOLVED IN E-SPORT

Korchemnaya Nina V.                                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-198-204

Abstact.

This article explores the issue of organizing the student e-sport community. The purpose of this article is to determine the effective way of organizing the e-sport sphere at a university, which will contribute to the social education of students involved in computer sport. The point of the article is the contradiction between the popularity of e-sport among young people and the insufficient theoretical elaboration of its possibilities for the social education of students. Based on the experience of a particular educational organization, the content of various activities of students interested in computer sport is disclosed. The author took four main types of activity as a basis, which were subsequently refined and expanded: e-sport-training activity; competitive activity; activity aimed at promoting e-sport; background activities and background sports. The activities carried out in the computer sport sphere were classified and analyzed depending on the modes of operation proposed by B. V. Kupriyanov. In conclusion, the main findings are drawn, confirming the educational possibilities of computer sports as an effective tool for social education of students.

Keywords: 

computer sport, student, cyberathlete, youth associations, modes of operation of gaming youth associations, leisure.

P. 198-204

 

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DIFFICULTIES FACED BY A FOREIGN STUDENT DURING THEIR FIRST YEAR OF STUDY AT A RUSSIAN UNIVERSITY IN THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE

Zhukovska Alla A.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-205-211

Abstact.

The article deals with the issue of the language adaptation of foreign students who have left the preparatory faculty and begun their studies in Russian in the first year of the main faculty of the Russian University. The main problem is the lack of knowledge of Russian by foreign students to understand and take notes at lectures, to actively participate in seminars. The article identifies and discusses the main difficulties faced by foreigners while studying in Russia and the reasons of their appearance, analyzes the conditions of training of foreign  students at the preparatory faculty and the real results of this training, the main of which is the discrepancy between what foreign students know and are capable of and what they need to know and be able to, becoming the first-year students of a Russian University. Most first-year foreign students find it difficult to study at the same level with Russian students, so they need the support and understanding of not only teachers of Russian as a foreign language, but also teachers of other subjects. It is noted that teachers who don’t specialize in teaching Russian as a foreign language can’t and don’t want to adequately assess the level of knowledge of a foreign student and help them if needed. The article proposes a possible solution to this

problem.

Keywords: 

Russian as a foreign language, a foreign student, preparatory faculty, core faculty, learning efficiency, learning difficulties.

P. 205-211

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COMPARATIVE STUDY OF THE INTERNALITY OF THE PERSONALITY OF ADULT TUVANS AND RUSSIANS (IN THE CONTEXT OF FAMILY EMOTIONAL COMMUNICATION)

Alekseenko Tatiana V., Davaa Chimis O.         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-212-222

Abstact.

The article discusses the results of the empirical study of internality of the adults’ personality in the context of functiondysfunction of family communication of parents’ families; features of responsibility development in Tuvan families in comparison with Russian families are identified and discussed.

Keywords: 

responsibility, responsibility development, internality, family emotional communication, dysfunction of a family system, parental criticism, external borders of the family, perfectionism.

P. 212-222

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION
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DEVELOPING FLUENCY AND ORIGINALITY IN SENIOR CLASS STUDENTS’ THINKING WHEN SOLVING PROBLEMS RELATED TO FIBONACCI NUMBERS

Rostovtsev Andrey S.                                       DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-223-232

Abstract.

On the basis of the requirements of modern reality with its economic, cultural and social problems, the basic concepts of modern education are changing significantly. School in modern society must focus on the personality of the student, on their holistic development. Various and complex processes that take place in modern society, require to teach, educate and develop people who will be able to solve problems in a non-standard way, i.e. will have inventive, or, as now more often said, creative thinking, the main parameters of which are fluency, originality and flexibility of thinking. To develop fluency and originality of thinking, it is necessary to broaden horizons, offering the integration of academic subjects with the various aspects of reality around us. These days the tasks of the USE in Mathematics contain problems in probability calculus and combinatorics. Therefore, it is necessary to train high school students to solve such problems. The problems associated with Fibonacci numbers contain many popular publications in mathematics, they are analysed in the classroom of school mathematical circles, they are included in the set of tasks for mathematical Olympiads. 

Keywords:

creative thinking, fluency, originality, combinatorics, Fibonacci numbers.

P. 223-232

 

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TECHNOLOGY OF CRITICAL THINKING AT FOREIGN LANGUAGE CLASSES
AS A FACTOR OF TRAINING A QUALIFIED SPECIALIST

Kholmanskikh Yulia S.                                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-233-241

Abstract.

The article covers peculiarities of forming and improving critical thinking skills during foreign language classes, at a nonlinguistic university, which is an essential condition for training highly qualified professional specialists. The article describes gradual stages of developing critical thinking and also reveals the structure and practical implementation of some of the most effective and motivating techniques.

Keywords: 

critical thinking, competency-based approach, foreign language, self-development, reflection.

P. 233-241

 

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CREATIVITY-BASED TECHNIQUE OF GRAMMAR TEACHING OF THE ENGLISH LANGUAGE IN NON-LINGUISTIC UNIVERSITY

Bukovsky Stanislav L., Litvinov Aleksandr V.  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-242-249

Abstract.

This article deals with the analyses and creation of creativity-based technique of English language grammar teaching in non-linguistic University. The conception of this article is creation by the authors of methodological basis of the given creativitybased technique of grammar teaching in the non-linguistic University. The authors present the definition and the detailed analyses of the content of the given creativity teaching concept which is based on the methodical principle, techniques and teaching basis. The authors of the article also present the detailed developed algorithm of the given creativitybased method of English language grammar teaching in the non-linguistic University.

Keywords: 

traduction, analogy, creativitybased technique, creativity-based technique principle, non-linguistic University, grammar, the English language, technique and content of creativity-based teaching, creative thinking grammar habit, creative thinking grammar skill, associations.

P. 242-249

 

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STUDENTS’ PARTICULAR SKILLS OF SELF-ORGANIZATION IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS

Nizamova Chulpan I., Dobrotvorskaya Svetlana G.   

                                                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-250-257

Abstract.

The article discusses the skills of self-organization that help to achieve success and high results in learning activities. The structure of particular skills of self-organization in the field of educational process is given through the structure of training in the university and the basic structure of skills of self-organization. The essence of the main structure-forming particular skills of selforganization in the educational process is revealed. The following particular skills of self-organization in the educational process are distinguished: analysis of existing pieces of knowledge and opportunities for acquiring new ones; setting and awareness of learning goals and objectives; drawing up a clear plan with prioritizing, key points and deadlines for implementation; implementation of the plan to study new educational material, according to the plan using different sources of information and practical application of the studied (motivation, logic, concentration span, cognitive flexibility, responsibility), the ability to reflect, evaluate and make adjustments in the process of independent study, find and correct the mistakes made, implement the conceived plan to achieve the educational goal, and see the direction of further development. It should be stipulated that the ability to self-organization depends not only on the available skills, but also on the personal characteristics of the individual, which can be mastered. 

Keywords:

self-organization, skills, particular skills, educational process, educational activity, development, independence, responsibility, analysis, goals, motivation, planning, implementation.

P. 250-257 

 

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METHODICAL APPROACHES TO STUDENTS DEVELOPING THE SKILL OF ORIGINAL TEXTS PREPARATION WHILE ACADEMIC WRITING

Khovanskaya Tatyana V.                                  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2020-1-258-263

Abstract. 

The article is devoted to the acute issue of detecting borrowings in graduate qualification works. The author analyzed the current state of this issue in Russian universities, and proposed a methodology for the gradual formation of students’ skill in preparing original texts. Written student works are considered, their characteristic features are highlighted, which make it possible to teach students the knowledge and skills for preparing unique works. Particular attention is paid to the need for a differentiated approach to assessing the originality of student learning activties.

Keywords:

borrowing test, Antiplagiat system, percentage of originality, written students’ works, preparation of original texts.

P. 258-263

   

Monday, 27 January 2020 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2019 №6

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 6-2019

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

 

PHILOSOPHY OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

 

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PHILOSOPHICAL EDUCATION AND PSYCHOLOGY

Shelkovnikov Andrey Yu.                                     DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-6-9-14

Abstract. 

The article is dedicated to the specifics of modern philosophical education. The problem of methodical correlation between philosophy and psychology teaching is considered. One of the aspects of the subject under research is philosophical foundations of psychology. The article is intended for teachers of philosophy, psychology, and other humanities.

Keywords:

education, philosophy, psychology, methodology, self-observation.

P. 9-14

      

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“LOGIC AND CRITICAL THINKING”: THE CAMPUS COURSE SETTING

Sukhanova Natalia P.                                          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-6-15-20

Abstract.

The article discusses the software setting implemented in the education system of the campus course “Logic and Critical Thinking”. It shows the unsatisfactory nature of the traditional information educational model, focused on the transfer of knowledge of a reproductive nature. Innovative research education is impossible without critical thinking. The attention is focused on the fact that critical thinking is not formed by itself, it is necessary to develop a strategy for its development. The key setting of the campus course is analyzed, whose goal is to form effective, rational thinking. The art of thinking can be critically taught and therefore the campus course studies language as a means of cognition, concept, statement, deductive and believable conclusions, logical and epistemic aspects of argumentation. Special attention is paid to the study of creative thinking - the theory of solving inventive problems. It is concluded that the campus course “Logic and Critical Thinking” contributes to the development of creative abilities of students, it serves the idea of preparing an independently and critically thinking specialist.

Keywords:

education, campus course, logic, critical thinking, theory of inventive problem solving, creativity.

P. 15-20

  

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21st CENTURY SKILLS DEVELOPMENT IN THE PROCESS OF HIGHER EDUCATION: PHILOSOPHICAL AND PRAGMATIC ASPECTS

Koreneva Alexandra Yu. 

Abstract.

The article analyzes the competencybased approach and the “21st century skills” concept in particular in the relation to the education process and development of 4 competences – communicative competence, creativity, critical thinking and collaborative competence – in students. By way of example, the article discusses the teaching of the “Theory and Practice of Public Relations” subject. The author suggests methods, forms and principles to develop four 21st century skills in the students majoring in this discipline.

Keywords:

the 4C concept, competencybased approach, competence, advertising and public relations, creativity, creative thinking, communication, collaboration, expert group method, Expert Text Analysis Methodology.

P. 21-35

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

 

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
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STYLE OF THE INTRPERSONAL RELATION AND SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL ADAPTEDNESS OF MODERN TEENAGERS

Florovskiy Sergey Yu. 

Abstract.

Results of an empirical research of interrelation of socio-psychological adaptedness of the senior teenagers (n = 297) with style peculiarities of their interpersonal relation (the attitudes towards people around) are presented in the article. The socio-psychological adaptedness of adolescents is considered from positions of the theoretical model of “adjustment” of the developing personality offered by H. Bell. This model assumes allocation of six life spheres.
These are family relation, health, daily social contacts, emotionality, interaction with people around, and attitudes towards to sex and role standards. The style of the interpersonal relation is treated as the steady system of individual and peculiar cognitive schemes, patterns of emotional experience and structures of the potential behavioral reactions directed to other person as the partner in communication and social interaction which is formed on the basis of life experience of interpersonal interaction. The main theoretical constructs of our research were operationalized by means of adult form of the adjustment inventory developed by H. Bell (in A. A. Rukavishnikov and M. V. Sokolova’s adaptation) and the technique of the interpersonal diagnostics (adapted by L. N. Sobchik) created by T. Leary. It is revealed that increase in level of socio-psychological adaptedness of teenagers is caused by activation of the imperious leading, independent dominating and responsible and generous trends within their interpersonal relation in combination with minimization of expressiveness of mistrustful and skeptical altogether with obedient and timid communicative manifestations. The most powerful regulatory effect of the style of interpersonal relation takes place in such spheres of socio-psychological adaptation of teenagers as the daily social contacts and area of emotional life.

Keywords:

personality of the teenager, modern world, socio-psychological adaptedness, style of the interpersonal relation (the attitudes towards people around).

P. 36-51

 

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ANTHROPOLOGICAL APPROACH AS A BASIS FOR INCLUSIVE EDUCATION: COMPARISON OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL VIEWS IN THE THEORY OF JOINT EDUCATION

Sheveleva Daria E.

Abstract.

The article reviews theoretical foundations of anthropology and pedagogical anthropology, principles of education and training on the basis of anthropological approach are shown. The correlation of anthropology with theory and practice of inclusive education is analyzed. The author substantiates the role of anthropological knowledge in teaching of disabled children and development of syllabuses in Russian and abroad.

Keywords:

anthropology, pedagogical anthropology, development in childhood, disabled children, inclusive education, syllabuses.

P. 52-62 

 

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METHODOLOGY OF STUDYING THE POTENTIAL OF PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF PERSONALITY OF 8–9 CLASSES STUDENTS

Fedoseeva Tatyana E., Kuimova Natalia N.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the development and theoretical substantiation of the computerized methodology of express diagnostics of the potential of the professional development of the personality of pupils of 8–9 grades, which is part of the first stage of the project “Regional Personnel Designer”. The urgency and necessity of creating an online professional orientation in the framework of a social electronic service is indicated, and some domestic and foreign approaches to the creation of career-oriented computerized complexes are examined. Mental characteristics of the adolescent period, underlying the choice of format and content of the methodology, are characterized.

Keywords:

the potential of professional development of personality, psychodiagnostics of abilities, special abilities, interests.

P. 63-71

 

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CRITICAL THINKING AS A MEANS OF SOCIALIZING OF STUDENTS

Slizkova Elena V., Maltseva Irina V.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the study of the processes of professional socialization of students by means of forming critical thinking within the educational process. According to the results of the research work, a model was designed to develop students’ critical thinking as a means of socialization, including such structural components as: stages of professional socialization, indicators of critical thinking and forms of organization of classes. As forms of conducting classes, we considered interactive forms of work, which in their turn promote interaction, mutual understanding and mutual enrichment, as well as provide highquality assimilation of theoretical material. The study was conducted in three stages: ascertaining, shaping and controlling. The sample of the study consisted of 50 people (experimental group – 25, and the control group – 25). Based on the forms we reviewed, we developed a series of classes that were conducted in an experimental group, based on the development of tolerance in business and interpersonal communication.

Keywords:

thinking, critical thinking, socialization, professional socialization, professional adaptation, professional identification, interactive forms of work.

P. 72-88

 

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INTERRELATION OF A TEACHER’S EMOTIONAL BURNOUT WITH THE ECO-CARING ORIENTATIONS AS A SUBJECT OF ECONOMIC SELF-DETERMINATION

Khashenko Tatiana G., Safukova Nadezda N., Konysheva Maria G.

Abstract.

The published research is part of a broader and multifaceted study of the relationship of the psychological well-being of an individual in the profession with the peculiarities of their economic selfdetermination. The article presents the results of an empirical study of the relationship of emotional burnout of a high school teacher with eco-caring determination of their economic selfdetermination. The eco-caring orientations of the subject of economic self-determination are understood as integral personality-motivational formations that encourage him to take care of the external and internal environment of their own life and to minimize possible negative consequences for it in accordance with the principle of eco-conformity. The empirical base of the study is represented by school teachers (175 people) who teach at different levels of compulsory education (primary school, middle and high school) in urban and rural schools. To diagnose the studied variables we used validated methods: the “Emotional burnout” questionnaire (V. V. Boyko) and the “E-CO” questionnaire (T. G. Khashchenko, N. N. Safukova, S. V. Boltunova). For statistical data processing we used correlation analysis (Spearman method), method of comparing independent variables (U-Mann-Whitney criterion), cluster (K-means) analysis with the use of the software product “Statistica for Windows”. The obtained results confirm the connection of the teacher’s emotional burnout with the triad of his eco-friendly orientations (nature, self- and social caring) in the processes of economic self-determination.

Keywords:

subjective well-being, emotional burnout, economic self-determination, ecocaring orientations.

P. 89-100

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

 

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

  

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TRANSITIVE UNIVERSITY – INNOVATIVE ECOSYSTEM DEVELOPMENT DRIVER IN THE REGION

Boguslavsky Mikhail V., Ladyzhets Natalia S., Neborsky Egor V., Sannikova Olga V.                                                                            DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-6-101-109

Abstract.

The article is devoted to understanding a transitive university as a driver for the development of an innovative ecosystem in a region. The article analyzes the concept of the “triple helix” and the expanded “five helix”, which is the integration interaction of the university, industry and government, as well as the civil society and media space. The development of innovations is ensured through close interaction of all these actors, and the university is assigned the role of the most active participant, prognostically building the interaction between them for the development of the innovation ecosystem.

Keywords:

transitive university, regional university, higher education, triple helix, innovation ecosystem.

P. 101-109

  

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MONITORING ECONOMIC EDUCATION OF SCHOOLCHILDREN IN RUSSIA:
STATUS, ISSUES AND PERSPECTIVES

Romanova Marina Yu.                                      DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-6-110-117

Abstract.

The article analyzes the main ways of realization of economic education of Russian schoolchildren: within the economic component of the subject “social science”, the subject “Economics” at the basic and profile level, elective courses; analyzes the forms of monitoring of economic education of schoolchildren: the unified state exam in social science, the international study of financial literacy. As the study result, the author identifies some existing problems in the field of monitoring of economic education.

Keywords:

monitoring, economic education of schoolchildren, quality of education, monitoring of quality of education, subjects “Social science” and “Economics”, state exam in social science, financial literacy, international study of financial literacy.

P. 110-117

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION
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ABOUT SCIENCE IN MODERN EDUCATION

Grunina Elena V.

Abstract.

This article deals with the scientific character of Russian education as a reflection of the modern scientific picture of the world, an interdisciplinary approach to the modern technical training, the relation of natural and humanitarian knowledge, studying of foreign culture through the study of a foreign language from the position of semiotics.

Keywords:

modern scientific picture of the world (NBICS model), semiotics, scientific character, priority research directions.

P. 118-122 

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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PEDAGOGICAL DESTINY AND ENLIGHTENMENT ACTIVITY OF F. A. KHARTAKHAY

Mikhaylova Dzhuletta V.                                   DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-6-123-132

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the study of the biography, social and professional activities of the educator and teacher Feoktist Khartakhay. Analysis of his life activity is carried out in the context of the social and political life of the Russian empire of the second half of the XIX century. The most productive areas of professional and creative activity of a thinker should be enlightenment, pedagogy, ethnography, journalism, and the organization of secondary schools.

Keywords:

Feoktist Khartakhay, history of pedagogy, history of education, Alexandrovsky classical secondary school, Mariinsky classical secondary school.

P. 123-132

 

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THE ROLE OF N. K. KRUPSKAYA IN THE CREATION OF THE SOVIET EDUCATION SYSTEM: HISTORY AND MODERNITY

Bryantseva Marina V., Wittenbek Viktor K.

Abstract.

In the article, the authors try to consider the image of N. K. Krupskaya, which cannot be interpreted unambiguously and one-sidedly: this is a multifaceted and odious figure whose way of life took place in conditions of social conformation as a counterweight to conformism of passive members of the party and society, a constant struggle regarding the living conditions directly combined and connected with the history of our country. The paradox and dualism was that the revitalization of N. K. Krupskaya as a statesman, one of the founders of the new Soviet pedagogical school, fell on the period of the destruction of the old state machine and the formation of a new socialist society. Proceeding from this, it is impossible to condemn or extol the actions of N. K. Krupskaya, but it is necessary to thoroughly and carefully examine them from one or another statepolitical aspect. The authors tried to trace the prolongation of the pedagogical thoughts, ideas of N. K. Krupskaya into modern pedagogy.

Keywords:

N. K. Krupskaya, pedagogical ideas of N. K. Krupskaya, pedagogical thoughts of N. K. Krupskaya, Soviet pedagogy, application of the ideas of N. K. Krupskaya in modern pedagogy, history, modernity.

P. 133-144

 

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THE FIRST DECADES OF THE SOVIET SCHOOL IN SCIENTIFIC HERITAGE
OF PAVEL NIKOLAEVICH MILYUKOV (1859–1943)

Ovchinnikov Anatoly V.                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-6-145-157

Abstract.

The article shows the main events of public and scientific life of P. N. Milyukov, analyzes his historical concept of the Russian culture development in terms of the historian’s interpretation of the formation and development process of the national educational system in the early years of the Soviet power. It was the education and school, according to the author’s idea, that became the main ideological institutions of the Soviet society of that time. Being in emigration, P. N. Milyukov closely followed the development of culture and education in the USSR, tried to consider numerous events and facts in the context of the national culture history, having revealed their historical conditionality, continuity and discontinuity of the unified domestic education process. Such an approach allowed the author to continue his research of the earlier period and to create an original concept of the national school development. With his conclusions and generalizations, the scientist showed the example of preservation and development of fundamental domestic scientific historical school of the XIX–XX centuries, even with the analysis of the political regime which differed much from traditions of the Russian statehood.

Keywords:

P. N. Milyukov, history of the Soviet school, educational policy, social upbringing, unified labour school, polytechnicism, pedagogical discussions, pedagogical staff.

P. 145-157

 

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THE WORKS OF THE FIRST ENGLISH FEMINISTS DEFENDING WOMEN’S EDUCATION (By Example of Bathsua Makin’s Treatise)

Ushakova Evgeniya V., Kapichnikova Olga B.

Abstract.

The article considers the historical conditions of the emergence of the early modern feminists in England of the seventeenth century and shows the viewpoint of some western researchers on the beginning of feministic activities in Europe, the origins of which they attribute to the middle ages. Among the prerequisites for the development of feminism in Europe they point out the importance of the so-called “intellectual families”, which became the source of the emergence of educated women and from which most talented writers and poets subsequently appeared. It shows Bathsua Makin’s treatise “An Essay to revive the ancient education of gentlewomen in Religion, Manners, Arts and Tongues” as an example of the ideas of the early modern feminists, demonstrating how the problem of women’s education in the seventeenth century was the issue of the day.

Keywords:

women’s education, Renaissance feminism, intellectual family, Early Modern English feminists, historical prerequisites.

P. 158-166

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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MODERN PEDAGOGICAL APPROACH IN ENGINEERING EDUCATION

Uman Arkady I., Borisova Julia N.                   DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-6-167-175

Abstract.

Forming basic professional competences of future engineers in an institution of higher education requires a reconsideration of the content of higher education in the areas of transition towards the result-oriented education. Qualitative characteristics of engineering education today require improvement. Adequacy of the engineering education level to the economic, scientific, technological, social and cultural development of society, in spite of many
efforts, remains in many aspects an unresolved problem. The article discusses ways to solve this problem.

Keywords:

higher education, engineering education, humanization, educational process.

P. 167-175

 

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HISTORY OF RUSSIA THROUGH THE EYES OF STUDENTS OF THE REPUBLIC OF BASHKORTOSTAN

Nadyrshin Timur M.

Abstract.

This work is devoted to the study of Bashkortostan high school students’ perception of history of Russia. The study of this problem can be illustrated through such aspects as the interest of schoolchildren for history of Russia in the hierarchy of interest for other countries, the most significant heroes of Russian history for students depending on the type of activity, the assessment of the activities of the country’s rulers by children, and the hierarchy of interest of high school students’ for various stages of Russian history. The study is based on the results of a survey conducted in 2018–2019 in the Republic of Bashkortostan schools under the RFBR grant “History through the eyes of the subjects of education. Anthropological analysis of the cultural transmission”. The study of each aspect is accompanied by observations that demonstrate the historical memory of students. The general recommendation formulated according to the results of the study can be reduced to a formula that states that the redistribution of emphasis within the content of education can contribute to a creative change in culture according to the current cultural, political, economic, social challenges of Russia.

Keywords:

cultural transmission, anthropology of education, historical memory of schoolchildren, memory wars, history at school.

P. 176-188

   

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REVIEW OF APPROACHES TO TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGE VOCABULARY
IN CLASSICAL AND MODERN METHODOLOGICAL LITERATURE

Pirogova Nadezhda G.

Abstact.

The article analyses approach to teaching foreign language vocabulary on the basis of national and international methodological literature. The relevance of the topic of the presented article is determined by the fact that, in spite of the present variety of classical and modern approaches, there is no ideal method forming the students’ vocabulary. The author covers the range of traditional and alternative approaches to the development of word storage and suggests using the combined cognitive approach as the most efficient for teaching foreign languages.

Keywords: 

teaching, foreign language, student, vocabulary, approach, lexical unit.

P. 189-200

  

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FROM THEORY TO PRACTICE: HOW TO INCREASE THE PRACTICAL VALUE
OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE TRAINING OF POLICE CADETS

Malyugina Anna V.

Abstact.

Unfortunately, the knowledge of a foreign language, despite the increased demand for English in the modern world, seems irrelevant for most Russian law enforcement officers and police cadets. The reasons for the low motivation to learn a foreign language, and English in particular, are the modern political confrontation with the West; limited travel of police officers abroad; small percentage of offences committed with the participation of foreign citizens; small number of foreign English-speaking tourists (in comparison with Europe), etc. All these factors clearly show that an ordinary policeman from provincial cities may need English for general development at best. The situation is aggravated by the fact that most of the teaching materials used at law faculties in higher education institutions of the Ministry of internal Affairs cover general traditional areas of law and have a low practical value for police officers. The article analyzes the options for improving the practical component of foreign language training of cadets at police academies of higher education of the Ministry of internal Affairs. The article considers the mechanisms of formation and subsequent assessment of foreign language competence of law enforcement officers. Taking into account the fact that police cadets are future employees, the author proposes to use the criteria of personnel assessment in the evaluation of their foreign language competence, paying a particular attention to professional skills. The development of practical professional tasks requiring knowledge of a foreign language with regard to certain posts is considered to be the primary goal in teaching English aimed at increasing the practical value of foreign language education of police cadets.

Keywords: 

cadet, police, foreign language, foreign language competence, practical value, professional foreign language skills, practical task, position.

P. 201-210 

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION
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DISCUSSION AND DEBATE AS A METHOD OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING
ОF STUDENTS OF A PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITY

Barkova Natalia N., Karpenko Alla V.              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-6-211-219

Abstract.

The article reveals the advantages and problems of using the methods of discussion and debate in teaching students of the pedagogical University on the example of prepared and conducted intellectual meetings between the students of Faculty of Geography and Faculty of Biology and Chemistry of Moscow Pedagogical State University; it also illustrates the emerging competencies and opportunities to the implementation of interdisciplinary connections and emphasizes the idea of personal self-realization of students.

Keywords:

education, students, Pedagogy, personality, teaching methods, debate, discussion, teacher, self-realization, competence, terminology, criteria.

P. 211-219

 

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INTERDISCIPLINARY TASKS AS A MEANS OF DEVELOPING PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF STUDENTS OF TECHNICAL TRAINING

Vasileva Lidya N., Volodina Evgenia V., Ilina Irina I.

Abstract.

The changing demands of the labor market form new challenges in the field of training students in technical areas and specialties. The article describes the basic principles of the organization of the process of teaching students of technical areas on the basis of interdisciplinary tasks. The analysis of psychological and pedagogical literature on the implementation of interdisciplinary communication is given, the essence of the concept of “interdisciplinary tasks” is revealed. The analysis of the federal educational standard of higher education in the direction of preparation “Management in technical systems” (Bachelor level) is presented, the competencies are selected, the formation of which is determined by a set of disciplines of information-mathematical and professional cycles. An algorithm for studying the solution of an interdisciplinary problem is constructed. An example of an interdisciplinary task performed with the use of the specialized software Mathcad and Electronics Workbench. The levels of formation of professional competencies are described in detail. The results of the study are presented in the form of diagrams.

Keywords: 

professional competence, expertise, interdisciplinary communication, interdisciplinary tasks, Mathcad, Electronics Workbench.

P. 220-231

 

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KNOWLEDGE INTEGRATION MAPS IN THE CONTEXT OF THE ISSUE OF AUTOMATED PEDAGOGICAL INFORMATION PROCESSING

Boyarinov Dmitry A.

Abstract.

The article deals with the concept of “knowledge integration maps” as a tool for building a student’s knowledge model. Such a tool creates the prerequisites for tracking the dynamics of forming students’ knowledge, predicting the course of the learning process. This, in its turn, serves as the basis for automating certain elements of the learning process management. The article also discusses the notion of “concept map” and identifies its shortcomings in relation to the problem under consideration. The psychological basis for the introduction of the concept of
“knowledge integration map” is analyzed in the article. The relationship between the cognitive activity and categorization is noted in the article. The structure of worksheets of knowledge integration maps and stages of work with knowledge integration maps are  given. The didactic possibilities of knowledge integration maps are considered in the article. The possibilities of quantitative analysis of information contained in knowledge integration maps are described. The concept of “multidimensional knowledge integration map” is introduced in the article.

Keywords: 

knowledge integration map, concept map, categorization, multidimensional knowledge integration map.

P. 232-239

 

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THE USE OF THE ELECTRONIC TEXTBOOK ON THE RUSSIAN LANGUAGE DURING THE INDEPENDENT STUDY OF CADETS OF HIGHER MILITARY EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS

Asilova Gulshan A., Dilshodbekov Timur D.

Abstract.

The organization of independent work in military institutions of higher education requires modern methodological support which contributes to the self-control of the material learned. In order to ensure independent work on the study of the Russian language, it is important that students are provided with modern electronic resources developed with the concern of the peculiarities of their mother tongue and aimed not only at mastering theoretical material, but also developing linguistic competencies. The authors propose an electronic textbook on the Russian language, contributing to the implementation of these tasks.

Keywords:

Russian language, a military institution of higher education, a cadet, electronic textbook, software, independent work, tests.

P. 240-247

 

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION

 

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MOTIVATION IN A MONTESSORI SCHOOL AS AN IMPORTANT COMPONENT OF INDEPENDENCE

Prokofyeva Elena N.                                         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-6-248-256

Abstract. 

The article is devoted to the motivation in the Montessori Elementary School. This topic was previously discussed by A. Murray, F. Koh, S. Kendall and others. There have not been any related studies in Russia yet. The USA researchers consider motivation in Montessori Elementary through the lens of self-determination theory. A part of selfdetermination theory is called the Organismic integration theory. The Montessori Elementary School allows children not only to develop their intrinsic motivation but also self-motivate to study less favorite subjects. Maria Montessori’s approach to the Elementary school is called Cosmic Education. Cosmic Education is a holistic development of a child. The child is free to follow his/her interests, the teacher always shows the relation between subjects and helps the child to find his/her cosmic task. This article considers the stages of the Organismic integration theory and their relation to the Montessori Elementary procedure. The last stage of the Orgainsmic integration theory is integrated regulation which means that a person is able to enjoy doing something that initially didn’t evoke their intrinsic motivation. Integrated regulation occurs when people realize the value of the particular actions for themselves and for others. The theoretical analysis leads to the following conclusion: Cosmic Education not only develops intrinsic motivation but also assists development of the integrated regulation. This article is theoretical and proposes a hypothesis to be tested.

Keywords:

independence, Montessori, elementary school, self-determination, motivation, autonomy, competence, integrated regulation, Organismic integration theory, Cosmic education.

P. 248-256

  

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METHODOLOGICAL GROUNDS FOR THE PROCESS OF FORMING READINESS FOR SELF-EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY OF MILITARY CONTRACT SERVICEMEN DURING MILITARY SERVICE

Trukhin Aleksandr V.

Abstract. 

The article deals with the issue of forming readiness for self-educational activities of contract servicemen during military service. The theoretical and methodological foundations for the process of shaping readiness for selfeducation of servicemen are revealed, which determine the set of methodological approaches. The general scientific level of the methodology is a systematic approach that allows one to perform a comprehensive study of the issue under study from the point of view of system properties. As a theoretical and methodological strategy, we have identified the personality-activity and technological approaches; the competence-based and axiological approaches have been assigned the role of a practiceoriented strategy. The article notes the role of methodological approaches in the disclosure of the issue under study, establishes their unification, interrelation and complementarity.

Keywords:

self-education activities, readiness for self-education, the military-pedagogical process, methodological approaches, theoretical and methodological grounds.

P. 257-265

  

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NEW METHODS AND TECHNIQUES IN TEACHING IN THE UNIVERSITY: THE INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE REVIEW

Baimakhanov Akilbek B.

Abstract. 

The given article studies the advantages and disadvantages of new learning methods and techniques being practiced in a Higher Education Institution. It also reviews the effectiveness of these methods while using internationally, e.g. in Universities of Cambridge and Harvard. The national system of higher education reform reveals great interest in University professors towards active and interactive learning methods and techniques. These training techniques help to develop professional competence, since within the transition to educational standards of new generation, the personal development, competitiveness and professional mobility become acute. Along with traditional methods of learning at the stage of reorganization of higher education system, active and interactive learning technologies, such as the model of “inverted learning”, case study method, or project training (PBL), become particularly urgent.

Keywords:

university, techniques and teaching methods, international experience, implementation, the model of “inverted learning”, case study method, project training (PBL).

P. 266-277

 

Saturday, 23 November 2019 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2019 №5

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 5-2019

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

 

ONTOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY

 

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VIRTUAL REALITY: UNDERSTANDING THE PERSPECTIVE

Rodicheva Irina S., Sukhanova Natalia P.

Abstract. 

The concept of “virtual reality” is undergoing a philosophical review, th categorical ambiguity of which brings forth significant difficulties of its use. The existence of cyberspace implies a virtual world filled with a bunch of documents in the information systems. The article focuses on the nonidentity problem of virtual reality and the Internet, as well as the influence of virtual reality on real life, human activity and values, thoughts and culture. In the modern world, human beings form emotional attachments to virtual objects and one of the dubious endeavours of technogenic civilization is the fact that live communication is often neglected nowadays. The advantages and disadvantages of virtualization in the education system presented by distance learning are also reviewed. In addition to verbalized traditions, there is non-verbalized, personal knowledge, transmitted directly from teacher to student and that is lost in the system of distance education. As the significant consequence of technological development, the concept of transhumanism that promotes the manipulation of human nature and his/her modernization, is being analyzed. It is concluded that the development of technology, virtualization of reality raises the issue of the nature of this phenomenon and the ways of its existence.

Keywords:

science, education, virtual reality, information, technology, cyberspace, transhumanism.

P. 9-17

      

SOCIAL PHILOSOPHY
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VALUE SYSTEM OF REPRESENTATIVES OF GENERATION Y IN THE CONTEXT OF THE THEORY OF GENERATIONS. RUSSIAN SPECIFIC 

Gorokhov Sergey A., Zaplitnyy Ivan D.              DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-5-18-25

Abstract.

This article discusses the basic values and worldview of the “Millennials” generation or “generation Y”. The authors put forward a thesis about the greater propensity of this generation to selfishness and a greater degree of adaptability to changing sociocultural conditions, as well as a sense of selfsufficiency than previous generations. As the
empirical substantiation of the assumptions, the sociological research the sample results of which are published in this article is used. The authors pay special attention to the theory of generations created by V. Strauss and N. Hove. The authors come to the conclusion about hyperbolization and lack of scientific substantiation of the put forward theses in ascertaining a certain degree of increase in the share of selfishness and adaptability of this generation, as well as an increasing role of representatives of generation Y in the political, socio-cultural and economic spheres.

Keywords:

axiology, generations, generation theory, civilizational processes, interdisciplinarity, polysemanticism, value systems, “Millennials”, social reality.

P. 18-25

  

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

 

GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY, PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY, HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY
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THE VARIETY OF DEFINITIONS TO THE CONCEPT OF “THINKING”: CLARIFICATION OR LOSS OF THE ORIGINAL VALUE?  

Trifonova Ekaterina V., Fedorova Elena P.          DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-5-26-39

Abstract.

The article posed the question of expanding the thesaurus of the psychological science on the example of the concept of “thinking”. The authors draw attention to the current trend: the emergence of new definitions of thinking in scientific publications, which consider specific “types” of thinking: “critical”, “standard”, “non-standard”, “imaginative thinking”, “creative”, “sanogenic”, etc. It is analyzed how frequent the concept of «thinking» is used in the research; in particular, it is indicated that about 240 different definitions used to the concept of “thinking” are recorded. We draw attention to the tendency of losing the original (initial) meaning of the term “thinking”, the loss of understanding of the essential psychological characteristics of thinking as a process of solving a problem. We also note that the emergence of new terms, “types of thinking”, which are introduced by the authors of the research for a specific problem to be solved, brings about the “erosion” of the concept of “thinking” in its original meaning.

Keywords:

thinking, non-standard thinking, standard thinking, divergent thinking, convergent thinking, imaginative thinking thinking, creative thinking, critical thinking, sanogenic thinking, categories of psychology.

P. 26-39

 

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
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FORMING THE REPRESENTATION OF ONESELF AND OF AN ORTHODOX THEOLOGIST`S IDEAL IMAGE AS A BASIS FOR THE PROFESSIONAL FORMING A FUTURE SPECIALIST 

Feldman Inessa L., Romanov Alexander A.         DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-5-40-47

Abstract.

This article reveals the theoretical basis of the self-concept and the Self-identity image study in psychology and emphasizes that the tendency to analyze oneself, the need to generalize and systematize knowledge about oneself, to relate one’s self-image to an ideal one as well as self-education, self-esteem are the most important characteristics for the formation of a future specialist. The article analyzes the works of foreign and domestic psychologists, such as R. Burns, W. James, V. S. Agapov, who give us various approaches to the problem of the self-concept and its structural components. The authors investigate the ideas about ‘self’ and the ideal image of an Orthodox theologian among the students majoring in the Orthodox theology. It is noted that there is very little research on the personal characteristics of the students majoring in theology, and studying the idea of oneself and the ideal image of a future theologian is not only of a theoretical interest, but it is also connected with the increasing efficiency of solving the problems with specialists` formation. The paper presents the results of an empirical study concerning the students majoring in theology from junior to senior years basing on the methods of diagnosing interpersonal relations by T. Leary. The results show us that the efficiency of the professional training and the professional development of a future theologian depends on the meaning and importance of the profession for the given person, and how the future specialist relates themselves to it. The comparative analysis of an one`s self image and an ideal image formation among the students majoring in theology generally indicate the development of subjectivity, a critical attitude toward oneself, and a desire to improve oneself.

Keywords:

Self-identity image, Self-concept, real self, ideal self, self relation, students majoring in theology, theological training, personal professionalism.

P. 40-47

 

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PSYCHOLOGICAL MEANS OF CORRECTING AGGRESSIVE BEHAVIOR IN ADOLESCENTS BROUGHT UP IN PROBLEM FAMILIES

Bochantseva Lyudmila I.,  Gorodilova Maria A.  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-5-48-62

Abstract.

The article is devoted to a study on the influence of psychological means of correction (individual and group) to reduce the level of aggressive behavior among adolescents who are brought up in problem families. The article reveals the concept of aggression, aggressiveness and aggressive behavior in domestic and foreign psychology, discloses the concept of a problem family and its influence on the manifestations of aggressive behavior in adolescents, describes the psychological means of correction to reduce the level of aggressive behavior in adolescents from problem families. The experimental study revealed and proved the influence of individual (consultation/conversation) and group (training) psychological means of correction to reduce the level of aggressive behavior among adolescents who are brought up in problem families.

Keywords:

aggression, aggressiveness, aggressive behavior, psychological means of correction, problem family, teenagers.

P. 48-62

 

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DEVELOPING COMMUNICATIVE COMPONENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL-PEDAGOGICAL COMPETENCE OF POTENTIAL SUBSTITUTE PARENTS

Kondratyeva Natalia P., Inyavina Elena V.  DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-5-63-72

Abstract.

This article discusses the features of the communicative component of the psychological and pedagogical competence of potential substitute parents, as well as the development of this component in the process of training sessions. It is proved that the training program, which includes exercises aimed at the development of flexibility, empathy, ability to establish contacts and competently to build relationships, promotes the development of the communicative component of psychological and pedagogical competence of potential substitute parents.

Keywords:

orphaned children, psychological and pedagogical competence, communicative component of the psychological and pedagogical competence, training, potential substitute parents, school for foster parents.

P. 63-72

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

 

MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

  

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CREATING INNOVATIVE THINKING OF STUDENTS DURING THE TRANSITION
TO SIXTH TECHNOLOGICAL PARADIGM

Myasoedova Tatiana G., Boyko Alexander E.

Abstract.

The article shows that it is necessary to form innovative thinking during the transition of Russia to the sixth economic paradigm. The features of STEM and STEAM education concepts – which every educational institution conforms to in their education activity – are considered. The positive experience of some Russian educational organizations on enhancing and encouraging students to use creative approach in solving the tasks set has been given. General recommendations for the revitalization of creative thinking of students have been created being based on the theory of generations and the theory of emotional intelligence.

Keywords:

education, innovative thinking, creative approach, the theory of generations, the theory of emotional intelligence.

P. 73-83

  

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CONTINUITY OF UNIVERSITY EDUCATION AS A RESOURCE OF REGIONAL UNIVERSITY TRANSITIVITY

Boguslavsky Mikhal V., Ladyzhets Natalia S., Neborsky Egor V., Sannikova Olga V.

                                                                        DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-5-84-95

Abstract.

The article is devoted to revealing the resources of transitive changes of a regional university as a “node” of inter-territorial and inter-level educational movements. The factors of continuity of transition between the Bachelor’s and Master’s education levels as a resource for educational transit of students are discussed. This student transit resource should be used for transitive changes in a regional university in response to global trends in the demand for “lifelong education” and the need to reduce the intensity of interregional educational migration. The article defines the functions of lifelong education as a resource for the transitivity of a regional university, proposes management and organizational measures for maintaining and improving the educational programs of master’s programs at regional universities, and substantiates their socio-economic efficiency.

Keywords:

transitive university, regional university, higher education, continuing education, educational transit resources, educational space.

P. 84-95

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION
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THE ESSENCE OF THE CONCEPT OF “PATRIOTIC ACTIVITY”: THEORETICAL FOUNDATIONS

Vyrschikov Anatoliy N.

Abstract.

The article interprets the concept of patriotic activity on the basis of the systemactivity approach. Particular attention is paid to identifying features of the semantic cultural space of patriotism. The functions of patriotism, the direction of its impact on society were clarified, which made it possible to highlight the public interest that can motivate patriotic activity. The article highlights the specificity of patriotic activity.

Keywords:

patriotism, patriotic activity, epistemological space of patriotism, functions of patriotism, historical continuity.

P. 96-101

 

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PEDAGOGICAL ERGONOMICS IN THE SYSTEM OF SCIENTIFIC KNOWLEDGE

Ulyanova Irina V.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the issue of the integration of pedagogy and ergonomics, which is determined by the specifics of the educational space of the 21st century and, as a result, orients scientific humanitarian knowledge towards forming a new pedagogical direction – pedagogical ergonomics, actualization of the ergonomic approach in the context of general pedagogy. It is suggested that this particular resource has a significant potential for optimizing
the labor activity of specialists in the field of education. The article substantiates the theoretical and methodological aspects of the correlation of pedagogy and ergonomics in the system of training and education of the younger generation, presents the essential characteristic of pedagogical ergonomics.

Keywords:

ergonomics, pedagogy, pedagogical ergonomics, ergonomic approach, education and training system, efficiency, safety, comfort.

P. 102-107

 

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ERGONOMICS AS A SOCIO-PEDAGOGICAL PECULIARITY OF LABOR ACTIVITY
OF A MODERN TEACHER

Naumchik Viktor N.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the study of the concept of “ergonomics” in the education system. An attempt is made to present the essential characteristic of ergonomics from the position of socio-pedagogical features of the teacher’s labor activity. The socio-pedagogical features of the work of a modern teacher are substantiated from the perspective of the physiological, hygienic, anthropometric and psychological opportunities of the teacher’s work. The characteristics of the system “teacher – student” are revealed when working with a technical training tool in a learning environment. It is shown that the formation of an ergonomic learning environment should be carried out comprehensively and systematically. The necessity of training modern teachers in the development of ergonomic competencies and the ability to create a comfortable and safe educational environment is proved. The socio-pedagogical features of the work of a modern teacher are identified: economic, psychophysiological, pedagogical, social, ergonomic.

Keywords:

ergonomics, Pedagogy, teacher, labor activity, social and pedagogical features, system, learning environment, comfort, safety.

P. 108-113

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FORMING A PROFESSIONAL WORLD VIEW

Zakieva Rafina R.

Abstract.

Modernization of professional education happens under the defining impact of institutional and structural changes of the labor market. Market transformations have changed not only the labor demand, but they have also claimed new qualities of the human capital. In the Concept of a long-term social and economic development of the Russian Federation up to 2020 (No. 1662-r, November 17, 2008) it is noted that in the rapidly changing world those states which will be able effectively to use the innovative potential of development will have strategic advantages. Today Russia faces with the more rigid and exactingly choice of a new education system and fundamental science starting with the secondary school and finishing with the higher education, postgraduate and post-doctoral studies. The dynamism of modern social transformations has affected all main spheres of the life of society. The education  turns into an important factor of forming the personality’s worldview during the period of change and the establishment of new values. The article covers the methodologic-axiological bases of solving the problem of pedagogical provision of forming the professional mindset in process of training as well as the influence of higher education on formation of the world outlook principles of the students’ identity. Orienting potential and resources of the higher vocational school to forming a future expert as a personality capable of self-determination, self-education, and self-actualization, who possesses common cultural and professional competences, has become the leading strategy of modernization of the professional education. The author analyzes the internal logic of evolution of the valuable world; understanding of nature of existence and development of values causes substantial and technological filling of the axiologically-oriented continuous education of a professional. It obliges the system of professional education to solve qualitatively new problems and mediates a new view on process of forming a professional outlook.

Keywords:

quality of education, professional worldview, higher education, training, education.

P. 114-120 

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

 

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HISTORICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL POTENTIAL OF DOMESTIC TEXTBOOKS
OF THE XVI–XVII CENTURIES

Vdovyh Dmitrij A.                                             DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-5-121-128

Abstract.

This article deals with the issue of studying the historical and pedagogical potential of the domestic textbooks of the 16th – 17th centuries. It is revealed that in the 16th century the domestic system of educational typography was created, the first textbooks created by Russian printers were published. The leading types and genres of educational literature of the Moscow Russia are identified and their role in the process of teaching children is described. It is established that the 17th century became an important milestone in the textbooks and literacy provision, and the general development of public education.

Keywords:

historical and pedagogical potential, history of pedagogy, history of education, textbooks of the 16th – 17th centuries.

P. 121-128

 

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PHILOSOPHICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL IDEAS OF K. P. POBEDONOSTSEV
IN THE CONTEXT OF SOLVING MODERN PROBLEMS OF RUSSIAN EDUCATION

Svetlova Nastasya E.

Abstract.

The article outlines the main philosophical and pedagogical ideas of K. P. Pobedonostsev’s regarding the organization of upbringing and school education in Russia. As a result of research, based on the use of the monographic method, in which the legacy of K. P. Pobedonostsev was considered as the main, relatively independent object of research, methods of synchronous and diachronic analysis, involving the study of the ideas of K. P. Pobedonostsev’s and the views of other authors of the late XIX–XX centuries in their intersection, as well as methods of analysis, synthesis and systematization, the author of
the article was able to expose and identify a number of positions in the scientist’s views on solving problems of upbringing and education, which constitute a certain conceptually built  pedagogical doctrine: the need for a creed component in education; family as a source of historical experience and values for children; school as an institution for preparing a person for practical, real life; priority of upbringing over education; national character of education; discipline and order in the organization of schooling; the crucial role of the teacher, the need for the teacher’s sincere individual contact with the student.

Keywords:

K. P. Pobedonostsev, upbringing, modernization of education, problems of education, moral, conservatism.

P. 129-143

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF SYSTEM OF EDUCATION IN SOVIET VOCATIONAL EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS IN 1950s – 1990s

Skobeleva Tatiana M.                                    DOI: 10.31862/2218-8711-2019-5-144-152

Abstract.

The purpose of this historical and pedagogical research is to consider the problem of periodization of the development of the system of educating students in Soviet vocational schools in the 1950s – 1990s. Particular attention is paid to the definition of the chronological framework of the stages of development of the Soviet system of education in vocational education. On the basis of the conducted research the structure of periodization and the key events influencing qualitative changes in the content of the Soviet system of education of future workers are defined.

Keywords:

stages of development of technical vocational education, training of skilled workers, the system of Soviet education of students.

P. 144-152 

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION

 

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A STUDY OF POSTGRADUATE STUDENTS’ ATTITUDE TOWARDS FUTURE TEACHING ACTIVITIES

Balakireva Elfrida V.

Abstract.

The article deals with the issues of preparing post-graduate students for teaching activities at the Herzen University on the example of pedagogical disciplines study. The author focuses on a wide range of postgraduate issues related to the prospects to build personal, social and professional plans. There is an ambiguous position among postgraduate students about the appropriateness of pedagogical training, especially among those who are engaged in research into nonpedagogical problems (cultural studies, political science, economics, sociology, etc.). Such students have low motivation and willingness to master future teaching activities. The main issues associated with the description of the personal, educational and professional experience of post-graduate students, their difficulties, anxieties and expectations from post-graduate training have been identified and disclosed. The specificity of the organization of teaching pedagogical disciplines at the Herzen University focused on increasing motivation for future teaching activities is revealed.

Keywords:

post-graduate students, postgraduate studies, educational and professional needs of post-graduate students, pedagogical training, teacher-researcher.

P. 153-160

 

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DISCUSSION CLUB OF THE INSTITUTE OF PEDAGOGY AS A VENUE FOR DEVELOPING COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE OF STUDENTS

Gladkaya Irina V., Smirnova Nataliya V.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the study of the development of communicative competence of students in the process of learning in a higher education institution. Particular emphasis is placed on the analysis of a special communication area organized for students at the Institute of Pedagogy – a discussion club. The authors propose to follow the dynamics of the topics that were offered to the participants of the discussion, to identify general trends aimed at developing the students’ communication, to get acquainted with the stages of the discussion club realization. The article pays attention to the criteria for assessing the development of communicative competence which were proposed to the experts in the process of work of the discussion club participants.

Keywords:

professional development, communicative competence, Bachelor’s students, Master’s students, discussion, discussion club, evaluation criteria, experts.

P. 161-170 

   

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IMPROVING MOTIVATION FOR CLASSES OF PHYSICAL EDUCATION

Pitkin Victor A., Ivanova Diana D., Kholodnaya Larisa A.

Abstact.

In the 21st century, the issue of strengthening and preserving health, shaping the value of a healthy lifestyle, and motivating to physical education and sport has become acute in many countries around the world.  Unfortunately, statistics show that the majority of students have a positively passive attitude to sports, and about 20% have a negative attitude towards physical exercise. This article discusses the features of forming motivation for learning and independent physical education through various types of organizational activities to increase the incentive factor. The types of motivation are studied, the motives that encourage to practice sports are revealed. A survey among students is held and recommendations on this issue are given.

Keywords: 

physical education, healthy lifestyle, motivation, upbringing in physical education, student.

P. 171-177 

  

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION
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METHODOLOGICAL SYSTEM FOR DEVELOPING THE INFORMATION COMPETENCE OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN THE CONTEXT OF CURRENT TRENDS IN THE EMERGENCE OF A DIGITAL SOCIETY

Tabachuk Natalia P.

Abstract.

The article discusses the current trends in the development of the digital society, reflected in the national and federal projects of our time in the field of education and science in Russia. It is emphasized that it is with a focus on the implementation of these projects it is necessary to build and implement methodological systems. The methodical system is designated as an object of research and its characteristic features are highlighted. A methodological system for developing the information competence of university students in the context of current trends in the emergence of a digital society, based on anthropological and phenomenological approaches to education, is described. The project methodological system includes a description of the objectives, learning content, methods, tools and organizational forms of education, the introduction of which into the educational process contributes to the development of information competence of university students.

Keywords:

digital society, methodical system, information competence of university students, cognitive, motivational and activity components of students’ information competence.

P. 178-190

 

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PROJECT ACTIVITIES IN TEACHING RUSSIAN CASES IN GRAMMAR LESSONS

Zlobina Svetlana A.

Abstract.

The article considers the main issues of forming a foreign language communicative competence in students of the initial stage of the Russian language proficiency in the framework of linguistic, educational and cognitive activity in class. The main ways of representing the case material while forming grammatical skills of the use of cases in order to intensify the educational material presented by the students as well as to improve their language and communicative competence are analyzed. On the basis of the study, the author substantiates the opinion about the need to use the project method of teaching in the lessons of case grammar of the Russian language.

Keywords: 

project activity, case system, educational process, motivation, stimulation, independence, foreign students.

P. 191-200

 

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THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE TECHNICAL STUDENT’ S PROFESSIONAL MOBILITY FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF COMMON COMPETENCIES

Ahmetshina Guzel F., Amirova Ludmila A.

Abstract.

The article describes the concept of professional mobility as a meta-quality, being one of highest level indicators of a student’s general and professional competencies, and also the article defines its components for technicians. Check and assessment activities are used to appraise the professional mobility of components development; these activities represent a holistic methodological system of checking activities. Check and assessment activities are considered as a purposeful teachers and students’ joint activity which aims not only at identifying the results of the educational process, but also at the forming general, professional competencies, the student’s personal qualities – those of a future specialist’s.

Keywords: 

professional mobility, general competencies, professional competencies, personal qualities of the student, test and evaluation activities.

P. 201-208

 

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ON THE CONTINUOUS PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF STUDENTS IN STUPINO BRANCH OF MAI

Egorova Yulia B., Uvarov Victor N., Starchikova Irina Yu., Belova Svetlana B.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the issue of integrating the «school – university – enterprise» components using the example of Stupino branch of MAI. The achievements, problems and ways of solving them are considered on the basis of interaction of education and production. The situation with the employment of MAI graduates during the period of the last five years has been analyzed taking into account the graduation of both, bachelors and specialists. Stupino branch of MAI implements a system of multilevel continuous professional education from school to postgraduate education, which has been functioning for more than 25 years, changing with the regard of the needs of the labor market in the region; the concept of the professional orientation work is developed; the students’ club of Stupino university district “MAFiN” is created which can be considered as an innovative model of the organization of students’ life. The continuity of generations was considered in the scientific environment of the university. Professor B. A. Kolachev’s scientific school received its further development in the annual scientific-practical conference “Kolachev readings”, having gathered in its ranks not only MAI students, but also schoolchildren, young scientists and experts of industrial enterprises. Stupino branch of Moscow Aviation Institute confirmed the success of its active scientific and educational activities with the twice annual prize of the Governor of Moscow Region “Our Moscow Region” in 2016 for the “EcoStupino” project and in 2018 for the “Link of Times – Kolachev Readings” project.

Keywords:

school – university – enterprise, Aviation University, integration, student youth, employment.

P. 209-221

 

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION

 

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THE CONTENT OF EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS OF VIETNAMESE UNIVERSITIES
IN THE MID-TWENTIETH CENTURY

Vo Thi Huyen (Vietnam)

Abstract. 

The article covers two models of the University education in Vietnam in the mid-twentieth century: Soviet and American. It features the peculiarities of the educational policy, principles of acquisition of educational programs, content of the curricula, ways of organizing training in universities.

Keywords:

University education, educational policy, content of education, educational activity, curriculum.

P. 222-229

  

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PEDAGOGICAL ASPECTS OF DEVELOPING STUDENTS’ INTEREST IN THE ART CULTURE

Akhmedova Nazira M.

Abstract. 

The article discusses the psychoage characteristics, value-oriented activities of students, individual and typological characteristics of students. The need for the use of analytical and synthetic abilities of students’ when developing the students’ interest in the art culture is revealed.

Keywords:

youth, professional excellence, young generation, national idea, spiritual world, spiritual qualities, upbringing, national identity, interest, art culture, sensitive period, psychoage characteristics, value-oriented activities, psychological characteristics.

P. 230-234

  

Monday, 07 October 2019 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2019 №4

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 4-2019

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

 

PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION

 

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ONLINE AND OFFLINE EDUCATION: METHODOLOGY AND DECISION MAKING
Round table materials

V. V. Mironov, etc.

Abstract. 

The article presents the results of the round table “Online and offline education: methodology and decision-making”. The round table discussed various aspects of the relationship between online and offline education. The round table was attended by the faculty and students of the Faculty of Philosophy of Lomonosov Moscow State University, colleagues from the Institute for Strategy of Education Development of the Russian Academy of Education, as well as representatives of Novosibirsk, Astrakhan, Kaliningrad, and Ulyanovsk universities. The round table not only addressed the issues of online and offline education in accordance with its name, but its own work was also organized both online and offline. The participants of the round table were unanimous in their understanding of the current situation in the education, within which not the replacement of offline education with online education is important, but a reasonable balance between the traditional speech dialogue and the possibilities of modern digital technologies. Specific examples of the existing interaction between these two forms of education were analyzed. It was shown that at the stage of familiarization of the respective subject areas’ languages, for example, in the case of the philosophical language, the direct dialogue with the lecturer cannot be replaced by watching the online courses. Online feedback is mechanistic and suffers from the lack of empathy. Participants of the round table addressed also research experience of the foreign economists, psychologists, and philosophers who concluded that there are no reliable studies that would show that switching to online education does indeed reduce costs, crucially increases intellectual ability or knowledge and students’ competencies. Roundtable participants supported the idea of online education as a set of additional learning tools for the traditional educational system. At the same time, the discussion represented below is also of crucial importance, because it can be considered as an example of the philosophy and philosophers’ implementation in their most important modern function – the humanitarian expertise of new social projects and technologies. 

Keywords:

online education, offline education, modern education, classical education, communication, educational process, methodology, decision making.

P. 9-49

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

     

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
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SOCIAL NETWORKS: BASIC CONCEPTS, CHARACTERISTICS AND MODERN RESEARCH

Levin Leonid M.

Abstract.

During the recent years, social networks have rapidly and firmly entered the lives of most modern people. Involvement and immersion in the virtual space affect many aspects of human life: their physical and mental health, relationships with other people, self-perception, self-attitude, self-esteem and many others. Of course, these changes could not get unnoticed by many national and foreign scientists, who consider the phenomenon of social networks and the Internet very popular for study. In this article, the author provides an overview of studies of social networks, the Internet and their users.

Keywords:

social networks, Internet, accounts, Internet addiction. 

P. 50-57

  

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
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EDUCATION THROUGH RECOLLECTION: DIALOGUE BETWEEN GENERATIONS

Adamyan Elena I.

Abstract.

The article shows how specially organized activity promotes solving pedagogic and educational tasks on the basis of the material of the autobiographical interviews held by first-year students of the Institute of childhood of Moscow Pedagogical State University (MPGU) to the elderly people while accomplishing the through “Memories of childhood” educational task which is part of the bridging program – “Immersion into Pedagogy”. The autobiographical interview with seniors is viewed as a tool of intergenerational knowledge transfer as well as an effective education method. The feedback analysis is based upon the autobiographical interviews and the students’ reflective reports.

Keywords:

autobiographical interviews, recollection, integration into professional training, upbringing, intergenerational knowledge transfer. 

P. 58-71

 

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PREVENTING THE VIOLENT CHILDREN UPBRINGING WITHIN THE FAMILY

Arnautova Elena P., Vorobeyva Irina N., Kondratyeva Nina L., Rychagova Elena S.

Abstract.

The article depicts the issues of violent upbringing of children within the modern family. Emphasis is put on the typology of diverse forms of violence along with the ground for different types of its manifestation, namely the psychological pressure experienced by a child from an adult who interferes with the child’s self-esteem. The paper also provides the analysis of the findings of the survey conducted among the preschool teachers and parents that examined the given issue. The verbal aggression regarding the communication with children is characterized as the widespread form of violent upbringing practice inside the family. Important aspects of the activity of the supervisor and the teaching staff in terms of warning and prevention of violent methods of children upbringing within the family are highlighted inthe work. Experimentally tested facilities of  psychologically-pedagogical parental supportregarding the awareness of violent children  upbringing are suggested along with the humane methods of communication. A special emphasis is made therewith on the development of valuable skills of open communication, on mastering the methods of flexible communication in highly emotional situations etc. The article underlines the worth of the art-therapy techniques and artmethods which are not supposed to be identical,
and are applied to harmonize the mental aspect and to release from destructive emotions. Besides, the work accentuates the use of notices counselling how to solve family conflicts with stepby-step instructions for adults. 

Keywords:

domestic abuse forms, prevention of violent upbringing, adults’ verbal aggression, preventive model of violence prophylaxis, children rights within the family, skills of open communication, art-methods, methods of arttherapy. 

P. 72-83

 

GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY, PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY, HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY

  

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TEMPORAL MARKERS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL SAFETY OF THE ELDERLY PEOPLE

Tylets Valery G., Krasnyanskaya Tatyana M., Iokhvidov Vladimir V.

Abstract.

The practice of improving the general well-being of elderly people is associated with the deepening of understanding of such age phenomena as a sense of youth and a sense of old in their connection with the psychological security of an individual. The authors suggested that the sense of youth and sense of old are  temporal phenomena that determine the poles of psychological security of an individual in the late phases of human life. The search study was performed on the basis of three samples of subjects within the age range of 40–43 years, 55–58 years and 70–73 years. Thefour-component structure of the considered phenomena including «inner Self», «external Self», «motivators I» and «time I» is revealed. It is found that the connection with the psychological security of the sense of youth is provided by the inner freedom, mental stability, optimism, positivity, spiritual harmony, interest in life, passion for work, self-confidence, desire for self-realization, enjoyment of the present; sense of old – by the anxiety, vulnerability, depression, stigmatization, preservation of the usual, dissatisfaction with the present, denial and fear of the future. Invariant markers of psychological security of the person for the sense of youth are marked by the inner freedom and optimism, for the sense of old – depression of the subject. On the empirical material the existence of the relation between the psychological security of the individual and the experience of the sense of youth has been proved.

Keywords:

subjective time, psychological security, sense of youth, sense of old, period of life.

P. 84-97 

 

 

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EMOTIONAL AND EVALUATIVE FEATURES OF THE PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL OBJECTS ACCORDING TO THE “NONEXISTENT ANIMAL” AND THE SEMANTIC DIFFERENTIAL TESTS

Khekalo Tatyana V.

Abstract.

A new test is proposed on the basis of the famous drawing test “nonexistent animal”. The scheme of the new test is direct test – reverse test. To prove that the image is a stimulus (physical and chemical object), not a projection (self-portrait), it is proposed to determine the gender of the animal depicted. The paper gives a brief overview of two alternative points of view on the picture: projection and prosopopeia. The data on the nature, origin and meaning of the category of gender in a human language and thinking are also given. The evidence of good validity
of the new test is given. The results of the nonexistent animal test are compared with the semantic differential test. It has turned out that the nonexistent animal test characterizes the gender of the figure, while the semantic differential test characterizes the gender of the grammatical form of the word – stimulus. It is proved that in this test, artists-informants depict not their self-portrait (projection), but a “portrait” of an incentive (prosopopeia). The results of the two reverse tests correspond well with each other. The experimental data will be used for the study of the emotional attitude of students to physical and chemical objects (jelly, crystal-dendrite, Liesegang rings, fractal).

Keywords:

A direct test “Nonexistent animal”, the reverse tests, physico-chemical objects, jelly, crystal-dendrite, Liesegang rings, fractal, prosopopoeia (impersonation), gender as a language category, gender of the animal pattern, the semantic differential test.

P. 98-116 

 

PSYCHOLOGY OF LABOR, ENGINEERING PSYCHOLOGY, ERGONOMICS
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APPROACHES TO RESEARCHING PSYCHOLOGICAL COMPETENCE OF THE HEAD OF A MEDICAL INSTITUTION

Katahova Svetlana S., Semchuk Irina V.

Abstract.

This article discusses the idea of studying the psychological competence of the head of a medical institution as an integral system of personal education which includes psychological expertise, knowledge and skills, as well as individual and personal qualities that allow one not only to effectively manage their internal state, behavior and activities, but also to carry out planning and management, psychological impact on the behavior and activities of other people, constructively solve problems of the personal, professional and social character at a qualitatively high level. 

Keywords:

research, psychological competence, head of a medical institution, individual and personal qualities, purposefulness, efficiency, responsibility.

P. 117-127

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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EDUCATION OF THE XXI CENTURY: GOODBYE HUMANISM, HELLO TECHNOLOGY?

Deryuga Vardan E.

Abstract.

The article deals with the phenomenon of education from the point of view of two paradigmatic approaches: the traditional (technological) and the humanistic ones. The essence of technologization of the educational process is revealed and the pedagogical problems connected with this are substantiated.

Keywords:

humanism, education, paradigm, technologism, spirituality, values, cultural tradition.

P. 128-135

 

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PROBLEMATIC ISSUES OF PROJECT ACTIVITIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS

Polevoy Sergey A., Chalova Anastasiya V.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the actual problem of implementation of project management in the practice of universities. It provides an analysis of the current state of discussion of the problems of implementation of project management techniques in the practice of universities of the Russian Federation; it also identifies the problematic issues that prevent this. The analysis of the content of factors hindering the implementation of project management in the University is given. Proposals how to solve these problems have been developed. It is revealed that the problems are both objective and subjective. The solution of the first ones lies in the development of normative documents, practices, etc. The solution to the second group of problems can be implemented by the wide promotion of the ideology of project management among the University personnel, their training in the basics of project management.

Keywords:

project management implementation, higher educational institution, project management certification, University strategic goals, project management.

P. 136-143

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION
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REQUIREMENTS TO ETHICS OF EXPERTISE IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE NATIONAL EDUCATION AND PEDAGOGY

Shurilova Tatyana B., Bezborodova Ekaterina V.

Abstract.

This article presents the results of the analysis of the phenomenon of «expertise in education» in the context of the specifics of modern pedagogical science and practice of education. Basing on the results of this analysis, the authors offer arguments for the special need to comply with the principles and norms of ethics in the process of examination of pedagogical processes, objects and phenomena in the conditions of modern education and trends in the development of pedagogy. Special role of the requirements to comply with the principles and norms of ethics in the framework of the phenomenon of the social and professional expertise is proved. 

Keywords:

pedagogical science, pedagogical paradigm, norms and rules of ethics of expertise in education, social and professional expertise, expert of the social and professional expertise. 

P. 144-156

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

  

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JOENS JACOB BERZELIUS: THE SWEDISH LOMONOSOV (A COURSE OF LIFE OF THE SCIENTIST IN THE CONTEXT OF “PEDAGOGICS OF THE PERSONALITY”)

Bagashvili Inna R.

Abstact.

The given article studies the life journey of the outstanding Swedish chemist J. Berzelius in the context of “pedagogics of personality”. The research is concerned with those aspects of Berzelius’s biography which are especially important for the educational process at the high comprehensive and higher school. The author of the article considers in detail such aspects as the role of studying great scientists’ biographies in the educational process of the high and higher school, as well as the influence of the potential of the great personality on the increase of the students’ educational level. In particular, it is specified that the events which took place in the scientist’s life, the tops which he reached by means of his mind and talent, have to motivate students to succeed in their educational activity.  The research methodology is the pedagogy of personality – the direction created in the European pedagogical science at the end of the XIX century. This direction is based on training of children and young people in rational brainwork, ability to conduct a conversation, to retell and analyze the text they read. Pupils ought to overcome their indecisiveness, internal dissatisfaction and become active, outstanding personalities. The novelty of the research is that the biography of the great Swedish chemist Jens Jacob Berzelius is for the first time analyzed in the context of pedagogy of personality and influence of the main aspects of “the Swedish Lomonosov’s” life and creativity on increase of the high comprehensive and higher school students’ educational potential. It is emphasized that the name of Jens Jacob Berzelius’s is not less significant for the Russian educational tradition, than the glorified name of M. Lomonosov’s. Respectively, the conclusion was drawn that it is important to school students and students to know Jens Jacob Berzelius’s biography and the history of the discoveries made by him. 

Keywords: 

pedagogics of personality, high and higher school, educational potential, biography of the scientist, Berzelius, chemical elements.

P. 157-165

 

 

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LEADER OF EDUCATION IN THE SPHERE OF CULTURE (ON THE 100th ANNIVERSARY OF ST. PETERSBURG STATE INSTITUTE OF CULTURE AND ARTS)

Serebrjannikova Tatiana O., Stegaeva Maria V.

Abstact.

St. Petersburg State Institute of Culture and Arts, founded in 1918 as Petrograd Institute of Out-of-school Education, is one of the oldest Russian universities in the field of culture and arts. The purpose of its creation was to provide training for specialists capable of breeding a generation of educated people dedicated to the education and culture of their country. During its long history, the university has formed its own educational, scientific and cultural environment. Within the  framework of the events dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the university, St. Petersburg State Institute of Culture and Arts together with the Presidential Library initiated a project to create a digital collection on the history of the Institute. The collection includes more than 1.3 thousand units, reflecting the history of the formation and development of the institute, the main activities, unique scientific schools, as well as the main publications of the Institute. Special attention in the collection is paid to prominent figures in the field of culture and arts – the university managers, professors and alumni.

Keywords: 

St. Petersburg State Institute of Culture and Arts, SPbGIK, cultural environment, educational environment, scientific environment, Presidential Library, digital collections.

P. 166-171

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION
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HERMENEUTIC APPROACH IN THE PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF PRESCHOOL TEACHERS

Bykovskaya Tamara E.

Abstact.

The article deals with the problem of applying hermeneutic approach in the training of future educators for their professional activity, it presents the criteria and indicators of the levels of understanding of the child, and reveals the methods of verification of the reliability of knowledge about a preschool childin future educators in practical  classes in the disciplines of the psychological and pedagogical cycle.

Keywords:  

hermeneutic approach, understanding educator, standards of understanding of the child, the principle of naturalness, pedagogical situations, independence and initiative. 

P. 172-177

 

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ECOLOGICAL EDUCATION OF CHILDREN OF SENIOR PRESCHOOL AGE – A TOPICAL ISSUE OF THE MODERN PEDAGOGICAL SCIENCE

Tretyakov Andrei L.

Abstract.

In this article, the researcher draws the attention of theorists’ and practitioners’ in the field of preschool education to the problem of environmental education of children of senior preschool age. The historical milestones of the phenomenon of the environmental education are revealed. The mission of the preschool education in the construction of an innovative economy is indicated. The national regulatory legal documents aimed at forming the environmental education of preschool children are described. The «Foundations of the State policy in the field of environmental development of the Russian Federation for the period until 2030» in terms of the environmental education of the younger generation are briefly described. The analysis of the Federal state educational standard of preschool education on the subject of environmental education and environmental activities in pre-school organizations is provided. The author highlights the direction of the environmental education of children of senior preschool age in digital realities. 

Keywords:

environmental education, children of senior preschool age, pedagogical science, conditions, regulatory legal documents.

P. 178-186

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION
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DESIGN OF SUPPLEMENTARY TRAINING PROGRAMS IN DIGITAL LITERACY

Osipova Olga P., Danilova Tatyana N.

Abstract.

The article covers the issues connected with design of the supplementary training programs focused on forming and developing the professional competences of educators in the sphere of digital literacy. The process of forming educators’ digital literacy is considered in the social, ideological, organizational and technological aspects. An attempt of algorithmization of supplementary training programs design in the context of digital economy is made.

Keywords:

digital literacy, educational programs design, supplementary training program, educational program, education digitalization, supplementary professional education. 

P. 187-201

 

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THE MODEL OF LEARNING QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN AN ADAPTIVE NETWORK
EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Boyarinov Dmitry A.

Abstract.

The problem of managing the quality of education in an adaptive networked educational environment is dealt with in the article. The key elements of the author’s model of learning quality management in an adaptive networked educational environment are outlined in the article. The modern views on the conceptual apparatus associated with the management of the quality of education are analyzed. The objectives and quality management tools are considered in the article. A system of principles of quality management is being built. Six levels of quality (quality of design, quality of resources and information and methodological support, quality of implementation, quality of impact on students, quality of integration (quality of socialization) of students, quality of reflection of the needs of society) are considered in the article. For each level of quality, the corresponding quality criteria are determined. A complex of seven key parameters of the system evaluated as a conceptual basis for quality assessment methods is proposed. Key parameters include: the parameter of finale result; the parameter of design; the parameter of feedback; the parameter of normalization; the parameter of management; the parameter of synergy; the parameter of optimization. A quality assessment system is considered, which includes six levels of expression of the corresponding quality parameters (“absent”, “not adequate”, “partially adequate”, “medium”, “fairly well”, “completely adequate”).

Keywords: 

adaptive networked educational environment, quality of education, quality management, quality management model, the principles of quality management, quality criteria, levels of quality.

P. 202-211

 

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CONTENT OF TEACHING BUSINESS FOREIGN LANGUAGES TO NON-ECONOMIC MASTER STUDENTS

Tsvetkova Svetlana E., Mineeva Olga A.

Abstract.

Opportunities to participate in international educational projects, the expansion of international business contacts have caused the growth of the importance of mastering business foreign language for the future Master of Education. The article discusses the goals and objectives of teaching a business foreign language to students in non-economic Master’s programs. The features of the content of education are substantiated,  namely, the input foreign language information and educational technologies that determine shaping of intercultural communicative competence of Master students in the field of professional and business communication.

Keywords: 

business foreign language, foreign language input information, educational technology, goals, objectives, learning content.

P. 212-222

 

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HEURISTIC CONVERSATION WHILE STUDYING THE ADVANCED MATHEMATICS WITHIN THE COMPETENCY BUILDING APPROACH

Solovyeva Svetlana A.

Abstract.

The aim of the Higher School in this day is not only to give knowledge to students, but also to form competency in them. One of the development methods of super-subject competencies is a heuristic conversation. The possibility of forming by means of mathematics the skills of effective goal-setting, searching the ways of achieving goals, developing the operational thinking, communication skills is reflected in the article on the basis on the personal experience. The conclusions are illustrated by the examples of these competencies development during the study of one section. Further research is possible in the direction of analysis of heuristic conversation appliance to form other supersubject competencies, as well as to study the interconnections of heuristic conversation with  other innovative methods of learning with the aim of improving their effectiveness. 

Keywords:

competencies, heuristic conversation, Mathematics, integration, goal setting, organization of activity, system thinking, intellect map. 

P. 223-231

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DEVELOPMENT OF NONLINEAR THINKING OF FUTURE FASHION DESIGNERS USING THE METHOD OF STYLIZATION OF FOLK COSTUME STRUCTURES

Eremina Natalia A.

Abstract. 

The article deals with the problem of application of the method of nonlinear thinking to form modern skills of design culture in future fashion designers. The development of the project process is best realized on the examples of studying the structure of the national costume. The method of searching for a rational design solution by holographic combination method is revealed on practical examples of costume modeling with the help of structural clichés or patterns of the folk dress complex. The logic and simplicity of the structural and compositional structure of the folk costume makes it possible to comprehend the principle of combining structural units in search of a rational solution to the design problem. The article provides practical examples of the development of tasks for the development of design principles on the basis of structural analysis of the structure of the national costume. 

Keywords:

innovative specialist, nonlinear thinking, holographic combination, engineering design, structure of a folk costume, patterns, professional competence.

P. 232-245

  

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THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES DEVELOPMENT IN THE SPHERE OF ADDITIONAL EDUCATION OF ADULTS AND CHILDREN

Vasilieva Lydia L.

Abstract. 

The aim of the given research is to ground the necessity of the integration of the advanced digital technologies into the Russian educational environment along with the sphere of additional education. General scientific and empiric methods of research are applied. The author comes to the conclusion of the digitalization in education having its great opportunities due to its being an alternative form of the learning process organization whose flexibility and up-to-date methods of data processing and submission draw greater public. 

Keywords:

additional education, digitalization, online learning, educational process, online platforms, digital systems.

P. 246-250

  

Wednesday, 17 July 2019 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2019 №3

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 3-2019

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

 

ONTOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY

 

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THE EXPERIENCE OF SOCIAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL EXPLANATION OF THE PROBLEM OF «FAKES» AND «FILTER BUBBLES» ON THE WEB

Gurov Philip N.

Abstract. 

This article discusses the problems of formation of information bubbles of filters and the latest technologies of mind control in the dynamically changing realities of the information society. The specificity of the virtual network subject of activity is analyzed. A general principle of verifying an online information message is proposed, and practical ways of recognizing unreliable information (fakes) on the Web are described. Such key characteristics of digital reality as “streaming” and “amplification”, “personalization” and “thematization” are revealed. Informatization is considered as a source of sociocultural changes.

Keywords:

informatization, information and communication technologies (ICT), virtual anonymous networking subject (VANS), “filter bubble”, “fake”.

P. 9-20

      

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY
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E. ILYENKOV’S PROBLEM OF IDEAL AND A NEW IMAGE OF CONSCIOUSNESS

Schastlivtsev Roman A.

Abstract.

The article presents a new interpretation of E. V. Ilyenkov’s concept of ideal. It is shown that Ilyenkov’s understanding of the ideal allows its interpretation in the spirit of modern medial concepts. In this regard, the ideal can be understood as culture in general. The evolutionary approach to this problem allows us to find the rudiments of the ideal in nature. A broad view on the problem of the ideal through the prism of mediality makes it possible to use the dialectic of the direct-indirect. The latter helps to present the ideal as a system of mediations of the material primarily in the human culture. Thus, the ideal appears as formulated, acquired a material form of activity, history and culture indefinite internal mental process, the beginning of which lies also in the activity, history, culture. Action, image, text can be regarded as an external form, inseparable from the internal ideal form.

Keywords:

Ilyenkov, ideal, mediality, mediated, activity, institutionalized environment, suspension.

P. 21-26

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
General psychology, personality psychology, history of psychology 
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PERCEPTIVE ABILITIES OF VIRTUAL SPACE RESIDENTS ON THE EXAMPLE OF PHENOMENA IN ACTION

Sapogova Elena E.

Abstract.

This article is devoted to the study of the influence of the specific conditions of the virtual space on perceptual abilities within the framework of perception of phenomena in the action of cyberspace residents aged 18–22 years. The residents of cyberspace were divided into an experimental group and a control one as they stay daily and systematically in the virtual space. The experimental group consisted of cyber-active residents with the experience of more than 7 years, and the control group – less cyber-active residents with the experience from 3 to 8 years. Animal figures representing various movements of people were used as the experimental material. The stimulus material allows the subjects to determine the amount of the amount of correctly and erroneously perceived actions, and the amount of the quantity of correctly and erroneously perceived phenomena. Significant differences were  obtained between cyber-active and less cyberactive residents of the virtual space in terms of the number of erroneously perceived actions. 

Keywords:

perception of phenomena in action, perceptual productivity, cyberspace, Internet resources, hypertext, sign, virtual reality, cyberspace residents.

P. 27-34 

 

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
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PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL DIAGNOSTICS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN IN THE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE NATIONAL SCHOOL

Kurilkina Valentina N., Vinokurova Ekaterina Spiridonovna

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the acute issue of psychological and pedagogical support of the educational process in the national school. In the context of globalization, the problem of the ethnic and national identity of children and young people is important. There is a close interaction and interpenetration of cultures, the mutual influence of ethnic groups. In some national republics there is a threat of language extinction. Under these conditions, it is of great interest to study the development of the personality of a child studying in the national school. The aim of the study is to determine the psychological and pedagogical methods to diagnose the student’s personal development in the environment of the national school. The article discusses the main directions and principles of the organization of educational activities of the national school (using the example of a primary school-laboratory at NEFU), the potentials of psychological and pedagogical support for children at school, methods of psychological and pedagogical diagnosis of primary school children. The article presents the principles of the organization of the educational process in the national school, defined by V. E. Stepanova.The  results of the study show that there is a need to develop a complex of medical, psychological and pedagogical support for students of the national school that satisfies the principles of humanism, spiritual and intellectual self-development.

Keywords:

conception, national school, ethnopedagogy, spiritual development, selfawareness, self-development, ethnic identity, psychological and pedagogical diagnostics, psychological testing, personal growth, primary school.

P. 35-42

 

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EMOTIONAL BURNOUT OF TEACHERS WITH DIFFERENT TYPES OF ECONOMIC SELF-DETERMINATION

Safukova Nadezda N.

Abstract.

The article deals with the issue of correlation between the teachers’ emotional burnout and different types of economic selfdetermination, as well as satisfaction with their professional choice and its results and the attitude to the economic circumstances of their lives, to material benefits and their sources. As a result of the comparative and correlation analysis it has been revealed that there is a relationship between the level of manifestation of the emotional burnout syndrome in teachers and the types of the economic selfdetermination.

Keywords:

emotional (professional) burnout, economic self-determination, teachers.

P. 43-50

  

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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THE USE OF THE “ANTI-PLAGIARISM” SYSTEM IN UNIVERSITY

Khovanskaya Tatyana V., Sandirova Marina N.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to an acute issue of use of the “Anti-plagiarism” system in university. The authors analyze the state of this issue both abroad and in Russia, as well as regulations that guide the need and procedure for using this system of borrowings detection. Characteristic features, capabilities and modules of the “Anti-plagiarism” system as well as types of borrowing are identified and described. Special attention is paid to the need for a differentiated approach to the assessment of the originality of scientific works.

Keywords:

“Anti-plagiarism” system, types of borrowing, self-citation, analysis of the content, originality of scientific works.

P. 51-58

 

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DEVELOPING NECESSARY COMPETENCES WITH STUDENTS – FUTURE DIGITAL SOCIETY EMPLOYEES

Shornikova Natalia Y.

Abstract.

At this stage in daily occurrence there is a digitalization of many aspects of our life. New digital thinking is formed, workis transformed. Students gain and create knowledge in the digital environment. There is question: what competences have to be created  during training in a higher education institution to become a relevant and competitive worker? Having analyzed opinions of scientists on what skills (competences) are necessary for workers in the digital society, there is obvious a need to correct competences which have to be developed with students according to the Federal State Educational Standard of Higher Education taking into account the occupational standards. The author offers formulations of universal competences. 

Keywords:

competences, universal competences, digital skills, digitalization, digital society.

P. 59-64

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION
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THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF AESTHETIC EDUCATION OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

Komarova Tamara S., Moskvina Anna S.

Abstract.

In this article, the authors examine the theoretical and methodological foundations of the aesthetic education of children of preschool age in modern conditions. The analysis of the phenomenon of aesthetic education is presented. The essential features of a children’s drawing as a psychological and pedagogical phenomenon are revealed. The problematics of the possibilities of each child are updated. The mission and tasks of the visual activity in the pedagogical process of the pre-school educational organization are highlighted. Organizational and pedagogical conditions affecting the full aesthetic education of a child in the pre-school educational organization in the digital world are described. 

Keywords:

aesthetic education, a preschool child, theoretical and methodological foundations, conditions, phenomenon, a children’s drawing, graphic activity.

P. 65-71

 

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MODELING THE CONTINUOUS MILITARY VOCATIONAL EDUCATION ENVIRONMENT: METHODOLOGY AND PRACTICE

Golub Vladimir V.

Abstract.

The article features the problems of modeling the military professional education environment on the basis of general scientific approaches and principles, taking into account the special scientific and historical and methodological features of its development. The aim of the author is to highlight certain aspects of the developed and implemented methodology for modeling the environment of military vocational education during the reformation period, ensuring an increase in the professional and personal readiness of a military specialist and motivation in constant self-development.

Keywords:

pedagogical modeling, pedagogical validity, spatial approach, innovative project, educational environment, methodology, systemintegrative approach.

P. 66-82 

  

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION
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THE DEVELOPMENT OF CREATIVE ABILITIES IN PRESCHOOL AND PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN: THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL GROUNDS

Boyko Irina N.

Abstact.

In this article, the author reveals he agenda of developing creative abilities in children of preschool and primary school age from the standpoint of theoretical and methodological foundations. Creative abilities as a phenomenon of psychological and pedagogical science are covered. The analysis of the theory of the issue is given, the statements of teachers and psychologists on this issue are revealed. The approaches to understanding the category of abilities are highlighted. The factors of forming any kind of abilities in a person are described. The aspects of the development of creative abilities are considered. Criteria for creativity are defined. The levels of development of creative abilities in children of preschool and primary school age are characterized. 

Keywords:  

creative abilities, children of preschool and primary school age, analysis, theory, methods, criteria, creativity, innovation in psychological and pedagogical science and practice.

P. 83-90

 

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THE RESEARCH INTO REPRESENTATION OF FAMILY VALUES BY PRESCHOOL EDUCATORS

Gorbunova Olesya F., Sultanbaeva Klavdia I.

Abstract.

The article presents the results of an empirical research which contains the information about the value-oriented trends of teachers’ of Khakass preschool institutions of today. The analyses of the results promoted the conclusion that there are qualitative changes in the preschool educators’ perception of family values.

Keywords:

value, family values, preschool educator, family values representation.

P. 91-98

 

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FORMING PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF INTENDED PRESCHOOL TEACHERS

Bykovskaya Tamara E.

Abstract.

The article deals with the problem of training intended teachers of preschool institutions, aimed at the forming their professional competence. The main characteristics and pedagogical conditions contributing to its forming are presented; the stages, tasks and technologies of formation are revealed.

Keywords:

professional competence, agency, autonomy, reflection, achievement motivation, professional self-awareness, simulation modeling of practice-oriented professional activities.

P. 99-105

 

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SPORT IN A UNIVERSITY AS AN OPEN PHYSICAL-EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT FOR PREPARING A CREATIVE PE TEACHER

Nikiforov Yuriy B., Grishin Yuriy Yu.

Abstract.

The article covers issues related to sport and its recreational work in universities as a single concept. The analysis of development of student sports in Russia allows us to state that its formation went through several stages. The modern stage is characterized by the emergence of new tasks set for the physical education in higher education institution. These  tasks are aimed not only at the development of students’ physical abilities, but also their inspirations for physical training and sport, shaping the values of healthy way of life, where the physical activity is a necessary condition. 

Keywords:

physical training and sport, weightlifting, educational environment, professional activity, youth.

P. 106-112

 

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AKTIVATING FOREIGN STUDENTS’ EDUCATIONAL-COGNITIVE ACTIVITY AT THE INITIAL STAGE OF TRAINING AT A MEDICAL UNIVERSITY: EXPERIENCE AND THE MEANS OF REALIZATION

Oleshko Tamara V., Sayamova Valentina I., Dorofeev Vadim A.

Abstract. 

Some questions of foreign students’ educational cognitive activity at the preuniversity stage of training at the medical university and the means of its activation are discussed in the article: cognitive interest forming, studying motivation and students’ active position in the training process, students’ self-regulation of this activity, intention to create, mutual enrichment of a teacher and a student’s effective activity, creation of a trusting relationship between them, a teacher’s pedagogical skill among them.  As we think the results of the pedagogical  bservations contribute to well-known patterns of the learning process, help to form a foreign student’s personality as an intended doctor, and relate to the educational tasks in the medical university.

Keywords:

educational-cognitive activity, motivation, activation, foreign students, preuniversity stage of training, speech activity,cognitive interest. 

P. 113-123

 

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NATIONAL CULTURE AS A HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS EDUCATION CONDITION
(A CASE STUDY OF THE SAKHA REPUBLIC (YAKUTIA))

Popova Marfa N.

Abstract.

The article reveals the issue of forming the national identity in high school students. The idea that the national identity formation is impossible without the use of the pedagogical capabilities of the national culture is substantiated. National culture has always been and still remains an intellectual resource, the focus of unique cultural processes, the spiritual and moral core and the source of people’s livelihood. The basic culture of the Sakha people is education in the course of joint educational, cognitive and labor activities of children and adults. During this joint activity, everyone performs the role assigned to them. The essence of the child-adult educational community “parents – teachers – children” is close to the folk traditions of upbringing. The article also discusses the traditions and customs of the Yakut people and their use in raising the younger generation and summarizes the practical experience of the schools of Yakutia. 

Keywords:

national culture, Yakut traditions, customs, school, high school students, parents, teachers, interaction.

P. 124-130

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION
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USING THE TECHNOLOGY OF DYNAMIC COMPUTER TESTING IN MANAGING THE QUALITY OF STUDENTS’ PROGRAMMING TRAINING

Kuzmin Dmitry N., Bortnovsky Sergey V., Kosmynina Irina N.

Abstract.

The article proposes the solutio to the problem of managing the quality of students’ programming training. We propose to use a dynamic computer testing technology to solve this problem. The article presents some features of this technology. It also describes the structural-functional model of the training and diagnostic system as well as the process of interaction of student with the system. In addition, the article presents the conclusions on the perspective of the using this technology in managing the quality of students’ programming training. 

Keywords:

dynamic computer testing, managing the training quality, control of the learning outcomes, programming, informatics and ICT.

P. 131-138

 

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CREATIVE THINKING DEVELOPMENT BY MEANS OF NON-TRIVIAL TASKS

Shimelfenig Oleg V.

Abstract.

The paper states that traditional methods and the latest technology always work on the development of the same abilities: to think, to analyze, to find creative solutions, to take responsibility, to quickly navigate the changing circumstances. There have been considered simple tasks from different areas of knowledge, which, however, provide an opportunity to develop the skills of selfobservation, analytical thinking, to build an adequate pattern of events in general and they also teach the methodological technique of reducing the problem to such a “marginal” form when its solution becomes obvious. 

Keywords: 

tradition, innovation, skills, tasks, analytical thinking, methodology. 

P. 138-146

 

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ON THE EDUCATIONAL ROUTES CHOICES FOR THE APPLICANTS TO TECHNICAL AND SCIENTIFIC COLLEGES

Badaev Yuri L.

Abstract.

In connection with the reform of the education system in Russia and the introduction of the Unified State Exam as the only form of examination for admission to a university, school-leavers often face an issue of choosing an alternative educational route in order to get admitted to a college of further education with further application to a college of higher education escaping the exam procedure. This article describes the features of these routes.

Keywords: 

educational route, College, University, education.  

P. 147-152

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF PRACTICAL TASKS WHILE TEACHING MATHEMATICS TO STUDENTS OF THE SOCIO-HUMANITARIAN PROFILES

Kislyakova Maria А., Polichka Anatoly E.

Abstract.

The article presents the author’s approach to the formation of professional competence with students of sociohumanitarian profiles to apply the methods of mathematics to professional activities through the developed system of practical tasks. There have been drawn the examples of practical tasks for the students of socio-humanitarian profiles – “Advertising and Public Relations”,“Teacher Education”, “Psychology”, “Social  Work”. 

Keywords:

profession-oriented tasks, methods of teaching mathematics, practical tasks, students of socio-humanitarian profiles. 

P. 153-161

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TEACHING ASPECTS OF A FOREIGN LANGUAGE ONLINE

Ignatenko Irina I.

Abstract. 

The author examines the reasons for the growing popularity of online learning: price and territorial accessibility, saving time, the possibility of a flexible approach to individual needs, the modern image. The article shows ways to overcome the pedagogical and technical difficulties with new online teachers. The author reveals some features of the methodological techniques and technical resources of various aspects of the online language learning: reading, listening, speaking and writing. Examples of the use of innovative technical resources for independent learning of creative writing are given. The role of feedback and the features of error correction in an online lesson are shown.  

Keywords:

online language learning, learning platform, interactive whiteboard, shared screen, language aspects. 

P. 162-168

  

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FORMING PRESENTATION SKILLS IN FOREIGN PHILOLOGY STUDENTS
WITH THE USE OF MODERN MULTIMEDIA MEANS

Georgiadi Alexandra A., Georgiadi Alexander K.

Abstract. 

The paper analyses the experience of the formation of presentation skills in foreign philology students with the use of modern multimedia technology. The authors clarify the essence of the concept of an intended foreign language teacher’s presentation skills in the context of modern pedagogical research  and discuss the potential of using such multimedia means as programs for creating slide presentations, video presentations and augmented reality in teaching foreign languages. 

Keywords:

philology students, intended foreign language teacher, presentation, presentation skills, multimedia means, Power Point, video clip, augmented reality. 

P. 169-176 

  

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PROJECT-BASED LEARNING WITH THE TIPS ELEMENTS AS A TRIGGER
OF THE STUDENTS' EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY

Sakulina Julia V., Nikulina Tatiana V.

Abstract. 

In the article various learning technologies of optimizing the teaching and learning process with the TIPS methods application are considered. The lessons covering gnostic and research tasks promote acquisition of knowledge and development of necessary competencies of students’. TIPS is a unique method of activating the students’ work and it allows to individualize the training process. The authors draw an example of the modification of the information search system on the Internet with the use of the TIPS elements. This technology allows students to develop the necessary professional competency.

Keywords:

training, Theory of Inventive Problem Solving, learning technology, self-education, competencies.

P. 177-183

 

 

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REALIZATION OF THE EDUCATIONAL FUNCTION OF THE EMOTIONALLY-VALUABLE COMPONENT OF THE CONTENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE EDUCATION IN KIROV LYCEUM OF ECONOMICS AND LAW

Tatarinova Maya N., Volkova Εlena M.

Abstract. 

The purpose of this article is to describe the experience of implementing the educational function of the emotionally-valuable component of the content of foreign language education in Kirov lyceum of economics and law. The relevance of the study is related to the need to emphasize the personal and emotional components of students’ perception of a different lingo-culture and to the importance of  comparing this experience with their knowledge and feelings. However, the implementation of the experience of students’ emotionallyvaluable relations in the design and realization of the content of foreign language education still occurs randomly and intuitively. The object of our study in this article is the emotionallyvaluable component of the content of foreign language education. The subject is the educational function of this component. Its successful fulfilment is linked with the change and enlargement of students’ values, motives, relationships, personal positions. The final goal is to meet the needs of personal growth and development of students as subjects of the dialogue of cultures. 

Keywords:

the emotionally-valuable component of the content of foreign language education, the educational function, development of the experience of students’ emotionally-valuable relations, the approaches, principles and regulations of the educational function realization.

P. 184-195

 

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION
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THE THEORETICAL BASIS OF THE EUROPEAN PRACTICE OF TEACHERS’ TEAM BUILDING IN NON-FORMAL EDUCATION

Frolova Daria I.

Abstract.

The article deals with the issue of introducing non-formal teaching methods in the European formal education system. At the moment, at the European level, there is a growing tendency to assess non-formal and formal education, and great attention is paid to the introduction of non-formal working methods in the traditional educational ways. The issues of traditional classes and of preventing early school leaving are covered. The article provides definitions that characterize formal and nonformal education and training.

Keywords:

team building of teachers, nonformal education, traditional education, alternative education, formal education.

P. 196-199 

 

Wednesday, 22 May 2019 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2019 №2

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 2-2019

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

 

History of Philosophy

 

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THE AESTHETICS OF AKMEISM: THE ISSUE OF NATURE OF THE ART IMAGE

Zanegina Anastasiya A..

Abstract. 

The article is devoted to the analysis of the category of the image in eidolology – an akmeistic image-making sphere. This text proves that eidolology is the basis of the aesthetic system of Akmeism. Eidolology generates in itself specific images – eidolons. These images were the only correct ones, suitable for creating the ideal artistic work by akmeist-poets. Particular attention is paid to the specifics of the eidolon and the nature of their functioning in a poetic text. The article also explores the communicative, aestheticperceptive aspect of poetry in Akmeism. 

Keywords:

Akmeism, symbolism, the philosophy of creativity, the artistic image, eidolology, eidolon.

P. 9-17

      

Philosophy of science and technology
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THEOLOGY AND PEDAGOGY IN THE MODERN UNIVERSITY: THE BASICS OF SYNERGY

Divnogortseva Svetlana Yu.

Abstract.

The author argues in favour of two ways of theological knowledge with the content of modern pedagogical education interaction. The first path is associated with the training of teachers of religious faith and culture. It must be variable-based, take into account the ideological orientation of students and therefor include studying theological courses as a General theoretical preparation and methodologically oriented disciplines in the content of their training. At the same time, the author offers ways of improving pedagogical training of students of theological seminaries and academies, departments of theology, aimed at the future teaching of religious faith and culture. The second way is connected with the study of history and theory of the Orthodox pedagogical culture in a pedagogical university. The Orthodox pedagogical culture has historically dominated in the domestic educational environment for a millennium. It is based on the theological doctrine that includes the Orthodox anthropology. The author gives her own experience of building the content of teacher education in the faith-based University as an example of the implementation of the theology and pedagogy interaction. This experience can be adapted for use in other higher education institutions.

Keywords:

theology, pedagogy, the Orthodox pedagogical culture, pedagogical education.

P. 18-27

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
General psychology, personality psychology, history of psychology 
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EXISTENTIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF “NOSTALGIA WITHOUT MEMORY” EXPERIENCE

Sapogova Elena E.

Abstract.

The author’s analysis of the experience of “nostalgia without memory” recorded in modern generations of young and adult people is performed in the paradigm of existential psychology. It is described as a phenomenon of the subject’s life world which appears in the context of the changing reality of human existence, characterized by the need to adapt to the increasing difficulty of choosing a development trajectory and overcoming uncertainty/indeterminacy. The relations of the experience of “nostalgia without memory” with the existential expectations of the individual and self-perception are considered. The factors that stimulate the experience of “nostalgia without memory” in the “Me-Me-Me generation” are described: the inclination to prolong the status of a psychological consumer; the long-term parent overprotection; the tendency to avoid taking responsibility for the course and psychological content of one’s own life; the acceptance of the carpe diem strategy, etc.

Keywords:

nostalgia, “nostalgia withoutmemory”, uncertainty/indeterminacy, existential expectations, identity, personality, life world.

P. 28-45

 

 

Educational psychology
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REPRESENTATIONS OF SIGNIFICANT ABSTRACT CONCEPTS IN ADOLESCENCE

Dikova Mariya V., Zhuravleva Inna A.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the study of the features of ideas about abstract concepts in adolescence. The phenomena of “representations” and “abstract concepts”, features of personality development in adolescence are explored. The results of an empirical study of the features of significant abstract concepts in adolescence are presented. The hierarchy of significant abstract concepts in the modern world among young men and girls is formed; the content and essence of the notion of abstract concepts are studied.

Keywords:

abstract concept, representation, personality, adolescence.

P. 46-54

 

Psychology of labor, engineering psychology, ergonomics

 

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COLOR SYMBOLISM AND MARKETING COMMUNICATIONS

Malsagova Madina I.

Abstract.

The article deals with the issues of color symbolism in realizing marketing communications as well as the factors causing comprehension of color space. Visual perception, as the researches suggest, in many respects defines the color: stimulating the photoreceptors it is capable to trigger various psychological spirit. This trait has found a broad application in marketing and in design decisions to draw attention of wide audience. The given research analyzes significant features of the color system of symbolic names, emblems, and adverts of large companies.

Keywords:

color, psychology of color, color theory, color influence, color perception, color scheme, color symbolism, branding, logos, emblems, advertising.

P. 55-60

 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
Modernization of education

 

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MEASUREMENT PROCEDURES AND RATING WITHIN THE ALL-RUSSIAN AND REGIONAL SYSTEMS OF EDUCATION QUALITY ASSESSMENT 

Belousov Konstantin Yu.

Abstract.

The article describes the variety of measurement procedures implemented within the framework of the unified system of education quality assessment in Russia. The author raises the issue of perception of evaluation procedures as tools to control the activities of teachers by a number of Saint Petersburg schools’ teachers’. The emphasis is placed on the need to change the pedagogical community’s attitude towards the measurement procedures implemented within the quality assessment system. With regard to the rating, it is proposed to hold a broad public discussion in order to develop common approaches and criteria for the preparation of school ratings both in the country as a whole and in regions in particular.

Keywords:

measuring procedures in education, rating, quality assessment system, schools, teachers.

P. 61-71

 

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PATENT SEARCH IN THE SYSTEM OF HIGHER EDUCATION

Shlekova Inna Yu., Knysh Andrei I., Korchevskaya Yulia V.

Abstract.

The article presents a pedagogical project and the results of its implementation. A plan of practical exercises based on the patent sector of the regional scientific library is proposed. The high efficiency of holding such classes in the course of training of engineers is shown.

Keywords:

patent search, pedagogical design, patent, intellectual property, training of engineers, invention.

P. 72-79 

 

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RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT: WORLD EXPERIENCE

Maltceva Ekaterina Yu.

Abstract.

Modern society in the context of social and economic changes faces a variety of open questions, one of which is humanization of the civic and societal life of the society. The process of humanization is traced through all the spheres of the societal functioning, especially in education. The education sector of the recent years tends to design a comfortable learning environment for all members of the society despite their ethnicity, race and gender, social status or health problems. This tendency brings about a new learning model – inclusive education, which is aimed at the integration of people with health limitations into the process of education. The author of the article examines the issue of inclusive education, period of its development in Russia and abroad, and main principles which form the basis for the inclusive education and which should be observed while teaching people with health limitations. Stages of development of the inclusive education in some foreign countries (European countries, USA and Japan) as well as in Russia have been analyzed. The conducted historical research on the education development shows that the foreign countries have been carrying out this work for a long period and have had successful results of its implementation and realization, while the Russian practice reveals the entry level of realization of the inclusive approach to educating people with health limitations.

Keywords:

inclusive education, principles, disabled people, mainstreaming, humanization.

P. 80-88 

      

Theory of education
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THE IMPACT OF IMMIGRATION PROCESSES ON THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SUBJECTS OF THE EDUCATIONAL SPACE OF THE UNITED STATES: AN ANALYSIS OF MODERN DETERMINANTS 

Danilova Marina V.

Abstract.

The article analyzes the dynamics of migration processes in the United States. The resources of the Institute for Migration Policy (MPI), the American Community Survey (ACS) data were used. The situation is presented in the ethnic, age, educational aspects. We consider the issues of illegal immigration, the facts of the unaccompanied children’s arrival into the country. Attention is focused on educational problems related to the intensity of the load on public schools, overcrowding, and limited English proficiency of immigrant students.

Keywords:

immigration, poverty, limited English proficiency, academic success.

P. 80-96 

 

History of pedagogy and education
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CULTURAL, PEDAGOGIC AND EDUCATIONAL INFLUENCE OF THE RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH ON THE PROCESS OF FORMING THE SYSTEM OF PRIMARY PUBLIC EDUCATION OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX CENTURY

Konstantinova Natalia D.

Abstract.

This article is based on a brief analysis regarding the role of the Russian Orthodox Church in the primary education of Russia of the second half of the 19th century and the 21st century. The text contains information on the status of the issue of introducing the subject of the “Basics of religious cultures and secular ethics” in the course of 4th grade of primary school, as well as the historical foundations, which in many respects became key to the “Basics of Orthodox Culture” module.

Keywords:

Basics of religious cultures and secular ethics, primary education, Russian Orthodox Church, parochial school, K. P. Pobedonostsev.

P. 97-105

 

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MAIN DIRECTIONS OF DEVELOPMENT OF DOMESTIC EDUCATION AND PEDAGOGY OF THE FIRST HALF OF THE XX CENTURY

Boguslavskiy Mikhail V., etc.

Abstract.

This article reviews the research and interpretation of the national education and the pedagogy development process of the first half of the 20th century. The study showed that in 1920s – 40s, the Soviet Pedagogy developed mostly in the social pedagogical and cognitive directions, while the immigrant pedagogy followed the cultural anthropological path, which later on, gave way to the Christian anthropological, Orthodox pedagogical, and individual humanistic, and cognitive schools. Thus, we can state that despite global social and political disasters of the first half of the 20th century, all the basic schools of the national pedagogy developed continuously throughout 1920s – 40s.

Keywords:

history of Pedagogy, history of education, first half of the 20th century, Soviet school.

P. 106-116

 

 

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AMERICAN UNIVERSITIES AS THE SOURCES OF JOHN DEWEY’S PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND SCIENTIFIC OUTLOOK

Rogacheva Elena Yu.

Abstract.

The paper is devoted to an American scientist, philosopher and educator, John Dewey (1859–1952), who could turn 160 years old in 2019. A special attention is paid to Dewey’s professional and scientific work in Michigan, Chicago and Columbia University.

Keywords:

John Dewey’s professional development, scientific outlook, Michigan University, Chicago and Columbian periods.

P. 117-127

 

New research in education
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INTEGRATION OF UNIVERSITIES AND SCHOOLS AS A CONDITION FOR STRENGTHENING PRACTICE-ORIENTED TRAINING OF A FUTURE SUBJECT TEACHER

Altukhova Svetlana O.

Abstact.

The article discusses the issue of creation and functioning of a specialized department of a pedagogical university, special aspects of its interaction with educational partner institutions, development of the educational process and the involvement of professionals with practical experience in professional activities.

Keywords:

Lipetsk State Pedagogical University named after P. P. Semenov-Tyan Shansky, specialized department, practice-orientation, teaching practice.

P. 128-135

 

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THE CONCEPT OF “ORGANIZATIONAL AND MANAGEREAL TASKS”: THE OPINIONS OF THE AUTHORS OF THE EDUCATIONAL STANDARDS OF PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION AND SCIENTISTS

Stroykina Lyubov V.

Abstract.

The article deals with the concept of “organizational and managerial tasks of professional activity” in two aspects: from the point of view of the developers of the FSES HE in pedagogical education and from the position of the scientists involved in the problems of pedagogical management. The analysis of scientific statements showed the ambiguity of interpretations of the concept. In this paper we suggest considering the organizational and management tasks, basing on the general functions described in the professional standard “Teacher”.

Keywords:

organizational and management tasks, organizational and management activity, professional standard, job description.

P. 136-144

 

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TRAINING OF BACHELORS OF EDUCATION FOR HEALTH-CREATIVE ACTIVITY IN THE CONTEXT OF THE MODERNIZATION OF RUSSIAN EDUCATION

Novikov Denis S.

Abstract.

The article deals with the requirements which the modernization of Russian education makes to the preparation of Bachelors in pedagogical universities in the field of preserving and strengthening the student’s health. The author believes that this training should not be focused on the procedural and technological elements of health-creative activity as much as on the students’ mastering the ideal of health-creative activity. It is this ideal that makes the healthcreative activity meaningful, orients the person towards the use of health as a natural basis for self-realization and implementation of the chosen life strategy.

Keywords:

Bachelor of Education, modernization of education, health-creative activity, ideal of health-creative activity, readiness for health-creative activity, subject of post-industrial modernization.

P. 145-155

 

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FORMING STUDENTS’ ABILITY TO DEBATE AT PRACTICAL LESSONS ON HISTORY IN HIGHER SCHOOL

Demina Svetlana S.

Abstract.

Shaping students’ ability to debate is connected with some difficulties. The author notes a gradual character of this process. The regular use of this teaching method (from its simple forms to more complex ones) at practical lessons will permit to form effectively students’ability to debate.

Keywords:

teaching in higher school, history teaching, teaching methods, ability to debate, group discussion, argumentation.

P. 156-161

 

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MONITORING THE COMPETENCE QUALITY OF THE GRADUATES’ OF DEPARTMENTAL EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS OF EMERCOM OF RUSSIA

Bulgakov Vladislav V., Samoilov Dmitry B., Maslov Alexey V.

Abstract.

Monitoring the quality of graduates’competence is an urgent task for educational organizations of the State Firefighting Service of the Ministry of Emergencies of Russia. The heads of practical units of the State Firefighting Service, into which young specialists are distributed to perform functions in the field of state fire supervision, investigation and examination of fires and firefighting, developed questionnaires to assess graduates in order to identify gaps in training. The results of the questionnaire survey carried out by the heads of practical units presented in the article reflect the level of forming professional competencies and business qualities of graduates’; the analysis of those results contributes to the development of activities in the field of the organization of the educational process and its methodological support aimed at improving the quality of training in Ivanovo Fire Rescue Academy of State Firefighting Service of EMERCOM of Russia.

Keywords:

monitoring, questionnaire, professional competence, business qualities, cadets, State Fire-Fighting Service.

P. 162-174

 

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SOCIAL SUPPORT FOR THE FORMER PRISONERS UNDER THE CONDITIONS
OF THE POSTPENITENTIARY SYSTEM

Kolesov Vladimir I., Smolonskaya Anna N., Smolonskii Sergei I.

Abstract.

In the article the main social support for the former prisoners in the conditions of the post-penitentiary system is revealed and analyzed. The process of the socialization of people of this category is considered, which is based on the moral culture, the system of social relations and labor activity. The paper describes the importance of labor and the collective in rethinking the life position and outlook.

Keywords:

post-penitentiary system, social support, labor activity, labor relations.

P. 175-179

 

Innovative technologies in education
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THE ROLE OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN AN ADAPTIVE NETWORK EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Boyarinov Dmitry A.

Abstract.

The article discusses the role of the social media in an adaptive network educational environment. It also considers the modern domestic and foreign approaches to the definition of the “social media” concept and the description of their role in the educational process. There are some constructive conclusions made in the article that one should take into account while designing an adaptive network educational environment and which can be used as the basis for a model of usage of the social media in this educational environment. These conclusions are: the expediency of using specially created networks, the crucial importance of quick access to information (“one click” access); usage of the search by full-text query as the main search tool. The main components of a social network within the framework of an adaptive network educational environment are identified. These components are: “groups”, “blog” and “my page”. The factors that determine the effectiveness of these components as tools for organizing the work of students are analyzed in the article. The essential role of the means of motivation and providing feedback is noted. The creation of special groups is proposed as a form of such means. The minimum required set of elements in such groups is highlighted in the article. That set includes: title; main text field; a set of discussion forums; wall comments. A model of the use of the social media in an adaptive network educational environment contributing to the implementation of the property of intermodality is proposed. The fact that the individualization of the learning environment will give learners the opportunity for creative expression in learning activities is emphasized in the article. The fact that social networks naturally and effectively reflect the contours of the existing social relationships is noted. This fact is crucial in terms of giving a key feature (which is adaptability) to the designed educational environment.

Keywords:

adaptive network educational environment, social media, social networks, social software, intermodality.

P. 180-187

 

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ELECTRONIC LEARNING RESOURCES IN THE PRACTICE-ORIENTED EDUCATION

Yakhtanigova Zhanna M.

Abstract.

The mission of the practiceoriented education is training of wellgrounded professionals in the light of modern requirements for quality of education as well as shaping both professional and personal traits in future graduates. The extremely valuable educational resources are electronic learning ones. The need for them is, first of all, put down to the poor interactive teachware, especially in in the segment of practice of all kinds. The Department of practical and project education of Belgorod State Agricultural University (Russian Federation) has designed some special computer programs that operate as electronic learning resources of the practiceoriented education. The programs under analysis conduce to a wide application of the project teaching method as well as the method of cooperation technology. The software designed tackles a problem of the students’self-control in the field of their theory learning and provides them with the information on the state of the agricultural sector of the region. It also can allow one to choose a company for an on-the-job training independently and covers other issues.

Keywords: 

the practice-oriented education, electronic learning resource, higher education, vocational secondary education, competence, university, qualification, specialist, production, scientific research.

P. 188-197

 

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MODELING AND DIAGNOSTICS OF EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT RISKS BASED ON MATHEMATICAL METHODS

Lyaluk Alexander V.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the development of primary mathematical models and the diagnosis of risk factors of the educational environment. The functioning of the educational environment is a multifactor process, the results of which are multidimensional. Factors and results of the educational environment should be characterized by a certain numerical value, without which it is impossible to carry out risk management. It is substantiated that mathematical methods should be used in modeling and diagnosing the risks of the educational environment: methods of the theory of sets and relations, methods of linear algebra, and methods of the theory of limits. Various formulas for assessing the riskiness (danger) of participants in social and pedagogical interaction and the teaching staff are presented, which allow one to create a basis for identifying potential and real sources of risks in the educational environment, to predict ways to overcome them.

Keywords:

risk, danger, educational environment, forecast, matrix, mathematical methods, modeling.

P. 198-204

 

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MODERN METHODS OF TEACHING DISCIPLINES RELATED TO THE STUDY
OF CONFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Balabeykina Olga A.

Abstract.

This article reflects non-standard approaches to the study of disciplines related to the study of the confessional environment – both, Russian and foreign. It proposes to use the pieces of literature and feature movies to consolidate the basic concepts of the course and to expand the information on the key didactic units. It also draws some examples of organizational forms of practical sessions aimed at practical application of knowledge gained during the lectures. The purpose of applying the described methods is to develop students’ creative thinking, as well as the ability to make independent conclusions concerning the confessional processes. The methods are illustrated by examples of the seminars held in St. Petersburg State University of Economics. The main modern non-standard methods of studying confessional environment being considered in the article are the following: application of works of literature and cinematography to state the basic concepts of the educational discipline; development and provision of excursions for confessional subjects by students in real conditions of the confessional environment; comparative analysis of questionnaire surveys and interviews of those of the traditional confessions of the studied region. There is also a reference to the experience of implementing foreign educational practices regarding confessional issues. The result of applying these methods is an increased interest in the subject, as well as scientific and analytical activities in the research area.

Keywords:

methods of study of religious environment, conceptual framework, organizational form of seminar classes, modern methods of teaching, religious environment, literature as a training aid, religious knowledge.

P. 205-214

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THE BENEFITS OF PROFESSIONALLY ORIENTED TEXT-BOOKS FOR TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN A TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY (THE EXPERIENCE OF TEACHING THE STUDENTS OF TECHNICAL SPECIALTIES IN MOSCOW AVIATION INSTITUTE)

Korotaeva Irina E., Chuksina Oksana V.

Abstract. 

The article sums up the experience of using professionally oriented text-books at the Foreign Language for Aerospace Specialities Department of Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University). The choice of popular scientific technical texts about aerospace industry for studying English by future bachelors, specialists and masters of science is explained. The types of aerospace terms the students study are characterized, and the examples of exercises used to form language skills are given in the article. The difficulties of teaching oral speech in technical university are analyzed. The content of the “English grammar in Aviation context” text-book is described. 

Keywords:

lexical text-book, grammatical textbook, professionally directed foreign language teaching, foreign language for aerospace specialties, aviation terms.

P. 215-224

  

Young scientists' vision
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CONVERGENT APPROACH TO THE DESIGN OF ADDITIONAL GENERAL EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS

Gradov Mikhail V.

Abstract.

The article deals with one of the newapproaches that is carried out in education in modern school. This approach makes it possible to level the boundaries between academic disciplines and to form students’ competencies necessary for a holistic perception of the world around them. The article provides an example of an additional General educational program, technology-oriented, developed on the basis of a convergent approach. This program allows us to provide students with significant assistance in their pre-training in the framework of preprofile and specialized training, as well as to reveal the talents of students’ in a completely different, but very interesting and modern areas of educational activity. The proposed methods will be of interest to the Deputy Director for educational work and the content of education, subject teachers, teachers of additional education, organizers of additional education at school.

Keywords:

unmanned aerial vehicles, additional education, convergence, convergent approach, education, design of additional general education program, technical orientation.

P. 225-234

 

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MODERN WAYS OF TEACHING STUDENTS THE ACADEMIC DISCIPLINE “CIVIL LAW”
(on the example of civil law obligations)

Sayapin Sergey P., Seregina Tatiyana S.

Abstract.

The article examines the advantagesand disadvantages of using modern learning methods (business game, brainstorming, group discussion, situation analysis, etc.) while teaching students the basics of civil law obligations. The possibility of applying the concept of “Work based learning” to contractual obligations in Russia is studied. It is proposed to introduce a professional-oriented method of “Alliance: University and employer” in the “Civil law” course. It is concluded that in order to achieve the maximum educational effect due to the involvement of all students in the learning process, it is necessary to combine and alternate modern methods of education depending on the performance of students, acting within the educational program in the specialty 030501.65 “Jurisprudence”.

Keywords:

higher education, legal pedagogy, learning process, students, civil law, right of obligations.

P. 235-245

 

Monday, 04 March 2019 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2019 №1

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 1-2019

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophical Sciences 09.00.00 

 

Philosophy of education

 

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PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF COMMUNICATION IN CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION

Simonova Margarita M.

Abstract.

The article considers multiple directions of using unifying communication in modern society, its importance in social life. The study of communication processes in modern education makes it possible to ensure the intensification of the learning process and to use the scientific potential of communicability in a specific learning situation. This makes possible a dialogue on the informatization of the education system, on the training of specialists for the intensive development of information technologies and who are capable of updating the modern education in the country. Education, being a variant and a means of communication, is called upon to introduce a learning personality into a vast, integral world of communication. Today, a more intensive understanding of the question of the worldview in education is required as a powerful communicator, connecting a system of various scientific researches in favor of education. At present, the direction of the socio-cultural approach to the organization of education is being strengthened. It involves communication synthesis, integration of socio-cultural and natural-scientific bases of education. Communication processes in society, conditionally separated from direct educational systems, but connecting the most diverse and strong streams of science, politics, ideology, and civil society institutions, objectively serve to better understanding the realities of the globalized world and the responsibility of everyone for the place of the country in it. The task of education, using all the modern achievements in the field of cybernetics and informatics, to enlighten the younger generation about the invisible currents of the slipping away of information meanings in the vast volumes of communication space, about the possibilities of manipulating communicative PR, advertising and sociopolitical field penetrated with communicative technologies.

Keywords:

communication, education, metacommunication, information technologies, education reform, knowledge, communication tools.

P. 9-16

      

Social philosophy
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THE INFLUENCE OF CONSCIOUSNESS ON THE UNDERSTANDING AND COGNITION BY THE HUMAN-BEING IN THE MODERN SOCIUM

Kolesov Vladimir I., Smolonskaya Anna N., Smolonskii Sergei I.

Abstract.

The work examines the influence of consciousness on the understanding and cognition by the human in modern society, establishes the essential features of the phenomena under analysis, and traces the causal relationship between them. There is an analysis of conceiving the world view by a today’s man, the influence that it exerts on the ability to perceive information is interpreted. The subject of the research is the mechanisms of the formation and interaction of the consciousness with the surrounding world and the social reality. The article compares the tendencies of perception of the surrounding reality, socio-historical processes in the context of the processes of the upbringing and education. The features of the influence of consciousness on the perception of information and self-identity on various grounds are revealed.

Keywords:

world view, cognition, understanding, self-identity, consciousness, social reality.

P. 17-23 

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
Educational psychology

 

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THE PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN THE UNIVERSITY

Baranov Evgeny G., Baranova Oksana V.

Abstract.

The article deals with the psychological aspects of the activity of the university teacher in developing the student’s personality. In accordance with the professional standard of the teacher, they must provide the students with assistance and support in intellectual, cultural, moral, professional and personal development in general. The article shows that the main content of this activity is the development in the students of the skills and abilities of a personal self-organization, the formation of a system of their own beliefs and values that make up their worldview. This involves mastering the ability to search for the meaning of a phenomenon (event). In the educational institution, skills and knowledge of sense-making should be formed, first of all, when studying the basic part of the curriculum,  especially, humanitarian and socio-economic subjects. The essence of the personality development in the university is that a student must realize themselves as a part of the social, political, economic, legal system of the society and state, as well as the professional community; one must receive the skill and experience of reflective reasoning. The teacher gives help and support in the personality development, providing the student not only with the educational material, but also with tools, methods, samples and opportunities for reflexive reasoning and discussions.

Keywords:

personality development, values, identity, meaning, pseudo sense, sense-making.

P. 24-34

 

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NON-CONTEXTUAL RESPONSIBILITY AS AN IMPORTANT CRITERION OF MATURITY

Butayeva Umida A.

Abstract.

The given article examines the sense of non-contextual responsibility as a maturity criterion. The results of the research and some recommendations are given.

Keywords:

personality, maturity, psychological maturity, personal maturity, psychological features, responsibility.

P. 35-40

    

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STRESS AS AN ADAPTIVE RESPONSE IN THE VOCAL-PEDAGOGICAL PROCESS

Dalskaya Valentina A.

Abstract. 

The article investigates the issue of stress in the teacher–student pedagogical link as a psychological state, necessary in the learning process. The specific features of the phonation apparatus of the singer, their innervation coming from the right hemisphere and dictating its own laws and ways of working with the singing apparatus in the light of the doctrine of stress are considered.

Keywords:

feature of educational information in the teacher–student link, stress agents, the subconscious–unconscious and the right hemisphere in a singing process.

P. 41-49 

 

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BREATHING EXERCISES IN HARMONIZING THE PSYCHO-EMOTIONAL AND FUNCTIONAL STATE OF STUDENTS

Alexeeva Elena N., Golyakova Natalya N., Fedotova Tatyana D., Shevchenko Alexey M., Vaschenko Oksana E.

Abstract.

The article examines the physiological and psychological components of the influence of traditional and modern exercises of various systems of respiratory gymnastics and novel health and fitness techniques on the human system. The authors analyze the effect of respiratory exercises on the functional state and adaptive capabilities of the human body to prevent, correct and eliminate negative psycho-emotional reactions in the students’ educational process and sport activities. It is reasonable for students to be skilled in the rational breathing while exercising.

Keywords:

psycho-emotional state of a person, health, breathing exercises, adaptation, bioeconomic psychophysical training.

P. 50-55 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
Modernization of education

 

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QUALIMETRIC CONDITIONS OF NATIONAL QUALITY ASSESSMENT SYSTEM’S CONSTRUCTION AND IMPLEMENTATION IN TEACHER EDUCATION

Minich Aksana A., Scriba Anastasia N.

Abstract.

The development of the national quality assessment system in teacher education is considered as a trinity of the socio-philosophical, psychology-pedagogical, and information-qualimetric aspects of evaluation based on the interdisciplinary ground. Proper qualimetric principles for assessing the quality of continuous teacher education, methodological approaches and determinants of qualimetric conditions were singled out within the framework of the information-qualimetric approach. The qualimetric conditions for the construction and development of national quality assessment system in teacher education are introduced as a set of interconnected groups of conditions: substantive, organizational and resource. 

Keywords:

quality of education, determinant, qualimetric principles, qualimetric conditions.

P. 56-68

      

History of pedagogy and education
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RUSSIAN UPBRINGING IN THE MIRROR OF THE THEORY OF MENTALITY

Novikov Sergey G.

Abstract.

The article deals with the relationship between the mental structures and process of upbringing. The author shows that the Russian upbringing over the centuries has offered for mastering those ideals that grew out of the nonverbalized attitudes of consciousness that were formed under the influence of the conditions of the development of the Russian socio-cultural community.

Keywords:

mentality, cultural genotype, pattern, core of culture, frame, archetypal pedagogical representations, socio-centrism, anthropocentrism, dualism, ideal of upbringing.

P. 69-78

 

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THE IDEA OF GOD-LIKENESS IN THE PEDAGOGICAL THEORY AND PRACTICE OF ANCIENT RUSSIA (X–XIII CENTURIES)

Nalyotova Natalya Yu., Senchenkov Nikolay P.

Abstract.

Studying and judgment of education, upbringing, a pedagogical thought during this or that historical period is defined by an anthropological paradigm. We build this article upon the provision that the processes of education, upbringing, pedagogical systems or theories are based on certain views about the human-being, ideas of ideals of them and therefore can be understood only in a context of the human-being. Any people’s ideal of man corresponds to the national character, is defined by the public and cultural life of people, and evolves altogether with their development. In this article the authors set the  task of studying the specifics of a personality ideal of the Ancient Russia era (the 10–13th centuries), achievement of it by means of a religious thought, education, practice of education, insightful literature, mentoring. During the Old Russian period Russia connects tasks of educating the person with the initial development of the personality inwardness, their religiousness and moral behavior; that becomes the central anthropological idea of the domestic education, its civilization essence, sense, original sign and also the general prevailing tendency. This article makes a contribution to the theory of education, to history of a pedagogical thought of Russia. From the point of view of methodology the article submits the gnoseological analysis of processes of forming and developing the domestic education and upbringing to the pedagogical science in the context of the Orthodox anthropology. The article is of interest to the researchers of the Old Russian period of the country, students and graduate students studying “History of Pedagogics” and also to all engaged in history of the Russian culture. 

Keywords:

history of education, anthropology, personality, education, upbringing, religious and pedagogical thought, God-likeness, Ancient Rus.

P. 79-91

 

New research in education
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ORGANIZATION OF ACTIVE COGNITIVE ACTIVITY OF STUDENTS

Popova Olesya A.

Abstact.

In this paper we consider the current approaches to teaching students law in modern conditions. The characteristic features of teaching in higher educational institutions are analyzed. The need to improve the educational process is revealed, the effectiveness of the use of non-standard teaching methods is substantiated. On the basis of the research conducted the author proves the opinion of the need to recognize the practical experience of the teacher who remembers to improve their skills in the field of their profession, as well as in pedagogy.

Keywords:

education, attention, knowledge, skill, profession, law.

P. 92-96

 

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ENHANCING STUDENTS’ MOTIVATION WHILE TEACHING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE THROUGH SITUATIONAL AND THEMATIC ORGANIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL MATERIAL

Frolova Tatyana P.

Abstract.

The article deals with the features of organization of the process of teaching a foreign language in a Technical University aiming to enhance the motivation of students. The concepts «motive» and «motivation» in the general sense of the word are revealed, and the concept «educational motivation» is given, in particular. The author analyses the research of the matter described in the Russian methodical literature in the works of such scientists as A. Maslou, I. A. Zimnyaya, S. L. Rubinstein, L. I. Bozhovich, V. A. Kan-Kalik, E. P. Ilyin and others. The author emphasizes that forming stable motivation to foreign language learning is facilitated by the provision of zones of the nearest development in the educational process – creation of a system of  students’ skills and abilities. The purpose of this article is to consider the impact of situational and thematic organization of educational material in teaching a foreign language to enhance students’ motivation. The specificity of the organization of educational material is that the revealing of conversational topics is proposed to introduce on the basis of a list of typical situations of communication. Such organization of material for teaching oral speech is called situational-thematic organization (V. L. Skalkin and T. S. Duchenko). In this regard a system of exercises for teaching oral speech in a foreign language is proposed, the linguistic and methodological principles are taken into account. The article is based on the results of the research, survey and observation conducted among the first-year students of the Polytechnic University who continue to study English.

Keywords:

motive, motivation, situationalthematic organization, analysis, enhancement of motivation.

P. 97-108

 

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ON THE ISSUE OF LEXICAL MATERIAL SELECTION FOR READING AND LISTENING IN THE PROCESS OF TEACHING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

Pirogova Nadezhda G.

Abstract.

The article covers the issues of selecting and classifying the lexical material for reading and listening in a foreign language. The relevance of the topic of the present article is determined by the fact that in spite of lots of research devoted to this problem the final vocabulary minimum for those studying English for Specific Purpose has not been made. The author analyses the range of problems related to a quantitative and qualitative content of the vocabulary minimum for the receptive types of speech activity. Special attention is given to three groups of principles – linguistic, statistical and methodological – that have to be used in complex in the process of vocabulary selection for listening and reading in the English language.

Keywords:

lexical minimum, foreign language, reading, listening, lexical unit, frequency, thematic principle.

P. 109-117

 

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PLANNING THE FORMATION OF GENERAL COMPETENCES IN THE PROFESSIONAL EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM OF THE SPO ON THE BASIS OF LEVEL DIFFERENTIATION OF ACTIVITY

Golub Galina B., Fishman Irina S.

Abstract.

Based on the comparison and analysis of the requirements of the FSES SVE of the third and fourth generations to the general competences of a professional educational program graduate, the variant of specification of these requirements through achievable and measurable educational results is offered: proper general competences (information, communication, and self-management), knowledge, skills, and experience of activity. The expediency of using the National Framework of Qualifications of the Russian Federation as the basis for the level differentiation of the requirements for the activity of students according to the levels of the formation of general competences, irrespective of the level of the professional educational program and profession, specialty and training direction is shown. The principles of the process of the level differentiation of activities, specified by the requirements of the FSES SVE to the general competences required in the process of developing a professional educational program are formulated. The principal ways of specification of competence-based educational results in the field of work with information, communication, self-management and approaches to planning their formation are proposed. 

Keywords:

general competences, professional educational program, Federal State Educational Standard (FSES) of Secondary Vocational Education (SVE).

P. 118-134

 

Innovative technologies in education
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INFORMAL AND NON-FORMAL EDUCATION IN THE CONTEXT OF AN ADAPTIVE
NETWORKED EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Boyarinov Dmitry A.

Abstract.

The adaptive networked educational environment in relation to the implementation of the ideas of informal and non-formal education is discussed in the article. Significant features of non-formal education are noted. Learning technologies such as inservice education and blended learning are analyzed in the article. The potential of the technology of learning in the digital workplace in the field of implementation of the ideas of informal and non-formal education is noted. The main conditions for the realization of  this potential are given: the presence of information interaction between the students workplace and the educational environment; the support of the whole range of different forms of digital learning; the presence of the means of attracting employers to train their employees. Two main factors for fulfilling these conditions – the widespread use of information and communication technologies and the introduction of blended learning – are identified in the article. Subject to the given conditions the adaptive networked educational environment acquires the mechanisms for interaction with society (represented, in particular, by the micro-social environment of students, network communities, public organizations and institutions) and the economy (represented, in particular, by the business community, employers and professionals). It renders the learning environment the fundamentally new qualities. In particular, it contributes much to the solution of the actual problem of public accreditation of educational organizations and of individual educational programs.

Keywords:

adaptive networked educational environment, informal learning, non-formal learning, in-service education, blended learning, lifelong learning.

P. 135-142

 

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THE ROLE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

Komarova Tamara S., Moskvina Anna S., Tretyakov Andrei L.

Abstract.

In this article, theorists and practitioners of preschool education analyze the role and mission of information and communication technologies in the cognitive development of children of preschool age. Special attention is paid to the phenomenon of the preschool children cognitive development in the context of the activation of the theory of L. S. Vygotsky’s. The structural components and criteria for the cognitive interest of children of preschool age are disclosed. Information and communication opportunities that provide an innovative horizon to form cognitive interest in children of preschool age are covered. The innovative mission of modern preschool educational organization in digital realities is highlighted.

Keywords: 

Federal State Educational Standard of preschool education, educational environment, play activities, information and communication technologies, cognitive development.

P. 143-149

 

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MODEL OF MASSIVE OPEN ONLINE COURSES FOR PARENTS, TEACHERS AND STUDENTS OF PRIMARY GENERAL EDUCATION

Afanasyev Vladimir V., Afanasieva Irina V., Kunitsyna Svetlana M.

Abstract.

The article considers the specificity of massive open online courses. The factors and necessary conditions for creating a virtual  digital educational environment, features of the integration of online courses into the main educational programs, opportunities for expert assessment of the quality of their organization, and the principles of forming an organizational infrastructure are analyzed. A model of massive open online courses for parents, teachers and students of primary general education is proposed.

Keywords:

massive open online courses (MOOC), educational environment, educational program, quality criteria, infrastructure.

P. 150-158

 

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THE USE OF MULTIMEDIA TECHNOLOGIES WHILE TEACHING HISTORY

Liu Rong

Abstract.

The article features the approaches to History teaching in China with the use of new media technologies. Multimedia presentations usually include such elements as images (coloured or black-and-white), video, audio, documentaries, animation, visuals and tables. The advantages and meaning of the media technologies implementation in the course of History teaching are grounded. The problems and safety measures in using the media technologies while teaching History are outlined.

Keywords:

media technologies, History teaching, education software, classical works, cases, web based interface education software.

P. 159-166

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METHODS OF SEMANTIZATION OF NEW LEXIS WITHIN THE BASIC COURSE OF RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

Kuzmina Elena O.

Abstract. 

The article describes the different methods of lexis semantization within the basic language course. Herein, both positive and negative aspects of these methods are covered. The implications of methods of semantization are illustrated.

Keywords:

semantization, methods of semantization, basic language course, Russian as a foreign language, innovations in education.

P. 167-174

 

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TEACHING PHYSICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS BASED ON THE STATISTICAL METHOD

Khujanov Erkin B.

Abstract. 

The current paper suggests recommendations on introducing probability and statistical ideas and notions, necessary to improve teaching students molecular and quantum physics sections in secondary schools.

Keywords:

Statistical method, molecular physics, quantum physics, probability, random phenomenon, learning process, student, statistical regularity, atom, molecule.

P. 175-182

 

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PRINCIPLES OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING IN TERMS OF PLEIN-AIR

Tyutyunova Yulia M.

Abstract. 

Professional training in the art of graphics in the open air has a strict logic and is subject to certain laws. This article is devoted to the General principles of the learning process in general and the identification of the basic principles of classes in the open air and short-term exercises in particular. Professional training in the open air is considered from the standpoint of a well-built and thoughtout system of students’ work organization. Alternating training and rest, the rhythm of the long-running and high-speed images, and a gradual complication of tasks and increase of meaning, the use of materials and bases – the entire system of lessons is aimed at achieving progress. Among the fundamental principles: consistency, consistency, regularity, taking into account individual characteristics, the relationship between theory and practice, visibility, strength, scientific character and  accessibility. In addition, the principles of professional training, learned by the student, according to the author, can subsequently organize their creative activities.

Keywords:

plein-air (open air), art of graphics, principles of performance of short-term exercises, professional training, etudes, sketches, sketches.

P. 183-193

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FEATURES OF RUSSIAN MUSICAL TERMINOLOGY IN THE CONTEXT OF TEACHING RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

Wang Wenjiao

Abstract. 

The article covers the features of Russian musical terminology as well as the scientific generalization; it also suggests methodological guidelines for effective teaching musical terminology to Chinese students of Russian.

Keywords:

features of Russian musical terminology, teaching Russian musical terminology, Russian as a foreign language, the nation-based teaching method of Russian. 

P. 194-198 

 

Young scientists' vision
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PEDAGOGICAL MATURING OF HOLY PATRIARCH OF MOSCOW AND ALL RUSSIA CYRIL

Moiseev Ivan V.

Abstract.

The given article outlines the main stages of the process of the personality development of His Holiness Patriarch Cyril as a teacher and Archpastor throughout the life and ministry of His Holiness at the Russian Orthodox Church.

Keywords:

pedagogy, upbringing, education, maturing, personality formation, Patriarch Cyril.

P. 199-204

 

Wednesday, 09 January 2019 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2018 №6

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 6-2018

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 

 

History of philosophy

 

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PSYCHOLOGICAL INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY STUDY IN THE PROGRAM OF G. I. CHELPANOV

Shelkovnikov Andrey Yu.

Abstract.

The paper deals with the methodical concept of psychological introduction to philosophy study developed by the distinguished philosopher, psychologist and educationalist G. I. Chelpanov (1862–1936). The applicability of such approach in the contemporary education system is substantiated. Closer attention is given to reflection starting from the self-observation practice as an anthropological prerequisite of the theoretical study of philosophy and psychology. The paper may be of interest to the educators and students concerned with liberal education issues.

Keywords:

philosophy, psychology, pedagogics, education, self-observation.

P. 9-13

      

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
Educational psychology

 

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FEATURES OF REPRESENTATIONS OF THE FUTURE FAMILY OF YOUNG PEOPLE’S WHO GREW UP IN A DYSFUNCTIONAL PARENT FAMILY SETTING

Alekseenko Tatiana V., Enakaeva Elena V.

Abstract.

The article discusses the results of the empirical research on the young people’s social representations of their future family. A comparative analysis of the representations of men’s and women’s who grew up in both a dysfunctional family communication and in the standard parent families. The results are compared with the results of published modern studies on social representations of young people about a family.

Keywords:

social representations, the representation of a future family, young  people’s representation of a family, family emotional communication, dysfunctionality of family communication, microgenesis and sociogenesis of social representations.

P. 14-27

 

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THE MANIFESTATION OF THE EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE COMPONENTS
OF “SELFIE-ADDICTED” UNIVERSITY FEMALE STUDENTS

Scherbakov Andrey V., Vasilyeva Elena N.

Abstract.

This work studied the manifestation of the components of emotional intelligence of female students aged 18–20 who are “selfie-addicted” and those who are not. “Selfie-addiction”, acting as one of the types of dependent behavior, is able to disrupt adaptive personality development. In order to determine the peculiarities of the development of components of emotional intelligence, the technique of N. Hall was used. The results of the study show that in the group of «selfieaddicted» girls the overall indicator of emotional intelligence is significantly lower than that of girls who do not have «selfie-addiction». In addition, the components of emotional intelligence such as «Self-Motivation» and «Managing the Emotions of Others» are significantly lower in the group of «selfieaddicted» female students too.

Keywords:

selfie-addiction, emotional intelligence, adolescence, university female students.

P. 28-34

    

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DESIGN-THINKING TECHNOLOGY AS A MEANS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL SUPPORT DURING THE INTERNSHIP OF STUDENTS MAJORING IN “PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION”

Galoy Natalia Yu., Gorbenko Irina A.

Abstract. 

This article gives an overview of basic principles of students’ organization of internship and its content for those of them who major in “Pedagogical education”. The design-thinking technology as a means of psychological and pedagogical support for students during their internship is considered. The advantages of this technology are described as it can contribute to developing necessary professional competence for a future career of a teacher.

Keywords:

internship, psychological and pedagogical support during the internship, the design thinking technology.

P. 35-42 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
Modernization of education

 

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REQUESTS OF KEY STEAKHOLDERS TO THE REGIONAL UNIVERSITY AS A FACTOR FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SOCIAL ORDER

Boguslavskiy Mikhail V., Ladyzhets Nataliya S., Neborskiy Egor V., Sannikova Olga V.

Abstract.

The purpose of this article was to analyze the requests of key stakeholders in the region as a factor in the implementation of social order. Udmurt State University was chosen as the object of research as a base for the implementation of a research project with the support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research. The results of the study demonstrate that many of the difficulties and problems faced by this university are also characteristic of other regional universities of the Russian Federation. 

Keywords:

university, higher education, transit university, transitive university, transitive society.

P. 43-54

 

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INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH IN EDUCATION IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC
AND THE BALTIC STATES: VERIFICATION OF HYPOTHESES

Dolgaya Oksana I., Tagunova Irina A., Shaposhnikova Tatjana D.

Abstract.

The aim of the article is to present the interdisciplinary research in education in the Czech Republic and the Baltic States. The analysis of the original source base showed that at present the research projects in the field of education and programs are characterized by their interdisciplinary nature. The research is conducted by teams of scientists – teachers, sociologists, psychologists, etc. Most of the empirical research is carried out, the method of verification of hypotheses in which is the empirical facts (test data, interviews, questionnaires, etc.), processed by appropriate scientific methods.

Keywords:

interdisciplinary research, postnon-classics, empirical research, Czech interdisciplinary studies into education, strategies and methods of verification of the hypothesis of research.

P. 55-64

   

Theory of education

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF PEDAGOGICAL THEORY

Bolshakova Zemfira M., Tulkibayeva Nadezhda N., Goloshumova Galina S.

Abstract.  

Pedagogical theory, being one of the components of pedagogical knowledge, is meant to explain the essence of pedagogical facts, phenomena and processes and their interdependence. At the same time, the meaning of the theory is improved and enriched by means of elaboration of methodological and theoretical foundations and elucidation of development trajectory of the theory itself. The performed analysis of development trajectory  of pedagogical reality enabled the content of pedagogical theory to be included into the general theory of development of science. 

Keywords:

theory, scientific theory, pedagogical theory, development trajectory of pedagogical theory, classification of scientific theories, place of pedagogical theory in it.

P. 65-79

   

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SUPPORT THE CHILD’S INDIVIDUALITY IN THE VARIABLE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Lykova Irina A., Sinitsina Irina А.

Abstract.

Identification and support of human individuality, understanding of its capabilities and needs, including the need to be a person, is a humanistic ideal of social progress and requires the transformation of the educational environment from the perspective of the educational variability. The article presents a theoretical analysis of the term “support individuality”; the results of study of experience of pre-school and supplementary education teachers’ to support the individuality of children of senior preschool age; it substantiates the system of principles of the variable educational environment and outlines the organizational forms, methods and psycho-pedagogical conditions to ensure the maintenance of individuality in the variable educational environment. With the support of the foreign and domestic research, the authors offer their own vision of a variable educational environment, as well as consider the grounds that determine the variability of the educational environment and the set of psychological and pedagogical conditions necessary and sufficient to support the child’s personality.

Keywords:

goals of education for tomorrow, individuality, support, types of support, variable educational environment, system of principles of variable educational environment, dialogic communication.

P. 80-90

 

History of pedagogy and education
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PROFESSIONAL FORMATION OF SCHOOL-LEAVERS OF MILITARY SECONDARY EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENTS OF ST. PETERSBURG IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE

Streltsov Aleksey A.

Abstract.

The article deals with the impact of the initial military education provided by the cadet corps in St. Petersburg before the revolution on their leavers’ career choice. Nearly 500 profiles of St. Petersburg cadet corps leavers’ are analyzed. The author defines a range of spheres in which they could realize their potential on leaving the education institution. The article presents a brief history of cadet corps dating back to the period between the XVIII and the beginning of the XX century, as well as outlines their similar and different features. The period under review is about 160 years, from the reforms of the mid. XVIII century to the year of 1918.

Keywords:

St. Petersburg, vocational training, military education, cadet corps, school-leavers.

P. 91-100

 

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GENESIS OF PUBLIC EDUCATION AND NATIONAL SCHOOL IN THE SAYAN-ALTAI REGION IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX – BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURIES

Sultanbaeva Klavdiya I.

Abstract.

The article presents the formation and development of the national education in the Altai and Yenissei Provinces on the cusp of the XIX–XX centuries. The general pattern of genesis of different primary schools for Siberian indigenous peoples is shown basing on the statistical data; also the historical significance of the missionary educational activity in the Sayan-Altai region is revealed. By way of conclusion the perspective research trends are defined.

Keywords:

national (public) education, ethnic cultural education, Siberian region, indigenous peoples, missionary activity, teaching in the native language.

P. 101-111

 

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THE GENESIS OF THE G. N. VOLKOVS SCIENTIFIC SCHOOL IN YAKUTIA

Koryakina Tatyana G., Afanasyeva Lira I., Larionova Alexandra G.

Abstract.

The article reveals the three periods of formation and development of the scientific school of the founder of ethnopedagogy Gennady Nikandrovich Volkov in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). The peculiarities and key areas of etnopedagogical research of scientists of Yakutia.

Keywords:

ethnopedagogy, Gennady Nikandrovich Volkov, genesis of Yakut ethnopedagogy, ethnic pedagogy, traditions of education.

P. 112-117

 

New research in education
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THE EDUCATIONAL ACTION AND COMPETENCE CORRELATION

Balashova Elena A.

Abstact.

The article analyzes the correlation of the “universal learning activities” and “competence/competency” concepts. Basing on the analysis of the niche occupied by these categories in the main provisions of the systemactivity and competence approaches, and the role of training activities in the formation of a competent person and texts of normative documents, a conclusion has been made about the existence of a system combining the three categories considered.

Keywords:

universal educational activities, competence, competency, Federal state educational standard, basis, approach.

P. 118-123

 

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SUBJECT LEARNING OUTCOMES PLANNING ON THE BASIS OF THE STATE EDUCATIONAL STANDARDS COMPETENCIES

Babikova Nadezhda N.

Abstract.

An approach for planning the subject learning outcomes at the university on the basis of competencies of state education standards, which corresponds to the conception of student-centered learning, is proposed. On the example of Discrete Mathematics the formulations of learning outcomes in the “active verb + object of activity + context” form recommended by the ECTS are considered. The revised Bloom’s taxonomy was used as a tool for formulating and ranking the learning outcomes.

Keywords:

competence, subcompetence, subject learning outcomes, ECTS, studentcentered learning, discrete mathematics, revised Bloom’s taxonomy, educational standards.

P. 124-133

 

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THE POTENTIAL OF SOCIAL AND PROFESSIONAL EXPERTISE AS AN EFFECTIVE MECHANISM FOR ASSESSING THE ACTIVITIES OF EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES OF TEACHERS

Bezborodova Ekaterina V., Shurilova Tatyana B.

Abstract.

This article discusses the possibility of socio-professional expertise as an effective mechanism for assessing the activities of educational institutions and professional activities of educators’ in terms of the introduction of a national system of teaching skills development. The article covers the importance of participation of the public representatives in the management of educational organizations and systems with the purpose of improvement of education quality. The issue of social and professional expertise is expounded in accordance with the current trends in the development of education while implementing modern approaches in the educational policy of Russia.

Keywords:

social and professional expertise, educational organization, effective management mechanisms, professional competence, the national system of teaching skills development, teaching activities, education.

P. 134-141

 

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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE PEDAGOGICAL MODELS OF FORMING THE VALUES SYSTEM OF ADOLESCENTS’ OF DIFFERENT SOCIAL BACKGROUNDS IN THE MODERN SYSTEM OF EDUCATION OF RUSSIA

Fomina Alexandra P.

Abstract.

The article reveals the peculiarities of the formation of the teenage valuesemantic attitudes. It determines the nature, structure and function of the adolescents’ axiological attitudes. It has been stated that the adolescent value orientations are a mental formation, which is a component of the valuesemantic sphere of personality of a teenager and is manifested in the readiness to action and self-expression and is based on the system of values, value orientations and personal meanings of the adolescent. It has been proved that that the structure of value-semantic units involves the following components: cognitive, emotive, and connotative. The functions of value-semantic units are defined as regulatory, adaptive, and expressive.

Keywords:

values, attitudes, orientation, teenagers, semantic sphere, personality.

P. 142-149

 

Innovative technologies in education
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MODERN EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE UNIVERSITY: A SYNTHESIS OF THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE

Ostanina Svetlana A., Pticyna Elena V.

Abstract.

This article is devoted to the generalization of theoretical and practical experience in the use of pedagogical technologies in the educational process of “Petrozavodsk State Glazunov Conservatory” during 2014–2017. 43 teachers took part in the study. The subject of the analysis of the article involved scientific works (articles, thesis research) on the topic of educational technologies, which have been accumulated in both scientific theory and practice, including classes in subject disciplines, publications and studies of Petrozavodsk Conservatory professors. Teachers of Petrozavodsk Conservatory for a number of years have actively participated in holding conferences and writing scientific articles that reveal the personal understanding of the learning process in a creative university.

Keywords:

modern educational technologies in the university, educational technologies, educational technologies in a creative college, the system of musical education.

P. 150-158

 

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INNOVATION-INTEGRATIVE MODEL OF PRE-UNIVERSITY EDUCATION IMPLEMENTED IN SECHENOV UNIVERSITY

Biryukova Natalya V., Litvinova Tatyana M., Nesterova Olga V.

Abstract.

The most important trend in the development of the world’s leading universities is the provision of quality continuous training of specialists, from general education, through vocational to postgraduate. Early professionalization (career choice) meets the objective of the university to form a motivated contingent, thereby improving the quality of the work of the university. The article spells out the importance of pre-professional education in the system of the “school–university–clinic” educational continuum, describes the features of preuniversity training and the main trends in the development of this system of continuing education. The authors note the key areas for such development, which make it possible to foresee changes in pre-university education. At the same time, the article provides an understanding of the impossibility of a universal approach to education even within the framework of one direction of the training profile. The authors further denote the need and importance of self-education for the comprehensive and dynamic development of a well-integrated personality, as well as of the realization that the future belongs to science and scientists. The implemented practical experience is represented by an innovation-integrative model of a single educational environment. The model can be applied in other educational organizations in designing an educational process to ensure the continuity and succession of general and vocational education.

Keywords: 

pre-university preparation, continuing education, “school–university” educational environment, early professionalization, diversification of educational space.

P. 159-177

 

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PEDAGOGICAL EFFECT OF SYNERGY IN ENRICHING STUDENTS` CULTURAL AWARENESS

Utekhina Alla N., Troinikova Ekaterina V.

Abstract.

The article deals with the existing in domestic and foreign science guidelines for building intercultural education. A comprehensive study of the transformation of the sociocultural world context using the interdisciplinary status of the synergetic approach becomes relevant. The pedagogical effect of “launch” of synergy for enrichment of cultural awareness of students is described.

Keywords:

didactics of intercultural communication, intercultural education, cultural awareness.

P. 178-184

 

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USE OF A METHOD OF POLYMODEL INTERPRETATION FOR PROVIDING MULTIDISCIPLINARY COMPLEXES OF TUTORIALS WITH MEANS OF MODEL PRESENTATION

Kozhevnikov Dmitriy N.

Abstract.

In article the tendency of creation of multidisciplinary complexes of tutorials is specified; the possibility of use of a method of polymodel interpretation for ensuring model presentation of multidisciplinary complexes of tutorials is considered; the main properties of polymodel interpretation are shown and the conclusion on need of its use for modern educational process is drawn.

Keywords:

complex of tutorials, educational and methodical complex, multidisciplinary complex of tutorials, model presentation, method of polymodel interpretation, “ringside polyhedron” models of atom, “wave-side polyhedron” models of atom, model experiment.

P. 185-192

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ACHIEVEMENT OF META-SUBJECT RESULTS OF PRIMARY EDUCATION
BY DEVELOPING SKILLS OF INFORMATION TRANSMISSION AT THE LESSONS OF COMPUTER STUDIES IN PRIMARY SCHOOL

Pavlov Dmitriy I.

Abstract. 

In the article, the author develops ideas that he has already expressed earlier. The theme is computer studies in primary school and its meta-subject nature. With the support of the leading scientists’ viewpoints the author proposes to work on developing the children’s ability to “receive” and “transmit” information. According to the author this will allow to achieve high meta-subject results of education in the primary school. The author considers in detail the skills of “transmitting” information and their connection with universal educational activities of younger schoolchildren as the subject target learning outcomes. Particular attention is given to making the link between the suggested subject skills and the universal learning activities. It is the link between the processes of the subject skills formation and communicative universal learning activities that determines the metasubject nature of the school computer studies and on the stage of the primary education in particular.

Keywords:

Federal Educational Standard, computer studies, elementary computer studies, computer studies in primary school, methods of teaching computer studies, metasubject results of learning.

P. 193-201 

 

Young scientists' vision
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MODERN TRENDS IN FORMING LEISURE MARKET FOR PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

Shafran Nina M.

Abstract.

The article analyzes socio-cultural environment and defines factors reflecting modern trends that form the leisure market for preschool children. Each factor is viewed fromthe positions of  potentials and risks for the leisure sector. The author unveils necessity of educator’s guidance in the family leisure due to the revealed peculiarities of the leisure market for the preschool children.

Keywords:

leisure, family, preschool children, leisure market, trends, pedagogical guidance of parents, socio-cultural environment.

P. 202-215

 

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INTEGRATION OF THE CASE TECHNOLOGY WITH VISUAL DIDACTIC MEANS
(PHILATELIC MATERIAL) TO FOR THE LEGAL CULTURE IN STUDENTS

Yadryshnikov Konstantin S.

Abstract.

The article generalizes the practical experience of integrating a case technology with philatelic material to form the legal culture in students. The author offers examples of legal orientation cases, their visualization (stamps and blocks) and also he draws the conclusion of the efficiency of this integration and its potential synergetic effect.

Keywords:

stamp, philatelic material, legal culture, right, case technology, legal education, sense of justice, didactic tutorial, visual aid, student.

P. 216-230 

Friday, 09 November 2018 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2018 №5

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 5-2018

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 

 

History of philosophy

 

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THE PHILOSOPHY OF M. BAKHTIN: BETWEEN THE PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION AND RELIGIOUS PHILOSOPHY 

Koraev German T.

Abstract.

The article discusses the question on the religious component of Bakhtin’s philosophy. The author proposes two criteria for determining the religious component: the category of transcendence and the theistic attitude. The article focuses on Bakhtin’s philosophical works “Toward a Philosophy of the Act”, “Author and Hero in Aesthetic Activity” and the report “The Problem of Grounded Peace”. The author analyzes such Bakhtin’s concept as transgredience and Grounded Peace. It is concluded that it’s difficult to determine the status of Bakhtin philosophy, which is between the philosophy of religion and religious philosophy.

Keywords:

philosophy of religion, religious philosophy, Bakhtin’s first philosophy, phenomenological approach, transgredience, theistic attitude.

P. 9-21

  

Logic

 

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LOGICAL CULTURE PHENOMENON – PROBLEM FIELD OF INTER- AND TRANSDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH

Sirotkina Lyudmila S.

Abstract.

The article discusses the research state of logical cultural phenomenon, it considers the approaches to its analysis; the concepts of logical culture as a cultural phenomenon and as a characteristic of thinking are constructed in it, the structure of the corresponding objects is revealed. Logical culture as a cultural phenomenon is considered as a totality of social achievements in the logical field. Logical culture of thinking is characterized as a thinking system attribute, which ensures thinking direction to normative logic results.

Keywords:

logical culture as a cultural phenomenon, logical culture of thinking and speech, the structure of logical culture.

P. 22-36

    

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
Educational psychology

 

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THE “SYSTEM CHOICE” PROGRAM AS AN INSTRUMENT FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL SELF-DETERMINATION IN ADOLESCENCE AND EARLY ADOLESCENCE

Grishina Irina A., Zhabbarov Timur R., Obukhov Alexey S.

Abstract.

This article is devoted to the description of a set of ideas aimed at developing personal and professional selfdetermination and the skill of conscious choice in adolescence and early adolescence, united in the “System Choice” program of Smart Course’s. The article presents the scientific positions, which became the basis for the creation of the program, and the use of certain practices in it; a detailed description of the program, the logic of its construction and conduct, including the description of the interaction with the client before joining the program and the conditions of entry, the principles of selecting a mentor and describing the mentoring model in the program as a whole; the content of the training and each week of training with a mentor, as well as the features of counselling and parents’ follow-up throughout the program.

Keywords:

personal-professional selfdetermination, conscious choice, the “System Choice” program, mentoring.

P. 37-50

 

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REPRESENTATIONS OF MOSCOW TEACHERS ABOUT THE EMOTIONAL COMPONENT OF THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS: A NEW RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Orlova Kristina M.

Abstract.

The study of the influence of emotions on motivation and academic performance in the learning process are extremely relevant. The data on how a modern teacher sees their role in managing the emotional states of pupils are obtained using the author’s methodology. The relationship between the views of Moscow teachers regarding the influence of emotions on the motivation of pupils and the ideas about the role of the teacher in managing the emotional states of pupils is revealed. The profiles-types of teachers are described in accordance with the self-esteem of the teacher’s ability to recognize the different emotional states of pupils and the teacher’s own emotional openness.

Keywords:

emotions, teacher’s representations, teacher’s role, motivation for learning, ability to recognize emotional states, school education, emotional openness.

P. 51-60

    

Psychology of development, acmeology

 

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AGE PSYCHOLOGY OF DEVELOPMENT OF CADETS OF EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS OF THE MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF RUSSIA

Ulyanina Olga A.

Abstract.

The article deals with the students as a social category. The psychological features of the age range of 17–23 years are described. The socio-psychological specifics of training future specialists in departmental educational organizations are determined. The following periods and phases of the age development of cadets and listeners are students out: 1st academic period (1–3 years), includes 3 phases and 2 periods of vocational (4–5 years of study), includes two phases. On the basis of the selected periods, the content of the age-psychological development, the crises in question, the conditions of the social development situation, the leading type of activity, and the new formations of the personality are described. Taking into account the characteristic features of this age in the intellectual, emotional-volitional, motivational spheres of the individual, the importance of the psychological and pedagogical influence on future specialists during the period of study in the educational organization of higher professional education is emphasized.

Keywords:

age psychology, student age, cadets, internal affairs bodies, vocational education, competences.

P. 61-72 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
Modernization of education

 

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MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION AND THE CHALLENGES OF THE DIGITAL ECONOMY IN THE XXI CENTURY

Popova Anna V.

Abstract.

The article provides the analysis of the present stage of social development, featuring the formation and development of the information society and the possibility of its transition to the knowledge society. It questions the choice of the path for Russia – either modelling after Western European countries and the USA, creating conditions for the development of the digital society, or the transition to the knowledge society. Basing on the analysis of both, Russian and foreign scientific literature, the article describes the characteristics of generations of people employed in the manufacturing sector. The author comes to the conclusion about the necessity of changing the content of education, based on the specifics of generations X and Z.

Keywords:

liberalism, information society, digital society, knowledge society, education, knowledge, competences.

P. 73-82

 

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TRANSIT AND TRANSITIVE UNIVERSITIES IN A TRANSITIVE SOCIETY: CLARIFYING AND INTERRELATING CONCEPTS

Boguslavskiy Mikhal V., etc.

Abstract.

The article deals with the concepts of the transit and transitive universities, which have both common and different characteristics. In the process of research, the authors come to the conclusion that the format of a transit university is a diagnosis for many regions, however the format of a transitive one is a global challenge to become a resource of innovation for one’s own development and, indeed, teamwork in the region, forming new practices and opportunities on qualitatively new mutually profitable partner bases.

Keywords:

university, higher education, transit university, transitive university, transitive society.

P. 83-98

 

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INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC AND INTER SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT ON THE FUNCTIONAL LITERACY AND VALUE ORIENTATION OF SCHOOL GRADUATES

Matyushkina Marina D., Belousov Konstantin Y.

Abstract.

The role of social and demographic context, family capital and school in achieving various education results is topical and debatable today. At the same time, special importance amid the introduction of new federal state education standards goes to the issues related to meta-object competences and functional literacy as well as value orientations characterizing personal results of education. The article provides the integrative correlational research of these important results and conditions conducted on the uniform bulk of data and having allowed to draw generalized conclusions. Three generalized factors have been singled out and described: “easy success”, “professionalism” and “self-fulfillment in a family” characterizing the structure of values and goals of today’s graduates, as well as two factors characterizing their tolerance and patriotism. Seven groups of indices potentially connected to the revealed factors, including social and demographic ones, characteristics of schools and teachers, and “mixed” groups (health, leisure and others), have been defined. Reliable correlations between all the considered variables have been singled out, their rank correlation and possible explanation of the obtained values of correlation relationships has been adduced. The both value orientations and functional literacy of school students are considerably affected by the “inter school environment”, namely characteristics of interactions between teachers and students. Abilities of teachers to engage students into their classes, to teach how to apply knowledge in practice, and general atmosphere at school stimulating self-education and communication between students, supporting their psychological health, are the most important factors. The indices under research are connected to the social-demographic status of students’ families to a lesser degree. The role of the family factors is more significant when forming the value orientations, than the functional literacy of school students. 

Keywords:

school education, functional literacy, meta-subject and personal results of education, value orientations of school leavers, factor analysis.

P. 99-113 

  

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MAGNET SCHOOLS RATING PRACTICES

Yashina Mariya N.

Abstract.

This article analyzes various practices of applying federal and regional ratings to assess the quality of education in magnet / high-level schools. The difficulties that arise during the rating process are described. Based on the cluster model used for the educational process assessment, the types of schools that implement magnet / higher-level programs are characterized.

Keywords:

school rankings, magnet school, clustering.

P. 114-122

  

Theory of education

 

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METHODOLOGICAL CULTURE – A REFERENCE POINT FOR A TEACHER’S MULTILEVEL TRAINING AS A RESEARCHER

Stepanova Inga Yu., Adolf Vladimir A.

Abstract. 

Training a teacher as a researcher is a lengthy process that touches all levels of higher education. To ensure its integrity and effectiveness, it is necessary that the designated process acquires a strategic reference point. The authors offer to choose a methodological culture as such a reference point. The choice was made on the basis of the need to update education, create prerequisites of his getting out of the crisis state through an  organic combination of science and practice. On the basis of a reflexive analysis of their own experience in implementing multilevel training in an institution of higher education, an attempt is made to present the most significant and effective moments that contribute to the formation of a teacher in a methodological culture. The article shows how, due to the inclusion of the teacher in the process of scientific and pedagogical search, it is possible to prepare one as a researcher. The steps and conditions for mastering the methodology of the interdisciplinary research in the process of formulating and solving diverse tasks are proved.  

Keywords:

methodological culture, teacher, researcher, multilevel training, interdisciplinary research, scientific and pedagogical search, task.

P. 123-132

   

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THE EDUCATIONAL POTENTIAL OF THE SOCIOCULTURAL ENVIRONMENT IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

Zatsepina Maria B., Efremenko Lyudmila V., Murzakova Olga G.

Abstract.

This article reflects the problem of conditions and quality of education of preschool children in the modern Russian system of education and upbringing. Researchers cite the requirements of parents of pupils and legal representatives of children to the level of education and the results achieved by children. The educational possibilities of the sociocultural environment and its components for the development of preschool children are considered. In addition, the requirements for the sociocultural environment are highlighted. The aspects of the influence of organizational and pedagogical conditions and the sociocultural environment on the speech and play activity of preschool children in the modern reality are studied.

Keywords:

federal state educational standard on preschool education, educational environment, socio-cultural environment, additional education, gaming, language development of children.

P. 133-140

History of pedagogy and education
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NKVD’S FIRST HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION OF THE LAW-ENFORCEMENT PROFILE: HISTORICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL ASPECT OF CREATING THE INSTITUTE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE DEVELOPMENT

Voloshin Denis V.

Abstract.

The present article for the first time in national historiography reveals organizational and pedagogical peculiarities of foundation of the Institute for administrative development in 1930. Problems which lead to this Institute foundation and its educational goals are analyzed. The author considers the idea, that the foundation of the Institute for administrative  development was actually the foundation of the first higher education institution in the national system of Home Affairs. The author pays special attention to considering the educational requirements on entering the Institute. Summering everything up, the author makes up the conclusion that the foundation of this Institute made up the basis for the further development of the educational net of the national law-enforcement agencies.

Keywords:

higher education, the Institute for administrative development, NKVD, professional training.

P. 141-149

 

New research in education
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THE ROLE OF READING IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF GIFTEDNESS IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION AND NATIONAL IDENTITY

Shastina Elena M., etc.

RETRACTED

Abstact.

The article explores the cultural potential of reading as a factor in the development of children’s giftedness. The role of the book as a culture-bearer in the process of preserving the ethnic identity is revealed. The authors draw attention to the increasing importance of family reading in the process of becoming a talented person. The questionnaire survey, conducted among respondents – University professors, living in a multiethnic environment in the territories of Armenia and the Republic of Tatarstan, reiterated the importance of the ethnic literature in the development of future teachers. The question of the correspondence between such phenomena as globalization and preservation of the national identity is viewed.

Keywords:

reading, cultural factors, nationalcultural identity, signs of giftedness.

P. 150-156

 

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MANAGEMENT ASPECT IN LIFE COMPETENCIES AS THE BASIS OF THE INTEGRATED PEDAGOGICAL PROCESS

Kolesov Vladimir I., Smolonskaya Anna N., Smolonskiy Sergey I.

Abstract.

In the article the key ideas of the managerial aspect in life competencies as the  basis for an integral pedagogical process on the example of artistic and aesthetic education are outlined. Features of the management model implementation in the educational organization are considered, features and aspects of the aesthetic development of children of younger ages are indicated.

Keywords:

life competencies, competencies, management in education, artistic and aesthetic education, values.

P. 157-161

 

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SCIENTIFIC IDEAS ABOUT THE CONTENT OF SCHOOL SCIENCE EDUCATION AS A KEY COMPONENT OF THE PEDAGOGICAL RESEARCH CONCEPT 

Levshina Svetlana V.

Abstract.

The article deals with the term “scientific ideas” as a component of the key concept of pedagogical research on the content of school science education. This term is often used in educational research papers and publications, but requires specification, since pedagogy has no definition. For this purpose, an appeal is made to philosophy, which considers representations in the context of the theory of cognition. In the course of discussions it is shown that it is necessary to characterize features of scientific representations as a subject of pedagogical research according to specifics of methodology of science of pedagogics. The features that allow to investigate the development of scientific ideas about the content of school science education are highlighted.

Keywords:

content of education, school science education, scientific ideas, pedagogical research, philosophy, research methodology.

P. 162-169

 

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ON THE CONTENT OF THE “COMBINED SCIENCES: SYNERGY” SCIENCE COURSE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN ENGLAND

Geddis Elena V.

Abstract.

Urgency of the subject of this article is conditioned by the Education Reform in England. Until recently, the Science has had the goal of creating fundamental scientific knowledge in students in individual subjects (in biology, chemistry, and physics). Today, however, it is aimed to create a holistic picture of the world, interconnection between the natural processes, animal and vegetal life. The changes that have taken place for the purposes of natural science education have led to changes in the content of the Science textbooks on Biology, Chemistry and Physics. If earlier the study of the science content had the subject differentiation, then today an attempt is made to integrate these disciplines in the content of textbooks. The purpose of this topic is to consider new directions in the study of Science, its content, criteria and methods, by means of the example of the “Combined Science: Synergy” textbook, which was included in the school curriculum in England in September 2016.

Keywords:

textbook content, combined science, science literacy, project, school in England.

P. 170-175

 

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THE ISSUE OF MOTIVATING STUDENTS, STUDYING ON A PAID BASIS, TO THE RESEARCH WORK

Kogan Evgenia A.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to analysis of peculiarities of motivation of students, studying on a paid basis, to research activities. The differences between educational and scientific-research work of students’ at a University are considered. Awareness of Moscow aviation institute (national research university) students about the various forms of students’ scientific-research work, the reasons for the reluctance to participate in activities, as well as the conditions under which they would be engaged in research work are identified. Recommendations for improving scientific research work at the University are given.

Keywords:

research work, teaching and research work, motivations in research activities, fee-based tuition, Bachelor’s program, Master’s program.

P. 176-184 

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DEVELOPING THE OPERATIONAL MINDSET OF STUDENTS’ IN THE PROCESS OF STUDYING THE CHINESE LANGUAGE

Orehova Ekaterina S.

Abstract.

The matter of teaching the Chinese language as a second foreign language from the point of modern education standards is considered in this article. One can find here the information about the hypothesis of the possible implementation of the second foreign language as a special educational environment which is appropriate for a full development of a student’s personality, the development of the operational mindset, in particular. On the current level of the Chinese language development as a school subject such fundamental concepts as “sign”, “model”, “algorithm”, and “system” might be its subject areas to look at explicitly. According to the offered model of studying, each of the mentioned general scientific notions are used as basic to understand and train the learning material on the certain level of studying Chinese. It helps to shape not only understanding of the subject being, learnt as  a special system, but also active including of the scientific language, wildly used in other school subjects, into the learning process. In its turn, the operational mindset, rising in the process of studying a certain subject, does not exist only in this very process; soon it covers all the activities of a student. It can be noticed in his personal and meta-subject skills. Thereby students get a skill to observe all subjects and phenomena of the environment as a system in their development and relationship.

Keywords:

the Chinese language, operational mindset, sign, model, algorithm, system, a meta-subjects skill.

P. 185-192

 

Innovative technologies in education
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DEVELOPMENT OF MODEL OF IMPROVEMENT OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF CADETS OF FEDERAL NATIONAL GUARD

Aleksandrova Ekaterina A., Kozlov Oleg A.

Abstract.

Wide introduction of information technologies in educational process of military higher education institutions, in our opinion, demands the correct organization of their use on all route of the professional training of future officers. This is possible within the framework of a balanced model, considering the specifics of the military education system, built on the normative and legal and methodological basis, integrating in its functional and meaningful space a set of measures aimed at improving the process of training future specialists and forming their professional readiness as the main result of education.

Keywords:

professional training, information technologies, Federal National Guard (FNGTS), pedagogical modeling.

P. 193-201

 

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ORGANIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL MATHEMATICAL ACTIVITY AT THE INITIAL STAGE OF TRAINING TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

Gamzatova Aisha G., Shamaylo Olga N.

Abstract.

The article substantiates the importance of the training start-up phase for the further period of study in a technical University. In the process of teaching mathematics, it is important to strengthen the focus on the formation of the student’s personality, instilling new features of the researcher in them, developing the experience of self-learning. The article presents the approaches to the organization of educational activities of students in accordance with the theory of P. Ya. Galperin’s, which involve the gradual forming mental actions in modification relating to the teaching of mathematics. 

Keywords: 

a technical University, mathematics, education, the start-up phase, informative analysis, training activities organization.

P. 202-208

 

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THE MODEL OF FORMING THE SOCIAL COMPETENCE IN FUTURE PROGRAMMERS THROUGH COLLABORATIVE E-LEARNING

Gorokhovsky Nadezhda A., Ruliene Lubov N.

Abstract.

The authors analyze the problems of humanization of education in the context of modern digital society. The article proposes a model of forming the social competence through the collaborative e-learning, based on the Agile methodology and Scrum technology.

Keywords:

social competence, collaborative e-learning, Agile, Scrum technology.

P. 209-217

 

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THE ORGANIZATIONAL POTENTIAL OF THE EDUCATIONAL STANDARDS IN ELABORATION OF GENERAL TECHNICAL DISCIPLINES LABORATORY WORKSHOP

Bukalova Galina V., Savin Leonid A.

Abstract.

The purposefulness is the main feature of the engineering education. In accordance with the state educational standards’ requirements, obtaining a set of competences is the final purpose of  the educational process. In the context of standardization of education the competences acquire the status of the educational standards that are essential to be obtained. Innovation strategy is a necessary condition of the company’s effective development because of the intense competition in the modern technical sphere. Scientific-technical activity is a base of the innovative engineering performance. Thus, the pedagogical problem of preparing students for the professional scientific-technical activity became more important and actual. Our consideration of the engineering activity types allows us to allocate elements of the scientific-technical activity in it, which can help to compare the elements of the professional innovative performance and the students training activity during the laboratory workshop.

Keywords:

engineering education, educational standards, training to the innovation activities, professional competence, the types of engineering work, laboratory workshop.

P. 218-231 

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ELECTRONIC TEST TO DETERMINE THE COMPONENTS OF COGNITIVE ACTIVITY OF STUDENTS IN COMPUTER SCIENCE LESSONS

Denisov Dmitriy P., Ogrizkov Vladimir E.

Abstract.

The development of information systems and communications suggest an active search for new forms of dialogue between students and teachers. A children’s rage for games and primitive communication acts in the Internet environment significantly interfere with the correct, adequate idea of the potential of modern personal devices, the solution of educational, scientific and applied problems. One should note that the share of those, who have experienced the devastating impact of the advertising and gaming industry of the Internet, is increasing in the whole amount of students.  The present work offers the teachers the e-test that covers specifics of the mobile technology, the emotional state associated with it, and formats of the data to which learners are addressing on the Internet portals, as well as the communicative activity in the virtual society. In our opinion, the questionnaire for taking into account the components of cognitive activity of students is an effective tool for dialogue, in which students and teachers will find common themes, interests, useful information for teamwork, rules of a safe behavior in a multidimensional space of the network interactions.

Keywords:

test, questionnaire, dialogue, computer, education, algorithm, ASMR trigger, diagram, virtual.

P. 232-241

 

 

Young scientists' vision
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INTERDISCIPLINARITY IN THE RESEARCH OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION: INTERACTION OF SCIENCES OF VARIOUS COUNTRIES

Sheveleva Daria E.

Abstract.

The article substantiates an interdisciplinary approach to research. The phenomenon of “inclusive education” is analyzed from the position of sociology, psychology, pedagogy; theories of Russian and foreign scientists’ are presented.

Keywords:

interdisciplinary approach, inclusive education, children with health limitations, integration in mainstream school, organization of education.

P. 242-251

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METHODS OF TEACHING PAINTING IN THE PRIMITIVE SOCIETY

Katukhina Anna V.

Abstract.

The article shows the possibilities of methods of teaching painting in a primitive society, the methods of applying historical methods in modern pedagogy, the theoretical and practical aspects of solving compositional problems. The author of the article considers examples of children’s works from the point of view of development of compositional skills and correlates the children’s drawings with examples of primitive art, reveals similar pictorial techniques.

Keywords:

composition, composition problems, educational and creative problems, teaching, ways of teaching, pedagogy of art.

P. 252-260

 

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