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Monday, 07 October 2019 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2019 №4

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 4-2019

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 

 

PHILOSOPHY OF EDUCATION

 

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ONLINE AND OFFLINE EDUCATION: METHODOLOGY AND DECISION MAKING
Round table materials

V. V. Mironov, etc.

Abstract. 

The article presents the results of the round table “Online and offline education: methodology and decision-making”. The round table discussed various aspects of the relationship between online and offline education. The round table was attended by the faculty and students of the Faculty of Philosophy of Lomonosov Moscow State University, colleagues from the Institute for Strategy of Education Development of the Russian Academy of Education, as well as representatives of Novosibirsk, Astrakhan, Kaliningrad, and Ulyanovsk universities. The round table not only addressed the issues of online and offline education in accordance with its name, but its own work was also organized both online and offline. The participants of the round table were unanimous in their understanding of the current situation in the education, within which not the replacement of offline education with online education is important, but a reasonable balance between the traditional speech dialogue and the possibilities of modern digital technologies. Specific examples of the existing interaction between these two forms of education were analyzed. It was shown that at the stage of familiarization of the respective subject areas’ languages, for example, in the case of the philosophical language, the direct dialogue with the lecturer cannot be replaced by watching the online courses. Online feedback is mechanistic and suffers from the lack of empathy. Participants of the round table addressed also research experience of the foreign economists, psychologists, and philosophers who concluded that there are no reliable studies that would show that switching to online education does indeed reduce costs, crucially increases intellectual ability or knowledge and students’ competencies. Roundtable participants supported the idea of online education as a set of additional learning tools for the traditional educational system. At the same time, the discussion represented below is also of crucial importance, because it can be considered as an example of the philosophy and philosophers’ implementation in their most important modern function – the humanitarian expertise of new social projects and technologies. 

Keywords:

online education, offline education, modern education, classical education, communication, educational process, methodology, decision making.

P. 9-49

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

     

SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
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SOCIAL NETWORKS: BASIC CONCEPTS, CHARACTERISTICS AND MODERN RESEARCH

Levin Leonid M.

Abstract.

During the recent years, social networks have rapidly and firmly entered the lives of most modern people. Involvement and immersion in the virtual space affect many aspects of human life: their physical and mental health, relationships with other people, self-perception, self-attitude, self-esteem and many others. Of course, these changes could not get unnoticed by many national and foreign scientists, who consider the phenomenon of social networks and the Internet very popular for study. In this article, the author provides an overview of studies of social networks, the Internet and their users.

Keywords:

social networks, Internet, accounts, Internet addiction. 

P. 50-57

  

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
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EDUCATION THROUGH RECOLLECTION: DIALOGUE BETWEEN GENERATIONS

Adamyan Elena I.

Abstract.

The article shows how specially organized activity promotes solving pedagogic and educational tasks on the basis of the material of the autobiographical interviews held by first-year students of the Institute of childhood of Moscow Pedagogical State University (MPGU) to the elderly people while accomplishing the through “Memories of childhood” educational task which is part of the bridging program – “Immersion into Pedagogy”. The autobiographical interview with seniors is viewed as a tool of intergenerational knowledge transfer as well as an effective education method. The feedback analysis is based upon the autobiographical interviews and the students’ reflective reports.

Keywords:

autobiographical interviews, recollection, integration into professional training, upbringing, intergenerational knowledge transfer. 

P. 58-71

 

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PREVENTING THE VIOLENT CHILDREN UPBRINGING WITHIN THE FAMILY

Arnautova Elena P., Vorobeyva Irina N., Kondratyeva Nina L., Rychagova Elena S.

Abstract.

The article depicts the issues of violent upbringing of children within the modern family. Emphasis is put on the typology of diverse forms of violence along with the ground for different types of its manifestation, namely the psychological pressure experienced by a child from an adult who interferes with the child’s self-esteem. The paper also provides the analysis of the findings of the survey conducted among the preschool teachers and parents that examined the given issue. The verbal aggression regarding the communication with children is characterized as the widespread form of violent upbringing practice inside the family. Important aspects of the activity of the supervisor and the teaching staff in terms of warning and prevention of violent methods of children upbringing within the family are highlighted inthe work. Experimentally tested facilities of  psychologically-pedagogical parental supportregarding the awareness of violent children  upbringing are suggested along with the humane methods of communication. A special emphasis is made therewith on the development of valuable skills of open communication, on mastering the methods of flexible communication in highly emotional situations etc. The article underlines the worth of the art-therapy techniques and artmethods which are not supposed to be identical,
and are applied to harmonize the mental aspect and to release from destructive emotions. Besides, the work accentuates the use of notices counselling how to solve family conflicts with stepby-step instructions for adults. 

Keywords:

domestic abuse forms, prevention of violent upbringing, adults’ verbal aggression, preventive model of violence prophylaxis, children rights within the family, skills of open communication, art-methods, methods of arttherapy. 

P. 72-83

 

GENERAL PSYCHOLOGY, PERSONALITY PSYCHOLOGY, HISTORY OF PSYCHOLOGY

  

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TEMPORAL MARKERS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL SAFETY OF THE ELDERLY PEOPLE

Tylets Valery G., Krasnyanskaya Tatyana M., Iokhvidov Vladimir V.

Abstract.

The practice of improving the general well-being of elderly people is associated with the deepening of understanding of such age phenomena as a sense of youth and a sense of old in their connection with the psychological security of an individual. The authors suggested that the sense of youth and sense of old are  temporal phenomena that determine the poles of psychological security of an individual in the late phases of human life. The search study was performed on the basis of three samples of subjects within the age range of 40–43 years, 55–58 years and 70–73 years. Thefour-component structure of the considered phenomena including «inner Self», «external Self», «motivators I» and «time I» is revealed. It is found that the connection with the psychological security of the sense of youth is provided by the inner freedom, mental stability, optimism, positivity, spiritual harmony, interest in life, passion for work, self-confidence, desire for self-realization, enjoyment of the present; sense of old – by the anxiety, vulnerability, depression, stigmatization, preservation of the usual, dissatisfaction with the present, denial and fear of the future. Invariant markers of psychological security of the person for the sense of youth are marked by the inner freedom and optimism, for the sense of old – depression of the subject. On the empirical material the existence of the relation between the psychological security of the individual and the experience of the sense of youth has been proved.

Keywords:

subjective time, psychological security, sense of youth, sense of old, period of life.

P. 84-97 

 

 

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EMOTIONAL AND EVALUATIVE FEATURES OF THE PHYSICAL AND CHEMICAL OBJECTS ACCORDING TO THE “NONEXISTENT ANIMAL” AND THE SEMANTIC DIFFERENTIAL TESTS

Khekalo Tatyana V.

Abstract.

A new test is proposed on the basis of the famous drawing test “nonexistent animal”. The scheme of the new test is direct test – reverse test. To prove that the image is a stimulus (physical and chemical object), not a projection (self-portrait), it is proposed to determine the gender of the animal depicted. The paper gives a brief overview of two alternative points of view on the picture: projection and prosopopeia. The data on the nature, origin and meaning of the category of gender in a human language and thinking are also given. The evidence of good validity
of the new test is given. The results of the nonexistent animal test are compared with the semantic differential test. It has turned out that the nonexistent animal test characterizes the gender of the figure, while the semantic differential test characterizes the gender of the grammatical form of the word – stimulus. It is proved that in this test, artists-informants depict not their self-portrait (projection), but a “portrait” of an incentive (prosopopeia). The results of the two reverse tests correspond well with each other. The experimental data will be used for the study of the emotional attitude of students to physical and chemical objects (jelly, crystal-dendrite, Liesegang rings, fractal).

Keywords:

A direct test “Nonexistent animal”, the reverse tests, physico-chemical objects, jelly, crystal-dendrite, Liesegang rings, fractal, prosopopoeia (impersonation), gender as a language category, gender of the animal pattern, the semantic differential test.

P. 98-116 

 

PSYCHOLOGY OF LABOR, ENGINEERING PSYCHOLOGY, ERGONOMICS
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APPROACHES TO RESEARCHING PSYCHOLOGICAL COMPETENCE OF THE HEAD OF A MEDICAL INSTITUTION

Katahova Svetlana S., Semchuk Irina V.

Abstract.

This article discusses the idea of studying the psychological competence of the head of a medical institution as an integral system of personal education which includes psychological expertise, knowledge and skills, as well as individual and personal qualities that allow one not only to effectively manage their internal state, behavior and activities, but also to carry out planning and management, psychological impact on the behavior and activities of other people, constructively solve problems of the personal, professional and social character at a qualitatively high level. 

Keywords:

research, psychological competence, head of a medical institution, individual and personal qualities, purposefulness, efficiency, responsibility.

P. 117-127

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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EDUCATION OF THE XXI CENTURY: GOODBYE HUMANISM, HELLO TECHNOLOGY?

Deryuga Vardan E.

Abstract.

The article deals with the phenomenon of education from the point of view of two paradigmatic approaches: the traditional (technological) and the humanistic ones. The essence of technologization of the educational process is revealed and the pedagogical problems connected with this are substantiated.

Keywords:

humanism, education, paradigm, technologism, spirituality, values, cultural tradition.

P. 128-135

 

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PROBLEMATIC ISSUES OF PROJECT ACTIVITIES IN HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTIONS

Polevoy Sergey A., Chalova Anastasiya V.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the actual problem of implementation of project management in the practice of universities. It provides an analysis of the current state of discussion of the problems of implementation of project management techniques in the practice of universities of the Russian Federation; it also identifies the problematic issues that prevent this. The analysis of the content of factors hindering the implementation of project management in the University is given. Proposals how to solve these problems have been developed. It is revealed that the problems are both objective and subjective. The solution of the first ones lies in the development of normative documents, practices, etc. The solution to the second group of problems can be implemented by the wide promotion of the ideology of project management among the University personnel, their training in the basics of project management.

Keywords:

project management implementation, higher educational institution, project management certification, University strategic goals, project management.

P. 136-143

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION
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REQUIREMENTS TO ETHICS OF EXPERTISE IN THE CONDITIONS OF THE NATIONAL EDUCATION AND PEDAGOGY

Shurilova Tatyana B., Bezborodova Ekaterina V.

Abstract.

This article presents the results of the analysis of the phenomenon of «expertise in education» in the context of the specifics of modern pedagogical science and practice of education. Basing on the results of this analysis, the authors offer arguments for the special need to comply with the principles and norms of ethics in the process of examination of pedagogical processes, objects and phenomena in the conditions of modern education and trends in the development of pedagogy. Special role of the requirements to comply with the principles and norms of ethics in the framework of the phenomenon of the social and professional expertise is proved. 

Keywords:

pedagogical science, pedagogical paradigm, norms and rules of ethics of expertise in education, social and professional expertise, expert of the social and professional expertise. 

P. 144-156

 

HISTORY OF PEDAGOGY AND EDUCATION

  

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JOENS JACOB BERZELIUS: THE SWEDISH LOMONOSOV (A COURSE OF LIFE OF THE SCIENTIST IN THE CONTEXT OF “PEDAGOGICS OF THE PERSONALITY”)

Bagashvili Inna R.

Abstact.

The given article studies the life journey of the outstanding Swedish chemist J. Berzelius in the context of “pedagogics of personality”. The research is concerned with those aspects of Berzelius’s biography which are especially important for the educational process at the high comprehensive and higher school. The author of the article considers in detail such aspects as the role of studying great scientists’ biographies in the educational process of the high and higher school, as well as the influence of the potential of the great personality on the increase of the students’ educational level. In particular, it is specified that the events which took place in the scientist’s life, the tops which he reached by means of his mind and talent, have to motivate students to succeed in their educational activity.  The research methodology is the pedagogy of personality – the direction created in the European pedagogical science at the end of the XIX century. This direction is based on training of children and young people in rational brainwork, ability to conduct a conversation, to retell and analyze the text they read. Pupils ought to overcome their indecisiveness, internal dissatisfaction and become active, outstanding personalities. The novelty of the research is that the biography of the great Swedish chemist Jens Jacob Berzelius is for the first time analyzed in the context of pedagogy of personality and influence of the main aspects of “the Swedish Lomonosov’s” life and creativity on increase of the high comprehensive and higher school students’ educational potential. It is emphasized that the name of Jens Jacob Berzelius’s is not less significant for the Russian educational tradition, than the glorified name of M. Lomonosov’s. Respectively, the conclusion was drawn that it is important to school students and students to know Jens Jacob Berzelius’s biography and the history of the discoveries made by him. 

Keywords: 

pedagogics of personality, high and higher school, educational potential, biography of the scientist, Berzelius, chemical elements.

P. 157-165

 

 

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LEADER OF EDUCATION IN THE SPHERE OF CULTURE (ON THE 100th ANNIVERSARY OF ST. PETERSBURG STATE INSTITUTE OF CULTURE AND ARTS)

Serebrjannikova Tatiana O., Stegaeva Maria V.

Abstact.

St. Petersburg State Institute of Culture and Arts, founded in 1918 as Petrograd Institute of Out-of-school Education, is one of the oldest Russian universities in the field of culture and arts. The purpose of its creation was to provide training for specialists capable of breeding a generation of educated people dedicated to the education and culture of their country. During its long history, the university has formed its own educational, scientific and cultural environment. Within the  framework of the events dedicated to the 100th anniversary of the university, St. Petersburg State Institute of Culture and Arts together with the Presidential Library initiated a project to create a digital collection on the history of the Institute. The collection includes more than 1.3 thousand units, reflecting the history of the formation and development of the institute, the main activities, unique scientific schools, as well as the main publications of the Institute. Special attention in the collection is paid to prominent figures in the field of culture and arts – the university managers, professors and alumni.

Keywords: 

St. Petersburg State Institute of Culture and Arts, SPbGIK, cultural environment, educational environment, scientific environment, Presidential Library, digital collections.

P. 166-171

 

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION
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HERMENEUTIC APPROACH IN THE PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF PRESCHOOL TEACHERS

Bykovskaya Tamara E.

Abstact.

The article deals with the problem of applying hermeneutic approach in the training of future educators for their professional activity, it presents the criteria and indicators of the levels of understanding of the child, and reveals the methods of verification of the reliability of knowledge about a preschool childin future educators in practical  classes in the disciplines of the psychological and pedagogical cycle.

Keywords:  

hermeneutic approach, understanding educator, standards of understanding of the child, the principle of naturalness, pedagogical situations, independence and initiative. 

P. 172-177

 

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ECOLOGICAL EDUCATION OF CHILDREN OF SENIOR PRESCHOOL AGE – A TOPICAL ISSUE OF THE MODERN PEDAGOGICAL SCIENCE

Tretyakov Andrei L.

Abstract.

In this article, the researcher draws the attention of theorists’ and practitioners’ in the field of preschool education to the problem of environmental education of children of senior preschool age. The historical milestones of the phenomenon of the environmental education are revealed. The mission of the preschool education in the construction of an innovative economy is indicated. The national regulatory legal documents aimed at forming the environmental education of preschool children are described. The «Foundations of the State policy in the field of environmental development of the Russian Federation for the period until 2030» in terms of the environmental education of the younger generation are briefly described. The analysis of the Federal state educational standard of preschool education on the subject of environmental education and environmental activities in pre-school organizations is provided. The author highlights the direction of the environmental education of children of senior preschool age in digital realities. 

Keywords:

environmental education, children of senior preschool age, pedagogical science, conditions, regulatory legal documents.

P. 178-186

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION
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DESIGN OF SUPPLEMENTARY TRAINING PROGRAMS IN DIGITAL LITERACY

Osipova Olga P., Danilova Tatyana N.

Abstract.

The article covers the issues connected with design of the supplementary training programs focused on forming and developing the professional competences of educators in the sphere of digital literacy. The process of forming educators’ digital literacy is considered in the social, ideological, organizational and technological aspects. An attempt of algorithmization of supplementary training programs design in the context of digital economy is made.

Keywords:

digital literacy, educational programs design, supplementary training program, educational program, education digitalization, supplementary professional education. 

P. 187-201

 

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THE MODEL OF LEARNING QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN AN ADAPTIVE NETWORK
EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Boyarinov Dmitry A.

Abstract.

The problem of managing the quality of education in an adaptive networked educational environment is dealt with in the article. The key elements of the author’s model of learning quality management in an adaptive networked educational environment are outlined in the article. The modern views on the conceptual apparatus associated with the management of the quality of education are analyzed. The objectives and quality management tools are considered in the article. A system of principles of quality management is being built. Six levels of quality (quality of design, quality of resources and information and methodological support, quality of implementation, quality of impact on students, quality of integration (quality of socialization) of students, quality of reflection of the needs of society) are considered in the article. For each level of quality, the corresponding quality criteria are determined. A complex of seven key parameters of the system evaluated as a conceptual basis for quality assessment methods is proposed. Key parameters include: the parameter of finale result; the parameter of design; the parameter of feedback; the parameter of normalization; the parameter of management; the parameter of synergy; the parameter of optimization. A quality assessment system is considered, which includes six levels of expression of the corresponding quality parameters (“absent”, “not adequate”, “partially adequate”, “medium”, “fairly well”, “completely adequate”).

Keywords: 

adaptive networked educational environment, quality of education, quality management, quality management model, the principles of quality management, quality criteria, levels of quality.

P. 202-211

 

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CONTENT OF TEACHING BUSINESS FOREIGN LANGUAGES TO NON-ECONOMIC MASTER STUDENTS

Tsvetkova Svetlana E., Mineeva Olga A.

Abstract.

Opportunities to participate in international educational projects, the expansion of international business contacts have caused the growth of the importance of mastering business foreign language for the future Master of Education. The article discusses the goals and objectives of teaching a business foreign language to students in non-economic Master’s programs. The features of the content of education are substantiated,  namely, the input foreign language information and educational technologies that determine shaping of intercultural communicative competence of Master students in the field of professional and business communication.

Keywords: 

business foreign language, foreign language input information, educational technology, goals, objectives, learning content.

P. 212-222

 

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HEURISTIC CONVERSATION WHILE STUDYING THE ADVANCED MATHEMATICS WITHIN THE COMPETENCY BUILDING APPROACH

Solovyeva Svetlana A.

Abstract.

The aim of the Higher School in this day is not only to give knowledge to students, but also to form competency in them. One of the development methods of super-subject competencies is a heuristic conversation. The possibility of forming by means of mathematics the skills of effective goal-setting, searching the ways of achieving goals, developing the operational thinking, communication skills is reflected in the article on the basis on the personal experience. The conclusions are illustrated by the examples of these competencies development during the study of one section. Further research is possible in the direction of analysis of heuristic conversation appliance to form other supersubject competencies, as well as to study the interconnections of heuristic conversation with  other innovative methods of learning with the aim of improving their effectiveness. 

Keywords:

competencies, heuristic conversation, Mathematics, integration, goal setting, organization of activity, system thinking, intellect map. 

P. 223-231

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DEVELOPMENT OF NONLINEAR THINKING OF FUTURE FASHION DESIGNERS USING THE METHOD OF STYLIZATION OF FOLK COSTUME STRUCTURES

Eremina Natalia A.

Abstract. 

The article deals with the problem of application of the method of nonlinear thinking to form modern skills of design culture in future fashion designers. The development of the project process is best realized on the examples of studying the structure of the national costume. The method of searching for a rational design solution by holographic combination method is revealed on practical examples of costume modeling with the help of structural clichés or patterns of the folk dress complex. The logic and simplicity of the structural and compositional structure of the folk costume makes it possible to comprehend the principle of combining structural units in search of a rational solution to the design problem. The article provides practical examples of the development of tasks for the development of design principles on the basis of structural analysis of the structure of the national costume. 

Keywords:

innovative specialist, nonlinear thinking, holographic combination, engineering design, structure of a folk costume, patterns, professional competence.

P. 232-245

  

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THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES DEVELOPMENT IN THE SPHERE OF ADDITIONAL EDUCATION OF ADULTS AND CHILDREN

Vasilieva Lydia L.

Abstract. 

The aim of the given research is to ground the necessity of the integration of the advanced digital technologies into the Russian educational environment along with the sphere of additional education. General scientific and empiric methods of research are applied. The author comes to the conclusion of the digitalization in education having its great opportunities due to its being an alternative form of the learning process organization whose flexibility and up-to-date methods of data processing and submission draw greater public. 

Keywords:

additional education, digitalization, online learning, educational process, online platforms, digital systems.

P. 246-250

  

Wednesday, 17 July 2019 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2019 №3

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 3-2019

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 

 

ONTOLOGY AND EPISTEMOLOGY

 

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THE EXPERIENCE OF SOCIAL AND PHILOSOPHICAL EXPLANATION OF THE PROBLEM OF «FAKES» AND «FILTER BUBBLES» ON THE WEB

Gurov Philip N.

Abstract. 

This article discusses the problems of formation of information bubbles of filters and the latest technologies of mind control in the dynamically changing realities of the information society. The specificity of the virtual network subject of activity is analyzed. A general principle of verifying an online information message is proposed, and practical ways of recognizing unreliable information (fakes) on the Web are described. Such key characteristics of digital reality as “streaming” and “amplification”, “personalization” and “thematization” are revealed. Informatization is considered as a source of sociocultural changes.

Keywords:

informatization, information and communication technologies (ICT), virtual anonymous networking subject (VANS), “filter bubble”, “fake”.

P. 9-20

      

HISTORY OF PHILOSOPHY
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E. ILYENKOV’S PROBLEM OF IDEAL AND A NEW IMAGE OF CONSCIOUSNESS

Schastlivtsev Roman A.

Abstract.

The article presents a new interpretation of E. V. Ilyenkov’s concept of ideal. It is shown that Ilyenkov’s understanding of the ideal allows its interpretation in the spirit of modern medial concepts. In this regard, the ideal can be understood as culture in general. The evolutionary approach to this problem allows us to find the rudiments of the ideal in nature. A broad view on the problem of the ideal through the prism of mediality makes it possible to use the dialectic of the direct-indirect. The latter helps to present the ideal as a system of mediations of the material primarily in the human culture. Thus, the ideal appears as formulated, acquired a material form of activity, history and culture indefinite internal mental process, the beginning of which lies also in the activity, history, culture. Action, image, text can be regarded as an external form, inseparable from the internal ideal form.

Keywords:

Ilyenkov, ideal, mediality, mediated, activity, institutionalized environment, suspension.

P. 21-26

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
General psychology, personality psychology, history of psychology 
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PERCEPTIVE ABILITIES OF VIRTUAL SPACE RESIDENTS ON THE EXAMPLE OF PHENOMENA IN ACTION

Sapogova Elena E.

Abstract.

This article is devoted to the study of the influence of the specific conditions of the virtual space on perceptual abilities within the framework of perception of phenomena in the action of cyberspace residents aged 18–22 years. The residents of cyberspace were divided into an experimental group and a control one as they stay daily and systematically in the virtual space. The experimental group consisted of cyber-active residents with the experience of more than 7 years, and the control group – less cyber-active residents with the experience from 3 to 8 years. Animal figures representing various movements of people were used as the experimental material. The stimulus material allows the subjects to determine the amount of the amount of correctly and erroneously perceived actions, and the amount of the quantity of correctly and erroneously perceived phenomena. Significant differences were  obtained between cyber-active and less cyberactive residents of the virtual space in terms of the number of erroneously perceived actions. 

Keywords:

perception of phenomena in action, perceptual productivity, cyberspace, Internet resources, hypertext, sign, virtual reality, cyberspace residents.

P. 27-34 

 

EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
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PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL DIAGNOSTICS OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF CHILDREN IN THE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT OF THE NATIONAL SCHOOL

Kurilkina Valentina N., Vinokurova Ekaterina Spiridonovna

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the acute issue of psychological and pedagogical support of the educational process in the national school. In the context of globalization, the problem of the ethnic and national identity of children and young people is important. There is a close interaction and interpenetration of cultures, the mutual influence of ethnic groups. In some national republics there is a threat of language extinction. Under these conditions, it is of great interest to study the development of the personality of a child studying in the national school. The aim of the study is to determine the psychological and pedagogical methods to diagnose the student’s personal development in the environment of the national school. The article discusses the main directions and principles of the organization of educational activities of the national school (using the example of a primary school-laboratory at NEFU), the potentials of psychological and pedagogical support for children at school, methods of psychological and pedagogical diagnosis of primary school children. The article presents the principles of the organization of the educational process in the national school, defined by V. E. Stepanova.The  results of the study show that there is a need to develop a complex of medical, psychological and pedagogical support for students of the national school that satisfies the principles of humanism, spiritual and intellectual self-development.

Keywords:

conception, national school, ethnopedagogy, spiritual development, selfawareness, self-development, ethnic identity, psychological and pedagogical diagnostics, psychological testing, personal growth, primary school.

P. 35-42

 

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EMOTIONAL BURNOUT OF TEACHERS WITH DIFFERENT TYPES OF ECONOMIC SELF-DETERMINATION

Safukova Nadezda N.

Abstract.

The article deals with the issue of correlation between the teachers’ emotional burnout and different types of economic selfdetermination, as well as satisfaction with their professional choice and its results and the attitude to the economic circumstances of their lives, to material benefits and their sources. As a result of the comparative and correlation analysis it has been revealed that there is a relationship between the level of manifestation of the emotional burnout syndrome in teachers and the types of the economic selfdetermination.

Keywords:

emotional (professional) burnout, economic self-determination, teachers.

P. 43-50

  

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION

 

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THE USE OF THE “ANTI-PLAGIARISM” SYSTEM IN UNIVERSITY

Khovanskaya Tatyana V., Sandirova Marina N.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to an acute issue of use of the “Anti-plagiarism” system in university. The authors analyze the state of this issue both abroad and in Russia, as well as regulations that guide the need and procedure for using this system of borrowings detection. Characteristic features, capabilities and modules of the “Anti-plagiarism” system as well as types of borrowing are identified and described. Special attention is paid to the need for a differentiated approach to the assessment of the originality of scientific works.

Keywords:

“Anti-plagiarism” system, types of borrowing, self-citation, analysis of the content, originality of scientific works.

P. 51-58

 

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DEVELOPING NECESSARY COMPETENCES WITH STUDENTS – FUTURE DIGITAL SOCIETY EMPLOYEES

Shornikova Natalia Y.

Abstract.

At this stage in daily occurrence there is a digitalization of many aspects of our life. New digital thinking is formed, workis transformed. Students gain and create knowledge in the digital environment. There is question: what competences have to be created  during training in a higher education institution to become a relevant and competitive worker? Having analyzed opinions of scientists on what skills (competences) are necessary for workers in the digital society, there is obvious a need to correct competences which have to be developed with students according to the Federal State Educational Standard of Higher Education taking into account the occupational standards. The author offers formulations of universal competences. 

Keywords:

competences, universal competences, digital skills, digitalization, digital society.

P. 59-64

 

THEORY OF EDUCATION
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THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF AESTHETIC EDUCATION OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

Komarova Tamara S., Moskvina Anna S.

Abstract.

In this article, the authors examine the theoretical and methodological foundations of the aesthetic education of children of preschool age in modern conditions. The analysis of the phenomenon of aesthetic education is presented. The essential features of a children’s drawing as a psychological and pedagogical phenomenon are revealed. The problematics of the possibilities of each child are updated. The mission and tasks of the visual activity in the pedagogical process of the pre-school educational organization are highlighted. Organizational and pedagogical conditions affecting the full aesthetic education of a child in the pre-school educational organization in the digital world are described. 

Keywords:

aesthetic education, a preschool child, theoretical and methodological foundations, conditions, phenomenon, a children’s drawing, graphic activity.

P. 65-71

 

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MODELING THE CONTINUOUS MILITARY VOCATIONAL EDUCATION ENVIRONMENT: METHODOLOGY AND PRACTICE

Golub Vladimir V.

Abstract.

The article features the problems of modeling the military professional education environment on the basis of general scientific approaches and principles, taking into account the special scientific and historical and methodological features of its development. The aim of the author is to highlight certain aspects of the developed and implemented methodology for modeling the environment of military vocational education during the reformation period, ensuring an increase in the professional and personal readiness of a military specialist and motivation in constant self-development.

Keywords:

pedagogical modeling, pedagogical validity, spatial approach, innovative project, educational environment, methodology, systemintegrative approach.

P. 66-82 

  

NEW RESEARCH IN EDUCATION
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THE DEVELOPMENT OF CREATIVE ABILITIES IN PRESCHOOL AND PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN: THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL GROUNDS

Boyko Irina N.

Abstact.

In this article, the author reveals he agenda of developing creative abilities in children of preschool and primary school age from the standpoint of theoretical and methodological foundations. Creative abilities as a phenomenon of psychological and pedagogical science are covered. The analysis of the theory of the issue is given, the statements of teachers and psychologists on this issue are revealed. The approaches to understanding the category of abilities are highlighted. The factors of forming any kind of abilities in a person are described. The aspects of the development of creative abilities are considered. Criteria for creativity are defined. The levels of development of creative abilities in children of preschool and primary school age are characterized. 

Keywords:  

creative abilities, children of preschool and primary school age, analysis, theory, methods, criteria, creativity, innovation in psychological and pedagogical science and practice.

P. 83-90

 

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THE RESEARCH INTO REPRESENTATION OF FAMILY VALUES BY PRESCHOOL EDUCATORS

Gorbunova Olesya F., Sultanbaeva Klavdia I.

Abstract.

The article presents the results of an empirical research which contains the information about the value-oriented trends of teachers’ of Khakass preschool institutions of today. The analyses of the results promoted the conclusion that there are qualitative changes in the preschool educators’ perception of family values.

Keywords:

value, family values, preschool educator, family values representation.

P. 91-98

 

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FORMING PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF INTENDED PRESCHOOL TEACHERS

Bykovskaya Tamara E.

Abstract.

The article deals with the problem of training intended teachers of preschool institutions, aimed at the forming their professional competence. The main characteristics and pedagogical conditions contributing to its forming are presented; the stages, tasks and technologies of formation are revealed.

Keywords:

professional competence, agency, autonomy, reflection, achievement motivation, professional self-awareness, simulation modeling of practice-oriented professional activities.

P. 99-105

 

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SPORT IN A UNIVERSITY AS AN OPEN PHYSICAL-EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT FOR PREPARING A CREATIVE PE TEACHER

Nikiforov Yuriy B., Grishin Yuriy Yu.

Abstract.

The article covers issues related to sport and its recreational work in universities as a single concept. The analysis of development of student sports in Russia allows us to state that its formation went through several stages. The modern stage is characterized by the emergence of new tasks set for the physical education in higher education institution. These  tasks are aimed not only at the development of students’ physical abilities, but also their inspirations for physical training and sport, shaping the values of healthy way of life, where the physical activity is a necessary condition. 

Keywords:

physical training and sport, weightlifting, educational environment, professional activity, youth.

P. 106-112

 

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AKTIVATING FOREIGN STUDENTS’ EDUCATIONAL-COGNITIVE ACTIVITY AT THE INITIAL STAGE OF TRAINING AT A MEDICAL UNIVERSITY: EXPERIENCE AND THE MEANS OF REALIZATION

Oleshko Tamara V., Sayamova Valentina I., Dorofeev Vadim A.

Abstract. 

Some questions of foreign students’ educational cognitive activity at the preuniversity stage of training at the medical university and the means of its activation are discussed in the article: cognitive interest forming, studying motivation and students’ active position in the training process, students’ self-regulation of this activity, intention to create, mutual enrichment of a teacher and a student’s effective activity, creation of a trusting relationship between them, a teacher’s pedagogical skill among them.  As we think the results of the pedagogical  bservations contribute to well-known patterns of the learning process, help to form a foreign student’s personality as an intended doctor, and relate to the educational tasks in the medical university.

Keywords:

educational-cognitive activity, motivation, activation, foreign students, preuniversity stage of training, speech activity,cognitive interest. 

P. 113-123

 

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NATIONAL CULTURE AS A HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS EDUCATION CONDITION
(A CASE STUDY OF THE SAKHA REPUBLIC (YAKUTIA))

Popova Marfa N.

Abstract.

The article reveals the issue of forming the national identity in high school students. The idea that the national identity formation is impossible without the use of the pedagogical capabilities of the national culture is substantiated. National culture has always been and still remains an intellectual resource, the focus of unique cultural processes, the spiritual and moral core and the source of people’s livelihood. The basic culture of the Sakha people is education in the course of joint educational, cognitive and labor activities of children and adults. During this joint activity, everyone performs the role assigned to them. The essence of the child-adult educational community “parents – teachers – children” is close to the folk traditions of upbringing. The article also discusses the traditions and customs of the Yakut people and their use in raising the younger generation and summarizes the practical experience of the schools of Yakutia. 

Keywords:

national culture, Yakut traditions, customs, school, high school students, parents, teachers, interaction.

P. 124-130

 

INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES IN EDUCATION
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USING THE TECHNOLOGY OF DYNAMIC COMPUTER TESTING IN MANAGING THE QUALITY OF STUDENTS’ PROGRAMMING TRAINING

Kuzmin Dmitry N., Bortnovsky Sergey V., Kosmynina Irina N.

Abstract.

The article proposes the solutio to the problem of managing the quality of students’ programming training. We propose to use a dynamic computer testing technology to solve this problem. The article presents some features of this technology. It also describes the structural-functional model of the training and diagnostic system as well as the process of interaction of student with the system. In addition, the article presents the conclusions on the perspective of the using this technology in managing the quality of students’ programming training. 

Keywords:

dynamic computer testing, managing the training quality, control of the learning outcomes, programming, informatics and ICT.

P. 131-138

 

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CREATIVE THINKING DEVELOPMENT BY MEANS OF NON-TRIVIAL TASKS

Shimelfenig Oleg V.

Abstract.

The paper states that traditional methods and the latest technology always work on the development of the same abilities: to think, to analyze, to find creative solutions, to take responsibility, to quickly navigate the changing circumstances. There have been considered simple tasks from different areas of knowledge, which, however, provide an opportunity to develop the skills of selfobservation, analytical thinking, to build an adequate pattern of events in general and they also teach the methodological technique of reducing the problem to such a “marginal” form when its solution becomes obvious. 

Keywords: 

tradition, innovation, skills, tasks, analytical thinking, methodology. 

P. 138-146

 

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ON THE EDUCATIONAL ROUTES CHOICES FOR THE APPLICANTS TO TECHNICAL AND SCIENTIFIC COLLEGES

Badaev Yuri L.

Abstract.

In connection with the reform of the education system in Russia and the introduction of the Unified State Exam as the only form of examination for admission to a university, school-leavers often face an issue of choosing an alternative educational route in order to get admitted to a college of further education with further application to a college of higher education escaping the exam procedure. This article describes the features of these routes.

Keywords: 

educational route, College, University, education.  

P. 147-152

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF PRACTICAL TASKS WHILE TEACHING MATHEMATICS TO STUDENTS OF THE SOCIO-HUMANITARIAN PROFILES

Kislyakova Maria А., Polichka Anatoly E.

Abstract.

The article presents the author’s approach to the formation of professional competence with students of sociohumanitarian profiles to apply the methods of mathematics to professional activities through the developed system of practical tasks. There have been drawn the examples of practical tasks for the students of socio-humanitarian profiles – “Advertising and Public Relations”,“Teacher Education”, “Psychology”, “Social  Work”. 

Keywords:

profession-oriented tasks, methods of teaching mathematics, practical tasks, students of socio-humanitarian profiles. 

P. 153-161

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TEACHING ASPECTS OF A FOREIGN LANGUAGE ONLINE

Ignatenko Irina I.

Abstract. 

The author examines the reasons for the growing popularity of online learning: price and territorial accessibility, saving time, the possibility of a flexible approach to individual needs, the modern image. The article shows ways to overcome the pedagogical and technical difficulties with new online teachers. The author reveals some features of the methodological techniques and technical resources of various aspects of the online language learning: reading, listening, speaking and writing. Examples of the use of innovative technical resources for independent learning of creative writing are given. The role of feedback and the features of error correction in an online lesson are shown.  

Keywords:

online language learning, learning platform, interactive whiteboard, shared screen, language aspects. 

P. 162-168

  

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FORMING PRESENTATION SKILLS IN FOREIGN PHILOLOGY STUDENTS
WITH THE USE OF MODERN MULTIMEDIA MEANS

Georgiadi Alexandra A., Georgiadi Alexander K.

Abstract. 

The paper analyses the experience of the formation of presentation skills in foreign philology students with the use of modern multimedia technology. The authors clarify the essence of the concept of an intended foreign language teacher’s presentation skills in the context of modern pedagogical research  and discuss the potential of using such multimedia means as programs for creating slide presentations, video presentations and augmented reality in teaching foreign languages. 

Keywords:

philology students, intended foreign language teacher, presentation, presentation skills, multimedia means, Power Point, video clip, augmented reality. 

P. 169-176 

  

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PROJECT-BASED LEARNING WITH THE TIPS ELEMENTS AS A TRIGGER
OF THE STUDENTS' EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY

Sakulina Julia V., Nikulina Tatiana V.

Abstract. 

In the article various learning technologies of optimizing the teaching and learning process with the TIPS methods application are considered. The lessons covering gnostic and research tasks promote acquisition of knowledge and development of necessary competencies of students’. TIPS is a unique method of activating the students’ work and it allows to individualize the training process. The authors draw an example of the modification of the information search system on the Internet with the use of the TIPS elements. This technology allows students to develop the necessary professional competency.

Keywords:

training, Theory of Inventive Problem Solving, learning technology, self-education, competencies.

P. 177-183

 

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REALIZATION OF THE EDUCATIONAL FUNCTION OF THE EMOTIONALLY-VALUABLE COMPONENT OF THE CONTENT OF FOREIGN LANGUAGE EDUCATION IN KIROV LYCEUM OF ECONOMICS AND LAW

Tatarinova Maya N., Volkova Εlena M.

Abstract. 

The purpose of this article is to describe the experience of implementing the educational function of the emotionally-valuable component of the content of foreign language education in Kirov lyceum of economics and law. The relevance of the study is related to the need to emphasize the personal and emotional components of students’ perception of a different lingo-culture and to the importance of  comparing this experience with their knowledge and feelings. However, the implementation of the experience of students’ emotionallyvaluable relations in the design and realization of the content of foreign language education still occurs randomly and intuitively. The object of our study in this article is the emotionallyvaluable component of the content of foreign language education. The subject is the educational function of this component. Its successful fulfilment is linked with the change and enlargement of students’ values, motives, relationships, personal positions. The final goal is to meet the needs of personal growth and development of students as subjects of the dialogue of cultures. 

Keywords:

the emotionally-valuable component of the content of foreign language education, the educational function, development of the experience of students’ emotionally-valuable relations, the approaches, principles and regulations of the educational function realization.

P. 184-195

 

YOUNG SCIENTISTS’ VISION
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THE THEORETICAL BASIS OF THE EUROPEAN PRACTICE OF TEACHERS’ TEAM BUILDING IN NON-FORMAL EDUCATION

Frolova Daria I.

Abstract.

The article deals with the issue of introducing non-formal teaching methods in the European formal education system. At the moment, at the European level, there is a growing tendency to assess non-formal and formal education, and great attention is paid to the introduction of non-formal working methods in the traditional educational ways. The issues of traditional classes and of preventing early school leaving are covered. The article provides definitions that characterize formal and nonformal education and training.

Keywords:

team building of teachers, nonformal education, traditional education, alternative education, formal education.

P. 196-199 

 

Wednesday, 22 May 2019 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2019 №2

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 2-2019

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 

 

History of Philosophy

 

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THE AESTHETICS OF AKMEISM: THE ISSUE OF NATURE OF THE ART IMAGE

Zanegina Anastasiya A..

Abstract. 

The article is devoted to the analysis of the category of the image in eidolology – an akmeistic image-making sphere. This text proves that eidolology is the basis of the aesthetic system of Akmeism. Eidolology generates in itself specific images – eidolons. These images were the only correct ones, suitable for creating the ideal artistic work by akmeist-poets. Particular attention is paid to the specifics of the eidolon and the nature of their functioning in a poetic text. The article also explores the communicative, aestheticperceptive aspect of poetry in Akmeism. 

Keywords:

Akmeism, symbolism, the philosophy of creativity, the artistic image, eidolology, eidolon.

P. 9-17

      

Philosophy of science and technology
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THEOLOGY AND PEDAGOGY IN THE MODERN UNIVERSITY: THE BASICS OF SYNERGY

Divnogortseva Svetlana Yu.

Abstract.

The author argues in favour of two ways of theological knowledge with the content of modern pedagogical education interaction. The first path is associated with the training of teachers of religious faith and culture. It must be variable-based, take into account the ideological orientation of students and therefor include studying theological courses as a General theoretical preparation and methodologically oriented disciplines in the content of their training. At the same time, the author offers ways of improving pedagogical training of students of theological seminaries and academies, departments of theology, aimed at the future teaching of religious faith and culture. The second way is connected with the study of history and theory of the Orthodox pedagogical culture in a pedagogical university. The Orthodox pedagogical culture has historically dominated in the domestic educational environment for a millennium. It is based on the theological doctrine that includes the Orthodox anthropology. The author gives her own experience of building the content of teacher education in the faith-based University as an example of the implementation of the theology and pedagogy interaction. This experience can be adapted for use in other higher education institutions.

Keywords:

theology, pedagogy, the Orthodox pedagogical culture, pedagogical education.

P. 18-27

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
General psychology, personality psychology, history of psychology 
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EXISTENTIAL-PSYCHOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF “NOSTALGIA WITHOUT MEMORY” EXPERIENCE

Sapogova Elena E.

Abstract.

The author’s analysis of the experience of “nostalgia without memory” recorded in modern generations of young and adult people is performed in the paradigm of existential psychology. It is described as a phenomenon of the subject’s life world which appears in the context of the changing reality of human existence, characterized by the need to adapt to the increasing difficulty of choosing a development trajectory and overcoming uncertainty/indeterminacy. The relations of the experience of “nostalgia without memory” with the existential expectations of the individual and self-perception are considered. The factors that stimulate the experience of “nostalgia without memory” in the “Me-Me-Me generation” are described: the inclination to prolong the status of a psychological consumer; the long-term parent overprotection; the tendency to avoid taking responsibility for the course and psychological content of one’s own life; the acceptance of the carpe diem strategy, etc.

Keywords:

nostalgia, “nostalgia withoutmemory”, uncertainty/indeterminacy, existential expectations, identity, personality, life world.

P. 28-45

 

 

Educational psychology
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REPRESENTATIONS OF SIGNIFICANT ABSTRACT CONCEPTS IN ADOLESCENCE

Dikova Mariya V., Zhuravleva Inna A.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the study of the features of ideas about abstract concepts in adolescence. The phenomena of “representations” and “abstract concepts”, features of personality development in adolescence are explored. The results of an empirical study of the features of significant abstract concepts in adolescence are presented. The hierarchy of significant abstract concepts in the modern world among young men and girls is formed; the content and essence of the notion of abstract concepts are studied.

Keywords:

abstract concept, representation, personality, adolescence.

P. 46-54

 

Psychology of labor, engineering psychology, ergonomics

 

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COLOR SYMBOLISM AND MARKETING COMMUNICATIONS

Malsagova Madina I.

Abstract.

The article deals with the issues of color symbolism in realizing marketing communications as well as the factors causing comprehension of color space. Visual perception, as the researches suggest, in many respects defines the color: stimulating the photoreceptors it is capable to trigger various psychological spirit. This trait has found a broad application in marketing and in design decisions to draw attention of wide audience. The given research analyzes significant features of the color system of symbolic names, emblems, and adverts of large companies.

Keywords:

color, psychology of color, color theory, color influence, color perception, color scheme, color symbolism, branding, logos, emblems, advertising.

P. 55-60

 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
Modernization of education

 

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MEASUREMENT PROCEDURES AND RATING WITHIN THE ALL-RUSSIAN AND REGIONAL SYSTEMS OF EDUCATION QUALITY ASSESSMENT 

Belousov Konstantin Yu.

Abstract.

The article describes the variety of measurement procedures implemented within the framework of the unified system of education quality assessment in Russia. The author raises the issue of perception of evaluation procedures as tools to control the activities of teachers by a number of Saint Petersburg schools’ teachers’. The emphasis is placed on the need to change the pedagogical community’s attitude towards the measurement procedures implemented within the quality assessment system. With regard to the rating, it is proposed to hold a broad public discussion in order to develop common approaches and criteria for the preparation of school ratings both in the country as a whole and in regions in particular.

Keywords:

measuring procedures in education, rating, quality assessment system, schools, teachers.

P. 61-71

 

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PATENT SEARCH IN THE SYSTEM OF HIGHER EDUCATION

Shlekova Inna Yu., Knysh Andrei I., Korchevskaya Yulia V.

Abstract.

The article presents a pedagogical project and the results of its implementation. A plan of practical exercises based on the patent sector of the regional scientific library is proposed. The high efficiency of holding such classes in the course of training of engineers is shown.

Keywords:

patent search, pedagogical design, patent, intellectual property, training of engineers, invention.

P. 72-79 

 

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RETROSPECTIVE ANALYSIS OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION DEVELOPMENT: WORLD EXPERIENCE

Maltceva Ekaterina Yu.

Abstract.

Modern society in the context of social and economic changes faces a variety of open questions, one of which is humanization of the civic and societal life of the society. The process of humanization is traced through all the spheres of the societal functioning, especially in education. The education sector of the recent years tends to design a comfortable learning environment for all members of the society despite their ethnicity, race and gender, social status or health problems. This tendency brings about a new learning model – inclusive education, which is aimed at the integration of people with health limitations into the process of education. The author of the article examines the issue of inclusive education, period of its development in Russia and abroad, and main principles which form the basis for the inclusive education and which should be observed while teaching people with health limitations. Stages of development of the inclusive education in some foreign countries (European countries, USA and Japan) as well as in Russia have been analyzed. The conducted historical research on the education development shows that the foreign countries have been carrying out this work for a long period and have had successful results of its implementation and realization, while the Russian practice reveals the entry level of realization of the inclusive approach to educating people with health limitations.

Keywords:

inclusive education, principles, disabled people, mainstreaming, humanization.

P. 80-88 

      

Theory of education
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THE IMPACT OF IMMIGRATION PROCESSES ON THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE SUBJECTS OF THE EDUCATIONAL SPACE OF THE UNITED STATES: AN ANALYSIS OF MODERN DETERMINANTS 

Danilova Marina V.

Abstract.

The article analyzes the dynamics of migration processes in the United States. The resources of the Institute for Migration Policy (MPI), the American Community Survey (ACS) data were used. The situation is presented in the ethnic, age, educational aspects. We consider the issues of illegal immigration, the facts of the unaccompanied children’s arrival into the country. Attention is focused on educational problems related to the intensity of the load on public schools, overcrowding, and limited English proficiency of immigrant students.

Keywords:

immigration, poverty, limited English proficiency, academic success.

P. 80-96 

 

History of pedagogy and education
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CULTURAL, PEDAGOGIC AND EDUCATIONAL INFLUENCE OF THE RUSSIAN ORTHODOX CHURCH ON THE PROCESS OF FORMING THE SYSTEM OF PRIMARY PUBLIC EDUCATION OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX CENTURY

Konstantinova Natalia D.

Abstract.

This article is based on a brief analysis regarding the role of the Russian Orthodox Church in the primary education of Russia of the second half of the 19th century and the 21st century. The text contains information on the status of the issue of introducing the subject of the “Basics of religious cultures and secular ethics” in the course of 4th grade of primary school, as well as the historical foundations, which in many respects became key to the “Basics of Orthodox Culture” module.

Keywords:

Basics of religious cultures and secular ethics, primary education, Russian Orthodox Church, parochial school, K. P. Pobedonostsev.

P. 97-105

 

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MAIN DIRECTIONS OF DEVELOPMENT OF DOMESTIC EDUCATION AND PEDAGOGY OF THE FIRST HALF OF THE XX CENTURY

Boguslavskiy Mikhail V., etc.

Abstract.

This article reviews the research and interpretation of the national education and the pedagogy development process of the first half of the 20th century. The study showed that in 1920s – 40s, the Soviet Pedagogy developed mostly in the social pedagogical and cognitive directions, while the immigrant pedagogy followed the cultural anthropological path, which later on, gave way to the Christian anthropological, Orthodox pedagogical, and individual humanistic, and cognitive schools. Thus, we can state that despite global social and political disasters of the first half of the 20th century, all the basic schools of the national pedagogy developed continuously throughout 1920s – 40s.

Keywords:

history of Pedagogy, history of education, first half of the 20th century, Soviet school.

P. 106-116

 

 

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AMERICAN UNIVERSITIES AS THE SOURCES OF JOHN DEWEY’S PROFESSIONAL DEVELOPMENT AND SCIENTIFIC OUTLOOK

Rogacheva Elena Yu.

Abstract.

The paper is devoted to an American scientist, philosopher and educator, John Dewey (1859–1952), who could turn 160 years old in 2019. A special attention is paid to Dewey’s professional and scientific work in Michigan, Chicago and Columbia University.

Keywords:

John Dewey’s professional development, scientific outlook, Michigan University, Chicago and Columbian periods.

P. 117-127

 

New research in education
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INTEGRATION OF UNIVERSITIES AND SCHOOLS AS A CONDITION FOR STRENGTHENING PRACTICE-ORIENTED TRAINING OF A FUTURE SUBJECT TEACHER

Altukhova Svetlana O.

Abstact.

The article discusses the issue of creation and functioning of a specialized department of a pedagogical university, special aspects of its interaction with educational partner institutions, development of the educational process and the involvement of professionals with practical experience in professional activities.

Keywords:

Lipetsk State Pedagogical University named after P. P. Semenov-Tyan Shansky, specialized department, practice-orientation, teaching practice.

P. 128-135

 

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THE CONCEPT OF “ORGANIZATIONAL AND MANAGEREAL TASKS”: THE OPINIONS OF THE AUTHORS OF THE EDUCATIONAL STANDARDS OF PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION AND SCIENTISTS

Stroykina Lyubov V.

Abstract.

The article deals with the concept of “organizational and managerial tasks of professional activity” in two aspects: from the point of view of the developers of the FSES HE in pedagogical education and from the position of the scientists involved in the problems of pedagogical management. The analysis of scientific statements showed the ambiguity of interpretations of the concept. In this paper we suggest considering the organizational and management tasks, basing on the general functions described in the professional standard “Teacher”.

Keywords:

organizational and management tasks, organizational and management activity, professional standard, job description.

P. 136-144

 

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TRAINING OF BACHELORS OF EDUCATION FOR HEALTH-CREATIVE ACTIVITY IN THE CONTEXT OF THE MODERNIZATION OF RUSSIAN EDUCATION

Novikov Denis S.

Abstract.

The article deals with the requirements which the modernization of Russian education makes to the preparation of Bachelors in pedagogical universities in the field of preserving and strengthening the student’s health. The author believes that this training should not be focused on the procedural and technological elements of health-creative activity as much as on the students’ mastering the ideal of health-creative activity. It is this ideal that makes the healthcreative activity meaningful, orients the person towards the use of health as a natural basis for self-realization and implementation of the chosen life strategy.

Keywords:

Bachelor of Education, modernization of education, health-creative activity, ideal of health-creative activity, readiness for health-creative activity, subject of post-industrial modernization.

P. 145-155

 

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FORMING STUDENTS’ ABILITY TO DEBATE AT PRACTICAL LESSONS ON HISTORY IN HIGHER SCHOOL

Demina Svetlana S.

Abstract.

Shaping students’ ability to debate is connected with some difficulties. The author notes a gradual character of this process. The regular use of this teaching method (from its simple forms to more complex ones) at practical lessons will permit to form effectively students’ability to debate.

Keywords:

teaching in higher school, history teaching, teaching methods, ability to debate, group discussion, argumentation.

P. 156-161

 

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MONITORING THE COMPETENCE QUALITY OF THE GRADUATES’ OF DEPARTMENTAL EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS OF EMERCOM OF RUSSIA

Bulgakov Vladislav V., Samoilov Dmitry B., Maslov Alexey V.

Abstract.

Monitoring the quality of graduates’competence is an urgent task for educational organizations of the State Firefighting Service of the Ministry of Emergencies of Russia. The heads of practical units of the State Firefighting Service, into which young specialists are distributed to perform functions in the field of state fire supervision, investigation and examination of fires and firefighting, developed questionnaires to assess graduates in order to identify gaps in training. The results of the questionnaire survey carried out by the heads of practical units presented in the article reflect the level of forming professional competencies and business qualities of graduates’; the analysis of those results contributes to the development of activities in the field of the organization of the educational process and its methodological support aimed at improving the quality of training in Ivanovo Fire Rescue Academy of State Firefighting Service of EMERCOM of Russia.

Keywords:

monitoring, questionnaire, professional competence, business qualities, cadets, State Fire-Fighting Service.

P. 162-174

 

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SOCIAL SUPPORT FOR THE FORMER PRISONERS UNDER THE CONDITIONS
OF THE POSTPENITENTIARY SYSTEM

Kolesov Vladimir I., Smolonskaya Anna N., Smolonskii Sergei I.

Abstract.

In the article the main social support for the former prisoners in the conditions of the post-penitentiary system is revealed and analyzed. The process of the socialization of people of this category is considered, which is based on the moral culture, the system of social relations and labor activity. The paper describes the importance of labor and the collective in rethinking the life position and outlook.

Keywords:

post-penitentiary system, social support, labor activity, labor relations.

P. 175-179

 

Innovative technologies in education
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THE ROLE OF SOCIAL MEDIA IN AN ADAPTIVE NETWORK EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Boyarinov Dmitry A.

Abstract.

The article discusses the role of the social media in an adaptive network educational environment. It also considers the modern domestic and foreign approaches to the definition of the “social media” concept and the description of their role in the educational process. There are some constructive conclusions made in the article that one should take into account while designing an adaptive network educational environment and which can be used as the basis for a model of usage of the social media in this educational environment. These conclusions are: the expediency of using specially created networks, the crucial importance of quick access to information (“one click” access); usage of the search by full-text query as the main search tool. The main components of a social network within the framework of an adaptive network educational environment are identified. These components are: “groups”, “blog” and “my page”. The factors that determine the effectiveness of these components as tools for organizing the work of students are analyzed in the article. The essential role of the means of motivation and providing feedback is noted. The creation of special groups is proposed as a form of such means. The minimum required set of elements in such groups is highlighted in the article. That set includes: title; main text field; a set of discussion forums; wall comments. A model of the use of the social media in an adaptive network educational environment contributing to the implementation of the property of intermodality is proposed. The fact that the individualization of the learning environment will give learners the opportunity for creative expression in learning activities is emphasized in the article. The fact that social networks naturally and effectively reflect the contours of the existing social relationships is noted. This fact is crucial in terms of giving a key feature (which is adaptability) to the designed educational environment.

Keywords:

adaptive network educational environment, social media, social networks, social software, intermodality.

P. 180-187

 

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ELECTRONIC LEARNING RESOURCES IN THE PRACTICE-ORIENTED EDUCATION

Yakhtanigova Zhanna M.

Abstract.

The mission of the practiceoriented education is training of wellgrounded professionals in the light of modern requirements for quality of education as well as shaping both professional and personal traits in future graduates. The extremely valuable educational resources are electronic learning ones. The need for them is, first of all, put down to the poor interactive teachware, especially in in the segment of practice of all kinds. The Department of practical and project education of Belgorod State Agricultural University (Russian Federation) has designed some special computer programs that operate as electronic learning resources of the practiceoriented education. The programs under analysis conduce to a wide application of the project teaching method as well as the method of cooperation technology. The software designed tackles a problem of the students’self-control in the field of their theory learning and provides them with the information on the state of the agricultural sector of the region. It also can allow one to choose a company for an on-the-job training independently and covers other issues.

Keywords: 

the practice-oriented education, electronic learning resource, higher education, vocational secondary education, competence, university, qualification, specialist, production, scientific research.

P. 188-197

 

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MODELING AND DIAGNOSTICS OF EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT RISKS BASED ON MATHEMATICAL METHODS

Lyaluk Alexander V.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the development of primary mathematical models and the diagnosis of risk factors of the educational environment. The functioning of the educational environment is a multifactor process, the results of which are multidimensional. Factors and results of the educational environment should be characterized by a certain numerical value, without which it is impossible to carry out risk management. It is substantiated that mathematical methods should be used in modeling and diagnosing the risks of the educational environment: methods of the theory of sets and relations, methods of linear algebra, and methods of the theory of limits. Various formulas for assessing the riskiness (danger) of participants in social and pedagogical interaction and the teaching staff are presented, which allow one to create a basis for identifying potential and real sources of risks in the educational environment, to predict ways to overcome them.

Keywords:

risk, danger, educational environment, forecast, matrix, mathematical methods, modeling.

P. 198-204

 

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MODERN METHODS OF TEACHING DISCIPLINES RELATED TO THE STUDY
OF CONFESSIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Balabeykina Olga A.

Abstract.

This article reflects non-standard approaches to the study of disciplines related to the study of the confessional environment – both, Russian and foreign. It proposes to use the pieces of literature and feature movies to consolidate the basic concepts of the course and to expand the information on the key didactic units. It also draws some examples of organizational forms of practical sessions aimed at practical application of knowledge gained during the lectures. The purpose of applying the described methods is to develop students’ creative thinking, as well as the ability to make independent conclusions concerning the confessional processes. The methods are illustrated by examples of the seminars held in St. Petersburg State University of Economics. The main modern non-standard methods of studying confessional environment being considered in the article are the following: application of works of literature and cinematography to state the basic concepts of the educational discipline; development and provision of excursions for confessional subjects by students in real conditions of the confessional environment; comparative analysis of questionnaire surveys and interviews of those of the traditional confessions of the studied region. There is also a reference to the experience of implementing foreign educational practices regarding confessional issues. The result of applying these methods is an increased interest in the subject, as well as scientific and analytical activities in the research area.

Keywords:

methods of study of religious environment, conceptual framework, organizational form of seminar classes, modern methods of teaching, religious environment, literature as a training aid, religious knowledge.

P. 205-214

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THE BENEFITS OF PROFESSIONALLY ORIENTED TEXT-BOOKS FOR TEACHING FOREIGN LANGUAGE IN A TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY (THE EXPERIENCE OF TEACHING THE STUDENTS OF TECHNICAL SPECIALTIES IN MOSCOW AVIATION INSTITUTE)

Korotaeva Irina E., Chuksina Oksana V.

Abstract. 

The article sums up the experience of using professionally oriented text-books at the Foreign Language for Aerospace Specialities Department of Moscow Aviation Institute (National Research University). The choice of popular scientific technical texts about aerospace industry for studying English by future bachelors, specialists and masters of science is explained. The types of aerospace terms the students study are characterized, and the examples of exercises used to form language skills are given in the article. The difficulties of teaching oral speech in technical university are analyzed. The content of the “English grammar in Aviation context” text-book is described. 

Keywords:

lexical text-book, grammatical textbook, professionally directed foreign language teaching, foreign language for aerospace specialties, aviation terms.

P. 215-224

  

Young scientists' vision
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CONVERGENT APPROACH TO THE DESIGN OF ADDITIONAL GENERAL EDUCATIONAL PROGRAMS

Gradov Mikhail V.

Abstract.

The article deals with one of the newapproaches that is carried out in education in modern school. This approach makes it possible to level the boundaries between academic disciplines and to form students’ competencies necessary for a holistic perception of the world around them. The article provides an example of an additional General educational program, technology-oriented, developed on the basis of a convergent approach. This program allows us to provide students with significant assistance in their pre-training in the framework of preprofile and specialized training, as well as to reveal the talents of students’ in a completely different, but very interesting and modern areas of educational activity. The proposed methods will be of interest to the Deputy Director for educational work and the content of education, subject teachers, teachers of additional education, organizers of additional education at school.

Keywords:

unmanned aerial vehicles, additional education, convergence, convergent approach, education, design of additional general education program, technical orientation.

P. 225-234

 

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MODERN WAYS OF TEACHING STUDENTS THE ACADEMIC DISCIPLINE “CIVIL LAW”
(on the example of civil law obligations)

Sayapin Sergey P., Seregina Tatiyana S.

Abstract.

The article examines the advantagesand disadvantages of using modern learning methods (business game, brainstorming, group discussion, situation analysis, etc.) while teaching students the basics of civil law obligations. The possibility of applying the concept of “Work based learning” to contractual obligations in Russia is studied. It is proposed to introduce a professional-oriented method of “Alliance: University and employer” in the “Civil law” course. It is concluded that in order to achieve the maximum educational effect due to the involvement of all students in the learning process, it is necessary to combine and alternate modern methods of education depending on the performance of students, acting within the educational program in the specialty 030501.65 “Jurisprudence”.

Keywords:

higher education, legal pedagogy, learning process, students, civil law, right of obligations.

P. 235-245

 

Monday, 04 March 2019 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2019 №1

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 1-2019

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 

 

Philosophy of education

 

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PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS OF COMMUNICATION IN CONTEMPORARY EDUCATION

Simonova Margarita M.

Abstract.

The article considers multiple directions of using unifying communication in modern society, its importance in social life. The study of communication processes in modern education makes it possible to ensure the intensification of the learning process and to use the scientific potential of communicability in a specific learning situation. This makes possible a dialogue on the informatization of the education system, on the training of specialists for the intensive development of information technologies and who are capable of updating the modern education in the country. Education, being a variant and a means of communication, is called upon to introduce a learning personality into a vast, integral world of communication. Today, a more intensive understanding of the question of the worldview in education is required as a powerful communicator, connecting a system of various scientific researches in favor of education. At present, the direction of the socio-cultural approach to the organization of education is being strengthened. It involves communication synthesis, integration of socio-cultural and natural-scientific bases of education. Communication processes in society, conditionally separated from direct educational systems, but connecting the most diverse and strong streams of science, politics, ideology, and civil society institutions, objectively serve to better understanding the realities of the globalized world and the responsibility of everyone for the place of the country in it. The task of education, using all the modern achievements in the field of cybernetics and informatics, to enlighten the younger generation about the invisible currents of the slipping away of information meanings in the vast volumes of communication space, about the possibilities of manipulating communicative PR, advertising and sociopolitical field penetrated with communicative technologies.

Keywords:

communication, education, metacommunication, information technologies, education reform, knowledge, communication tools.

P. 9-16

      

Social philosophy
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THE INFLUENCE OF CONSCIOUSNESS ON THE UNDERSTANDING AND COGNITION BY THE HUMAN-BEING IN THE MODERN SOCIUM

Kolesov Vladimir I., Smolonskaya Anna N., Smolonskii Sergei I.

Abstract.

The work examines the influence of consciousness on the understanding and cognition by the human in modern society, establishes the essential features of the phenomena under analysis, and traces the causal relationship between them. There is an analysis of conceiving the world view by a today’s man, the influence that it exerts on the ability to perceive information is interpreted. The subject of the research is the mechanisms of the formation and interaction of the consciousness with the surrounding world and the social reality. The article compares the tendencies of perception of the surrounding reality, socio-historical processes in the context of the processes of the upbringing and education. The features of the influence of consciousness on the perception of information and self-identity on various grounds are revealed.

Keywords:

world view, cognition, understanding, self-identity, consciousness, social reality.

P. 17-23 

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
Educational psychology

 

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THE PERSONALITY DEVELOPMENT IN THE UNIVERSITY

Baranov Evgeny G., Baranova Oksana V.

Abstract.

The article deals with the psychological aspects of the activity of the university teacher in developing the student’s personality. In accordance with the professional standard of the teacher, they must provide the students with assistance and support in intellectual, cultural, moral, professional and personal development in general. The article shows that the main content of this activity is the development in the students of the skills and abilities of a personal self-organization, the formation of a system of their own beliefs and values that make up their worldview. This involves mastering the ability to search for the meaning of a phenomenon (event). In the educational institution, skills and knowledge of sense-making should be formed, first of all, when studying the basic part of the curriculum,  especially, humanitarian and socio-economic subjects. The essence of the personality development in the university is that a student must realize themselves as a part of the social, political, economic, legal system of the society and state, as well as the professional community; one must receive the skill and experience of reflective reasoning. The teacher gives help and support in the personality development, providing the student not only with the educational material, but also with tools, methods, samples and opportunities for reflexive reasoning and discussions.

Keywords:

personality development, values, identity, meaning, pseudo sense, sense-making.

P. 24-34

 

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NON-CONTEXTUAL RESPONSIBILITY AS AN IMPORTANT CRITERION OF MATURITY

Butayeva Umida A.

Abstract.

The given article examines the sense of non-contextual responsibility as a maturity criterion. The results of the research and some recommendations are given.

Keywords:

personality, maturity, psychological maturity, personal maturity, psychological features, responsibility.

P. 35-40

    

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STRESS AS AN ADAPTIVE RESPONSE IN THE VOCAL-PEDAGOGICAL PROCESS

Dalskaya Valentina A.

Abstract. 

The article investigates the issue of stress in the teacher–student pedagogical link as a psychological state, necessary in the learning process. The specific features of the phonation apparatus of the singer, their innervation coming from the right hemisphere and dictating its own laws and ways of working with the singing apparatus in the light of the doctrine of stress are considered.

Keywords:

feature of educational information in the teacher–student link, stress agents, the subconscious–unconscious and the right hemisphere in a singing process.

P. 41-49 

 

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BREATHING EXERCISES IN HARMONIZING THE PSYCHO-EMOTIONAL AND FUNCTIONAL STATE OF STUDENTS

Alexeeva Elena N., Golyakova Natalya N., Fedotova Tatyana D., Shevchenko Alexey M., Vaschenko Oksana E.

Abstract.

The article examines the physiological and psychological components of the influence of traditional and modern exercises of various systems of respiratory gymnastics and novel health and fitness techniques on the human system. The authors analyze the effect of respiratory exercises on the functional state and adaptive capabilities of the human body to prevent, correct and eliminate negative psycho-emotional reactions in the students’ educational process and sport activities. It is reasonable for students to be skilled in the rational breathing while exercising.

Keywords:

psycho-emotional state of a person, health, breathing exercises, adaptation, bioeconomic psychophysical training.

P. 50-55 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
Modernization of education

 

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QUALIMETRIC CONDITIONS OF NATIONAL QUALITY ASSESSMENT SYSTEM’S CONSTRUCTION AND IMPLEMENTATION IN TEACHER EDUCATION

Minich Aksana A., Scriba Anastasia N.

Abstract.

The development of the national quality assessment system in teacher education is considered as a trinity of the socio-philosophical, psychology-pedagogical, and information-qualimetric aspects of evaluation based on the interdisciplinary ground. Proper qualimetric principles for assessing the quality of continuous teacher education, methodological approaches and determinants of qualimetric conditions were singled out within the framework of the information-qualimetric approach. The qualimetric conditions for the construction and development of national quality assessment system in teacher education are introduced as a set of interconnected groups of conditions: substantive, organizational and resource. 

Keywords:

quality of education, determinant, qualimetric principles, qualimetric conditions.

P. 56-68

      

History of pedagogy and education
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RUSSIAN UPBRINGING IN THE MIRROR OF THE THEORY OF MENTALITY

Novikov Sergey G.

Abstract.

The article deals with the relationship between the mental structures and process of upbringing. The author shows that the Russian upbringing over the centuries has offered for mastering those ideals that grew out of the nonverbalized attitudes of consciousness that were formed under the influence of the conditions of the development of the Russian socio-cultural community.

Keywords:

mentality, cultural genotype, pattern, core of culture, frame, archetypal pedagogical representations, socio-centrism, anthropocentrism, dualism, ideal of upbringing.

P. 69-78

 

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THE IDEA OF GOD-LIKENESS IN THE PEDAGOGICAL THEORY AND PRACTICE OF ANCIENT RUSSIA (X–XIII CENTURIES)

Nalyotova Natalya Yu., Senchenkov Nikolay P.

Abstract.

Studying and judgment of education, upbringing, a pedagogical thought during this or that historical period is defined by an anthropological paradigm. We build this article upon the provision that the processes of education, upbringing, pedagogical systems or theories are based on certain views about the human-being, ideas of ideals of them and therefore can be understood only in a context of the human-being. Any people’s ideal of man corresponds to the national character, is defined by the public and cultural life of people, and evolves altogether with their development. In this article the authors set the  task of studying the specifics of a personality ideal of the Ancient Russia era (the 10–13th centuries), achievement of it by means of a religious thought, education, practice of education, insightful literature, mentoring. During the Old Russian period Russia connects tasks of educating the person with the initial development of the personality inwardness, their religiousness and moral behavior; that becomes the central anthropological idea of the domestic education, its civilization essence, sense, original sign and also the general prevailing tendency. This article makes a contribution to the theory of education, to history of a pedagogical thought of Russia. From the point of view of methodology the article submits the gnoseological analysis of processes of forming and developing the domestic education and upbringing to the pedagogical science in the context of the Orthodox anthropology. The article is of interest to the researchers of the Old Russian period of the country, students and graduate students studying “History of Pedagogics” and also to all engaged in history of the Russian culture. 

Keywords:

history of education, anthropology, personality, education, upbringing, religious and pedagogical thought, God-likeness, Ancient Rus.

P. 79-91

 

New research in education
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ORGANIZATION OF ACTIVE COGNITIVE ACTIVITY OF STUDENTS

Popova Olesya A.

Abstact.

In this paper we consider the current approaches to teaching students law in modern conditions. The characteristic features of teaching in higher educational institutions are analyzed. The need to improve the educational process is revealed, the effectiveness of the use of non-standard teaching methods is substantiated. On the basis of the research conducted the author proves the opinion of the need to recognize the practical experience of the teacher who remembers to improve their skills in the field of their profession, as well as in pedagogy.

Keywords:

education, attention, knowledge, skill, profession, law.

P. 92-96

 

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ENHANCING STUDENTS’ MOTIVATION WHILE TEACHING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE THROUGH SITUATIONAL AND THEMATIC ORGANIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL MATERIAL

Frolova Tatyana P.

Abstract.

The article deals with the features of organization of the process of teaching a foreign language in a Technical University aiming to enhance the motivation of students. The concepts «motive» and «motivation» in the general sense of the word are revealed, and the concept «educational motivation» is given, in particular. The author analyses the research of the matter described in the Russian methodical literature in the works of such scientists as A. Maslou, I. A. Zimnyaya, S. L. Rubinstein, L. I. Bozhovich, V. A. Kan-Kalik, E. P. Ilyin and others. The author emphasizes that forming stable motivation to foreign language learning is facilitated by the provision of zones of the nearest development in the educational process – creation of a system of  students’ skills and abilities. The purpose of this article is to consider the impact of situational and thematic organization of educational material in teaching a foreign language to enhance students’ motivation. The specificity of the organization of educational material is that the revealing of conversational topics is proposed to introduce on the basis of a list of typical situations of communication. Such organization of material for teaching oral speech is called situational-thematic organization (V. L. Skalkin and T. S. Duchenko). In this regard a system of exercises for teaching oral speech in a foreign language is proposed, the linguistic and methodological principles are taken into account. The article is based on the results of the research, survey and observation conducted among the first-year students of the Polytechnic University who continue to study English.

Keywords:

motive, motivation, situationalthematic organization, analysis, enhancement of motivation.

P. 97-108

 

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ON THE ISSUE OF LEXICAL MATERIAL SELECTION FOR READING AND LISTENING IN THE PROCESS OF TEACHING A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

Pirogova Nadezhda G.

Abstract.

The article covers the issues of selecting and classifying the lexical material for reading and listening in a foreign language. The relevance of the topic of the present article is determined by the fact that in spite of lots of research devoted to this problem the final vocabulary minimum for those studying English for Specific Purpose has not been made. The author analyses the range of problems related to a quantitative and qualitative content of the vocabulary minimum for the receptive types of speech activity. Special attention is given to three groups of principles – linguistic, statistical and methodological – that have to be used in complex in the process of vocabulary selection for listening and reading in the English language.

Keywords:

lexical minimum, foreign language, reading, listening, lexical unit, frequency, thematic principle.

P. 109-117

 

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PLANNING THE FORMATION OF GENERAL COMPETENCES IN THE PROFESSIONAL EDUCATIONAL PROGRAM OF THE SPO ON THE BASIS OF LEVEL DIFFERENTIATION OF ACTIVITY

Golub Galina B., Fishman Irina S.

Abstract.

Based on the comparison and analysis of the requirements of the FSES SVE of the third and fourth generations to the general competences of a professional educational program graduate, the variant of specification of these requirements through achievable and measurable educational results is offered: proper general competences (information, communication, and self-management), knowledge, skills, and experience of activity. The expediency of using the National Framework of Qualifications of the Russian Federation as the basis for the level differentiation of the requirements for the activity of students according to the levels of the formation of general competences, irrespective of the level of the professional educational program and profession, specialty and training direction is shown. The principles of the process of the level differentiation of activities, specified by the requirements of the FSES SVE to the general competences required in the process of developing a professional educational program are formulated. The principal ways of specification of competence-based educational results in the field of work with information, communication, self-management and approaches to planning their formation are proposed. 

Keywords:

general competences, professional educational program, Federal State Educational Standard (FSES) of Secondary Vocational Education (SVE).

P. 118-134

 

Innovative technologies in education
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INFORMAL AND NON-FORMAL EDUCATION IN THE CONTEXT OF AN ADAPTIVE
NETWORKED EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Boyarinov Dmitry A.

Abstract.

The adaptive networked educational environment in relation to the implementation of the ideas of informal and non-formal education is discussed in the article. Significant features of non-formal education are noted. Learning technologies such as inservice education and blended learning are analyzed in the article. The potential of the technology of learning in the digital workplace in the field of implementation of the ideas of informal and non-formal education is noted. The main conditions for the realization of  this potential are given: the presence of information interaction between the students workplace and the educational environment; the support of the whole range of different forms of digital learning; the presence of the means of attracting employers to train their employees. Two main factors for fulfilling these conditions – the widespread use of information and communication technologies and the introduction of blended learning – are identified in the article. Subject to the given conditions the adaptive networked educational environment acquires the mechanisms for interaction with society (represented, in particular, by the micro-social environment of students, network communities, public organizations and institutions) and the economy (represented, in particular, by the business community, employers and professionals). It renders the learning environment the fundamentally new qualities. In particular, it contributes much to the solution of the actual problem of public accreditation of educational organizations and of individual educational programs.

Keywords:

adaptive networked educational environment, informal learning, non-formal learning, in-service education, blended learning, lifelong learning.

P. 135-142

 

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THE ROLE OF INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGIES IN THE COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

Komarova Tamara S., Moskvina Anna S., Tretyakov Andrei L.

Abstract.

In this article, theorists and practitioners of preschool education analyze the role and mission of information and communication technologies in the cognitive development of children of preschool age. Special attention is paid to the phenomenon of the preschool children cognitive development in the context of the activation of the theory of L. S. Vygotsky’s. The structural components and criteria for the cognitive interest of children of preschool age are disclosed. Information and communication opportunities that provide an innovative horizon to form cognitive interest in children of preschool age are covered. The innovative mission of modern preschool educational organization in digital realities is highlighted.

Keywords: 

Federal State Educational Standard of preschool education, educational environment, play activities, information and communication technologies, cognitive development.

P. 143-149

 

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MODEL OF MASSIVE OPEN ONLINE COURSES FOR PARENTS, TEACHERS AND STUDENTS OF PRIMARY GENERAL EDUCATION

Afanasyev Vladimir V., Afanasieva Irina V., Kunitsyna Svetlana M.

Abstract.

The article considers the specificity of massive open online courses. The factors and necessary conditions for creating a virtual  digital educational environment, features of the integration of online courses into the main educational programs, opportunities for expert assessment of the quality of their organization, and the principles of forming an organizational infrastructure are analyzed. A model of massive open online courses for parents, teachers and students of primary general education is proposed.

Keywords:

massive open online courses (MOOC), educational environment, educational program, quality criteria, infrastructure.

P. 150-158

 

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THE USE OF MULTIMEDIA TECHNOLOGIES WHILE TEACHING HISTORY

Liu Rong

Abstract.

The article features the approaches to History teaching in China with the use of new media technologies. Multimedia presentations usually include such elements as images (coloured or black-and-white), video, audio, documentaries, animation, visuals and tables. The advantages and meaning of the media technologies implementation in the course of History teaching are grounded. The problems and safety measures in using the media technologies while teaching History are outlined.

Keywords:

media technologies, History teaching, education software, classical works, cases, web based interface education software.

P. 159-166

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METHODS OF SEMANTIZATION OF NEW LEXIS WITHIN THE BASIC COURSE OF RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

Kuzmina Elena O.

Abstract. 

The article describes the different methods of lexis semantization within the basic language course. Herein, both positive and negative aspects of these methods are covered. The implications of methods of semantization are illustrated.

Keywords:

semantization, methods of semantization, basic language course, Russian as a foreign language, innovations in education.

P. 167-174

 

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TEACHING PHYSICS IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS BASED ON THE STATISTICAL METHOD

Khujanov Erkin B.

Abstract. 

The current paper suggests recommendations on introducing probability and statistical ideas and notions, necessary to improve teaching students molecular and quantum physics sections in secondary schools.

Keywords:

Statistical method, molecular physics, quantum physics, probability, random phenomenon, learning process, student, statistical regularity, atom, molecule.

P. 175-182

 

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PRINCIPLES OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING IN TERMS OF PLEIN-AIR

Tyutyunova Yulia M.

Abstract. 

Professional training in the art of graphics in the open air has a strict logic and is subject to certain laws. This article is devoted to the General principles of the learning process in general and the identification of the basic principles of classes in the open air and short-term exercises in particular. Professional training in the open air is considered from the standpoint of a well-built and thoughtout system of students’ work organization. Alternating training and rest, the rhythm of the long-running and high-speed images, and a gradual complication of tasks and increase of meaning, the use of materials and bases – the entire system of lessons is aimed at achieving progress. Among the fundamental principles: consistency, consistency, regularity, taking into account individual characteristics, the relationship between theory and practice, visibility, strength, scientific character and  accessibility. In addition, the principles of professional training, learned by the student, according to the author, can subsequently organize their creative activities.

Keywords:

plein-air (open air), art of graphics, principles of performance of short-term exercises, professional training, etudes, sketches, sketches.

P. 183-193

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FEATURES OF RUSSIAN MUSICAL TERMINOLOGY IN THE CONTEXT OF TEACHING RUSSIAN AS A FOREIGN LANGUAGE

Wang Wenjiao

Abstract. 

The article covers the features of Russian musical terminology as well as the scientific generalization; it also suggests methodological guidelines for effective teaching musical terminology to Chinese students of Russian.

Keywords:

features of Russian musical terminology, teaching Russian musical terminology, Russian as a foreign language, the nation-based teaching method of Russian. 

P. 194-198 

 

Young scientists' vision
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PEDAGOGICAL MATURING OF HOLY PATRIARCH OF MOSCOW AND ALL RUSSIA CYRIL

Moiseev Ivan V.

Abstract.

The given article outlines the main stages of the process of the personality development of His Holiness Patriarch Cyril as a teacher and Archpastor throughout the life and ministry of His Holiness at the Russian Orthodox Church.

Keywords:

pedagogy, upbringing, education, maturing, personality formation, Patriarch Cyril.

P. 199-204

 

Wednesday, 09 January 2019 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2018 №6

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 6-2018

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 

 

History of philosophy

 

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PSYCHOLOGICAL INTRODUCTION TO PHILOSOPHY STUDY IN THE PROGRAM OF G. I. CHELPANOV

Shelkovnikov Andrey Yu.

Abstract.

The paper deals with the methodical concept of psychological introduction to philosophy study developed by the distinguished philosopher, psychologist and educationalist G. I. Chelpanov (1862–1936). The applicability of such approach in the contemporary education system is substantiated. Closer attention is given to reflection starting from the self-observation practice as an anthropological prerequisite of the theoretical study of philosophy and psychology. The paper may be of interest to the educators and students concerned with liberal education issues.

Keywords:

philosophy, psychology, pedagogics, education, self-observation.

P. 9-13

      

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
Educational psychology

 

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FEATURES OF REPRESENTATIONS OF THE FUTURE FAMILY OF YOUNG PEOPLE’S WHO GREW UP IN A DYSFUNCTIONAL PARENT FAMILY SETTING

Alekseenko Tatiana V., Enakaeva Elena V.

Abstract.

The article discusses the results of the empirical research on the young people’s social representations of their future family. A comparative analysis of the representations of men’s and women’s who grew up in both a dysfunctional family communication and in the standard parent families. The results are compared with the results of published modern studies on social representations of young people about a family.

Keywords:

social representations, the representation of a future family, young  people’s representation of a family, family emotional communication, dysfunctionality of family communication, microgenesis and sociogenesis of social representations.

P. 14-27

 

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THE MANIFESTATION OF THE EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE COMPONENTS
OF “SELFIE-ADDICTED” UNIVERSITY FEMALE STUDENTS

Scherbakov Andrey V., Vasilyeva Elena N.

Abstract.

This work studied the manifestation of the components of emotional intelligence of female students aged 18–20 who are “selfie-addicted” and those who are not. “Selfie-addiction”, acting as one of the types of dependent behavior, is able to disrupt adaptive personality development. In order to determine the peculiarities of the development of components of emotional intelligence, the technique of N. Hall was used. The results of the study show that in the group of «selfieaddicted» girls the overall indicator of emotional intelligence is significantly lower than that of girls who do not have «selfie-addiction». In addition, the components of emotional intelligence such as «Self-Motivation» and «Managing the Emotions of Others» are significantly lower in the group of «selfieaddicted» female students too.

Keywords:

selfie-addiction, emotional intelligence, adolescence, university female students.

P. 28-34

    

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DESIGN-THINKING TECHNOLOGY AS A MEANS OF PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL SUPPORT DURING THE INTERNSHIP OF STUDENTS MAJORING IN “PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION”

Galoy Natalia Yu., Gorbenko Irina A.

Abstract. 

This article gives an overview of basic principles of students’ organization of internship and its content for those of them who major in “Pedagogical education”. The design-thinking technology as a means of psychological and pedagogical support for students during their internship is considered. The advantages of this technology are described as it can contribute to developing necessary professional competence for a future career of a teacher.

Keywords:

internship, psychological and pedagogical support during the internship, the design thinking technology.

P. 35-42 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
Modernization of education

 

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REQUESTS OF KEY STEAKHOLDERS TO THE REGIONAL UNIVERSITY AS A FACTOR FOR THE IMPLEMENTATION OF SOCIAL ORDER

Boguslavskiy Mikhail V., Ladyzhets Nataliya S., Neborskiy Egor V., Sannikova Olga V.

Abstract.

The purpose of this article was to analyze the requests of key stakeholders in the region as a factor in the implementation of social order. Udmurt State University was chosen as the object of research as a base for the implementation of a research project with the support of the Russian Foundation for Basic Research. The results of the study demonstrate that many of the difficulties and problems faced by this university are also characteristic of other regional universities of the Russian Federation. 

Keywords:

university, higher education, transit university, transitive university, transitive society.

P. 43-54

 

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INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH IN EDUCATION IN THE CZECH REPUBLIC
AND THE BALTIC STATES: VERIFICATION OF HYPOTHESES

Dolgaya Oksana I., Tagunova Irina A., Shaposhnikova Tatjana D.

Abstract.

The aim of the article is to present the interdisciplinary research in education in the Czech Republic and the Baltic States. The analysis of the original source base showed that at present the research projects in the field of education and programs are characterized by their interdisciplinary nature. The research is conducted by teams of scientists – teachers, sociologists, psychologists, etc. Most of the empirical research is carried out, the method of verification of hypotheses in which is the empirical facts (test data, interviews, questionnaires, etc.), processed by appropriate scientific methods.

Keywords:

interdisciplinary research, postnon-classics, empirical research, Czech interdisciplinary studies into education, strategies and methods of verification of the hypothesis of research.

P. 55-64

   

Theory of education

 

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DEVELOPMENT OF PEDAGOGICAL THEORY

Bolshakova Zemfira M., Tulkibayeva Nadezhda N., Goloshumova Galina S.

Abstract.  

Pedagogical theory, being one of the components of pedagogical knowledge, is meant to explain the essence of pedagogical facts, phenomena and processes and their interdependence. At the same time, the meaning of the theory is improved and enriched by means of elaboration of methodological and theoretical foundations and elucidation of development trajectory of the theory itself. The performed analysis of development trajectory  of pedagogical reality enabled the content of pedagogical theory to be included into the general theory of development of science. 

Keywords:

theory, scientific theory, pedagogical theory, development trajectory of pedagogical theory, classification of scientific theories, place of pedagogical theory in it.

P. 65-79

   

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SUPPORT THE CHILD’S INDIVIDUALITY IN THE VARIABLE EDUCATIONAL ENVIRONMENT

Lykova Irina A., Sinitsina Irina А.

Abstract.

Identification and support of human individuality, understanding of its capabilities and needs, including the need to be a person, is a humanistic ideal of social progress and requires the transformation of the educational environment from the perspective of the educational variability. The article presents a theoretical analysis of the term “support individuality”; the results of study of experience of pre-school and supplementary education teachers’ to support the individuality of children of senior preschool age; it substantiates the system of principles of the variable educational environment and outlines the organizational forms, methods and psycho-pedagogical conditions to ensure the maintenance of individuality in the variable educational environment. With the support of the foreign and domestic research, the authors offer their own vision of a variable educational environment, as well as consider the grounds that determine the variability of the educational environment and the set of psychological and pedagogical conditions necessary and sufficient to support the child’s personality.

Keywords:

goals of education for tomorrow, individuality, support, types of support, variable educational environment, system of principles of variable educational environment, dialogic communication.

P. 80-90

 

History of pedagogy and education
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PROFESSIONAL FORMATION OF SCHOOL-LEAVERS OF MILITARY SECONDARY EDUCATIONAL ESTABLISHMENTS OF ST. PETERSBURG IN THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE

Streltsov Aleksey A.

Abstract.

The article deals with the impact of the initial military education provided by the cadet corps in St. Petersburg before the revolution on their leavers’ career choice. Nearly 500 profiles of St. Petersburg cadet corps leavers’ are analyzed. The author defines a range of spheres in which they could realize their potential on leaving the education institution. The article presents a brief history of cadet corps dating back to the period between the XVIII and the beginning of the XX century, as well as outlines their similar and different features. The period under review is about 160 years, from the reforms of the mid. XVIII century to the year of 1918.

Keywords:

St. Petersburg, vocational training, military education, cadet corps, school-leavers.

P. 91-100

 

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GENESIS OF PUBLIC EDUCATION AND NATIONAL SCHOOL IN THE SAYAN-ALTAI REGION IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX – BEGINNING OF THE XX CENTURIES

Sultanbaeva Klavdiya I.

Abstract.

The article presents the formation and development of the national education in the Altai and Yenissei Provinces on the cusp of the XIX–XX centuries. The general pattern of genesis of different primary schools for Siberian indigenous peoples is shown basing on the statistical data; also the historical significance of the missionary educational activity in the Sayan-Altai region is revealed. By way of conclusion the perspective research trends are defined.

Keywords:

national (public) education, ethnic cultural education, Siberian region, indigenous peoples, missionary activity, teaching in the native language.

P. 101-111

 

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THE GENESIS OF THE G. N. VOLKOVS SCIENTIFIC SCHOOL IN YAKUTIA

Koryakina Tatyana G., Afanasyeva Lira I., Larionova Alexandra G.

Abstract.

The article reveals the three periods of formation and development of the scientific school of the founder of ethnopedagogy Gennady Nikandrovich Volkov in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia). The peculiarities and key areas of etnopedagogical research of scientists of Yakutia.

Keywords:

ethnopedagogy, Gennady Nikandrovich Volkov, genesis of Yakut ethnopedagogy, ethnic pedagogy, traditions of education.

P. 112-117

 

New research in education
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THE EDUCATIONAL ACTION AND COMPETENCE CORRELATION

Balashova Elena A.

Abstact.

The article analyzes the correlation of the “universal learning activities” and “competence/competency” concepts. Basing on the analysis of the niche occupied by these categories in the main provisions of the systemactivity and competence approaches, and the role of training activities in the formation of a competent person and texts of normative documents, a conclusion has been made about the existence of a system combining the three categories considered.

Keywords:

universal educational activities, competence, competency, Federal state educational standard, basis, approach.

P. 118-123

 

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SUBJECT LEARNING OUTCOMES PLANNING ON THE BASIS OF THE STATE EDUCATIONAL STANDARDS COMPETENCIES

Babikova Nadezhda N.

Abstract.

An approach for planning the subject learning outcomes at the university on the basis of competencies of state education standards, which corresponds to the conception of student-centered learning, is proposed. On the example of Discrete Mathematics the formulations of learning outcomes in the “active verb + object of activity + context” form recommended by the ECTS are considered. The revised Bloom’s taxonomy was used as a tool for formulating and ranking the learning outcomes.

Keywords:

competence, subcompetence, subject learning outcomes, ECTS, studentcentered learning, discrete mathematics, revised Bloom’s taxonomy, educational standards.

P. 124-133

 

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THE POTENTIAL OF SOCIAL AND PROFESSIONAL EXPERTISE AS AN EFFECTIVE MECHANISM FOR ASSESSING THE ACTIVITIES OF EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS AND PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITIES OF TEACHERS

Bezborodova Ekaterina V., Shurilova Tatyana B.

Abstract.

This article discusses the possibility of socio-professional expertise as an effective mechanism for assessing the activities of educational institutions and professional activities of educators’ in terms of the introduction of a national system of teaching skills development. The article covers the importance of participation of the public representatives in the management of educational organizations and systems with the purpose of improvement of education quality. The issue of social and professional expertise is expounded in accordance with the current trends in the development of education while implementing modern approaches in the educational policy of Russia.

Keywords:

social and professional expertise, educational organization, effective management mechanisms, professional competence, the national system of teaching skills development, teaching activities, education.

P. 134-141

 

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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE PEDAGOGICAL MODELS OF FORMING THE VALUES SYSTEM OF ADOLESCENTS’ OF DIFFERENT SOCIAL BACKGROUNDS IN THE MODERN SYSTEM OF EDUCATION OF RUSSIA

Fomina Alexandra P.

Abstract.

The article reveals the peculiarities of the formation of the teenage valuesemantic attitudes. It determines the nature, structure and function of the adolescents’ axiological attitudes. It has been stated that the adolescent value orientations are a mental formation, which is a component of the valuesemantic sphere of personality of a teenager and is manifested in the readiness to action and self-expression and is based on the system of values, value orientations and personal meanings of the adolescent. It has been proved that that the structure of value-semantic units involves the following components: cognitive, emotive, and connotative. The functions of value-semantic units are defined as regulatory, adaptive, and expressive.

Keywords:

values, attitudes, orientation, teenagers, semantic sphere, personality.

P. 142-149

 

Innovative technologies in education
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MODERN EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE UNIVERSITY: A SYNTHESIS OF THEORETICAL AND PRACTICAL EXPERIENCE

Ostanina Svetlana A., Pticyna Elena V.

Abstract.

This article is devoted to the generalization of theoretical and practical experience in the use of pedagogical technologies in the educational process of “Petrozavodsk State Glazunov Conservatory” during 2014–2017. 43 teachers took part in the study. The subject of the analysis of the article involved scientific works (articles, thesis research) on the topic of educational technologies, which have been accumulated in both scientific theory and practice, including classes in subject disciplines, publications and studies of Petrozavodsk Conservatory professors. Teachers of Petrozavodsk Conservatory for a number of years have actively participated in holding conferences and writing scientific articles that reveal the personal understanding of the learning process in a creative university.

Keywords:

modern educational technologies in the university, educational technologies, educational technologies in a creative college, the system of musical education.

P. 150-158

 

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INNOVATION-INTEGRATIVE MODEL OF PRE-UNIVERSITY EDUCATION IMPLEMENTED IN SECHENOV UNIVERSITY

Biryukova Natalya V., Litvinova Tatyana M., Nesterova Olga V.

Abstract.

The most important trend in the development of the world’s leading universities is the provision of quality continuous training of specialists, from general education, through vocational to postgraduate. Early professionalization (career choice) meets the objective of the university to form a motivated contingent, thereby improving the quality of the work of the university. The article spells out the importance of pre-professional education in the system of the “school–university–clinic” educational continuum, describes the features of preuniversity training and the main trends in the development of this system of continuing education. The authors note the key areas for such development, which make it possible to foresee changes in pre-university education. At the same time, the article provides an understanding of the impossibility of a universal approach to education even within the framework of one direction of the training profile. The authors further denote the need and importance of self-education for the comprehensive and dynamic development of a well-integrated personality, as well as of the realization that the future belongs to science and scientists. The implemented practical experience is represented by an innovation-integrative model of a single educational environment. The model can be applied in other educational organizations in designing an educational process to ensure the continuity and succession of general and vocational education.

Keywords: 

pre-university preparation, continuing education, “school–university” educational environment, early professionalization, diversification of educational space.

P. 159-177

 

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PEDAGOGICAL EFFECT OF SYNERGY IN ENRICHING STUDENTS` CULTURAL AWARENESS

Utekhina Alla N., Troinikova Ekaterina V.

Abstract.

The article deals with the existing in domestic and foreign science guidelines for building intercultural education. A comprehensive study of the transformation of the sociocultural world context using the interdisciplinary status of the synergetic approach becomes relevant. The pedagogical effect of “launch” of synergy for enrichment of cultural awareness of students is described.

Keywords:

didactics of intercultural communication, intercultural education, cultural awareness.

P. 178-184

 

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USE OF A METHOD OF POLYMODEL INTERPRETATION FOR PROVIDING MULTIDISCIPLINARY COMPLEXES OF TUTORIALS WITH MEANS OF MODEL PRESENTATION

Kozhevnikov Dmitriy N.

Abstract.

In article the tendency of creation of multidisciplinary complexes of tutorials is specified; the possibility of use of a method of polymodel interpretation for ensuring model presentation of multidisciplinary complexes of tutorials is considered; the main properties of polymodel interpretation are shown and the conclusion on need of its use for modern educational process is drawn.

Keywords:

complex of tutorials, educational and methodical complex, multidisciplinary complex of tutorials, model presentation, method of polymodel interpretation, “ringside polyhedron” models of atom, “wave-side polyhedron” models of atom, model experiment.

P. 185-192

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ACHIEVEMENT OF META-SUBJECT RESULTS OF PRIMARY EDUCATION
BY DEVELOPING SKILLS OF INFORMATION TRANSMISSION AT THE LESSONS OF COMPUTER STUDIES IN PRIMARY SCHOOL

Pavlov Dmitriy I.

Abstract. 

In the article, the author develops ideas that he has already expressed earlier. The theme is computer studies in primary school and its meta-subject nature. With the support of the leading scientists’ viewpoints the author proposes to work on developing the children’s ability to “receive” and “transmit” information. According to the author this will allow to achieve high meta-subject results of education in the primary school. The author considers in detail the skills of “transmitting” information and their connection with universal educational activities of younger schoolchildren as the subject target learning outcomes. Particular attention is given to making the link between the suggested subject skills and the universal learning activities. It is the link between the processes of the subject skills formation and communicative universal learning activities that determines the metasubject nature of the school computer studies and on the stage of the primary education in particular.

Keywords:

Federal Educational Standard, computer studies, elementary computer studies, computer studies in primary school, methods of teaching computer studies, metasubject results of learning.

P. 193-201 

 

Young scientists' vision
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MODERN TRENDS IN FORMING LEISURE MARKET FOR PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

Shafran Nina M.

Abstract.

The article analyzes socio-cultural environment and defines factors reflecting modern trends that form the leisure market for preschool children. Each factor is viewed fromthe positions of  potentials and risks for the leisure sector. The author unveils necessity of educator’s guidance in the family leisure due to the revealed peculiarities of the leisure market for the preschool children.

Keywords:

leisure, family, preschool children, leisure market, trends, pedagogical guidance of parents, socio-cultural environment.

P. 202-215

 

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INTEGRATION OF THE CASE TECHNOLOGY WITH VISUAL DIDACTIC MEANS
(PHILATELIC MATERIAL) TO FOR THE LEGAL CULTURE IN STUDENTS

Yadryshnikov Konstantin S.

Abstract.

The article generalizes the practical experience of integrating a case technology with philatelic material to form the legal culture in students. The author offers examples of legal orientation cases, their visualization (stamps and blocks) and also he draws the conclusion of the efficiency of this integration and its potential synergetic effect.

Keywords:

stamp, philatelic material, legal culture, right, case technology, legal education, sense of justice, didactic tutorial, visual aid, student.

P. 216-230 

Friday, 09 November 2018 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2018 №5

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 5-2018

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 

 

History of philosophy

 

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THE PHILOSOPHY OF M. BAKHTIN: BETWEEN THE PHILOSOPHY OF RELIGION AND RELIGIOUS PHILOSOPHY 

Koraev German T.

Abstract.

The article discusses the question on the religious component of Bakhtin’s philosophy. The author proposes two criteria for determining the religious component: the category of transcendence and the theistic attitude. The article focuses on Bakhtin’s philosophical works “Toward a Philosophy of the Act”, “Author and Hero in Aesthetic Activity” and the report “The Problem of Grounded Peace”. The author analyzes such Bakhtin’s concept as transgredience and Grounded Peace. It is concluded that it’s difficult to determine the status of Bakhtin philosophy, which is between the philosophy of religion and religious philosophy.

Keywords:

philosophy of religion, religious philosophy, Bakhtin’s first philosophy, phenomenological approach, transgredience, theistic attitude.

P. 9-21

  

Logic

 

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LOGICAL CULTURE PHENOMENON – PROBLEM FIELD OF INTER- AND TRANSDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH

Sirotkina Lyudmila S.

Abstract.

The article discusses the research state of logical cultural phenomenon, it considers the approaches to its analysis; the concepts of logical culture as a cultural phenomenon and as a characteristic of thinking are constructed in it, the structure of the corresponding objects is revealed. Logical culture as a cultural phenomenon is considered as a totality of social achievements in the logical field. Logical culture of thinking is characterized as a thinking system attribute, which ensures thinking direction to normative logic results.

Keywords:

logical culture as a cultural phenomenon, logical culture of thinking and speech, the structure of logical culture.

P. 22-36

    

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
Educational psychology

 

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THE “SYSTEM CHOICE” PROGRAM AS AN INSTRUMENT FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL SELF-DETERMINATION IN ADOLESCENCE AND EARLY ADOLESCENCE

Grishina Irina A., Zhabbarov Timur R., Obukhov Alexey S.

Abstract.

This article is devoted to the description of a set of ideas aimed at developing personal and professional selfdetermination and the skill of conscious choice in adolescence and early adolescence, united in the “System Choice” program of Smart Course’s. The article presents the scientific positions, which became the basis for the creation of the program, and the use of certain practices in it; a detailed description of the program, the logic of its construction and conduct, including the description of the interaction with the client before joining the program and the conditions of entry, the principles of selecting a mentor and describing the mentoring model in the program as a whole; the content of the training and each week of training with a mentor, as well as the features of counselling and parents’ follow-up throughout the program.

Keywords:

personal-professional selfdetermination, conscious choice, the “System Choice” program, mentoring.

P. 37-50

 

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REPRESENTATIONS OF MOSCOW TEACHERS ABOUT THE EMOTIONAL COMPONENT OF THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS: A NEW RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

Orlova Kristina M.

Abstract.

The study of the influence of emotions on motivation and academic performance in the learning process are extremely relevant. The data on how a modern teacher sees their role in managing the emotional states of pupils are obtained using the author’s methodology. The relationship between the views of Moscow teachers regarding the influence of emotions on the motivation of pupils and the ideas about the role of the teacher in managing the emotional states of pupils is revealed. The profiles-types of teachers are described in accordance with the self-esteem of the teacher’s ability to recognize the different emotional states of pupils and the teacher’s own emotional openness.

Keywords:

emotions, teacher’s representations, teacher’s role, motivation for learning, ability to recognize emotional states, school education, emotional openness.

P. 51-60

    

Psychology of development, acmeology

 

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AGE PSYCHOLOGY OF DEVELOPMENT OF CADETS OF EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATIONS OF THE MINISTRY OF INTERNAL AFFAIRS OF RUSSIA

Ulyanina Olga A.

Abstract.

The article deals with the students as a social category. The psychological features of the age range of 17–23 years are described. The socio-psychological specifics of training future specialists in departmental educational organizations are determined. The following periods and phases of the age development of cadets and listeners are students out: 1st academic period (1–3 years), includes 3 phases and 2 periods of vocational (4–5 years of study), includes two phases. On the basis of the selected periods, the content of the age-psychological development, the crises in question, the conditions of the social development situation, the leading type of activity, and the new formations of the personality are described. Taking into account the characteristic features of this age in the intellectual, emotional-volitional, motivational spheres of the individual, the importance of the psychological and pedagogical influence on future specialists during the period of study in the educational organization of higher professional education is emphasized.

Keywords:

age psychology, student age, cadets, internal affairs bodies, vocational education, competences.

P. 61-72 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 
Modernization of education

 

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MODERNIZATION OF EDUCATION AND THE CHALLENGES OF THE DIGITAL ECONOMY IN THE XXI CENTURY

Popova Anna V.

Abstract.

The article provides the analysis of the present stage of social development, featuring the formation and development of the information society and the possibility of its transition to the knowledge society. It questions the choice of the path for Russia – either modelling after Western European countries and the USA, creating conditions for the development of the digital society, or the transition to the knowledge society. Basing on the analysis of both, Russian and foreign scientific literature, the article describes the characteristics of generations of people employed in the manufacturing sector. The author comes to the conclusion about the necessity of changing the content of education, based on the specifics of generations X and Z.

Keywords:

liberalism, information society, digital society, knowledge society, education, knowledge, competences.

P. 73-82

 

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TRANSIT AND TRANSITIVE UNIVERSITIES IN A TRANSITIVE SOCIETY: CLARIFYING AND INTERRELATING CONCEPTS

Boguslavskiy Mikhal V., etc.

Abstract.

The article deals with the concepts of the transit and transitive universities, which have both common and different characteristics. In the process of research, the authors come to the conclusion that the format of a transit university is a diagnosis for many regions, however the format of a transitive one is a global challenge to become a resource of innovation for one’s own development and, indeed, teamwork in the region, forming new practices and opportunities on qualitatively new mutually profitable partner bases.

Keywords:

university, higher education, transit university, transitive university, transitive society.

P. 83-98

 

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INFLUENCE OF SOCIAL AND DEMOGRAPHIC AND INTER SCHOOL ENVIRONMENT ON THE FUNCTIONAL LITERACY AND VALUE ORIENTATION OF SCHOOL GRADUATES

Matyushkina Marina D., Belousov Konstantin Y.

Abstract.

The role of social and demographic context, family capital and school in achieving various education results is topical and debatable today. At the same time, special importance amid the introduction of new federal state education standards goes to the issues related to meta-object competences and functional literacy as well as value orientations characterizing personal results of education. The article provides the integrative correlational research of these important results and conditions conducted on the uniform bulk of data and having allowed to draw generalized conclusions. Three generalized factors have been singled out and described: “easy success”, “professionalism” and “self-fulfillment in a family” characterizing the structure of values and goals of today’s graduates, as well as two factors characterizing their tolerance and patriotism. Seven groups of indices potentially connected to the revealed factors, including social and demographic ones, characteristics of schools and teachers, and “mixed” groups (health, leisure and others), have been defined. Reliable correlations between all the considered variables have been singled out, their rank correlation and possible explanation of the obtained values of correlation relationships has been adduced. The both value orientations and functional literacy of school students are considerably affected by the “inter school environment”, namely characteristics of interactions between teachers and students. Abilities of teachers to engage students into their classes, to teach how to apply knowledge in practice, and general atmosphere at school stimulating self-education and communication between students, supporting their psychological health, are the most important factors. The indices under research are connected to the social-demographic status of students’ families to a lesser degree. The role of the family factors is more significant when forming the value orientations, than the functional literacy of school students. 

Keywords:

school education, functional literacy, meta-subject and personal results of education, value orientations of school leavers, factor analysis.

P. 99-113 

  

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MAGNET SCHOOLS RATING PRACTICES

Yashina Mariya N.

Abstract.

This article analyzes various practices of applying federal and regional ratings to assess the quality of education in magnet / high-level schools. The difficulties that arise during the rating process are described. Based on the cluster model used for the educational process assessment, the types of schools that implement magnet / higher-level programs are characterized.

Keywords:

school rankings, magnet school, clustering.

P. 114-122

  

Theory of education

 

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METHODOLOGICAL CULTURE – A REFERENCE POINT FOR A TEACHER’S MULTILEVEL TRAINING AS A RESEARCHER

Stepanova Inga Yu., Adolf Vladimir A.

Abstract. 

Training a teacher as a researcher is a lengthy process that touches all levels of higher education. To ensure its integrity and effectiveness, it is necessary that the designated process acquires a strategic reference point. The authors offer to choose a methodological culture as such a reference point. The choice was made on the basis of the need to update education, create prerequisites of his getting out of the crisis state through an  organic combination of science and practice. On the basis of a reflexive analysis of their own experience in implementing multilevel training in an institution of higher education, an attempt is made to present the most significant and effective moments that contribute to the formation of a teacher in a methodological culture. The article shows how, due to the inclusion of the teacher in the process of scientific and pedagogical search, it is possible to prepare one as a researcher. The steps and conditions for mastering the methodology of the interdisciplinary research in the process of formulating and solving diverse tasks are proved.  

Keywords:

methodological culture, teacher, researcher, multilevel training, interdisciplinary research, scientific and pedagogical search, task.

P. 123-132

   

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THE EDUCATIONAL POTENTIAL OF THE SOCIOCULTURAL ENVIRONMENT IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF PRESCHOOL CHILDREN

Zatsepina Maria B., Efremenko Lyudmila V., Murzakova Olga G.

Abstract.

This article reflects the problem of conditions and quality of education of preschool children in the modern Russian system of education and upbringing. Researchers cite the requirements of parents of pupils and legal representatives of children to the level of education and the results achieved by children. The educational possibilities of the sociocultural environment and its components for the development of preschool children are considered. In addition, the requirements for the sociocultural environment are highlighted. The aspects of the influence of organizational and pedagogical conditions and the sociocultural environment on the speech and play activity of preschool children in the modern reality are studied.

Keywords:

federal state educational standard on preschool education, educational environment, socio-cultural environment, additional education, gaming, language development of children.

P. 133-140

History of pedagogy and education
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NKVD’S FIRST HIGHER EDUCATION INSTITUTION OF THE LAW-ENFORCEMENT PROFILE: HISTORICAL AND PEDAGOGICAL ASPECT OF CREATING THE INSTITUTE FOR ADMINISTRATIVE DEVELOPMENT

Voloshin Denis V.

Abstract.

The present article for the first time in national historiography reveals organizational and pedagogical peculiarities of foundation of the Institute for administrative development in 1930. Problems which lead to this Institute foundation and its educational goals are analyzed. The author considers the idea, that the foundation of the Institute for administrative  development was actually the foundation of the first higher education institution in the national system of Home Affairs. The author pays special attention to considering the educational requirements on entering the Institute. Summering everything up, the author makes up the conclusion that the foundation of this Institute made up the basis for the further development of the educational net of the national law-enforcement agencies.

Keywords:

higher education, the Institute for administrative development, NKVD, professional training.

P. 141-149

 

New research in education
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THE ROLE OF READING IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF GIFTEDNESS IN THE CONTEXT OF GLOBALIZATION AND NATIONAL IDENTITY

Shastina Elena M., etc.

Abstact.

The article explores the cultural potential of reading as a factor in the development of children’s giftedness. The role of the book as a culture-bearer in the process of preserving the ethnic identity is revealed. The authors draw attention to the increasing importance of family reading in the process of becoming a talented person. The questionnaire survey, conducted among respondents – University professors, living in a multiethnic environment in the territories of Armenia and the Republic of Tatarstan, reiterated the importance of the ethnic literature in the development of future teachers. The question of the correspondence between such phenomena as globalization and preservation of the national identity is viewed.

Keywords:

reading, cultural factors, nationalcultural identity, signs of giftedness.

P. 150-156

 

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MANAGEMENT ASPECT IN LIFE COMPETENCIES AS THE BASIS OF THE INTEGRATED PEDAGOGICAL PROCESS

Kolesov Vladimir I., Smolonskaya Anna N., Smolonskiy Sergey I.

Abstract.

In the article the key ideas of the managerial aspect in life competencies as the  basis for an integral pedagogical process on the example of artistic and aesthetic education are outlined. Features of the management model implementation in the educational organization are considered, features and aspects of the aesthetic development of children of younger ages are indicated.

Keywords:

life competencies, competencies, management in education, artistic and aesthetic education, values.

P. 157-161

 

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SCIENTIFIC IDEAS ABOUT THE CONTENT OF SCHOOL SCIENCE EDUCATION AS A KEY COMPONENT OF THE PEDAGOGICAL RESEARCH CONCEPT 

Levshina Svetlana V.

Abstract.

The article deals with the term “scientific ideas” as a component of the key concept of pedagogical research on the content of school science education. This term is often used in educational research papers and publications, but requires specification, since pedagogy has no definition. For this purpose, an appeal is made to philosophy, which considers representations in the context of the theory of cognition. In the course of discussions it is shown that it is necessary to characterize features of scientific representations as a subject of pedagogical research according to specifics of methodology of science of pedagogics. The features that allow to investigate the development of scientific ideas about the content of school science education are highlighted.

Keywords:

content of education, school science education, scientific ideas, pedagogical research, philosophy, research methodology.

P. 162-169

 

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ON THE CONTENT OF THE “COMBINED SCIENCES: SYNERGY” SCIENCE COURSE IN SECONDARY SCHOOL IN ENGLAND

Geddis Elena V.

Abstract.

Urgency of the subject of this article is conditioned by the Education Reform in England. Until recently, the Science has had the goal of creating fundamental scientific knowledge in students in individual subjects (in biology, chemistry, and physics). Today, however, it is aimed to create a holistic picture of the world, interconnection between the natural processes, animal and vegetal life. The changes that have taken place for the purposes of natural science education have led to changes in the content of the Science textbooks on Biology, Chemistry and Physics. If earlier the study of the science content had the subject differentiation, then today an attempt is made to integrate these disciplines in the content of textbooks. The purpose of this topic is to consider new directions in the study of Science, its content, criteria and methods, by means of the example of the “Combined Science: Synergy” textbook, which was included in the school curriculum in England in September 2016.

Keywords:

textbook content, combined science, science literacy, project, school in England.

P. 170-175

 

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THE ISSUE OF MOTIVATING STUDENTS, STUDYING ON A PAID BASIS, TO THE RESEARCH WORK

Kogan Evgenia A.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to analysis of peculiarities of motivation of students, studying on a paid basis, to research activities. The differences between educational and scientific-research work of students’ at a University are considered. Awareness of Moscow aviation institute (national research university) students about the various forms of students’ scientific-research work, the reasons for the reluctance to participate in activities, as well as the conditions under which they would be engaged in research work are identified. Recommendations for improving scientific research work at the University are given.

Keywords:

research work, teaching and research work, motivations in research activities, fee-based tuition, Bachelor’s program, Master’s program.

P. 176-184 

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DEVELOPING THE OPERATIONAL MINDSET OF STUDENTS’ IN THE PROCESS OF STUDYING THE CHINESE LANGUAGE

Orehova Ekaterina S.

Abstract.

The matter of teaching the Chinese language as a second foreign language from the point of modern education standards is considered in this article. One can find here the information about the hypothesis of the possible implementation of the second foreign language as a special educational environment which is appropriate for a full development of a student’s personality, the development of the operational mindset, in particular. On the current level of the Chinese language development as a school subject such fundamental concepts as “sign”, “model”, “algorithm”, and “system” might be its subject areas to look at explicitly. According to the offered model of studying, each of the mentioned general scientific notions are used as basic to understand and train the learning material on the certain level of studying Chinese. It helps to shape not only understanding of the subject being, learnt as  a special system, but also active including of the scientific language, wildly used in other school subjects, into the learning process. In its turn, the operational mindset, rising in the process of studying a certain subject, does not exist only in this very process; soon it covers all the activities of a student. It can be noticed in his personal and meta-subject skills. Thereby students get a skill to observe all subjects and phenomena of the environment as a system in their development and relationship.

Keywords:

the Chinese language, operational mindset, sign, model, algorithm, system, a meta-subjects skill.

P. 185-192

 

Innovative technologies in education
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DEVELOPMENT OF MODEL OF IMPROVEMENT OF PROFESSIONAL TRAINING OF CADETS OF FEDERAL NATIONAL GUARD

Aleksandrova Ekaterina A., Kozlov Oleg A.

Abstract.

Wide introduction of information technologies in educational process of military higher education institutions, in our opinion, demands the correct organization of their use on all route of the professional training of future officers. This is possible within the framework of a balanced model, considering the specifics of the military education system, built on the normative and legal and methodological basis, integrating in its functional and meaningful space a set of measures aimed at improving the process of training future specialists and forming their professional readiness as the main result of education.

Keywords:

professional training, information technologies, Federal National Guard (FNGTS), pedagogical modeling.

P. 193-201

 

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ORGANIZATION OF EDUCATIONAL MATHEMATICAL ACTIVITY AT THE INITIAL STAGE OF TRAINING TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

Gamzatova Aisha G., Shamaylo Olga N.

Abstract.

The article substantiates the importance of the training start-up phase for the further period of study in a technical University. In the process of teaching mathematics, it is important to strengthen the focus on the formation of the student’s personality, instilling new features of the researcher in them, developing the experience of self-learning. The article presents the approaches to the organization of educational activities of students in accordance with the theory of P. Ya. Galperin’s, which involve the gradual forming mental actions in modification relating to the teaching of mathematics. 

Keywords: 

a technical University, mathematics, education, the start-up phase, informative analysis, training activities organization.

P. 202-208

 

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THE MODEL OF FORMING THE SOCIAL COMPETENCE IN FUTURE PROGRAMMERS THROUGH COLLABORATIVE E-LEARNING

Gorokhovsky Nadezhda A., Ruliene Lubov N.

Abstract.

The authors analyze the problems of humanization of education in the context of modern digital society. The article proposes a model of forming the social competence through the collaborative e-learning, based on the Agile methodology and Scrum technology.

Keywords:

social competence, collaborative e-learning, Agile, Scrum technology.

P. 209-217

 

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THE ORGANIZATIONAL POTENTIAL OF THE EDUCATIONAL STANDARDS IN ELABORATION OF GENERAL TECHNICAL DISCIPLINES LABORATORY WORKSHOP

Bukalova Galina V., Savin Leonid A.

Abstract.

The purposefulness is the main feature of the engineering education. In accordance with the state educational standards’ requirements, obtaining a set of competences is the final purpose of  the educational process. In the context of standardization of education the competences acquire the status of the educational standards that are essential to be obtained. Innovation strategy is a necessary condition of the company’s effective development because of the intense competition in the modern technical sphere. Scientific-technical activity is a base of the innovative engineering performance. Thus, the pedagogical problem of preparing students for the professional scientific-technical activity became more important and actual. Our consideration of the engineering activity types allows us to allocate elements of the scientific-technical activity in it, which can help to compare the elements of the professional innovative performance and the students training activity during the laboratory workshop.

Keywords:

engineering education, educational standards, training to the innovation activities, professional competence, the types of engineering work, laboratory workshop.

P. 218-231 

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ELECTRONIC TEST TO DETERMINE THE COMPONENTS OF COGNITIVE ACTIVITY OF STUDENTS IN COMPUTER SCIENCE LESSONS

Denisov Dmitriy P., Ogrizkov Vladimir E.

Abstract.

The development of information systems and communications suggest an active search for new forms of dialogue between students and teachers. A children’s rage for games and primitive communication acts in the Internet environment significantly interfere with the correct, adequate idea of the potential of modern personal devices, the solution of educational, scientific and applied problems. One should note that the share of those, who have experienced the devastating impact of the advertising and gaming industry of the Internet, is increasing in the whole amount of students.  The present work offers the teachers the e-test that covers specifics of the mobile technology, the emotional state associated with it, and formats of the data to which learners are addressing on the Internet portals, as well as the communicative activity in the virtual society. In our opinion, the questionnaire for taking into account the components of cognitive activity of students is an effective tool for dialogue, in which students and teachers will find common themes, interests, useful information for teamwork, rules of a safe behavior in a multidimensional space of the network interactions.

Keywords:

test, questionnaire, dialogue, computer, education, algorithm, ASMR trigger, diagram, virtual.

P. 232-241

 

 

Young scientists' vision
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INTERDISCIPLINARITY IN THE RESEARCH OF INCLUSIVE EDUCATION: INTERACTION OF SCIENCES OF VARIOUS COUNTRIES

Sheveleva Daria E.

Abstract.

The article substantiates an interdisciplinary approach to research. The phenomenon of “inclusive education” is analyzed from the position of sociology, psychology, pedagogy; theories of Russian and foreign scientists’ are presented.

Keywords:

interdisciplinary approach, inclusive education, children with health limitations, integration in mainstream school, organization of education.

P. 242-251

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METHODS OF TEACHING PAINTING IN THE PRIMITIVE SOCIETY

Katukhina Anna V.

Abstract.

The article shows the possibilities of methods of teaching painting in a primitive society, the methods of applying historical methods in modern pedagogy, the theoretical and practical aspects of solving compositional problems. The author of the article considers examples of children’s works from the point of view of development of compositional skills and correlates the children’s drawings with examples of primitive art, reveals similar pictorial techniques.

Keywords:

composition, composition problems, educational and creative problems, teaching, ways of teaching, pedagogy of art.

P. 252-260

 

Friday, 14 September 2018 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2018 №4

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 4-2018

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 
Philosophy of science and technology 
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THE DIGITAL REVOLUTION MYTH (ON THE ISSUE OF THE SOCIETY’S SELF-DETERMINATION FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF FUTURE)

Ivannikov Sergey I.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the problem of self-determination of the society in the era of postmodernism, the perception of modernity as a transitional period and the formation of the image of the future, which influences the development strategy of society today. The article criticizes the concept of the «digital revolution». Analysis of the changes taking place in the society allows us to conclude that the development of modern technologies is a continuation of the scientific and technological revolution of the mid-twentieth century, but not the beginning of a fundamentally new phase of the technological development.

Keywords:

scientific and technological revolution, digital revolution, science, technology, futurology, ideology, mythology.

P. 9-21

 

 

History of philosophy

 

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J. A. KOMENSKY’S “PHYSICS”: A BLIND-SPOT IN THE MODERN COMENIOLOGY

Marchukova Svetlana M.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the study of Komensky’s textbook “Physics” in the context of the philosophy of doubt and hope, developed in the works of V.-J. Dieterich and A. Lischewsky’s that defined one of the directions of the methodology of modern comenological research. Called to overcome the traditional perception of Komensky exclusively as a didactician, this methodology promotes the identification of trinity and multidimensionality – the basic principles of the idea of pansophy – in the content and structure of “Physics”. In the context of the metaphysical tradition of parallel reading of the textbook and the Holy Scripture, the author analyzes the development of the method that allows to build  on a common foundation the order of cognition of things in the material and spiritual world, to unite knowledge about God, nature and man into an integrated system. “Physics” is not considered in the traditional historical and scientific context, but in the historical and pedagogical aspect. The article uses the heuristic method of working with the historical and pedagogical source, based on the methodology of Komensky himself, according to which the “heuristic” level to pansophic wisdom is the “crown of knowledge”. Accordingly, the article outlines some areas of actual comeniological research in the context of the philosophy of doubt and hope. 

Keywords:

Jan Amos Komensky, “Physics”, A. Lishevsky, philosophy of doubt and hope, pansophy, methodology, trinity, multidimensionality, integrity.

P. 22-36 

 

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PEDAGOGICAL RESOURCE OF PHILOSOPHY OF IVAN ILYIN
(TO THE 135TH BIRTH ANNIVERSARY OF THE RUSSIAN PHILOSOPHER)

Deryuga Vardan E.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the axiological foundations of education, about which Ivan Ilyin writes in his philosophical works. The article reveals the concept of the spiritual in upbringing, as well as the axiology of the fundamental values, without which modern pedagogy is impossible.

Keywords:

upbringing, education, spirituality, values, Human, Personality, creativity, freedom, faith, sense of justice, fairness, conscience, love, truth.

P. 37-44

    

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
Educational psychology

 

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THE DEVELOPMENT OF VALUE-SEMANTIC COMPONENT OF PSYCHOLOGICAL CULTURE OF SENIOR PUPILS

Kondratyeva Natalia P., Dementieva Maria S.

Abstract.

Modern education is directed not only at teaching, education, but also at forming the learner’s personality. Therefore, the problem of research of psychological culture of younger generation is becoming more acute. The article substantiates the significance of the development of value-semantic component of psychological culture of senior pupils. The results of the study of this component of psychological culture in senior pupils and the data of changes caused by approbation of the training are described.

Keywords:

psychological culture, valuesemantic component of psychological culture, training program, meaningful orientations, terminal values, instrumental values, senior pupils.

P. 45-56

 

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EXPERIENCE OF LONELINESS IN THE ELDERLY AGE: PSYCHOLOGICAL FEATURES AND SOCIAL FACTORS

Umanskaya Elena G., Musaeva Faridat H.

Abstract.

The article considers the phenomenon of loneliness as experience in the period of the elderly age. The authors attempted to highlight the psychological features of the experience of loneliness in the elderly age, depending on various social factors.

Keywords:

loneliness, experience, elderly age, adaptation, life-meaning orientations, selfattitude.

P. 57-61

  

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PERSONALITY AND CHARACTER FEATURES OF SMOKERS IN ADOLESCENCE

Kobzev Evgeniy A., Kuzminov Nikolay N.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to personal character features of young people who smoke tobacco. The indicators of evaluation, strength, activity, as well as manifestations of the character of the respondents who use and do not use nicotine have been studied. On the basis of the empirical material, it was established that male tobacco smokers are significantly more “hooligans”, “explosive”, anxious, unsociable than non-smoking respondents. Female smokers have a low selfesteem and are dependent on the opinions of others. Female respondents, who are addicted to smoking, show high social activity, consider themselves cheerful, careless and impulsive. 

Keywords:

a smoker personality, smoking, a smoker character, addiction, self-esteem, social activity.

P. 62-68

 

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THE STUDY OF THE PSYCHOLOGICAL PERSONALITY TRAITS TRANSMISSION BY MEANS OF THE PORTRAIT GRAPHICS

Volkov Dmitriy V.

Abstract.

The article considers the features of personal qualities of a portrayed person. These features are used to study the personality of those who are portrayed; they also affect the determination of social properties. By analyzing the character, the author chooses an acceptable solution for a portrait image which reflects emotions. One of the important features of the study is to examine figurative and expressive means of the portrait graphic arts. They include patterns of using different tones in choosing the image of a psychological portrait which transmits the character traits and temperament of a portrayed person. We analyze the influence of social groups on the personality of a portrayed person, his/her character type, we consider the examples of using literary techniques for assessing the temperament, facial expression and communication style. We defined the significance of the social activity and marital status in the framework of determining the details of creating a psychological portrait. The article contains key examples of tasks, allowing one to focus on the process of creating a psychological image in a graphic portrait.

Keywords:

combination character features, social groups, social and psychological portrait, temperament, figurative and expressive means, notebook-diary of an artist.

P. 69-83 

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

Modernization of education

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RUSSIAN UNIVERSITIES ON THE WAY TO INSTITUTIONAL DIVERSITY:
THE STRATEGY FOR THE DEVELOPMENT OF A REGIONAL FLAGSHIP UNIVERSITY

Gavrikov Anatoly L., Pevsner Mikhail N., Petryakov Petr A.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the problem of expanding the institutional  diversity of universities in various countries around the world in the era of globalization. The management of diversity is seen as an important strategy for the development of Russian universities. The authors disclose the various factors of globalization influence on the cultural and institutional diversity in the system of higher education: the influx of new intellectual forces (brain gain), the growth of the need for programs and modules in different languages, the strengthening of competition between universities, their struggle for the right to be the leading universities of the country. The authors note that decrease in the number of applicants due to the demographic situation helps transform Russian universities into multicultural pluralistic organizations that attract different target groups of students (persons with disabilities, ethnic minorities, international students, etc.). Institutional diversity is promoted by the formation of various groups of leading universities in Russia: universities with special status, federal, national research universities, etc. The article pays particular attention to a new group of leading universities – regional flagship universities whose main task is to promote the effective development of regions by creatingtheir own innovative and entrepreneurial ecosystems. The article describes in detail the interaction of Novgorod region and Novgorod State University, which was included in the group of Russian regional flagship universities. 

Keywords:

institutional diversity, multicultural pluralistic organizations, leading universities, innovative and entrepreneurial ecosystems, diversity management.

P. 84-101

 

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PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN THE ACTIVITIES OF EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTIONS:
PARENTS’ AND SCHOOL HEADS’ ASSESSMENT

Vachkov Igor V., Vachkova Svetlana N.

Abstract.

The article presents the results of the study held in 74 regions of the Russian Federation, the purpose of which was to study the assessment of the heads of educational institutions and parents (legal representatives) of the degree of public participation in the activities of educational institutions. The sample consisted of 2,471 heads of the educational organization and 4,565 parents. It turned out that there are statistically significant differences in three main parameters - the frequency of appeals to parents by the educational organization on certain issues, the accounting of their opinions in the activities of the educational organization and satisfaction with the methods of education and upbringing in the educational organization. Parents assess the extent of their participation in the activities of educational institutions more critically than the heads of the schools and demonstrate the readiness to be involved. Heads of the schools consider the measure of parents’ participation sufficient, not trusting the level of their competence in the educational process. 

Keywords:

assessment, public participation, heads of educational institutions, parents, the activities of educational institutions.

P. 102-112

 

Theory of education

 

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THE PROBLEM OF UPDATING THE CONTENT OF HIGHER EDUCATION
IN THE ANTHROPOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE

Leskova Inna A.

Abstract.

The article considers a number of factors that hinder the solution of the problem of updating the content of higher education. The main attention is paid to the consideration of this problem in its relationship with the humanitarian-anthropological dimension of education, which directly depends on the anthropological format of the person asked by the state. However, at the present moment this format is distinguished by value uncertainty, since the modern socio-cultural reality is determined by value different and at the same time coexisting anthropological models of man («manipulative man», «man of culture»). This is due to the uncertainty of the anthropological dimension of modern education, which is considered in the article as a factor hindering the solution of the problem of updating the content of higher education. It is shown that the actual and projected qualitative characteristics of the content of education are determined by the simultaneous action of two models  of educational relations – market-oriented and human-sized. The article gives a brief description of the model of subject-centered content of higher education, the construction of which requires the subject’s position of the student and cannot be adequately learned otherwise. This allows it to act as a factor in solving the problem of renewing the content of higher education, to promote the formation of a human dimension model of educational relations and the emergence of a higher school from the state of crisis. 

Keywords:

anthropological dimension of education, content of higher education, human dimension, model of educational relations, subject-orientation.

P. 113-124

 

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ACCESSION OF HUMAN CAPITAL ASSETS BY MEANS OF THE PROFESSIONAL COMPETENCE OF THE LECTURER

Blohin Alexander L.

Abstract.

The article views the questions of the professional competence of a university teacher and the currency of the professional competence of the universities’ academic staff in the continuous improvement of the system of quality assurance of education while orientating towards the standards and recommendations of the European Association for quality assurance in higher education (ENQA).

Keywords:

human capital assets, competence, competence approach, training, teacher.

P. 125-130 

 

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MODERN APPROACHES TO THE PRACTICE OF PERSONAL AND PROFESSIONAL
SELF-DETERMINATION IN RUSSIA

Grishina Irina A.

Abstract.

This article is devoted to the study of modern approaches to the practice of personal and professional self-determination in Russia. As the main approaches to the practice of personal and professional self-determination, the most common now in Russia, the author singled out the project approach, research activities, both implemented in the framework of major educational projects created with the cooperation of state corporations and educational institutions, and within the framework of individual educational institutions. In addition, among the practices, the article presents the approach to develop certain skills, such as the skill of conscious choice, reflection, goal-setting, and immersion in various professional fields by means of visiting excursions and career-oriented camps. 

Keywords:

personal and professional selfdetermination, project approach, research activity, conscious choice, reflection.

P. 131-142 

   

New research in education
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ON THE ISSUE OF THE ESSENCE OF THE PUPILS’ EDUCATIONAL INDEPENDENCE AND LEVELS OF ITS DEVELOPMENT

Kosikova Svetlana V.

Abstact.

In the article the question of the essence of educational independence is considered. The interpretations of its understanding by various researchers are given, and the author’s definition is made. The level classification of the stages of the development of the student’s self-reliance in learning activity is analyzed, and the author’s classification is proposed, which includes the negative, initial, medium and sufficient stages.

Keywords:

educational independence, cognitive interest, training activities, goal-setting ability, self-control, self-esteem.

P. 143-150

 

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MODEL OF PEDAGOGICAL SUPPORT FOR STUDENTS’ VOLUNTEER ACTIVITY

Averkina Irina L., Avchinnikova Svetlana O.

Abstract.

The article presents a structural and content model of the pedagogical support of students’ volunteer activity in a university as part of the conceptual and purposeful, subjective and functional, substantive and procedural, instrumental and methodological, criterial and productive components. Development of students’ volunteer activity in the interests of the individual and society requires scientifically based pedagogical participation. In the description of the model, theoretical grounds (systemic, axiological, activity, subjective and environment approaches), target guidelines, the principles of pedagogical support (strengthening of altruistic motivation, subjectivity and self-actualization,  empathy, cooperation and ethical responsibility, complexity, continuity and continuity) are disclosed; the main participants of pedagogical support are defined: volunteer, volunteer group, voluntary programs coordinator, teacher and tutor, psychologist and supervisor and their roles; the functions of pedagogical support (diagnostic, motivation orienting, prognostic and planning, educational, advisory, facilitation, normative and analytical) are designated. Characteristics of the main components of personal and professional readiness of the volunteer are given: value and motivational, praxeological, mobilization and reflexive, as well as the stages of its forming: orienting and adaptive, subjective and activity, actualization and leadership. The most suitable for each stage forms and methods of pedagogical support are systematized, including traditional and innovative forms of pedagogical process organization and modern trends in personnel management. Social project activity is determined as the main method of pedagogical support of volunteering. Criteria for the effectiveness of pedagogical support are based on two levels – personal (motivational, competence, regulatory) and group organizational (scale of volunteer activity, quality and intensity, methodological support of the volunteer activity, popularity of the voluntary activity), indicators are given for each criterion. The presented model captures the most significant aspects of the maintenance process, allows it to be reproduced in mass practice, and in this connection acts as an effective means of improving educational work in the university. 

Keywords:

volunteering, volunteer activity of youth, higher education institution, support, model, principles, subjects, functions, stages, criteria.

P. 151-164

 

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PLANNING EDUCATIONAL AND RECREATIONAL ACTIVITIES BASED ON URGENT MONITORING OF THE FUNCTIONAL STATUS OF SCHOOLCHILDREN IN CHILDREN’S CAMPS (Evidence from the ICC “Artek”) 

 

Golubev Denis V., Shсhedrina Julia A., Demchenko Dmitry I.

Abstract.

Planning of the children’s camp is the most important component of both, recreational and educational, processes. Having a high stress on the functional state of different body systems or of the body in whole reduces the programs effect. Fixing quantitative physiological indicators that characterize the functional state of the examinees’ bodies with the help of the latest technologies will allow one to duly correlate the children’s motor activity with the educational activity optimizing the camp’s plan of actions.

Keywords:

children’s camp, planning, functional state of the body, health, education.

P. 165-171

 

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EDUCATIONAL MEANING OF FAMILY HOLIDAYS

Oparina Nina A., Levina Irina D., Kaitanjyan Maria G.

Abstract.

In the article the social essence of such cultural phenomenon of the mankind as a holiday and its educational value in forming the personality from the early childhood is considered. Attention is paid to holidaysand shows at different stages of history and development of the human society,  reflecting high ideals, civil, moral and aesthetic aspirations. The authors draw the readers’ attention to the importance of a serious and profound attitude to the organization of holidays for children and the family holidays, in particular. The emphasis is put on the importance of the artistic and creative approach to the tasks being solved, as well as the necessity to create favorable conditions for the comfortable process of preparing, organizing and holding family celebrations for the children and their families. Participation of children together with adults in various types of organizational, preparatory and artistic creative work has a beneficial effect on the development of creative abilities and other personal qualities of children: a free, non-coaching introduction to literature, music, and visual arts; formation of communicative qualities and ability to work in co-creation with each other and with adults; the opportunity to uncover natural inclinations and identify them in joint actions. And we should emphasize the special importance of family holidays for the formation of family friendly and trusting relationships and a positive impact on children. 

Keywords:

family, holiday, communication, creativity, game, traditions, development.

P. 172-180

 

Innovative technologies in education
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PEDAGOGICAL DESIGN AT THE PREPARATION OF ENGINEERS

Knysh Andrei I., Shlekova Inna Yu.

Abstract.

The article analyzes the importance of pedagogical design in the modern education system. The tools for implementing an innovative approach to the educational process are proposed. Features of the implementation of pedagogical projects in the training of engineers are considered.

Keywords:

pedagogical design, project, multimedia technologies, pedagogical design tools, training of engineers.

P. 181-186

 

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PEDAGOGICAL FOUNDATIONS OF GIFTEDNESS DEVELOPMENT BY MEANS
OF TRADITIONAL MUSIC OF PEOPLES OF THE WORLD

Ovchinnikova Julia S.

Abstract.

The article is focused on the authorial pedagogical technology of giftedness development by means of traditional music of peoples of the world and to analysis of personal changes of inner world, connected with actualization of students’ creativity during the process of education. Theoretical foundation of the actual research is based on works of Dr. A. A. Melik-Pashayev, where giftedness is regarded not as quality of special people, but as characteristics of each person that manifests capacity for creativity. In the article theoretical foundations of hypothesis, pedagogical objectives, conditions, principals and methods of organization of musical workshops are regarded. The analysis of data of pedagogical experiment allows to conclude about the development in students of their  general musical giftedness. All participants of the experiment mastered their skills in solo and joint play on simple ethnic instruments, developed their emotional sensitivity to music, gained active co-experience of music as the process of sensemaking. The results of the reflexive self-report of students showed that actualization of the “inner energy of soul”, of the personal creative element, goes beyond one kind of activity – in this context, musical – and leads to system changes embracing different aspects of the personal inner word, of their  general musical giftedness. All participants of the experiment mastered their skills in solo and joint play on simple ethnic instruments, developed their emotional sensitivity to music, gained active co-experience of music as the process of sensemaking. The results of the reflexive self-report of students showed that actualization of the “inner energy of soul”, of the personal creative element, goes beyond one kind of activity – in this context, musical – and leads to system changes embracing different aspects of the personal inner word, of the selfconsciousness and self-sentiment.

 

Keywords: 

pedagogical technology, traditional music of peoples of the world, giftedness development, development of co-intoning, development of creativity.

P. 187-204

 

Young scientists' vision
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THE STUDY OF THE LEXICAL UNITS SEMANTIZATION BY SCHOOLCHILDREN
WITH READING DISABILITIES

Babina Elena D.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the problem of semantisation of lexical units by schoolchildren with reading disabilities. The author considers theoretical grounds for investigating this phenomenon, the relationship between the processes of semantization and the identification of words. The article gives the strategies for the interpretation and identification of lexemes, the choice of which is determined by the language ability. The author considers it necessary to involve the theory of the associative-semantic field for the study of lexical units semantisation and identification, since the degree of associative fields branching can serve as an indicator of the formation of the meaningful reading. The article presents a methodical complex, which can be used to identify the students’ ability of semantisation.  The author discloses the structure and the approximate content of the methodology, defines the criterial apparatus for each series of tasks. 

Keywords:

semantization, reading disabilities, language ability, lexical units, semantization strategies, identification, associative-semantic field, research methods, analysis criteria.

P. 205-214

ПРОБЛЕМЫ СОВРЕМЕННОГО  ОБРАЗОВАНИЯ №4
Thursday, 28 June 2018 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2018 №3

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 3-2018

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 
History of philosophy 
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THE FATE AND ESSENCE OF JUDAISM IN THE CONTEXT OF N. A. BERDYAEV’S CHRISTIAN HISTORIOSOPHY

Pogodin Igor V.

Abstract.

The article, on the bases of religious and philosophical sources, views the analysis of N.A. Berdyaev’s philosophical ideas about the genesis and essence of Judaism, it considers the Russian philosopher’s interpretation of the role and significance of the religious ideals of the Jewish people for the development of the human history and the  change in the direction of the human consciousness. The content of the religious worldview of Judaism and the specifics of N. Berdyaev’s philosophical reflection is revealed in the process of comparative characterization of the spiritual teachings of Christianity, paganism, philosophical theories of existentialism and socialism.

Keywords:

history, Judaism, Christianity, Messianism, eschatology, justice, cultural and historical being, freedom, tragic existence.

P. 9-18

 

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THE CULTIC RELIGIOUS EXPLICATION OF CULTURE IN P. A. FLORENSKY’S PHILOSOPHY

Belyaev Dmitry A.

Abstract.

The conception of the cultic religious understanding of culture in P. A. Florensky’s philosophy is considered in the article. The genealogy of culture is reconstructed as an originally spiritual phenomenon of religious practices focused on creative communication with the divine absolute. The coherence of the cult and culture is analyzed, as well as the genesis of secularization and profanation of the culture’s ontological essence. The conclusion about the religious and metaphysical foundations of Florensky’s definition of culture is made.

Keywords:

Florensky, culture, cult, the origin of culture, the philosophy of culture, religion and culture.

P. 19-26 

 

Philosophy of education
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FORMING THE RUSSIAN NATIONAL IDENTITY: FROM PEDAGOGICAL AXIOLOGY TO EDUCATIONAL PRACTICES

Kulikova Svetlana V.

Abstract.

The axiological formula of basic values of the youth education on the basis of historical and pedagogical analysis is offered. The article describes modern educational practices focused on forming the Russian civil identity and national consciousness.

Keywords:

axiological approach, basic values of education, national consciousness, educational practices.

P. 27-34

    

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00
Educational psyhology

 

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PSYCHOLOGICAL BARRIERS IN LEARNING AND PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY OF STUDENTS

Podymov Nikolay A., Zhang Li (People’s Republic of China), Ngo Thi Nga (Republic of Vietnam)

Abstract.

The article presents the materials revealing peculiarities of psychological barriers in educational and professional activity of foreign students. A psychological barrier is understood as an internal obstacle reflected  in the consciousness of a person, expressed in violation of semantic correspondence of consciousness and objective conditions and ways of activity. A specific feature of the manifestation of psychological barriers is the occurrence of “critical points” in the course of activity, in the force of action of which the positive or negative result for the subject’s future activities is determined. It is determined that the most common barriers are the barrier of communication and the cognitive barrier. The authors carried oud the quantitative and qualitative analysis of the data obtained during the diagnostics according to the following methods: Scale of self-assessment of develop behavior (D. La Costa); Method of diagnostics of style parameters of teaching (A. Salomon, R. Felder); Methods of selfassessment of metacognitive knowledge and metacognitive activity (Y. Poshehonova, M. M. Kashapov). We diagnosed psychological barriers of communication with the help of the “Diagnostics of communication Barriers” questionnaire that we specially developed. The study results reveal the need for organization of a special work to form the foreign students’ self-management skills (knowledge of their own methods and strategies of organizing and managing the process of cognition and solving theoretical and practical tasks).

Keywords:

psychological barriers, educationalprofessional activity, barriers of communication, cognitive and meta- cognitive activity, strategies for overcoming psychological barriers.

P. 35-46

 

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FUNCTIONAL-DYNAMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF PSYCHOLOGY STUDENTS’ VOCATIONAL AND PEDAGOGIC SELF-KNOWLEDGE

Vasilyeva Elena M., Dolmatova Vera N.

Abstract.

The article describes the results of the experimental study on functional and dynamic characteristics of the structure of Psychology students’ professional and pedagogical self-knowledge during a pedagogical practice. The psychological features of cognitive (cognitive complexity), emotional (professional position) and volitional (effectiveness) substructures of Psychology students’ professional self-knowledge are  analyzed in accordance with the criteria proposed by the authors. The levels of the professional self-knowledge development (high, medium, low) are also provided.

Keywords:

levels of the professional pedagogical self-knowledge, cognitive complexity, professional position, efficiency.

P. 47-52

  

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THE ROLE OF SELF-EVALUATION IN FORMING STUDENTS’ MOTIVATION TO SELF-DEVELOPMENT IN PEDAGOGICAL HIGHER EDUCATION

Sotnikova Marina S.

Abstract.

In the article the problem of motivation to personal and professional selfdevelopment among students of a pedagogical university is actualized. The author presents the results of part of the forming experiment on the implementation of the complex of psychological and pedagogical activities within the framework of the «Technologies of Personal Development» training course, representing a workshop on self-knowledge and self-development. The workshop includes specialized diagnostic tools, interviews, consultations, through which the active self-evaluation activity of first-year students was carried out.

Keywords:

self-evaluation, self-evaluation activity, self-knowledge, self-development, self-cultivation, self-regulation, first-year students, workshop.

P. 53-58

 

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STUDY OF THE VERBAL SELF-EVALUATION AND EXAM ANXIETY OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS WHILE PREPARING FOR THEIR UNIFIED STATE EXAMINATIONS

Shvetsova Maya N., Barysheva Ekaterina O.

Abstract.

The article focuses on the study results that detect features of examination anxiety while preparing for the USE and its correlation with the level of verbal selfevaluation of pupils at comprehensive and subject-oriented schools. Due to the research results we can talk about a significant positive correlation between the level of a verbal selfconcept and the level of examination anxiety: the lower the verbal self-concept, the higher is the examination anxiety of senior students while preparing for the USE. The respondents with  low self-esteem have been found to complain about pain, shiver, heartthrob, and sickness during the trial USE more often. They express uncertainty in their knowledge, presence of fears and representations of failure, fear of examination more often. Besides, the significant correlation was detected between the level of self-evaluation and the affective area (during the examination the pupils’ control over their emotions decreases). Respondents from the subject-oriented school have a lower level of examination anxiety while preparing for the USE than the respondents from the comprehensive school.

Keywords:

exam anxiety, verbal self-evaluation, high school student, preparation for the USE, subject oriented instruction.

P. 59-67 

 

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THE INFLUENCE OF SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL TRAINING ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF COMMUNICATIVE ABILITIES OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS WITH AGG RESSIVE BEHAVIOR

Bochantseva Lyudmila I.

Abstract.

The article views the study of the influence of socio-psychological training as a psychological tool of developing communicative abilities of high school students with aggressive behavior in a secondary school. The article reveals the concept of communicative abilitiesin Psychology; analyzes the phenomenon of personality aggressiveness and the typology of aggressive behavior in domestic and foreign Psychology; reveals the psychological characteristics of communicative abilities of high school students with aggressive behavior; presents a description of psychological tools of developing communicative abilities of high school students with aggressive behavior. The experimental research established and proved the influence of social and psychological training as a means for developing the communicative abilities of senior pupils with aggressive behavior. 

Keywords:

communication skills, high school students, aggressive behavior, social and psychological training, psychological means of development.

P. 68-79 

 

General psyhology, personality psyhology, history of psyhology
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MANIPULATIVE COMMUNICATION BETWEEN PRESCHOOLERS AND THEIR PARENTS IN THE MODERN FAMILY

Kuzmishina Tatiana L.

Abstract.

The work is devoted to the study of interrelation between the family interaction patterns and manipulative tendencies in children’s behavior. The goal of the experimental work is to study the manipulation in the interaction of preschoolers and their parents in the modern family. Currently, the research on the topic of manipulation in the parent-child interaction focuses on the analysis of the factors, influencing the development of manipulative communication in the family. The results of this study demonstrate the correlation between the characteristics of parent-child interaction and manipulative behavior of preschoolers. The article also provides the data about the most typical forms of manipulation of parents by children of the preschool age.

Keywords:

parent-child relationship, interaction, preschool age, child, parents, manipulative communication, family. 

P. 80-88

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

Modernization of education

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CURRENT STAGE OF DEVELOPMENT OF THE RUSSIAN-TRANSNISTRIAN RELATIONS IN THE FIELD OF EDUCATION AS A FACTOR IN FORMING A COMMON EDUCATION SPACE OF THE PRIDNESTROVIAN MOLDAVIAN REPUBLIC AND THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION

Goncharov Mikhail A., Petrakova Lyudmila E.

Abstract.

The nature of the drastic changes that took place in the Post-Soviet Space in the 1990s, the emergence (self-proclamation) of new State entities, one of which was the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic, determined the relevance of the issue of the research. The direction of the state educational policy of the PMR was predetermined by the historical community of the Transnistrian and Russian nations and was initially formed in the Russian education space. In this article the author examines the genesis and the current state of the Russian-Transnistrian relations in the field of education and the stages of integration of the Transnistrian Education Area into a Single Education Space of the Russian Federation.

Keywords:

common education space, Russian-Transnistrian cooperation in the field of education, stages of integration into a single education area.

P. 89-100

Theory of education

 

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FUNCTIONS OF COMPARATIVE PEDAGOGY FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF THE CZECH COMPARATIVISTS

Dolgaya Oksana I.

Abstract.

The article dwells upon the problem of interpretation of comparative pedagogy functions in the research works of Czech comparativists’. The functions are presented at the various stages of the development of this scientific discipline depending on its purpose and tasks. Basing on the analysis of original sources, the author reveals the expansion of the comparative pedagogy functions and the emergence of the new ones. In addition to the previously existing functions of description, interpretation, analysis, comparison, new functions were revealed: propaedeutic, prognostic, integrative. The author shows the growing importance of the comparative pedagogy and the research enhancement in this field.

Keywords:

comparative pedagogy, Czech comparative pedagogy, theoretical and practical functions of the comparative pedagogy, description, interpretation, comparison.

P. 101-110

History of pedagogy and education

 

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SPIRITUAL AND MORAL POTENTIAL OF OUT-OF-SCHOOL EXCURSION TRIPS: THE SOVIET SCHOOL EDUCATION BACKGROUND

Dudarenko Elena P.

Abstract.

The article concerns the experience of spiritual and moral education of students in the excursion activities. It presents the content, methods, and forms of tours arrangement; estimates the goals of the high school students’ extracurricular activities; views the practice of realizing the social projects in the course of the excursion trips.

Keywords:

spiritual and moral education, excursion activities, extracurricular activities, forms of the educational work.

P. 111-117

  

New research in education
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THE GENESIS OF THE PATRIOTIC EDUCATION OF TEACHERS IN THE SYSTEM OF THE PEDAGOGICAL EDUCATION

Lukinova Anastasiia V.

Abstact.

In the article the problem of patriotic education of future teachers is actualized. The essence and the content of the patriotic education, scientific ideas and views on this process in the higher pedagogical school are revealed.

Keywords:

patriotism, patriotic education, forming a personality, teacher, citizen, patriot.

P. 118-124

 

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PERSONALITY ORIENTED EDUCATION OF HIGH-SCHOOL STUDENTS IN THE CONDITIONS OF SPECIALIST CAMP

Senchenkov Nikolay P.

Abstract.

The article considers the process of a personality oriented education of high-school students in the specialist camps. By way of illustration the author analyzes the activities of the Smolensk Regional Pedagogical Camp “Krylaty” (headed by N.P. Senchenkov), which has based in Smolensk State University since 1989. The author considers the “We chose, we are chosen” role play, in which the game participants get acquainted with the laws and traditions of the children`s republic of New Atlantida. They are engaged in the election campaign, participate in the debates and vote for a candidate for the post of Grand Archon. The result of such role-playing games and collective creative activities is a creation of the system of practice-oriented law education, based on the activity approach, taking into account the interests of each senior pupil – participant of the specialist camp.

Keywords:

specialist camp, high-school students, personality oriented education, “Krylaty” pedagogical camp.

P. 125-132

 

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THE RESPONSIBILITY DEVELOPMENT: RESEARCH OF THE STRUCTURAL AND COMMUNICATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF A PARENTAL FAMILY SYSTEM

Alekseenko Tatiana V.

Abstract.

The paper presents the results of the empirical study on the internal-external control of an adult person in the context of the structural and communicative characteristics of a parental family system. As the condition of the responsibility development there are drawn such characteristics as the family structure, a hierarchical place in the sibling subsystem, functionality versus dysfunctionality in the communicative aspects of the parent-child relationship.

Keywords:

personal maturity, the responsibility development, the subjective control level, internal-external control, family emotional communication, the sibling subsystem, dysfunction of a family system, parental criticism.

P. 133-141

 

Innovative technologies in education
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STRATEGIES FOR STUDENTS’ SELF- ASSERTION IN THE EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITIES

Podymova Lyudmila S., Dolinskaya Lyudmila A., Liu Shouwen (China)

Abstract.

The article examines strategies for self-affirmation of Russian and Chinese students in educational activities. In the course of the study, diversities in the self-affirmation strategies of the Chinese and Russian students’ in a learning activity were found, as well as the difference in teaching methods in Russian and Chinese universities was revealed; the factors that determine the manifestation of  self-affirmation strategies for students were identified, and tools to correct students’ selfassertion strategies in educational activities were proposed.

Keywords:

strategy of self-assertion, educational activity, education, reflection, psychological and pedagogical conditions.

P. 142-150

 

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A STUDY OF THE INTERRELATION OF THE SELF-ESTEEM WITH THE STUDENTS’ STATUS POSITION IN A GROUP

Korneva Elena N.

Abstract.

In this article the author discloses the concept of self-esteem of a pedagogical university’s students, as well as the interrelation of the first-year students’ self-esteem with the status position in the system of the team interpersonal relations.

Keywords: 

self-esteem of a pedagogical university’s students, interrelation of the firstyear students’ self-esteem with the status position in the system of the team interpersonal relations.

P. 151-155

 

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GOALS OF PROFESSIONALLY-ORIENTED MATHEMATICAL TRAINING OF AN IT TEACHER WITHIN THE “METHODS AND MEANS OF INFORMATION PROTECTION” COURSE

Kotova Lydia V.

Abstract.

The article, in terms of subjectprofessional competencies, presents a multilevel system of training objectives of teaching basics of information protection to those who are earning their bachelor’s degree in IT from a pedagogical university. It also gives the main criteria for detecting the maturity of subject-professional competences as a result of studying the “Methods and Means of Information Protection” course, as well as the examples of using the constructed model in the pedagogical practice.

Keywords:

competence approach, subjectprofessional competence, professional training  of computer science teachers, diagnostics, information protection.

P. 156-164

 

Young scientists' vision
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METHODOLOGICAL APPROACHES TO RESEARCH OF THE DEVELOPMENT OF EDUCATION POLICY (1900–1917) 

Tyumentseva Yulia A.

Abstract.

The article considers methodological approaches suitable for historical and pedagogical research. The approaches, such as narrative, civilizational and cultural, suitable for studying the strategy of the development of education in Russia at the beginning of the 20th century, were chosen purposefully. 

Keywords:

methodological approaches, education strategy, Russia, the beginning of the 20th century, history of pedagogy, historical and pedagogical research. 

P. 165-171

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MUTUAL SUBJECT-SUBJECT ACTIVITY OF THE TEACHER AND PARENTS OF CHILDREN OF AN UPPER PRE-SCHOOL AGE IN A MODERN EDUCATIONAL ORGANIZATION

Krasavina Lyudmila N.

Abstract.

The importance of studying subjectsubject relations is due to the fact that interaction of all aspects of the educational process is carried out in them. Subject-subject relations are disclosed as an interaction and this leads to certain changes in the views of the value orientations of each participant of the process. Only on the basis of their comprehensive study and analysis, the teacher can correct his/her actions. 

Keywords:

subjective position, subject, subjectactivity approach, personal agency, subjectsubject relationship. 

P. 172-181

Wednesday, 25 April 2018 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2018 №2

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 2-2018

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 
Philosophy and science   
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COHERENT CONCEPTION OF TRUTH AND METAPHORIZATION OF THE LANGUAGE OF PHILOSOPHY

Ermolenko Galina A., Kozhevnikov Sergey B.

Abstract.

The article discusses the contents of the coherence concept of truth through the prism of hermeneu-political strategies, philosophy, analyzes the theory of L. Wittgenstein, M. Dummett, N. Goodman, H. Poser, H. Putnam. This study allows to consider the coherent concept of truth as the epistemological framework of the language of philosophy. Application of the developed approach takes into account the metaphorical nature of philosophical concepts.

Keywords:

coherent conception of truth, metaphor in the language of philosophy, the epistemological framework, conceptual framework, understanding of linguistic expressions, criteria of truth, models of rationality.

P. 9-18

 

Philosophy of art
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INNER FORM OF THE WORD AND POETIC IMAGE IN ACMEISM: PHILOSOPHICAL ASPECT OF THE CORRELATION

Zanegina Anastasiya A.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the issue of the correlation between the linguophilosophical phenomenon of the inner form of the word and the concept of the “eidolon-image”. Eidolon is the main component of the aesthetic system of Acmeism – one of the main literary and philosophical directions of the Silver Age. Linguists define the internal form of the word as “image of the image”. In this interpretation we see an obvious connection and similarity with the acmeistic image-eidolon as the creative impulse of the artistic text. Eidolon anticipates the formation of a specific artistic image in the same way as the inner form of a word (representation) anticipates the formation of a concept. According to Nikolai Gumilev, the founder and leader of Acmeism, following Alexander Potebnja, an outstanding linguist and philosopher, poetry is not only a language phenomenon, but also a special form of speech, a unique and creative way of thinking. A distinctive feature of this phenomenon is a thought transformation with the help of a certain image, “image of the image”, the inner form of the word, the analogue of which in Acmeism was eidolon. 

Keywords:

Acmeism, inner form of the word, poetics, image, philosophy of the language, eidology, eidolon. 

P. 19-26

    

Philosophy of education

 

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WHY THE STUDENT NEEDS PHILOSOPHY: CHALLENGES OF TEACHING PHILOSOPHY IN UNIVERSITIES

Kondratyeva Svetlana B.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to problems of teaching philosophy in higher educational institutions, in understanding the role of philosophy in the modern society and in the education system. The work focuses on the change of the status of philosophy in the educational process; therefore it sets out the views on the search for new approaches to the teaching of philosophical disciplines.

Keywords:

teaching philosophy, the place of philosophy in the educational process, competence approach, the role of philosophy in the training of future teachers.

P. 27-32

 

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DISCUSSION ON MODERN RUSSIAN THEOLOGICAL EDUCATION IN THE CONTEXT OF RELIGIOUS, ATHEISTIC AND SCIENTIFIC WORLDVIEWS

(as regards the historical-philosophical and generalpurpose aspects)

Gusev Dmitry A.

Abstract.

The topicality of the article is determined by the discussion on theological education in modern Russia, which has recently been expanding. It raises question of its possibility, worth, grounding, necessity and positive or negative influence on the Russian society. In the view of religious, secular-atheistic and postsecular worldview patterns that were subsequently changing in Russia’s political and spiritual history of the XX–XXI centuries main pros and cons of theological education being integrated into the present-day secular system appear quite interesting. The attempt of such comparative analysis of coordinates of religious, atheistic and scientific worldview aimed at finding their coincidences and discrepancies bears the theoretic and practical significance as well as the scientific novelty. The main conclusion of the authors is the statement, according to which science, in its essence and nature, is not either an ally of atheism or an opponent of religion, which is why secular education, associated primarily with the development of basic scientific ideas about the world, does not contradict neither religious nor atheistic worldview. Theological and secular education may well coexist peacefully at the current stage of the country’s life and even complement each other.

Keywords:

worldview, religion, theism, pantheism, atheism, science, theological education, secularity, secularism, postsecularism.

P. 33-47

 

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

 

History of psychology
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PERSONALITY IN A WORLD OF UNCERTAINTY: METHODOLOGY OF CULTURAL-HISTORICAL KNOWLEDGE OF L. S. VYG OTSKY’S 

Mitskevich Alexander N.

Abstract.

The article presents methodological aspects of formation of the conceptual approaches to the personality study in terms of the genesis of a new social formation, the regularities and peculiarities of the personality development in the context of L. S. Vygotsky’s cultural-historical concept.

Keywords:

cultural-historical theory, personality, pedagogy, psychology, development.

P. 48-55

 

Educational psychology

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ON THE PREDICTIVE CAPABILITIES OF CYBERACTIVE USERS BETWEEN 18 AND 22 YEARS OLD

Tolstova Olga I.

Abstract.

This article examines the predictive abilities in the study of the perception of social phenomena by cyber-active users aged between 18 and 22 years old. Specific conditions of the virtual space that affect the productivity of forecasting social phenomena by students are described. The content of the concepts of “virtual reality” and “forecasting” is considered. Depending on the measure of use of Internet resources, subjects were divided into experimental and control samples. Cyberactive students with staying for 5 to 6 hours on the Internet with 7 to 10 years of experience were involved in the experimental sample. The control sample was made by less cyber-active students, who spend 2 to 4 hours daily on the web with the experience from 3 to 8 years. As a stimulus material, a picture was used that contained a complex plot that allowed us to determine the speed and accuracy of predicting social phenomena. As the result of this study, it was revealed that the rate of forecasting of social phenomena is lower in cyberactive users of 18 to 22 years in comparison with the less cyberactive respondents. There are dissimilarities between the experimental and control samples in terms of the accuracy of forecasting social phenomena. The effect of the duration and systemic nature of the subject’s stay in cyberspace on predictive ability was recorded.

Keywords:

prognostic abilities, forecasting productivity, cyberspace, social phenomena.

P. 56-64

 

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EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE AND SOCIO-PSYCHOLOGICAL ADAPTAION OF FOREIGN STUDENTS IN RUSSIAN UNIVERSITIES

(using the example of the Chinese students)

Yuanyang Wang (China)

Abstract.

The article presents the results of the research based on the “MSCEIT V.2.0” and “A personality’s adaption to new cultural environment questionnaire of Yankovskyi (applied by Konstantinov)” tests on a group of Chinese students, who study in Russian Universities (n = 35). The correlation between the emotional intelligence and the sociopsychological adaption is found. The relevance between the emotion discernment and adaptation, emotion control and alienation is found. However, the connection between the emotional intelligence and the sociopsychological adaption themselves cannot be proved sufficiently. 

Keywords:

emotion, emotional intelligence, socio-psychological adaption, social group, social psychology, foreign students. 

P. 65-71

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

 

Modernization of education
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TRENDS IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE HIGH SCHOOL IN THE MODERN ECONOMIC SITUATION

Zanina Larisa V., Kirik Vladimir A.

Abstract.

The article examines tendencies and megatrends in the world and domestic education that determine the specificity of the university’s position as the center of their intersection and realization. At the same time, education is seen as a quasi-public good that ensures the development of the modern society as a whole. That, in its turn, determines the public financing of education. The article cites social and global challenges to modern education, examines the direction of their implementation in the sphere of higher education. Particular attention is paid to the economic challenges of higher education, the roots of which lie at the ongoing modernization of the post-industrial global economy and systemic diversification and re-industrialization of the country’s economy. The article defines the methodological mechanisms for the development of the national higher school, substantiates the relevance of the new branch in the theory of education – the economics of education, specifies the methodological apparatus of the economics of education, which determines the research boundaries of this scientific field in modern conditions.

Keywords:

tendency, megatrends, humanization, quasi-social good, challenges of modernity, the economics of education.

P. 72-78

 

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FACTORS IN CREASING EDUCATIONAL PROGRESS AT SCHOOL 

(based on foreign research)

Vachkov Igor V., Vachkova Svetlana N.

Abstract.

The article deals with the results of meta-analyzes from foreign researches. These studies analyze factors that increase educational progress at school. The authors of these studies identify the most important factors, among which are: the student’s own efforts, the contribution of the school and the contribution of the teacher. It is shown that the contribution of the pupil him/herself is much greater than the other factors. The number of other factors that traditionally estimated as significant, turned out to be of a very small effect. As a result among factors with low importance appeared the student’s gender, type of school, the number of students in the class, school uniforms introduction, summer classes, class formation built upon children abilities.

Keywords:

factors that increase educational progress at school, the effect degree, metaanalyzes, teacher, student, teaching, feedback. 

P. 79-90

 

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SOME PECULARITIES OF SOCIOCULTURAL EVOLUTION OF NATIONAL TEACHER TRAINING SYSTEM IN GERMANY

Plaksina Natalya V.

Abstract.

The article is devoted to the analysis of sociocultural evolutional conditions of national teacher training system in Germany. The author analyzes some peculiarities of innovative way of evolution of the national teacher training system in the country mentioned above. The main types of educational institutions in the teacher training system are described and some general principles of organization and the basic technologies are revealed. 

Keywords:

education, teacher training education, educational institution, school, pedagogical universities, university. 

P. 91-98

 

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THE SCHOOL USING OF EDUCATIONAL INTERNET RESOURCES ON SCIENCE DISCIPLINES: VIEW FROM THE TWO SIDES

Bobrova Lubov N., Nikulova Galina A.

Abstract.

The article presents the results of the research on the attitude of two participantgroups of the educational process – Science and Maths teachers and schoolchildren of Physics and Mathematics classes – to the use of educational online-resources before and during the learning process. Particular attention is paid to difference in the views of these groups of users on the needs and problems arising from the use of Internet resources in the learning process.

Keywords:

Internet-resources, educational Internet-resources, educational online resources, needs of the educational internetresources users, use of Internet-resources in the educational process. 

P. 99-112

 

History of pedagogy and education

 

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VOCAL AND TEACHING TRADITIONS IN THE CREATIVE WORK OF THE VOCAL TEACHERS OF THE 19th CENTUR 

Kosovsov Nikolai E.

Abstract.

The article examines the pedagogical traditions of the classical vocal education in Russia and peculiarities of their use by leading vocal teachers in the XIX century while teaching classical vocal art. The topicality of research into Russian vocal traditions is proved for the present period of the vocal education development. 

Keywords:

vocal education, traditions, vocal apparatus, Russian vocal school, show method, synthetic method, art task. 

P. 113-120

  

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P. R. ATUTOV – DISCIPLE AND SUCCESSOR OF M. N. SKATKIN’S SCIENTIFIC SCHOOL OF POLYTECHNIC EDUCATION

Namsaraev Sergey D., Zanayev Sergey Z.

Abstract.

This article reveals the role of M. N. Skatkin and a student of his – P. R Atutov – in development of the national polytechnic education, as a strategic direction of modernization and industrial and economic development of the country. The article uses archival material – a joint letter of scientists of the Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic to the country’s leadership, published in 1954. 

Keywords:

Polytechnic education, polytechnic training.

P. 121-127 

 

New research in education
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FEATURES OF MODELING THE MULTICULTURAL ENVIRONMENT IN A UNIVERSITY IN A NATIONAL REGION

Pudov Aleksei G.

Abstact.

A Russian university on the periphery has become multicultural. A person with a conservative set of ethno-cultural values is not fully ready for a multidimensional dialogue with a previously unfamiliar culture. This generates mistrust between people, deforms the nature of the intercultural exchange. Dialogue, in the conditions of interaction of the conservative ideocratic forms of consciousness and dominant codes of the collective intentionality, becomes more complicated. In a multicultural society, the model of multicultural education needs developing an implementation strategy. The purpose of the paper is to identify the strategy of a multicultural university education in the conditions of the ethnocultural regionality, migration and mass culture dominance. Practical documents are proposed for the implementation of the model of a multicultural environment: a Program to form a multicultural environment in a university; a psychological affirmation to the multicultural education; a memo for students and faculties.

Keywords:

multicultural education, university, multiculturalism, national region, psychological affirmation, intercultural exchange, multicultural competence. 

P. 128-139

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INTERACTION OF EDUCATION SYSTEMS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION AND THE PEOPLE’S REPUBLIC OF CHINA IN MODERN CONDITIONS

Melnikov Timur N., Moskvina Anna S., Tretyakov Andrey L.

Abstract.

The article proves the urgency of addressing to the problems of interaction between the Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China in the issues of humanitarian cooperation, including the sphere of education. The essential component of the appeal of the first persons of the two states to the issues of education is indicated. A legislative basis for expanding international integration in the field of education is noted. The important determinants of the Chinese reformer in the field of education, Li Lanqing, are drawn. Particular attention is paid to the important areas of the international integration of the two powers in the field of education. Authors’ reflections on the prospects for cooperation between Russia and China in the educational sphere are given.

Keywords:

education, Russian Federation, People’s Republic of China, vector, cooperation, state educational policy, the 21st century.

P. 140-146

 

Innovative technologies in education
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MODERN TOOLS OF TRAINING IN MATHEMATICS FOR STUDENTS OF PEDAGOGICAL UNIVERSITIES 

Deza Elena I., Kotova Lidia V., Model Dmitry L.

Abstract.

In the article the role and the place of modern manuals in fundamental training in mathematics for students of pedagogical universities, structural features and didactic opportunities of the authors’ e-learning mathematical courses developed on their basis are analyzed. The principles of creation of such courses are pointed out. Selection criteria of contents and technical providing for the specified courses are offered. Their main functions are considered. Requirements imposed to them are listed. Use of the Moodle system as a technological base of creation of the appropriate e-learning resources is proved. Examples of the e-learning courses developed by the authors (theory of numbers, cryptography, discrete mathematics, calculus mathematics) are presented. 

Keywords:

higher mathematical education, manual on mathematics, e-learning course, principles of an e-learning course creation, functions of an e-learning course, requirements to the e-learning course, Moodle system.

P. 147-155

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IMPLEMENTATION OF AN INTEGRATIVE APPROACH TO TEACHING SCIENCE IN THE CDIО IDEOLOGY 

Butakova Svetlana M., Feskova Elena V.

Abstract.

The authors of the article regard integration in education as the interaction and interpenetration of the structural elements of different areas of knowledge, methods of cognition and the scientific concepts on a common logical and methodological basis for the purpose of disclosure of cross-curricular issues and concerns. Models of integration in education can be a course that combines several subjects from one educational programme; combination of academic subjects from one educational area on the basis of the advantages of a single discipline that retains its specifics; an integrative course in the elective component of the curriculum, which combines items from remote educational areas. While implementing integrated education knowledge becomes compound; abilities – generalized, able to promote the all-around application of knowledge, to transfer ideas and methods from one science to another. 

Keywords: 

integrative approach, integrated learning task, a fragmented integration, interdisciplinary integration, active learning methods. 

P. 156-163

 

Young scientists' vision
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COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF EXTRACURRICULAR PEDAGOGICAL SYSTEMS OF CHILDREN’S SUMMER COLONIES AND BOY SCOUTS 

Ladchenko Konstantin V.

Abstract.

This article describes two pedagogical systems of extracurricular education of the second half of the 19th – the beginning of the 20th centuries. The article provides a detailed analyzes of the basic principles, as well as the theoretical and methodological grounds of those systems. The cause-effect relationship is noted, the main factors of their establishment are determined, the essential programmes are studied. The recollections of the children-colonists and scouts are drawn. The given article may be of use to those who study pedagogical institutions of extracurricular education of the second half of the 19th – the beginning of the 20th centuries.

Keywords:

extracurricular education, scouting, summer children’s colonies, colonies, scouts, Walther Bion, Robert Baden-Powell.

P. 164-172

Monday, 26 March 2018 00:00

PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION 2018 №1

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PROBLEMS OF MODERN EDUCATION

№ 1-2018

CONTENTS

 

 

 Philosophic Sciences 09.00.00 
History of philosophy              
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RHETORIC AND SCIENCE: OVERCOMING THE ANCIENT BREAK

Kozlova Natalia Yu.

Abstract.

The article considers the possibility of interpreting rhetoric as a constitutive form of science communication; the reasons of the ancient separation of rhetoric from philosophy are analyzed, the possibility of overcoming it is revealed.

Keywords:

rhetoric of science, antiquity, knowledge transfer, metaphor, communication.

P. 9-18

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ONTOTHEOLOGICAL PROBLEM IN THE PHILOSOPHY OF ERIUGENA AND FICHTE

Tolstenko Andrey M., Kuznetsova Svetlana V.

Abstract.

The authors offer to include the thought of Johannes Scottus Eriugena’s (c. 810 – c. 877) in the broad context of the traditional metaphysical consideration and understand it as the unity of reflexive panentheism (God is in everything, but not everything is God) and Christian theism. The Irish monk’s ideas of were based on Neoplatonism, which prevailed in Byzantine meditative theology, subject to the tasks of the medieval paradigm of knowledge. In this regard, the «division of nature» of Eriugena’s appears to be ontotheology, on the basis of which he drew out the original religious and philosophical teaching. Essential features of scholasticism, finally established in the XII–XIII centuries, were inherent in his speculations. At the same time, there are speculative moments in it, anticipating and linking Eriugena with German classical philosophy, with Fichte’s idealism, in particular. Critical Fichte’s real idealism is a kind of transcendental ontotheology, based on the egological structures and problems of synthetic a priori judgments. Comparative, concrete historical, typological and textual analytic methods of research were applied to provide a scientific evaluation of the Eriugena’s and Fichte’s philosophical thought. It was found that ontotheology and Eriugena’s panentheism, as its constructive principle, and his teaching on the division of Nature, or God, are comparable with the concepts of Fichte’s egology and German idealism in whole, which preached salvation exclusively in consciousness and through consciousness. 

Keywords:

nature, idealism, ontotheology, metaphysics, Fichte, Eriugena.

P. 19-31

 

Philosophy of science and trchnology
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RATIONALITY AND NON-CLASSICAL LOGIC

Yashin Boris L.

Abstract.

The article deals with the problem of understanding rationality at the present stage of the development of philosophy, science and education and its connection with the logic of thinking. It is noted that this connection is most often associated with the basic laws of traditional (classical) logic, with which scientific rationality is often identified. Different interpretations of rationality in foreign and domestic literature are compared. It is shown that the phenomenon of scientific rationality is not reducible to the logical only, but rationality itself is multifaceted. It is substantiated that the basis of rationality can be not only classical, but also non-classical logics, in particular, various variants of paraconsistent logic, as well as epistemic or temporal and relevant logic, logic with strict  implication, the logic of change. The essence of some of these nonclassical logics, their features, possibilities of use in natural and social sciences, education, in quantum mechanics, in probabilistic and inductive reasoning, in the theory of fuzzy concepts, in information retrieval systems are revealed. It is suggested that the search for an answer to the question of the relationship between paraconsistent logic and rational thinking can be productive for the ongoing development of the concept of modern understanding of rationality and philosophy of education.

Keywords:

temporal logic, classical rationality, the traditional (classical) logic, logic of change, non-classical logic, scientific rationality, nonclassical rationality, paraconsistent logic, relevant logic, philosophy of education.

P. 32-47

    

 Psychological Sciences 19.00.00

 

Educational psychology
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THE SUCCESS OF SOLVING CONVERGENT TASKS IN THE CONTEXT OF VARIOUS EXTERNAL MOTIVATIONAL ATTITUDES 

Gavrilova Olga Ya.

Abstract.

The purpose of the research presented in the article is to determine the possibility of changing the success of solving problems of a convergent type by adolescents by varying the external motivational setting. By convergent problems we understand ones that have only one correct solvation. The study used two types of problems: aimed at the abstractlogical thinking and aimed at the spatial thinking. The article discusses the results of an empirical study of the success of solving convergent problems by adolescents in the context of three different motivational attitudes: neutral, competitive in the context of a personal victory and the victory of their group, held in the Republic of Sakha (Yakutia) in 2017 on the basis of the International Research School as part of the psychology project. The main method of the study was an experiment. In the course of analyzing the results obtained, a statistically significant increase in the success of solving problems in the conditions of competition was found for one’s own victory.

Keywords:

motivation, learning motivation, motivational attitude, attitude, thinking, convergent tasks, problems solving, success in problems solving.

P. 48-55

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EMPATHY AS A NECESSARY CONDITION FOR THE EFFECTIVENESS OF THE PROFESSIONAL ACTIVITY OF A TEACHER 

Volodina Svetlana A.

Abstract.

The article proves the importance of empathy – the personality quality that helps to achieve successful and effective professional education activities. The results of the study on the empathy level of teachers in Moscow and Moscow region educational institutions and students of a pedagogical university are presented. The results attest to the insufficient level of development of this personal quality among a significant number of respondents: only slightly more than a half of the respondents have an adequate level of empathy. A sufficient number of the respondents have their low and very low levels. Students have the results close to the results of teachers.

Keywords:

the qualities of the teacher’s personality, meaningful cooperation, conflicts, a teacher’s professional activity, empathy levels, empathy.

P. 56-60

Psychology of labor, engineering psychology, ergonomics 

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FEATURES OF THE VISIBLE PERCEPTION OF CYBERACTIVE USERS

Tolstova Olga I.

Abstract.

The article presents the results of an empirical study of the features of visual perception of cyberactive users aged 18 to 22 years. We consider the characteristic features of the basic needs of users, carried out with the help of visual perception and implemented in the virtual space. According to the purpose of this work, the respondents were divided into two groups depending on their Internet cyberactivity. The experimental group is represented by cyberactive students who have been using the Internet resources for 5 to 6 hours a day and with the experience of 7 to 10 years. The control group features less cyberactive students with the experience from 3 to 8 years and using the Internet from 2 to 4 hours a day. To achieve the goal there were used the methods that study the effective indicators of visual perceptive activity: the volume of perception of senseless and meaningful material; accuracy, speed, perceptual performance, as well as observability. On the basis of the study results the impact of cyberactivity on the visual perceptual activity of users of 18 to 22 years is established. Significant difference between cyberactive and less cyberactive students has been revealed in terms of the volume of perception of meaningless material.

Keywords:

cyberactivity, perceptual activity, visual perception, cyberspace, virtual space, cyber environment, internet environment, the Internet resources.

P. 61-68

 

 Pedagogical Sciences 13.00.00 

 

Modernization of education
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THE CHARACTERISTICS OF STANDARDIZATION OF PRIMARY EDUCATION IN THE US AND THE UK

Nosova Ekaterina A.

Abstract.

The purpose of this article is to give general characteristics of standardization of contents of education in the US in comparison with the UK in current conditions of modernization in primary education. In different countries, educational standards have different contents, structure and purpose. The author sought to identify trends of modernization of educational standardization associated with modern organizational and management conditions for primary education organization in given countries. The article examines the components of educational standards, factors and conditions of their formation and modernization, as well as analyzes the methodology of standardization on the example of primary schools in the US and the UK. The author analyzes the substantive and legislative framework of educational standards based on the authentic research papers. Finally the author identified common and distinctive characteristics of the standardization of British and American primary schooling. This article is of survey character.

Keywords:

standardization, primary school education, contents of education, the National curriculum of the UK, NCLB act of the US, centralized and decentralized models of school organization, school management and financing.

P. 69-88

 

History of pedagogy and education

 

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V. F. SAKHAROV – AN OUTSTANDING SCHOLAR AND EDUCATOR, A REPRESENTATIVE OF THE LENINGRAD LIBRARY SCHOOL 

Bakhtina Elena V.

Abstract.

The article reveals the main milestones of life and work of an outstanding Soviet library expert, the founder of the Leningrad school of librarianship – Vasily Fyodorovich Sakharov. The pedagogical weight of V. F. Sakharov’s is denoted in the context of laying the basic foundations of the Soviet (Russian) library science. A particular attention is paid to the most important stages of V.F. Sakharov’s academic and pedagogical activity. The scientist’s unique pedagogical approach in the framework of educational and upbringing activities with students in the class-setting is presented. 

Keywords:

Vasily Fedorovich Sakharov, scholar and educator, reconstruction, academic and creative record, teaching and education.

P. 89-94 

  

New research in education
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THE “WORLD AROUND” COURSE AS THE PROPAEDEUTIC BASIS OF FORMING

THE GEOGRAPHIC CULTURE WITH SCHOOL STUDENTS

Dronov Viktor P., Lopatnikov Dmitriy L., Tamozhnyaya Elena A., Emirova Marina E.

Abstact.

The article is devoted to the issue of implementing the principle of continuity in teaching Geography to school students in the conditions of introduction of new educational standards. The authors consider the “World around” course as a propaedeutic basis of forming the geographical culture of school students. In the article the components of geographical culture and features of their implementation in the contents of the “World around” course are considered. The results of theoretical comprehension of the issue-considered are the basis for defining the main direction of teaching the “World around” course improvement that is connected with transition to the activity and personality-focused model of training, directed to forming the geographical culture with school students.

Keywords:

the principle of continuity in education, structure of geographical education, the geographical culture of a school student, components of geographical culture, geographical thinking.

P. 95-110

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SOCIAL AND PEDAGOGICAL CONDITIONALITY OF DEVELOPMENT OF COGNITIVE INDEPENDENCE OF YOUNGER SCHOOL STUDENTS IN THE COURSE OF EDUCATIONAL AND RESEARCH ACTIVITY

Nosikova Yana N., Obukhov Alexey S.

Abstract.

The article views influence of social and pedagogical conditions on the development of cognitive independence of younger school students in educational and research activity. The model of development of cognitive independence of younger school students is approved. It is proved by practical consideration that the program of educational and research activity, the method of design (enrichment) of the educational environment, teachers and parents’ support of the cognitive initiative in primary school make important social and pedagogical conditions for the cognitive independence development of younger school students.

Keywords:

cognitive independence, educational and research activity, social and pedagogical conditions for development of cognitive independence, enrichment of contents of education, Federal State Educational Standard of the primary general education, model of the cognitive independence development, younger school student.

P. 111-120

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FOREIGN EXPERIENCE IN THE EXTREMISM PREVENTION PRACTICE AMONG ADOLESCENTS

Nadyrshin Timur M.

Abstract.

The article reviews the existing practice of preventing extremism among adolescents in foreign countries. The modern Russian legislation in the field of extremism prevention in school is considered. Despite the considerable development of legislation in this area, little space is allocated to the study of the phenomenon of extremism in education standards. The results of a survey of existing programs and movements for schoolchildren in such countries as Denmark, Britain, France, the Netherlands, Australia and Russia speak about the importance of developing the civic identity, moral stability against extremism, and the development of students’ selfmanagement. In addition, the article focuses on the main areas of work with schoolchildren in the extremism prevention, among them there is the study of this phenomenon on the lessons, the involvement of students in volunteer activities, the development of patronage, assistance in obtaining labor and educational opportunities, contests for religious minorities, and non-confessional Religious Education for schoolchildren. The article lists major methodological problems that interfere with the school combating extremism and its manifestations. This is, first of all, the public interchangeability of the concepts of “extremism”, “terrorism”, “radicalism” and the problem of secular indoctrination.

Keywords:

extremism prevention, religion, school, making teenagers radical, counteracting extremism.

P. 121-132

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SCHOOL EDUCATION AS THE CONTEXT OF FORMING THE CULTURE OF LEGAL AND SAFE BEHAVIOUR 

Alpatova Olga B., Skripnik Lyudmila Ju.

Abstract.

The article presents the experience of Moscow school No. 2101 “Filevskiy educational center” of permanent maintaining social partnership with law-enforcement officers to promote patriotic education for students, form the positive image of law enforcement officers, create the model of legal education and of social activity in the sphere of security of individuals, society and the state.

Keywords: 

school, legal education, socialization, image, security, social partnership, a teenager, safety culture, lawabiding behavior.

P. 133-141

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FORMING INTELLECTUAL SKILLS OF STUDENTS OF VILLAGE SCHOOLS WITH DUE CONSIDERATION OF THEIR PERSONAL AND ETHNIC PECULIARITIES

Dugarova Tuyana Ts., Erdynieva Valentina B.

Abstract.

Formation of intellectual skills of those students who go to village schools becomes urgent in the conditions of modernization of education. The article discusses the pedagogical features of this process with due consideration of personal and ethnic peculiarities of those students. The model and training conditions of forming intellectual skills of the students of village schools are presented for discussion.

Keywords:

intellectual skills, formation of intellectual skills, students of a village school, taking into consideration personal and ethnic peculiarities, model, training conditions.

P. 142-148

 

Innovative technologies in education
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IT CULTURE BASES IN SENIOR PRESCHOOL CHILDREN: CURRENT STATUS OF THE ISSUE AND SOLUTIONS 

Kalinina Tatiana V.

Abstract.

The article deals with the issue of forming the initial foundations of information culture in children of senior preschool age. The concept of «the foundations of the information culture» of senior preschoolers is defined. The criteria and indicators for the development of structural components are laid down and the methodology for developing the basics of information culture in children of senior preschool age is shown. The data of the current state of the issue of IT culture bases formation in children of the older preschool age are presented, as well as the quantitative and qualitative results of the experiment on the development of the foundations of information culture among older preschool children conducted by the author, along with the analysis of the cause-effect relationship of the results obtained.

Keywords:

preschool children IT culture, Information and Communication Technology, structural components, criteria, indicators and the methodology for developing the basics of information culture in children of senior preschool age.

P. 149-162

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FORMATION OF FOREIGN STUDENTS’ TRAINING MOTIVATION AT THE PRE-UNIVERSITY STAGE: SOME WAYS OF THE PROBLEM SOLVING 

Oleshko Tamara V., Sayamova Valentina I.

Abstract.

This article considers the questions of foreign citizens’ training motivation at the pre-university stage of the medical university, the importance of formation and the ways of developing students’ positive cognitive motivation are grounded: the awareness of training motives in Russian as a foreign language;  the necessity of taking into account the professional orientation of training; engaging students in problem solving tasks; the implementation of interdisciplinary relations; the importance of using visual teaching methods; training in the process of communication; the role of the teacher’s personality. Altogether they contribute to the updating of the motivational potential of the educational environment.

Keywords: 

motivation, internal/external motives, cognitive motivation, foreign students, preparatory faculty, Physics, Russian as a foreign language

P. 163-172

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EXPERIENCE OF TEACHING CHINESE STUDENTS – LEARNERS OF RUSSIAN TO CONDUCT A DISCOURSE ON ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES 

Wei Ningning

Abstract.

Environmental problems today are as important as political, economic and social ones. Chinese students – learners of Russian philology should deeply comprehend and discuss these problems for the development of dialogic speech. Discussion on the environmental issues is an effective way to develop the speech of Chinese students who study Russian philology. To achieve a significant effect in teaching Russian as a foreign language, it is recommended to use the visualization of the material under discussion. It  contributes to the development of anticipation among Chinese students in the process of discussing the problems of ecology.

Keywords:

discussion, interviews, development speech, problems of ecology, teaching Chinese students the Russian language.

P. 173-179

Young scientists' vision
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RUSSIAN CHILDREN’S SUMMER COLONIES OF THE SECOND HALF OF 19th – BEGINNING OF THE 20th CENTURY 

Ladchenko Konstantin V.

Abstract.

This article is devoted to the description of children’s summer camps – colonies – in the Russian Empire as a kind of extracurricular education. The summer colonies organization, both in Russia and other European countries, is given in detail in the article. Theory positions and practice arrangements for organizing colonies are analyzed. The recollections of the children-colonists, as well as the contemporaries’ opinion on the children’s colonies operation, are drawn.

Keywords:

children’s summer colony, extracurricular education, town colony, dairy station, summer residence, session.

P. 180-188

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THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE LENINGRAD SCHOOL 1950–1960 YEARS: GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS AND MAJOR PROBLEMS 

Polotebnov Alexander S.

Abstract.

The Aim of this paper is to study the development of the Leningrad school in the period 1950–1960s in the course of reform in education in terms of a large Soviet city. The article can be of interest to researchers studying history of St. Petersburg, Soviet society, historians of education, specializing in the study of history of Soviet school education.

Keywords:

Leningrad system of school education, urban educational environment, school reform.

P. 189-198 

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